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MEDIEVAL & MODERN BALLADS. BALLAD HISTORY HISTORY Late Medieval Europe (1200- 1400s). Began as a type of folk song that told an exciting story. Francis.

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Presentation on theme: "MEDIEVAL & MODERN BALLADS. BALLAD HISTORY HISTORY Late Medieval Europe (1200- 1400s). Began as a type of folk song that told an exciting story. Francis."— Presentation transcript:

1 MEDIEVAL & MODERN BALLADS

2 BALLAD HISTORY HISTORY Late Medieval Europe ( s). Began as a type of folk song that told an exciting story. Francis James Child, wrote the book The English and Scottish Ballads, which was a compilation of the ballads of the time. Robin Hood was a ballad

3 BALLAD 5 CHARACTERISTICS 1) A ballad… tells a simple, dramatic story, typically in third person narrative. Usually begins at a catastrophe ballads tell of love, death, the supernatural, or a combination of these

4 BALLAD 5 CHARACTERISTICS 2) A ballad… focuses on actions and dialogue of a single crucial episode or situation rather than characteristics and narration. Little attention to the setting and character descriptions Plain language

5 BALLAD 5 CHARACTERISTICS 3) A ballad… A ballad has a simple metrical structure and sentence structure. That means the lines have roughly the same amount of syllables I went to the market today

6 BALLAD 5 CHARACTERISTICS 4) A ballad… is sung to a modal melody. (rhythmical pattern) Heavy amount of repetition, refrains and parallelism, which may be a way of discharging emotion, or to serve as a mnemonic technique.

7 BALLAD 5 CHARACTERISTICS 5) A ballad… is of the oral tradition, passed down by word of mouth. Therefore, it undergoes changes and is of anonymous authorship. Originally circulated among “ illiterate” or “semi-literate” groups

8 BALLAD 5 CHARACTERISTICS Sample Stanza: The wind cauld blew south and north, And blew into the floor ; Quoth our goodman to our goodwife, “Get out and bar the door.” DETAILS, DETAILS Rhyme: Traditionally, the second and fourth lines rhyme in each quatrain Structure: Varied, but most often a series of quatrains and incremental repetition. Measure/Beat: Typically iambic tetrameter and iambic pentameter on alternating lines Common Themes: Love, tragedy, religion, politics, triumph, loss

9 Direct Address – construction in which the speaker directly addresses another person (who is usually in the poem as well) Example from “Lord Randall”: "Oh where ha'e ye been, Lord Randall my son? O where ha'e ye been, my handsome young man?" "I ha'e been to the wild wood: mother, make my bed soon, For I’m weary wi' hunting, and fain wald lie down." BALLAD SPECIAL TERMINOLOGY

10 MEDIEVAL LANGUAGE DON’T RECOGNIZE A WORD? Look at the bottom under definitions OR Say the word out loud to yourself take an educated guess as to what the words/phrases mean. Often it is just spelled differently. Ex. “do ye take auf the old man’s beard?” WORDS WITH APOSTROPHES Apostrophes mean letters are missing! “the first word whae’er shou’d speak”

11 ~GET UP & BAR THE DOOR ~ ANONYMOUS 1 It fell about the Martinmas time, And a gay time it was then, When our goodwife got puddings to make, And she ’s boil’d them in the pan. 5 The wind cauld blew south and north, And blew into the floor; Quoth our goodman to our goodwife, “Get out and bar the door.” “My hand is in my hussyfskap, 10 Goodman, as ye may see; An’ it shou’dna be barr’d this hundred year, It ’s no be barr’d for me.” They made a paction ’tween them two, They made it firm and sure, 15 That the first word whae’er shou’d speak, Shou’d rise and bar the door. Then by there came two gentlemen, At twelve o’ clock at night, And they could neither see house nor hall, 20 Nor coal nor candle-light. “Now whether is this a rich man’s house, Or whether is it a poor?” But ne’er a word would any o’ them speak, For barring of the door. 25 And first they ate the white puddings, And then they ate the black. Tho’ muckle thought the goodwife to hersel’ Yet ne’er a word she spake. Then said the one unto the other, 30 “Here, man, take ye my knife; Do ye take auf the old man’s beard, And I’ll kiss the goodwife.” “But there’s no water in the house, And what shall we do than?” 35 “What ails ye at the pudding-broo, That boils into the pan?” O up then started our goodman, An angry man was he: “Will ye kiss my wife before my eyes, 40 And scald me wi’ pudding-bree?” Then up and started our goodwife, Goed three skips on the floor: “Goodman, you’ve spoken the foremost word! Get up and bar the door.”

12 ~GET UP & BAR THE DOOR ~ ANONYMOUS 1 It fell about the Martinmas time, And a gay time it was then, When our goodwife got puddings to make, And she ’s boil’d them in the pan. 5 The wind cauld blew south and north, And blew into the floor; Quoth our goodman to our goodwife, “Get out and bar the door.” “My hand is in my hussyfskap, 10 Goodman, as ye may see; An’ it shou’dna be barr’d this hundred year, It ’s no be barr’d for me.” They made a paction ’tween them two, They made it firm and sure, 15 That the first word whae’er shou’d speak, Shou’d rise and bar the door. Then by there came two gentlemen, At twelve o’ clock at night, And they could neither see house nor hall, 20 Nor coal nor candle-light. “Now whether is this a rich man’s house, Or whether is it a poor?” But ne’er a word would any o’ them speak, For barring of the door. 25 And first they ate the white puddings, And then they ate the black. Tho’ muckle thought the goodwife to hersel’ Yet ne’er a word she spake. Then said the one unto the other, 30 “Here, man, take ye my knife; Do ye take off the old man’s beard, And I’ll kiss the goodwife.” “But there’s no water in the house, And what shall we do than?” 35 “What ails ye at the pudding-broo, That boils into the pan?” O up then started our goodman, An angry man was he: “Will ye kiss my wife before my eyes, 40 And scald me wi’ pudding-bree?” Then up and started our goodwife, Goed three skips on the floor: “Goodman, you’ve spoken the foremost word! Get up and bar the door.” IS IT A BALLAD? 1) Quatrains (4 line stanzas) 2) Lines 2 & 4 rhyme (in blue) 3) Tells a story & uses direct address

13 COMPREHENSION: What does the goodman want the goodwife to do and why? What is the goodwife’s reply to this request? How do they resolve their problem? INTERPRETATION/ANALYSIS: What does the stranger mean when he suggest taking “aff the auld man’s beard?” What serious point does this humorous ballad make? What words best describe the goodwife and the goodman in the poem? DEBATEALBE THOUGHTS: Who is more foolish – the husband or the wife? Can people be hurt by stubbornness (their own or someone else’s)? Give an example. Can we relate this poem to couples today? ~GET UP & BAR THE DOOR ~ ANONYMOUS

14 TWA CORBIES (TWO RAVENS) As I was walking all alane, I heard twa corbies making a mane. The one unto the tither did say, “Whar sall we go and dine the day?” “In behint that auld fail dlyke, I wont there lies a new-slain knight; And naebody knows that he lies there But his hawk, his hound and his lady fair.” “His hound is to the hunting gane, His hawk to fetch the wild-fowl hame, His lady’s ta’en anither mate, So we may make our dinner sweet. “Ye’ll sit on his white hause-bane, And I’ll pike out his bonny blue e’en; Wi’ a lock o’ his golden hair We’ll thatch our nest when it grows bare. “Many a one for him makes mane, But none sall care whar he is gane. O’er his white banes, when they are bare, The wind sall blow for evermair.”


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