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S KIP -C OUNTING A valuable skill at any level Ms. Hancock 2010

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S KIP -C OUNTING Often taught in the latter part of First Grade and through possibly the Third Grade. In higher grades multiplication is taught in its place. Both are sound, valid skills necessary for students to be successful in school and life.

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W HAT H APPENS TO S KIP -C OUNTING ? Why do we stop teaching and using skip-counting in our classrooms? Is it... Because once a student learns multiplication it becomes a skill no longer necessary for one’s toolkit? Because students always hated skip-counting by anything other than 2’s, 5’s, 10’s, and 25’s? or is it... Because we as teachers forget the value of the skill in light of TAKS (STAAR) requirements? Because we’ve always done it that way?

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W HY D OES S KIP -C OUNTING R EMAIN A V ALUABLE T OOL ? First, and foremost, it keeps our minds active and flexible. If students are using their brains, they’re less apt to get themselves into trouble. Keeping one’s mind flexible may aid in encouraging creativity. May help stave off the onset of Alzheimer's or ameliorate the symptoms. It can be fun to see how far you can get before stumbling.

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W HY D OES S KIP -C OUNTING R EMAIN A V ALUABLE T OOL ? It can be used in a variety of places. Grocery store – everything is not a multiple of the same price. You might have 3 items at $2.60 and 2 items at 1.50: $2.60…$5.20…$7.80…$9.30…$10.80 /or/ $2.60 times 3 = $7.80; $1.50 times 2 = $3.00; $7.80 plus $3.00 = $10.80. Both arrive at the same answer, but in the first example each item is handled only once.

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W HY D OES S KIP -C OUNTING R EMAIN A V ALUABLE T OOL ? It can be used for a variety of reasons... The only thing that changes is the starting place. Start at 2 and count by 2’s: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14.... Start at 3 and count by 2’s: 3, 5, 7, 9, 11,13, 15.... Start at -0- and count by 13’s: 13, 26, 39, 52, 65.... Start at 266 and count by 7’s: 273, 280, 287, 294.... etc.

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W HAT W E K NOW... Students want to be engaged Students love to play games on the computer Students want graphics, sounds, and movement Teachers want their students to be engaged Teachers want their students to learn Teachers want to “work smarter, not harder”

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S O, W HAT C AN W E D O ? Incorporate SCRATCH into your daily routine!

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SCRATCH M AIN S CREEN SCRATCH is an intuitive, easy- to-learn software that can be used : To engage students in games to assist their learning. Teach students beginning programming skills. Provide teachers with additional ways to assist student learning. Does not require strong programming skills. Many lessons already online and ready-to- use!

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SCRATCH (L OCATE D ESIRED F ILE ) Let’s start with a lesson already available: Skip- Counting! Follow these easy steps: 1. Find the SCRATCH file on your desktop. 2. Double-click on the file name.

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SCRATCH M AIN S CREEN Since this program has already been written: Click on the Full Screen” Button (Found in the upper right- hand corner)

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SCRATCH (I N F ULL S CREEN P RESENTATION M ODE ) Welcome to SCRATCH! To begin program, click on the little green flag in the upper right-hand corner....

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SCRATCH (I N F ULL S CREEN P RESENTATION M ODE ) Today we are going to learn to count by 2s.

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SCRATCH (I N F ULL S CREEN P RESENTATION M ODE ) Enter the number you want to start with here and click on “enter”

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SCRATCH (I N F ULL S CREEN P RESENTATION M ODE ) We will start with the number 2

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SCRATCH (I N F ULL S CREEN P RESENTATION M ODE ) Notice that the “Current Number” is now the number you chose to begin with. Follow the directions: If we add 2 (to the current number), how many do we have?”

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SCRATCH (I N F ULL S CREEN P RESENTATION M ODE ) Notice that the “Current Number” is now the number you entered. The Cat has GROWN! Your answer was correct! Follow the directions: If we add 2 (to the current number), how many do we have?”

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SCRATCH (I N F ULL S CREEN P RESENTATION M ODE ) Oh no! An incorrect response has been entered! The Cat has DISAPPEARED and a Purple Monster has taken his place. Look at the current number again. Follow the directions: Try again. If we add 2 (to the current number), how many do we have?”

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SCRATCH (I N F ULL S CREEN P RESENTATION M ODE ) Eureka! You entered the correct answer! Notice that the “Current Number” is now the number you entered. The Cat is BACK! Your answer was correct! Follow the directions: If we add 2 (to the current number), how many do we have?” (You may also click on the small STOP sign in the upper right-hand corner and the program will end)

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S KIP -C OUNTING A valuable skill at any level Ms. Hancock 2010 And there you have it... Using to teach.

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