Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

A Study Guide for CS Lewis’s Screwtape Letters With Special Emphasis on Calling and Vocation Issues for Daily Living A Lilly Grant Project Calvin College.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "A Study Guide for CS Lewis’s Screwtape Letters With Special Emphasis on Calling and Vocation Issues for Daily Living A Lilly Grant Project Calvin College."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Study Guide for CS Lewis’s Screwtape Letters With Special Emphasis on Calling and Vocation Issues for Daily Living A Lilly Grant Project Calvin College Paulo and Adriana Ribeiro

2 "What Satan put into the heads of our remote ancestors was the idea that they could 'be like gods' - could set up on their own as if they had created themselves - be their own masters - invent some sort of happiness for themselves outside God, apart from God. And out of that hopeless attempt has come nearly all that we call human history - money, poverty, ambition, war, prostitution, classes, empires, slavery - the long terrible story of [humanity] trying to find something other than God to make [them] happy." TalentsVocation Re-Direction Temptations Service Calling Temptations A Vocation / Temptation Flow Chart Temptations

3 Outline General Introduction –The Letters –How to read them –How it all begun – Lessons from Paradise (The Losing of the Original Calling / Vocation) Defining Calling / Vocation –Considerations on Calling and Vocation Letters (31 Letters) –Title, Topics and Issues –Vocabulary / Key Words –Analysis Matrix –Questions for Thinking, Discussions and Reflections –Resistance Strategy –Key Scriptures to Memorize (and repeat!!) –Virtues and Stock Responses to Cultivate –Concepts to Restore –Characters From The Great Divorce, The Pilgrim’s Regress, etc. Conclusions –Steps for Restoring The Vocation Path / Road Map Appendices References

4 The Letters These letters were supposedly written by an experienced devil, Screwtape, to his young nephew, Wormwood. When these letters first appeared in the Manchester Guardian during the World War II, a reader wrote as to cancel his subscription because “much of the advice given in these letters seemed to him not only erroneous but positively diabolical.” Lewis explained later only that his purpose was not to wonder about the diabolical life but to throw light from a new perspective on the life of man. The letters cover many different situations which Christians face on a daily basis. This Study Guide has the objective to encourage you to further reflect on these issues which affect your spiritual struggles and vocational plans.

5 How to Read Them I note what you say about guiding our patient's reading and taking care that he sees a good deal of his materialist friend. But are you not being a trifle naïf? It sounds as if you supposed that argument was the way to keep him out of the Enemy's clutches. That might have been so if he had lived a few centuries earlier. At that time the humans still knew pretty well when a thing was proved and when it was not; and if it was proved they really believed it. They still connected thinking with doing and were prepared to alter their way of life as the result of a chain of reasoning. But what with the weekly press and other such weapons we have largely altered that. Your man has been accustomed, ever since he was a boy, to have a dozen incompatible philosophies dancing about together inside his head. He doesn't think of doctrines as primarily "true" of "false", but as "academic" or "practical", "outworn" or "contemporary", "conventional" or "ruthless". Jargon, not argument, is your best ally in keeping him from the Church. Don't waste time trying to make him think that materialism is true! Make him think it is strong, or stark, or courageous—that it is the philosophy of the future. That's the sort of thing he cares about. Red – Devilish Comments and Advices Blue – Anti-Devilfish Comments and Advices Black – Connecting Sentences

6 How it all begun – Lessons from Paradise The Losing of the Original Calling / Vocation The Steps towards the first misdirection on our vocation road map: 1.Feeling of self importance 2.Sense of insatisfaction 3.Desire for more (power) 4.Lusting with prohibited things 5.Falling into temptation 6.Realization of the deadly consequences 7.Rejection of sole responsibility 8.Recognition of obedience and disobedience 9.Provokes others to follow similar action of disobedience - spreads evil 10.Hides the motivation behind the actions 11.Exploits the secret motivation to gain control 12.Rouses transgression for promoting its own benefit 13.Action causes death, in other words: an act of murder is committed 14.Becomes blind to the real meaning for the action (No man / woman, perhaps, ever at first described to himself the act he was about to do as murder, adultery, perversion. When he hears it so described by other men he is sincerely shocked and surprised” ) 15.Hides from the presence of God References: Compiled from readings from Genesis, Paradise Lost, and Preface to Paradise Lost

7 Defining Calling / Vocation Considerations on Calling and Vocation Vocation, profession, gifts, work, trade, talent, aptitude, calling, etc.: What are their meanings? What is a talent? What am I supposed to be and do? What should I be doing as an agent of renewal? What is their significance in our choice of studies and professional life? What is the most significance factor in our calling to be salt and light? What will I be when I grow up? What and how should I live out my professional life as to be a blessing and help forwarding of God’s Kingdom? We pray daily: “Your Kingdom come, Your will be done” (Matthew 6:10). But how does this apply to my living, working, and how do I incorporate play? Before we go on let us just remind ourselves the meaning of vocation: career: profession, job, occupation, work, trade, craft, art or calling: aptitude, inclination, talent, natural ability, ability. With these definitions in mind let us work through a few examples of people in the bible who where called to serve. How did they fare under God’s guidance? In the Old Testament we see for example of Abraham, some of the artisans of the first tabernacle, Barak and Debora, Isaiah and Jeremiah. In the New Testament, we see the examples of Maria, Philip and Paul. You add more examples from the bible and of your circumstances Reference: Callings, etc.

8 A Lesson from OT Biblical Botanical Parables The Old Testament is full of stories, full of warnings, occurring as “examples to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things as they did” (1 Corinthians 10:6). What a richness and wealth is available to us as we read under the guidance of the Holy Spirit! In the midst of a nasty development after Gideon’s death, some of his mistakes came with consequences to his sons. He had taken a slave girl from Sechem as a wife and had a son with her. This son after his death killed, in a plot, all other sons except one. This is part of the complaint of the only son still alive. Judges 9:8-15 One day the trees went out to anoint a king for themselves. They said to the olive tree, 'Be our king.' 9 "But the olive tree answered, 'Should I give up my oil, by which both gods and men are honored, to hold sway over the trees?' 10 "Next, the trees said to the fig tree, 'Come and be our king.' 11 "But the fig tree replied, 'Should I give up my fruit, so good and sweet, to hold sway over the trees?' 12 "Then the trees said to the vine, 'Come and be our king.' 13 "But the vine answered, 'Should I give up my wine, which cheers both gods and men, to hold sway over the trees?' 14 "Finally all the trees said to the thornbush, 'Come and be our king.' 15 "The thornbush said to the trees, 'If you really want to anoint me king over you, come and take refuge in my shade; but if not, then let fire come out of the thorn bush and consume the cedars of Lebanon!'

9 A Lesson from OT Biblical Botanical Parables The plants express honor in the work God had assigned to them. Their natural gifts accepted as worthy of full engagement. There is no desire to rule, just an intense desire to continue doing what they could do best. What should our vocation be? In Genesis God made “man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule” (Genesis 1:26) we where made rulers -each with our own, specific, God given gifts. Then, we hear our Lord Jesus, in Mark 10:42-44 when he sates "You know that those who are regarded as rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. Not so with you. Instead, whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, and whoever wants to be first must be slave of all”. We here have an excellent guideline to our vocational choice. Not forgetting that: we need to serve in love (Galatians 5:13) wholeheartedly (Ephesians 6:7), It is actually a liberating experience not to be in need to be the best (even if I have no gift for the job) as to achieve that specific, most desired ruling job. Our rule should be one of servitude. And, if God gives us a position of leadership, we should be humble and serving, following our master, always aware of proverbs 16:18 which says: “Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall.” King Solomon himself being one of the outstanding examples. As an addendum it needs to be said tha 10Each one should use whatever gift he has received to serve others, faithfully administering God's grace in its various forms. 11If anyone speaks, he should do it as one speaking the very words of God. If anyone serves, he should do it with the strength God provides, so that in all things God may be praised through Jesus Christ. To him be the glory and the power for ever and ever. Amen.

10 Letter I Title: Reason, Truth, Material Needs and Science Fundamental Principles For Seeking Direction In this letter CSL covers many subjects related to seeking direction for life. From books and friends, to intellectual attitudes; from material needs to the meaning of life and the popular understanding and use of science and knowledge, he briefly brings all these issues into light. Since the advice proceeds from a devilish perspective the approach is to put us into a state of confusion and emphasize what Lewis calls it “chronological Snobbery” (ref..). “Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Resist him, standing firm in the faith, because you know that your brothers throughout the world are undergoing the same kind of sufferings.” I Peter 5:8-9 “Like a good chess player he (Satan) is always trying to maneuver you into a position where you can save your castle only by losing your bishop.” CSL

11 Materialism Reasoning Philosophies Doctrines True / False Academic / Practical /Outworn Contemporary / Conventional Jargon Church Argument Stream Spirit Ordinary Atheism Actuality Unfamiliar / Ordinariness Science Economics / Sociology Real life Modern Fuddle Vocabulary Key Words Letter I Reason Truth Imagination Science

12 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations/ References Books and Friends Relativistic, materialistic Christian Character Building, Believing Search for Wisdom Truth, honesty are needed Ro 5:3-5 “rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering...character” Jas 1:6 “he must believe and not doubt” Pr 4:7 “get wisdom. Though it cost… get understanding” Jeremiah 5:1 “deals honestly …the truth” Php 4:8 “whatever is true” Intellect a. Avoid argument and reasoning. c. Use jargon instead. d. Make him THINK he is strong a. Avoid stupid arguments… b. Real Wisdom comes from God c. Get truth and understanding at all cost d. God Says BE strong, e. God’s wisdom is GRACE a. 2Tim 2:23 “Don't have anything …stupid arguments” b. 1 Kings 3:28 “wisdom from God” c. Prov 23:23 “Buy the truth and do not sell it…understanding” d. Php 3:13-14 “Forgetting what is behind and straining toward” Isa 35:4 “Be strong, do not fear” e. 2 Corinthians 1:12 “not according to worldly wisdom but according to God's grace” Analysis Matrix – Letter I Reason, Truth, Material Needs and Science continues

13 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations/ References Philosophies Doctrines a. Encourage several Incompatible Philosophies inside his head b. Doctrines Academic or Practical Outworn or Contemporary Conventional or Ruthless d. Language Use Jargon (and propaganda) Colossians 2:4 “so that no one may deceive you by fine- sounding arguments” f. Materialism The Philosophy of the Future a. Built on the foundation of Christ... b. Avoid unstable teaching c. The god of this age blinds d. True/False and Yes/No e. Use Scriptures Use argument / reasoning f. Store treasures in heaven a. Eph 2:20 “built on the foundation” b. Eph 4:14-15 “be infants… tossed back and forth” c. 2 Co 4:2-4 “the god of this age has blinded” d. Mt 5:37 “let your 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No,' 'No'” Ps 25:5 “Guide me in your truth and teach me” e. 2 Tim. 3:16 “Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching” Titus 2:12 “say "No" to ungodliness and worldly passions” 2 Corinthians 10:5 “demolish arguments and every pretension” f. Galatians 1:4 “present evil age” Mt 6:19-21 “treasures in heaven”; Luke 12:15 “life does not consist in abundance of” Analysis Matrix – Letter I Reason, Truth, Material Needs and Science continues

14 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations/ References Material Needs Takes Precedence Use the pressure of the ordinary to enslave your patient. Teach him to call it “real life” Lower Priority Not of bread alone Seek first the kingdom… Real Life – Eternal Life Mt 4:4 “not live on bread alone” Mt 6:33 “first…kingdom” Jn 17:3 “this is eternal life” Matthew 25:46 “eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life” Meaning of Life Keep pressing home on him the ordinariness of things God uses Ordinary for the extraordinary! Purpose and Meaning of Life God has an eternal plan Acts 4:13 “ordinary men, they were astonished” Ps.139:16 “ordained …written in your book” Proverbs 19:21 “plans in a man's heart… LORD's purpose that prevails” Science & Knowledge Use Chronological Snobbery General / updated information, modern investigations Avoid exact science. Try sociology, economics Fuddle Proven science Be humble Seek Wisdom and Discernment Ps 19:1 “heavens declare the glory of God” Mt 23:12 “whoever humbles himself will be exalted” Pr 4:7, Proverbs 14:6 “the mocker seeks wisdom and finds none, but knowledge comes easily to the discerning” Analysis Matrix – Letter I Reason, Truth, Material Needs and Science

15 Characters From The Great Divorce An interview with an apostate cleric "My dear boy, I'm delighted to see you," it was saying to the Spirit, who was naked and almost blindingly white. "I was talking to your poor father the other day and wondering where you were." "You didn't bring him?" said the other. "Well, no. He lives a long way from the bus, and, to be quite frank, he's been getting a little eccentric lately. A little difficult. Losing his grip. He never was prepared to make any great efforts, you know. If you remember, he used to go to sleep when you and I got talking seriously! Ah, Dick, I shall never forget some of our talks. I expect you've changed your views a bit since then. You became rather narrow-minded towards the end of your life: but no doubt you've broadened out again." "How do you mean?" "Well, it's obvious by now, isn't it, that you weren't quite right. Why, my dear boy, you were coming to believe in a literal Heaven and Hell!" "But wasn't I right?" Letter I

16 Questions for Discussion - Letter I 1 – How enslaved are we to chronological snobbery? How can we use reasoning to grow spiritually? 3 – How enslaved are we to the pressures of the ordinary? 4 – How can argument and reason bring us close to God? (Gods ways are not our ways, but should we use our God given intellect?) 5 – Is science (real science) a help or a threat to our understanding of God? 6 – How do these issues affect my perspective on my spiritual life and personal vocation plans and goals? 7 – How do these issues affect my DAILY walk with God? For Further Reading and Reflection How does this chapter shows a light on how I relate to God and see my vocation? Reading: The Weight of Glory..

17 Think About This! – Arguing From Reason (against naturalism and materialism) 1 - No proposition is valid if it can be fully explained as a result of non-rational causes. 2 - If non-rational causes are the only existing causes, then all propositions can be fully explained as the result of non-rational causes. 3 - But if non-rational causes are the only existing causes, then no proposition is valid. 4 - If no proposition is valid, then the proposition that non-rational causes are the only existing causes is not valid. 5 - Therefore, if non-rational causes are the only existing causes, then the proposition of non- rational forces is not valid. 6 - Any proposition that entails its own denial must be rejected. 7 - Therefore, the non-rationality of causes ought to be rejected and its denial ought to be accepted. Think of an independent argument for premise 1. Why exactly do you think it is true? What reasons could be given to support it? If you could do that, I think that maybe you would be getting at the real core disagreement between yourself and the naturalist/materialist. Letter I

18 Think About This! - What is Argument "You see he is trying to argue. Now tell me, someone, what is argument?" There was a confused murmur. "Come, come," said the jailor. "You must know your catechisms by now. You, there" (and he pointed to a prisoner little older than a boy whose name was Master Parrot), "what is argument?" "Argument," said Master Parrot, is the attempted rationalization of the arguer's desires." "Very good," replied the jailor, "but you should turn out your toes and put your hands behind your back. That is better. Now: what is the proper answer to an argument proving the existence of the Landlord?" "The proper answer is, 'You say that because you are a Steward.'" "Good boy. But hold your head up Now just one more. What is the answer to an argument turning on the belief that two and two make four?" "The answer is, 'You say that because you are a mathematician.'" "You are a very good boy," said the jailor. The Pilgrim’s Regress Letter I

19 Herman Dooyeweerd - Modal Aspects of Reality Aspects QuantitativeQuantitative (to do with quantity, amount) SpatialSpatial (to do with continuous extension, space) KinematicKinematic (to do with movement; flowing movement) PhysicalPhysical (to do with energy + mass) BioticBiotic (to do with life functions) SensitiveSensitive (to do with sense, feeling, emotion) AnalyticalAnalytical (to do with distinguishing ) FormativeFormative (to do with history, culture, technology: shaping and creativity) LingualLingual (to do with symbolic communication) SocialSocial (to do with social interaction) EconomicEconomic (to do with frugal use of resources) AestheticAesthetic (to do with harmony, surprise, fun) JuridicalJuridical (to do with what is due; 'retribution', rights and responsibilities) EthicalEthical (to do with self-giving love) PisticPistic (to do with vision, aspiration, commitment, creed, religion) Think About This! Letter I

20 Spatial, Kinematics Motion, and Physical Energy Biotic Life Environment Sensitive, Analytical, Formative, Lingual, Social Culture Economics, Aesthetic, Juridical, Ethical Justice Transcendental / Religious Worldview Inter-disciplinary Modes and Issues Employment Food Life Style Prosperity Technologies Food Population Life Style Morality / Ethics Politics Globalization Population Impacted by and Impacts PF Ribeiro Think About This! Letter I

21 Reason Imagination Philosophy Literature ScienceReligion Metaphysics truth Meaning Wisdom TRUTH Creation Revelation The Pathways to TRUTH Com. Sense Can you think of a better ways to describe this search? Think About This! Letter I

22 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Passion for Truth Letter I

23 Letter II Title: Appearance, Reality and the Church Fundamental Principles For Exercising Discernment Screwtape advises Wormwood to focus the patient’s attention upon the actual people in the church sitting in the pews around him; not upon “the Church as we see her spread out through all time and space and rooted in eternity, terrible as an army with banners”(ref..). “When tempted, no one should say, “God is tempting me” (James 1:13) “If you think you are standing firm…No temptation has seized you except what is common to man…He will also provide a way out so you can stand firm under it.” I Co 10:12-13 “You however, are not controlled by a sinful nature” (Ro 8:5-17) “Like a good chess player he (Satan) is always trying to maneuver you into a position where you can save your castle only by losing your bishop.” CSL “We should never ask of anything ‘Is it real?’, for everything is real. The proper question is “A real what?” e.g., a real snake or a real delirium tremens?” CSL

24 Vocabulary Key Words Letter II “We should never ask of anything ‘Is it real?’, for everything is real. The proper question is “A real what?” e.g., a real snake or a real delirium tremens?” CSL Church (Outside) Half-finished Sham Gothic Church ((Inside) Local grocer with oily expression Shiny little book of liturgy containing corrupt texts in small print Neighbors to be avoided Mind flit to and fro: "the body of Christ" and the faces in the next pew. Neighbors sing out of tune, have boots that squeak, double chins, odd clothes Mind full of togas and sandals and armor and bare legs People in church wear modern (real) clothes Hazy mind, disappointment, anticlimax Nursery stories to Greek. Transition from dreaming aspiration to laborious doing. Free lovers, servants, sons, desiring freedom Religion as mere hypocrisy and convention Prayer - parrot talk. Reality Appearance

25 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations, References Habits Mental Bodily Now the habits are still in our favor (sinful nature) See with eyes, not heart Be controlled by the Spirit fruits of the Spirit, in love Consider others better than yourself Work your salvation with fear and trembling Ro 8:9 “are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit”; Gal 5:10-26 serve one another in love; fruits of the Spirit; Php 2:3 “not vain conceit… humility consider others better”; Php 2:12-13 “Work out your salvation with fear and trembling” The Church Unfinished buildings Unpleasant people “Rooted in eternity, spread through space and time, terrible as an army with banners” Colossians 1:18 “He is the head of the body, the church” 1 Tim 3:15 “church of the living God” Revelation 19:19 (army) Appearance Reality Lean heavily on outward appearances Appearance signing out the future Keep the real question out of sight Keep everything hazy Do not let them come past the initial dryness Reality, the real body of Christ, Inward beauty Deal with realities Gods plan is our victory Col 1:24 “his body, which is the church”; 1 Peter 3:3 “ beauty should not come from outward adornment” Colossians 2:17 “shadow of the things … reality, however, is found in Christ” Ephesians 4:25 “falsehood and speak truthfully” OT=Veiled: Ex 34:29-30, II Co 3:7 & NT=Unveiled: II Co 3:17-18 I Co 15:57 “He gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ” Analysis Matrix – Letter II Appearance, Reality and the Church continues

26 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations, References Emotions Fluctuating emotions work hard at disappointment and the anticlimax Real Life: disappointments help to get rid of emotions/suffering produces perseverance Sound reasoning: see our own faults God’s Word is a mirror Ro 5:3 “also rejoice in our sufferings” Ps 139:23-24 “know my heart” 2 Tim. 1:13 “keep as the pattern of sound teaching” Heb 12:1 “run with perseverance the race” James 1:22-25 “listens to the word…looks …mirror” Humility Avoid humility Making him Think he is humble God teaches real humility A haughty spirit before the fall Mt 23:12 “whoever humbles himself will be exalted”; Mt 18:4 (be humble) Pr.16:18 Prayer Today A culture of the now No hard work or effort Only feelings and what you see counts - Teaches self esteem Loose all to gain all A pearl of Great Price Consider all loss Php 3:8-11“consider everything a loss compared” Mt 13:46 “away and sold everything he had” Romans 8:36 “For your sake we face death all day long” Analysis Matrix – Letter II Appearance, Reality and the Church

27 Questions for Discussion - Letter II 1. Define the Church Visible and Invisible (Building, People, Liturgy - Transcendental Body) 2. How do we differentiate between reality and appearance? 3. How can one avoid the “anticlimax” after a conversion experience? 4. How can we prepare and overcome the disappointments, the “dry spells” in our Christian Life? 5. Discuss the contrasts of hypocrisy and humility 6. How do we respond to God’s love? 7. Are Christians better than other people in any sense? 8. What is the common component of “free lovers and servants.” 9.How can learn to control our emotions and why trained emotions can be a source of joy not a step towards hypocrisy? 10. Habits: mental and bodily (the need for discipline and sanctification) For Further Reading and Reflection How does this chapter shows a light on how I relate to God and see my vocation? Reading: The Weight of Glory..

28 Character From The Pilgrim’s Regress Mr. Sensible "Why, as to that you know, the great art of life is to moderate our passions. Objects of affection are like other belongings. We must love them enough to enrich our lives while we have them--not enough to impoverish our lives when they are gone. You see this puzzle here. While I am engaged on it seems to me of sovereign importance to fit the pieces together: when it is done I think of it no more; and if I should fail to do it, why I would not break my heart. Confound that Drudge. Hi! whoreson, are we to wait all night for our supper?" "Coming, sir," said Drudge from the kitchen. "I think the fellow goes to sleep over his pots and pans, "said Mr. Sensible, "but let us occupy the time by continuing our conversation. Good conversation I reckon among the finer sweets of life. But I Far from attacking the spiritual life, the cultured world patronizes it would not include diatribe or lecturing or persistent discussion under that head. Your doctrinaire is the bane of all talk." Letter II

29 Character From The Pilgrim’s Regress Mr. Sensible "You refer, no doubt, to some aesthetic experience. There again--I would not urge a young man to shut his eyes to that sort of thing. Who has not felt immortal longings at the lengthening of the shadow or the turning of the leaf? Who has no stretched out his hands for the ulterior shore ? But our imaginations, like our appetites, need discipline: not, heaven help us, in the interest of any transcendental ethic, but in the interests of your own solid good. That wild impulse must be tasted, no obeyed. The bees have stings, but we rob them of their honey. To cut off pleasures from the consequences and conditions which they have by nature, detaching, as it were, the precious phrase from its irrelevant context, is what distinguishes the man from the brute and the citizen from the savage. I cannot join with those moralists who inveigh against the Roman emetics in their banquets: still less with those who would forbid the even more beneficent contraceptive devices of our later times. That man who can eat as taste, no nature, prompts him and yet fear no aching belly, or who can indulge in Venus and fear no impertinent bastard, is a civilized man. In him I recognize Urbanity--the note of the centre." Letter II

30 Character From The Pilgrim’s Regress Mr. Sensible "Do you know of any way across the canyon?" said Vertue abruptly. "I do not," said the host, "for I have never made inquiries. The proper study of mankind is man, and I have always left useless speculations alone. Suppose that there were a way across, to what purpose should I use it? Why should I scramble down this side and up the other to find after my labours the same soil still beneath me and the same heaven above? It would be laughable to suppose that the country beyond the gorge can be any different from the country on this side of it. "There might be different people on the other side of the canyon," suggested John in the momentary pause that followed. "That is even less likely," said Mr. Sensible. "Human nature is always the same. The dress and the manners may vary, but I detect the unchanging heart beneath the shifting disguises. If there are men beyond the canyon, rest assured that we know them already. They are born and they die: and in the interval between they are the same lovable rascals that we know at home." "Still," said John, "you can't really be certain that there is no such place as my Island. Reason left it an open question." "Reason!" exclaimed Mr. Sensible. "Do you mean the mad woman who goes riding about the country dressed up in armour? I trust that when I spoke of the reasonable life you did not think that I meant anything under her auspices? There is a strange confusion in our language here, for the reasonableness which I commend has no more dangerous enemy than Reason. Perhaps I should drop the use of the name altogether, and say that my deity is not reasons but le von sens." "What is the difference?" said Vertue. "Sense is easy, Reason is hard. Sense knows where to stop with gracious inconsistency, while Reason slavishly follows and abstract logic whither she knows not. The one seeks comfort and finds it, the other seeks truth and is still seeking. Le bon sens is the father of a flourishing family: Reason is barren and a virgin. If I had my way I should clap this Reason of your in the bridewell to pursue her meditations in the straw. The baggage has a pretty face, I allow: but she leads us from our true aim-- joy, pleasure, ease, content, whate'er the name! She is a fanatic who has never learned form my master to pursue the golden mean, and, being mortal, to think mortal thoughts. Auream quisquis --" "It is very odd that you should say that," interrupted Vertue, "for I also was brought up on Aristotle. But I think my text must have differed from yours. In mine, the doctrine of the Mean does not bear the sense you have given it at all. He specially says that there is no excess of goodness. You cannot go too far in the right direction. The line that we should follow may start from a middle point in the base of a triangle: but the further off the apex is, the better. In that dimension--" Its ignorant and dilettante scepticism "Do manus !" broke out Mr. Sensible. "Spare us the rest, young man. We are not at a lecture, and I readily admit that your scholarship is more recent than mine. Philosophy should be our mistress, not our master: and the pursuit of a pedantic accuracy amidst the freedom of our social pleasures is as unwelcome as--" "And the bit about thinking mortal thoughts," continued Vertue, whose social experience, as I dreamed, was not extensive, "the bit about mortal thoughts was quoted by Aristotle to say that he disagreed with it. He held that the end of mortal life was to put on immortality as much as might be. And he also said the most useless of studies was the noblest." "I see you are letter-perfect, young man," said Mr. Sensible, with a rather chilly smile, "and I am sure these pieces of information, if repeated to your teachers, would win the applause they deserve. Here, if you will forgive me, they are a little out of place. A gentleman's knowledge of the ancient authors is not that of a pedant: and I think you have misunderstood the place which philosophy ought to hold in the reasonable life. We do not memorize systems. What system can stand? What system does not leave us with the old refrain--que sais--je ? It is in her power to remind us of the strangeness of things--in the brown charm of her secluded meditations-- above all, in her decorative function--that philosophy becomes instrumental to the good life. We go to the Porch and the Academy to be spectators, not partisans. Drudge!!" "Dinner is served, sir," said Drudge, appearing at the door. Then I dreamed that they went into the dining-room and so to table. Letter II

31 Character From The Pilgrim’s Regress Mr. Sensible "Reason!" exclaimed Mr. Sensible. "Do you mean the mad woman who goes riding about the country dressed up in armour? I trust that when I spoke of the reasonable life you did not think that I meant anything under her auspices? There is a strange confusion in our language here, for the reasonableness which I commend has no more dangerous enemy than Reason. Perhaps I should drop the use of the name altogether, and say that my deity is not reasons but le von sens." "What is the difference?" said Vertue. "Sense is easy, Reason is hard. Sense knows where to stop with gracious inconsistency, while Reason slavishly follows and abstract logic whither she knows not. The one seeks comfort and finds it, the other seeks truth and is still seeking. Le bon sens is the father of a flourishing family: Reason is barren and a virgin. If I had my way I should clap this Reason of your in the bridewell to pursue her meditations in the straw. The baggage has a pretty face, I allow: but she leads us from our true aim-- joy, pleasure, ease, content, whate'er the name! She is a fanatic who has never learned form my master to pursue the golden mean, and, being mortal, to think mortal thoughts. Auream quisquis --" Letter II

32 Character From The Pilgrim’s Regress Mr. Sensible "It is very odd that you should say that," interrupted Vertue, "for I also was brought up on Aristotle. But I think my text must have differed from yours. In mine, the doctrine of the Mean does not bear the sense you have given it at all. He specially says that there is no excess of goodness. You cannot go too far in the right direction. The line that we should follow may start from a middle point in the base of a triangle: but the further off the apex is, the better. In that dimension--" Its ignorant and dilettante scepticism "Do manus !" broke out Mr. Sensible. "Spare us the rest, young man. We are not at a lecture, and I readily admit that your scholarship is more recent than mine. Philosophy should be our mistress, not our master: and the pursuit of a pedantic accuracy amidst the freedom of our social pleasures is as unwelcome as--" "And the bit about thinking mortal thoughts," continued Vertue, whose social experience, as I dreamed, was not extensive, "the bit about mortal thoughts was quoted by Aristotle to say that he disagreed with it. He held that the end of mortal life was to put on immortality as much as might be. And he also said the most useless of studies was the noblest." "I see you are letter-perfect, young man," said Mr. Sensible, with a rather chilly smile, "and I am sure these pieces of information, if repeated to your teachers, would win the applause they deserve. Here, if you will forgive me, they are a little out of place. A gentleman's knowledge of the ancient authors is not that of a pedant: and I think you have misunderstood the place which philosophy ought to hold in the reasonable life. We do not memorize systems. What system can stand? What system does not leave us with the old refrain--que sais--je ? It is in her power to remind us of the strangeness of things--in the brown charm of her secluded meditations-- above all, in her decorative function--that philosophy becomes instrumental to the good life. We go to the Porch and the Academy to be spectators, not partisans. Drudge!!" "Dinner is served, sir," said Drudge, appearing at the door. Then I dreamed that they went into the dining-room and so to table. Letter II

33 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Passion for Truth Letter II

34 Letter III Title: Relationships, Prayer, Faith and Action Principles for Consistency in Prayer Life In this chapter Lewis focuses on prayer and domestic living. In prayer, Lewis here develops the distinction between “spiritual” prayer and “effective”. He describes how prayer can be “rendered innocuous” to the point of “keep on rubbing the wounds of the day a little sorer even while he is on his knees”. On domestic living we see the development of evil habits such as mutual annoyance, neglect of the obvious, and double standards, and Lewis shows how a person can “turned at a moment's notice from impassioned prayer for a wife's or son's "soul" to beating or insulting the real wife or son without a qualm and beating or insulting a person without qualm.”

35 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations, References Changes of conduct Get in first Keep in touch with other family charges Gradually from the centre to a new standard Prayera. Keep the patient from the intention of prayer altogether b. Render it innocuous (easy and entertaining) Let him pray: -Parrot like prayers, in devotional mood (no will or intelligence); thinking: =feeling is important =position makes no difference -Pray spiritually with self examination avoiding the obvious c. When praying for people: -Create an “imaginary person” -let it never flow in treatment for the real one d. result = “prayer to insult” = rubbing the wounds … little sorer a. Pray at all times, in the Spirit b. Pray at all times, in all situations, all kinds of prayers with WILL, INTELECT, directly to the Lord (Peter at the sea) =faith, in obedience, no repetition =hidden, with bended knees -practical, for real issues (discern) =in faith  peace (no interference) -Avoid looking at “self” c. When praying for people: -Take the plank out of your own eye first, do not judge your neighbor -Turn the other cheek - Leave wrath to God d. God’s peace will result a. James 5:13-16; Eph 6:18 (at all times) Romans 8:26 (The Spirit intercedes with groans) b. Lk 18:1-8 (parable of the persistent widow); Mat 26:41 (Not fall into temptation); Matthew 6:7 (no vain repetition) Is 62:6-7 “give yourselves no rest” Ro 12:12 “faithful in prayer” Luke 11:1-11 “the Lord’s prayer” Proverbs 30:8 “Keep falsehood and lies far” c. Mt 7:1-5 “Do not judge”; Matthew 5:39 “right cheek, turn to him the other” Romans 12:19 “Do not take revenge…God’s wrath” d. Phil 4:4-7 (Gods peace ) Analysis Matrix – Letter III Relationships, Prayer, Faith and Action continues

36 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations, References Common ground and actions -Dualistic approach: horror and neglect of the obvious -Keep his mind on “inner” life and off the elementary duties Use: voice tone and moment (keep double standard) -Integrated action -Love your neighbor as yourself Mt 22:39 “Love your neighbor as”; Dt 19:18 no “false testimony” against your neighbor Relationship With Spouse, Family -Neglect of the obvious -develop domestic hatred with double standards (face value innocence)-Good and settled habit of mutual annoyance, “Daily pinpricks” -Love and understanding -be as little children -Think of others more highly than yourself Ro 15:1-7 (accept one another); Matthew 18:3 “unless you change and become like little children” Habits to develop -Mutual annoyance -horror and neglect of the obvious -prayer innocuous: spiritual, reminding of sins (save her soul) for a fictitious character. -mind on “self examination” -double standards -jealousy -Effective prayer -No double standard =no dishonesty =sober judgment =confess our sin =we where called to peace -Be thankful for all Proverbs 11:1 “The LORD abhors dishonest scales”; Romans 12:3 “think of yourself with sober judgment” Colossians 3:15 “you were called to peace. And be thankful”. I Jn 1:9 (confess our sins) Analysis Matrix – Letter III Relationships, Prayer, Faith and Action

37 Questions for Discussion - Letter III 1. How can domestic irritations adversely affect the Christian life? 2.How in Lewis’ thinking how does God work to bring a young Christian “under a new standard”? 3.How can domestic irritations adversely affect the Christian’s prayer and living? 4.Why should we avoid concentrating our minds on the inner life? 5.How should we pray? 6.What would be the habits Screwtape wants Wormwood to develop in his “patient”? 7.What would be the “neglect of the obvious”? 8.Develop the “double standards” of this chapter and try to apply them to your relational world. For Further Reading and Reflection How does this chapter shows a light on how I relate to God and see my vocation? Reading: The Weight of Glory..

38 The Cardinal Virtues: prudence, temperance, courage, justice The Theological Virtues: love, hope, faith The Seven Contrary Virtues: humility, kindness, abstinence, chastity, patience, liberality, diligence humility against pride, kindness against envy, abstinence against gluttony, chastity against lust, patience against anger, liberality against greed, and diligence against sloth. The Seven Heavenly Virtues: faith, hope, charity, fortitude, justice, temperance, prudence The Seven Corporal Works of Mercy Feed the hungry, give drink to the thirsty, give shelter to strangers, clothe the naked, visit the sick, minister to prisoners, and bury the dead. VIRTUES TO CULTIVATE Letter III I. Diligence II. Patience III. Honesty IV. Courage Charity V. Charity VI. Creativity VII. Empathy VIII. Humility IX. Stewardship X. Compassion XI. Justice XII. Faith XIII. Hope XIV. Wisdom

39 Diligence Patience Honesty Charity Humility Compassion Justice Faith Hope Wisdom Courage Courage is not simply one of the virtues, but the form of every virtue at the testing point. C. S. Lewis VIRTUES TO CULTIVATE

40 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Letter III

41 Letter IV Title: Prayer: Why? And Does It Work? The Fundamental Communication: The Link Betewen Incomplete Individuals and the Utterly Concrete Person In this chapter Lewis expands on the development of habits for prayer. He describes the difference between a beginner, who still is developing out of the “parrot like nature” of his childhood prayers and a patient whose “real nakedness of a soul in prayer” shows him as “very far advanced in the Enemy’s service”

42 Vocabulary Key Words Letter IV Prayer vaguely devotional mood composed his spirit to love a sense of supplication prayer of silence bodily position subtler misdirection away from Him towards themselves trying to produce feelings estimate the value of each prayer by their success in producing the desired feeling Wherever there is prayer, there is danger He is cynically indifferent to the dignity of His position ghastly luminosity, that stabbing and searing glare you must keep him praying to it—to the thing that he has made, not to the Person who has made him subjective nature, and the man trusts himself to the completely real, external, invisible Presence, this real nakedness of the soul in prayer—you will be helped by the fact that the humans themselves do not desire it as much as they suppose. Form Position Direction

43 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations Prayer: Form a. Keep the patient from the intention of prayer altogether. b. Or childlike parrot prayer, let it be: Entirely spontaneous Inward Informal Unregularised c. Let him try: Producing a devotional mood (no will or intelligence) a. Pray at all times, in all situations b. All kinds of prayers, = in childlike Faith = directly to the Lord = in freedom and confidence = confessing our sins c. Mood is not important: = Faith (believing) + righteousness (forgiven sinner) a. Ephesians 6:18 (at all times) b. James 5:15 “prayer offered in faith”; Ephesians 3:12 “…approach God with freedom and confidence” c. Genesis 15:6 “believed …credited …as righteousness”; I Jn 1:9 (confess our sins) James 5:16 “confess your sins…The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective” PositionBodily position makes no difference -Merely “composing ones spirit to love” -Indulging “a sense of supplication” - For clever and lazy patients “whatever their bodies do affects the soul” “Try to keep things OUT of their minds” On our knees - Persistently 1 Corinthians 1:27 “God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise; God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong” Fill your minds with the Holy Spirit 1 Kings 18:42 “Elijah… put his face between his knees”; Luke 5:8 (Peter) Mat 26:41 (Not fall into temptation);Luke 18 (parable of the persistent widow); Ephesians 5:18 “be filled with the Spirit” Analysis Matrix – Letter IV Prayer: Why? And Does It Work? continues

44 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations AttitudePrevent them from attending to God “turning the gaze from God to themselves” Produce their FEELINGS by the action of their OWN WILL Charity - charitable feelings Courage – Feel brave Forgiveness – Try to feel forgiven Estimate the value by the feeling *let them not understand this depends on their health, tired etc There is immediate action! - It might take a while for an answer - God’s will might not be our will “There's such a thing as getting more than they bargained for!” It is for our best The Holy Spirit will intercede for us! -No communication interference -Peace Lack of faith?  Peter at sea Daniel 9:23 “As soon as you began to pray, an answer was given” I Jn 5:14 (ask anything according to His will) Jer 29:11 (For I know the plans I have for you.. not to harm you” ;Romans 8:26 (The Spirit intercedes with groans); Phil 4:4- 7 (God’s peace will result)! Mt 14:28-31 (why did you doubt?) DirectionPray to “IT” not to the person who made me “They have never known that ghastly luminosity, that stabbing and searing glare which makes the background of permanent pain to our lives” Pray to the God your Creator “ not what you think Thou art, but what Thy knowest Thyself to be” In the “nakedness of your soul” (Our Father who art in heaven) Isaiah 62:6-7 “give yourselves no rest” Analysis Matrix – Letter IV Prayer: Why? And Does It Work?

45 Questions for Discussion - Letter IV 1. According to CS Lewis, what is the first reaction against the “parrot like prayers of childhood? 2. What would be the main difference between a prayer of an “advanced in the Enemy’s service” and the spontaneous prayer of the beginner? 3. Does the position of the body have any influence on prayer according to Screwtape? 4. How do feelings affect my prayer life? 5. What is according to CS the danger of the “real nakedness of the soul” in prayer? 6. What does “the Enemy” pours out in “quite shameless fashion on the praying patient? For Further Reading and Reflection How does this chapter shows a light on how I relate to God and see my vocation? Reading: Letters to Malcolm chiefly on prayer “Prayer is either an illusion or a personal contact between embryonic, incomplete person (ourselves) and the utterly concrete person. Prayer in the sense of petition, asking for things, is a small part of it; confession and penitence are its threshold, adoration its sanctuary, the presence and vision of God its bread and wine.” CSL

46 Searching God’s Will to Our Vocation in Prayer In searching for our vocation, the first and foremost challenge is, “How do we communicate with God?” Jesus is the best example for our prayer life. Especially before major decisions or tasks, he spends nights in prayer and fasting. When Jesus began his ministry, it was not less than 40 days! How are we dealing with our decisions in life? But before we can even start to pray, we might consider: - total honesty with regard to the challenges and temptations which we face at college and in the real world. - total transparency in our dealings, business and relationship - total acceptance of our limitations, etc. - total surrender to the Lord now (it will happen sooner or later - hopefully in faith) - total commitment and involvement with the tasks at hand Only then, we will be able to maintain the focus on the Christian calling and vocation road map, and facilitate corrections on the journey when we are distracted on the way.

47 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Honesty in prayer

48 Letter V Title: War, Fear of Pain, Suffering, Death and Faith Fundamental Principles For Facing Fear and Death In this chapter Lewis describes the difference between death in wartime and in peacetime. He describes the emotional problems of wartime, not many times in their favor as “Men are killed in places where they knew they might be killed and to which they go, if they are at all of the Enemy's party, prepared” as in wartime “not even a human can believe that he is going to live forever”. “Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Resist him, standing firm in the faith, because you know that your brothers throughout the world are undergoing the same kind of sufferings.” I Peter 5:8-9 “Like a good chess player he (Satan) is always trying to maneuver you into a position where you can save your castle only by losing your bishop.” CSL

49 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations and Strategies Pain and Suffering Concentrate on the Future “reward of all our labors—the anguish and bewilderment of a human soul” -Terror-pictures of the future -Self-pitying glances at the happy past -Thrills in the pit of his stomach “finally secure his soul ‘a brim-full living chalice of despair and horror and astonishment’” “do not allow any temporary excitement to distract you from the real business of undermining faith and preventing the formation of virtues” Concentrate on the Present -Rejoice in our sufferings -Do not look back on past -Perfect peace -Encouraging faith -Promote formation of virtue -Ro. 5:3-5 “rejoice in our sufferings” -2 Co. 1:5 “Christ our comfort overflows” Ph. 3:10-11 “attain to the resurrection from the dead” -Luke 9:62 "No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for service in the kingdom of God." -Isaiah 26:3 “perfect peace him whose mind is steadfast” John 14:27 “Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid” -Col 3:12 “clothe yourselves…patience” Acts 14:22 “Strengthening the disciples and encouraging them to remain true to the faith.” We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God," they said.” Analysis Matrix – Letter V War, Fear of Pain, Suffering, Death and Faith continues

50 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations and Strategies Reaction to War “fear and suffering of the humans is a legitimate and pleasing refreshment” Make Extremists -Extreme Patriotism -Ardent Pacifism Bringing souls to Our Father Below Is it just? Is it moral? -Self control “makes prizes of humans who have given their lives for causes He thinks bad on the monstrously sophistical ground that the humans thought them good and were following the best they knew” -Do not be stiff-necked -Be courageous and strong -Avoid all extremes Micah 6:8 “He has showed you, O man, what is good. And what does the LORD require of you? To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God.” -Pr 29:11 A fool gives full vent to his anger, but a wise man keeps himself under control” Dt 10:16 “Circumcise your hearts, therefore, and do not be stiff- necked any longer”1 Co 16:13 “Be on your guard; stand firm in the faith; be men of courage; be strong” Ecc 7:18 The man who fears God will avoid all extremes Warsa. Great opportunity for attacks on faith -Immediate Fear -Suffering b. certain tendencies inherent: by no means in our favor -hope for a good deal of cruelty and unchastity “continual remembrance of death: our best weapons, contented worldliness, is rendered useless” a. His blockade is admittedly imposing ‘See thousands turning in this tribulation. to the Enemy: “nevertheless have their attention diverted from themselves to values and causes which they believe to be higher than the self”” b. Part of Redemption c. Be Prepared 1 Co 10:13 “provide a way out so that you can stand up under it” Jer 36:3 Ro. 5:3-5 “rejoice in our sufferings” Analysis Matrix – Letter V War, Fear of Pain, Suffering, Death and Faith continues

51 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations and Strategies DeathIn wartime: undesirable deaths “Men are killed in places where they knew they might be killed and to which they go, if they are at all of the Enemy's party, prepared” “not even a human can believe that he is going to live forever” In peacetime: true condition unknown “costly nursing homes amid doctors who lie, nurses who lie, friends who lie, as we have trained them, promising life to the dying, encouraging the belief that sickness excuses every indulgence, and even, if our workers know their job, withholding all suggestion of a priest lest it should betray to the sick man his true condition” - Him that suffering is an essential part of what He calls Redemption -In Service - In Faithfulness “precise moment of terror, bereavement, or physical pain, you may catch your man when his reason is temporarily suspended” “post is nearly always defended” - Heb. 10:25; “But we are not of those who shrink back and are destroyed, but of those who believe and are saved” -1 Pe 1:13-16 “prepare your minds for action” -Mat. 25:23 “'Well done, good and faithful servant”; Faith“A faith which is destroyed by war cannot really have been worth the trouble of destroying.” Faith EnduresHeb. 11:1 “Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see” Analysis Matrix – Letter V War, Fear of Pain, Suffering, Death and Faith

52 Questions for Discussion - Letter V

53 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Passion for Truth Letter V

54 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations and Strategies Life’s Tribulationsa. “our business is to keep them thinking about what will happen to them” -maximum uncertainty -mind filled with contradictory pictures of the future -arousing hope or fear “There is nothing like suspense and anxiety for barricading a human's mind against the Enemy” b. Let him think “daily cross” means: -practice fortitude and patience to a dozen different and hypothetical fates -“the Enemy does not greatly assist those who are trying to attain it” a. “wants men to be concerned with what they do” -submitting with patience to the Enemy's will -accept with patience the tribulation which has actually been dealt out to him b. for the daily task of bearing (today’s fear and suffering) the daily bread will be provided -resignation to present and actual suffering, even where that suffering consists of fear a. Mt. 6: 25, Revelation 2:10 do not worry about your life Deut. 31:6, Do not be afraid or terrified b. Matthew 16:24 "If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me” James 4:14 “Why, you do not even know what will happen tomorrow. What is your life?” General Activities of Mind a. Concentrate on the Object b. “If favorable to the Enemy bend his mind back on itself” - Fix Attention Inward a. Concentrate on the Soul b. Look upwards to God - Be concerned with what you do now a. Psalm 130:6 “My soul waits for the Lord more than watchmen…” 1 Peter 1:9 “for you are receiving the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls” b. Psalm 121 Hebrews 12:2 “Let us fix our eyes on Jesus” Analysis Matrix – Letter VI My - Not Thy - Will Be Done (Life's Tribulations) Mind Activities - General Attitude to War

55 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations and Strategies Spiritual Lawa. Weaken his prayers -diverting his attention from the Enemy Himself to his own states of mind about the Enemy b. Patient's mind is diverted from the thing feared to the fear itself c. all activities of mind which favor our cause, encourage the patient to be un-self-conscious and to concentrate on the object a. Strengthening prayers -attention to Jesus - attaining the Goal b. Diverted from fear c. Be self-conscious about evil - Watch your step -be un-self-conscious about yourself when doing good a. Ephesians 6:18 “pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests” Hebrews 12:2 b. Philippians 3:14 “I press on toward the goal to win the prize” c. Luke 6:37 "Do not judge, and you will not be judged” - Matthew 6:3 “But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing” General Attitude to War a. Vindictive feelings against imaginary scapegoats a. “Love your neighbor as yourself.” - to smooth out our rough spots - Live in peace with all a. Matthew 22:39 “Love your neighbor as yourself” Matthew 24:12 “increase of wickedness, love...will grow cold” Hebrews12:14 “Make every effort to live in peace with all men and to be holy” Analysis Matrix – Letter VI My - Not Thy - Will Be Done (Life's Tribulations) Mind Activities - General Attitude to War

56 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayObservations and Strategies General Attitudeb. Malice to his immediate neighbors. c. Benevolence towards people he does not know b + c. Love – sign of the church - Under God’s Grace as the integrating factor c. John 13:35 “By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another." 1 Peter 4:8 “Above all, love each other deeply, because love covers over a multitude of sins” Characteristics of Man a. Man as concentric circles: 1. Intellect 2. Will 3. Fantasy “Shoving all Virtues outwards into the circle of fantasy and all the desirable qualities (malice) inwards into the Will” a. Man as Integrated Entity a. heart, soul 1. intellect (mind) 2. will (steadfastness, strength) 3. Sentiments: Peace 4. fantasy: do not let it guide you The Man of God – See attached[1][1] a+b+c. Deuteronomy 6:5; Mt. 22:37 “Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength” 1. Ps. 119:11 “I have hidden your word in my heart that I might not sin against you” 2 Psalm 119:34 “Give me understanding, and I will keep your law and obey it with all my heart” 3. Isaiah 26:3 “You will keep in perfect peace him whose mind is steadfast, because he trusts in you” 4. Proverbs 12:11 “he who chases fantasies lacks judgment” Analysis Matrix – Letter VI My - Not Thy - Will Be Done (Life's Tribulations) Mind Activities - General Attitude to War

57 1.What, according to Screwtape is the best way to barricade a human’s mind from God? Do you agree with that suggestion? 2.Why is it so important for us to be concerned with what we do? 3.How, according to paragraph two, should we see the Lord ’s Prayer as saying “Thy will be done? 4.According to CSLewis, what should be considered as our appointed cross? 5.Discuss: “see that the patient never thinks of the present fear as his appointed cross but only of the things he is afraid of” 6. What should be considered the “spiritual law” involved with the notion of fear? 7.Discuss: “all activities favorable to the Enemy bend his mind back on itself.” 8.What difference would it make to fix my attention on the “state called anger” versus the being insulted by somebody? 9.What are the consequences of “But it is usually a sort of melodramatic or mythical hatred directed against imaginary scapegoats” 10.Discus the ways in which “the malice thus becomes wholly real and the benevolence largely imaginary”. Questions for Discussion - Letter VI

58 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Letter VI

59 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations and Strategies JoyAvoid Joy by all means: “a meaningless acceleration in the rhythm of celestial experience” “disgusting and direct insult to the realism, dignity and austerity of Hell” Encourage jokes and witticisms b. Good Music – Detestable Rejoice Always a. Rejoice in the Lord, always. I will say it again: Rejoice …even when suffering! “Joy is the serious business of heaven” b. Good Music – A Glimpse of Heaven c. Praise brings liberty and victory over evil a. Phillipians4:4 “Rejoice in the Lord always” 1 Peter 1:8 “you believe in him and are filled with an inexpressible and glorious joy” 1 Peter 4:13 “rejoice…sufferings” b. Nehemiah 8:10 “Our mouths were filled with laughter, our tongues with songs of joy” Hebrews 10:34 “Joyfully…better and lasting possessions” c. 2 Chronicles 20:22 “As they began to sing and praise, the LORD set ambushes against …they were defeated” enjoymentVery Little Use Can be used to divert It has wholly undesirable tendencies Enjoyment  Joy  Contentment a. “Closely related to Joy – a sort of emotional froth arising from the play instinct” “It promotes charity, courage contentment and other virtues” b. Godliness + contentment c. Pleasure in evil conduct  fool a. 1 Timothy 6:17 “Who richly provides us … for our enjoyment” Proverbs 17:22 “A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Ecclesiastes 2:25 “Without Him, who can eat or find enjoyment?” b. 1 Timothy 6:6 “godliness with contentment is great gain” c. Proverbs 10:23 “A fool finds pleasure in evil conduct, but a man of understanding delights in wisdom” Are we having fun yet? Analysis Matrix – Letter XI Human Laughter: Joy, Fun, the Joke Proper, and Flippancy

60 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations and Strategies The Joke Proper (Sudden perception of incongruity) A promising field. a. Use jokes and humor (British dry sense of humor) b. Humor is invaluable as a means of destroying shame. “If a man simply lets others pay for him, he is “mean”; if he boasts of it in a jocular manner, he is comical” c “Mere cowardice is shameful; cowardice boasted of with humorous exaggerations and grotesque gestures can be passed off as funny” d. Cruelty is shameful – “unless the cruel man can represent it as a practical joke” “A thousand blasphemous jokes do not help towards a man’s damnation so much as his discovery that almost anything he wants to do can be done, not only without the disapproval but with the admiration of his fellows.” A dangerous field a. Speak the truth b. Shame is a Godly gift and leads to seeking God’s forgiveness - Be just/ do not joke about it c. Fear the Lord, all else “Do not fear! d. Cruelty – practical joke (winks his eyed) a. Proverbs 16:13 “Kings take pleasure in honest lips; they value a man who speaks the truth” Ephesians 6:14 (belt of truth) b. Psalm 83:16 “Cover their faces with shame so that men will seek your name” c. Isaiah 8:12;1 Peter 3:14 "do not fear what they fear” Isaiah 35:4 ‘say to those with fearful hearts, "Be strong, do not fear” d. Proverbs 10:10 “winks maliciously causes grief, and a chattering fool comes to ruin” Isaiah 57:4 “Whom are you mocking? At whom do you sneer and stick out your tongue? Are you not a brood of rebels, the offspring of liars? Proverbs 11:17 “A kind man benefits himself, but a cruel man brings trouble on himself” Analysis Matrix – Letter XI Human Laughter: Joy, Fun, the Joke Proper, and Flippancy

61 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations and Strategies Flippancy (frivolous, disrespectful, saucy, impertinent) The best of all. a. Builds up around a man the finest armor plating against the Enemy. b. The opposite of Joy. “It deadens, instead of sharpening the intellect; and it excites no affection between those who practice it.” “Only a clever human can make a real Joke about virtue” “Among flippant people the Joke is always assumed to have been made” “every subject is discussed in a manner which implies that they have already found a ridiculous side of it” Deadly a. best armor “think others better than self”, ‘respect? b. the foolishness of the world - crackling torn under pot - cursed - ruins a man - hate knowledge c. God foolishness is wiser than man’s wisdom -to shame the wise “But our merriment must be of another kind (and it is, in fact the merriest kind) which exists between people who have, from the outset, taken each other seriously – no flippancy, no superiority, no presumption” (Weight of Glory) a. Philippians 2:3 “in humility consider others better than yourselves” b. Ecclesiastes 7:6 “Like the crackling of thorns under the pot, so is the laughter of fools.” Ex: Nabal:1 Samuel 25:25; Proverbs 17:12 “Better to meet a bear robbed of her cubs than a fool in his folly” Job4:3 “I have seen a fool taking root, but suddenly his house was cursed” Proverbs 10:23 “a chattering fool comes to ruin” Proverbs 1:22 “How long will mockers delight in mockery and fools hate knowledge?” c. 1 Corinthians 1:25 “foolishness of God is wiser than man's wisdom” 1 Corinthians 1:27 God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise” Analysis Matrix – Letter XI Human Laughter: Joy, Fun, the Joke Proper, and Flippancy

62 1.How is joy characterized among friends and lovers reunited on the eve of a holiday? 2.How can we experience real Joy? Is the “Joy of the Lord” your strength? If not, what is missing? 3.What is the real danger of Fun according to Screwtape? 4.Describe the type 1 (to whom no passion is as serious as lust and for whom an indecent story ceases to produce lasciviousness as it becomes funny), and type 2 (to whom laughter and lust are excited at the same moment and by the same things) as depicted by Lewis. Try to compare what they would look in your own circle of friends. How can we help ourselves not to become as one of these characters? 5.If “joy is the serious business of heaven, what is missing in my life and our church life so we can more fully enjoy the God given joy? How can we develop joy in our lives? What is God’s warning in (Because you did not serve the LORD your God joyfully and gladly in the time of prosperity), Deuteronomy 28:46-48 and how do I compare it to Hebrews 10:34? 6.Does God have a sense of humor? 7.How can we avoid the temptation of flippancy? Is it really as dangerous as Lewis mentions? 8.Can there be joy outside God’s will? Questions for Discussion - Letter XI

63 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Passion for Truth Letter XI

64 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations and Strategies Habitsa. Do not attempt to hurry … you awaken him to a sense of his real position b. a change of direction in his course … make him imagine…choices…trivial and revocable c. Slowly …into the cold and dark of utmost space” a. Awake! Take the plumb line of righteousness and measure your “real position” b. no choice is trivial c. Walk, in the right path, until total day - you must not turn to them a. Isaiah 28:17 “righteousness the plumb line” b. Joshua 24:15 “choose for yourselves …whom …serve...we will serve the LORD." c. Proverbs 4:18 “The path of the righteous” till - full - day Jeremiah 15:19 “Let this people turn to you, but you must not turn to them” Church Goinga. Maintain external habits “Better so than “that he should realize the break it has made with the first months of his Christian life” a. Rejoice! rejoice with those who said… a. Psalm 122:1 “I rejoiced … who said to me, ‘Let us go to the house of the LORD.’" Spiritual Condition a. SIN: make him think he has adopted - few new friends - amusements - spiritual state unchanged b. no need for repentance of sin c. keep vague, uneasy feeling of not been doing very well …increases reluctance - to think about the Enemy - dislike of religious duties d. Begging distractions and benumbing of heart a. The Holy Spirit convinces us of sin - do not be stiff-necked! b. Repentance: turn away from evil so that times of refreshment may abound c. do not rely on feelings (but the Holy Spirit may use it!- John16:8) but “be filled with the Spirit” d. Meditate on His law by day and night a. John 16:7-8 “the Counselor will not come to you…He will convict …in regard to sin “ Acts 7:51 "stiff-necked people resist the Holy Spirit” b. Jeremiah 5:19-20 “repent… restore you … times of refreshing …may come” c. Job 24:23 “He may let them rest in a feeling of security, but His eyes are on their ways” Ephesians 5:18 “do not get drunk …filled with the Spirit” d. Psalm 119:97 “how I love your law! I meditate all day long” Ps. 23:6b; Ps. 119:11 Prayer Lifea. Unreal, distracted b. Avoid Contact with God a. Practical b. Pray continually… -Keep watch… a. Philippians 4:6 “in everything, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God” b. 1 Thessalonians 5:17 “pray continually” Luke 18:1 “always pray and not give up” Mt. 25:13 “Therefore keep watch” Pleasures Decisions Activities a. habit renders …less pleasant and harder to forgo - waste his time/boredom - do nothing/staring b. avoid healthy/outgoing … give nothing in return "I now see that I spent most of my life in doing neither what I ought nor what I liked" - Nothing is very strong a. seek the Lord -develop spiritual habits diligently -all is permissible -Be pure - use time wisely - sharing your faith b. "without whom nothing is strong".(Book of Common Prayer; The Lessons Appointed for Use on the Sunday closest to July 27, Year B)[1][1] -be faithful unto death a. Hosea 10:12 “it is time to seek the LORD” 1 Corinthians 7:29 “time is short” Phil. 1:6 Confidently I Co. 6:12 “Everything is permissible for me” Ph. 4:8 be pure! Proverbs 12:24 “Diligent hands will rule, but laziness” 1 Timothy 4:15 “Be diligent” b. Psalm 114 “Tremble, O earth, at the presence of the Lord” Mark 6:45-52 (Jesus walking on the seat) “They were utterly astounded” Rev. 2:10 “Be faithful, even to the point of death” [1][1] Book of Common Prayer; The Lessons Appointed for Use on the Sunday closest to July 27, Year B) Analysis Matrix – Letter XII Lukewarm Behavior

65 1Discuss “do not attempt to hurry … you awaken him to a sense of his real position” Can you see this happening in your own lives? 2What is this “dim uneasiness”? and the “without whom Nothing is strong” 3What would be some good examples for the “trivial and revocable” changes that make us change direction in our Spiritual life and how can we avoid this from happening? 4How much is this “Maintain external habits” occurring in our churches? How much of it is perceived and how reality? If so, how can we distinguish between them? How do I feel about church going? 5 What, in your personal experience where the changes that occurred for us to “realize the break it has made with the first months of our Christian life” 6How is my prayer life? 7In lieu of the description for a devilish choice of friends, how should we choose our friends and amusements? Describe the steps from “choice of friends” (a apparently small unimportant decision) to the “cold dark and utmost place” 8Have you ever felt that “increased reluctance to think about the Enemy, dislike religious duties, begging distractions and benumbing of heart”? Could we use these signs as symptoms of our first “change of direction to the “cold and dark of utmost space”? I.e. should it be a time of serious soul searching for sins or disobedience to God’s Word and a time of repentance? 9 How should I cultivate good habits and what would that lifestyle include? Questions for Discussion - Letter XII

66 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations and Strategies Repentance And Renewal a. defeat of the 1 st ordera. 1 st step toward victory - Grace (protection against evil) - Repentance = Revival and Renewal Ro. 3:23-24 “are justified freely by His grace” 2Co.12:7-10 “My grace is sufficient” Isaiah 30:15 “repentance and rest is your salvation” Holy SpiritAsphyxiating Cloud-All encompassing comforting presence Acts 2:28 “you will fill me with joy in your presence” Pains (reading a good book, walk to the park, tea at the lawn, etc.) a. Avoid Real Pain b. Damn the patient by the world (vanity, irony expensive tedium) a. Touchstone of reality b. Salvation trough faith - forgiveness /eternal life - peace / thankfulness - no need for abundance of possessions - enjoy his work - God, a hiding place Psalm 23:4 “your rod and your staff, they comfort me” 2 Timothy 3:15 “salvation through faith” Luke 1:77 “forgiveness of their sins” Colossians 3:15 “Peace … rule…be thankful” Luke 12:15 “man's life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions” Ps. 32:7 “You are my hiding place” Psalm 55:22 “Cast your cares on the LORD and he will sustain you” Pleasurea. Avoid simple pleasures b. Avoid strong personal taste that is not sinful b. Avoid sinful pleasures Eternal pleasures  Develops innocence, humility an self- forgetfulness -enjoy and share b. do not put hope in wealth - all is given for enjoyment -Joy of God’s presence a. Ecclesiastes 3:22 “enjoy work” 1 Tim. 6:17-19 “ do not put their hope in wealth” “God… everything for our enjoyment Nehemiah 8:10 “enjoy send some to those who have nothing prepared… joy of the LORD is your strength." b. Psalm 16:11 “fill me with joy in your presence, with eternal pleasures” Personalitya. Detach man from himself b. Detach man from God “Eradicate any strong personal taste that is not a sin” c. Give nothing back d. Choose Best People -Bright People Right Foods - Important Books a. Distinctness of every one b. Abandon the clamor of self- will and look to God c. He gives eternal life d. Choose Wisest - Bravest Good - Enjoyable a. Psalm 139:14 “I am fearfully and wonderfully made” b + c. Mt. 10:39 “Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it” c. 2 Thessalonians 1:9 “They will be shut out from the presence of the Lord” d. 1 Thessalonians 5:21 “Test everything. Hold on to the good” Titus 3:9 (avoid foolish controversies) 2 Timothy 2:16 “Avoid godless chatter” Psalm 119:63 “friend to all who fear you” James 4:4 “friendship with the world is hatred toward God” Ideas vs. Actions a. Avoid converting ideas into action. b. Passive acts are weakened by passivity “Write a book about it excellent way to sterilizing God’s influence. a. Faith without action is dead… b. Chasing fantasies lead to poverty Active acts are strengthened by repetition a. James 2:17 “faith … is not accompanied by action, is dead” b. Pr. 28:19 “He who works his land will have abundant food, …chases fantasies…poverty” 1 Corinthians 9:25 “strict training” Titus 2:12 “live self-controlled, upright and godly lives” Analysis Matrix – Letter XIII The Asphyxiating Cloud – Divine Grace Personality, Faith in Action

67 Questions for Discussion - Letter XIII

68 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations Armor of Goda. “Find the chink in her armor” - “unobtrusive little vices in one” - become the great error in the next” by example a. Put on the full armor of God - Do not compare yourself to the person beside you. a. Ephesians 6:13-18 “the full armor of God” 2 Corinthians 10: 12 “compare themselves … they are not wise” Color of our Faith a. Convince that: - “assumption that outsiders who do not share this belief are really too stupid and ridiculous” b. “Not faith but mere colors of surroundings” a. “Do not think to highly of yourself” - Imitate Jesus Christ, not neighbor b. Be imitators of God a. 2 Corinthians 10:17-18 “Let him who boasts boast in the Lord” b. Ephesians 5:1 “Be imitators of God” Pridea. The novice exaggerates - Pride brings arrogance. b. Beware of Eros love - it can blind the truth c. Let them imitate defects… d. Spiritual Pride - strongest and most beautiful of vices - Best conditions: “Accepted in new circle, illusion to his own position in it. Under the influence of “love”, i.e. blind him of the real situation. Make him feel he is finding his own level” a. No novice in leadership - he might become conceited b. Agape: covers c. Imitate that which is good d. Pride comes before the fall - We are all sinners and deserve the wrath of God - Be willing to associate with people of low position a. 1 Timothy 3:6 “might become conceited and fall under the same judgment as the devil” b. 1 Peter 4:8 “Love covers a multitude of sin” c. 3 John 1:11 “do not imitate what is evil but what is good” Ephesians 5:1 “Be imitators of God” d. Proverbs 16:18 “Pride goes before destruction” Gal 2:17 “we ourselves are sinners” Ro. 12:16 “be willing to associate with people of low position” Inner Circlesa. Teach him…mistake contrast - circle that delights - circle that bores “for the contrasts between believers and unbelievers” a. Search - for truth (all are sinners) - the family of God (by their fruits) “God is not a God of confusion” a. Romans 5:11-13 “because all sinned” Mt. 7:16 “by their fruit you will recognize them” 1 Corinthians 14:33 “God is not the author of confusion, but of peace” (KJV) Christianitya. “Success depends here on confusing him. “ “keep a sly self congratulation” b. Being secretive c. Amusement at unbelievers - Hope in society/ inner rings. d. “No interest in true or false but in mystery, in which he is one of the initiates” a. Humble yourself and he will exalt you b. Is not secretive c. Religion for the simple and children - Hope in Christ d. He died for us, once and for all a. Mt 23 :12 “Whoever humbles himself will be exalted” b. 2 Peter 2:1 “ They will secretly introduce” Revelation 2:24 “have not learned Satan's so-called deep secrets” c. Matthew 11:25 “revealed them to little children” 1 Corinthians 15:19-20 “hope in Christ” d. 1 Peter 3:18 “ Christ died for sins once for all” Analysis Matrix – Letter XIV Spiritual Pride and Inner Circles

69 Questions for Discussion - Letter XIV

70 Vocabulary Key Words Letter XVIII Abstinence Monogamy Being in Love Marriage Excitement Freedom Competition Affection Sexual Desire Love Flesh Fidelity Fertility Chastity Infatuation Love Fidelity Chastity Freedom

71 Letter XVIII Title: Complete Abstinence or Unmitigated Monogamy Fundamental Rules for Achieving Ultimate Pleasure From Sex In this letter CSL covers one of the greatest driving forces of human life – a cause of great pleasure and most sadness in human history. “Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Resist him, standing firm in the faith, because you know that your brothers throughout the world are undergoing the same kind of sufferings.” I Peter 5:8-9 “Like a good chess player he (Satan) is always trying to maneuver you into a position where you can save your castle only by losing your bishop.” CSL

72 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations and Strategies Sexual Temptation -“being in love” experience as the only respectable ground for marriage; Excitement permanent No longer binding if not in love In love - being the only reason for marriage and so being any sexual infatuation an excuse for him marrying a heathen, a fool or a wanton -God demands either complete abstinence or unmitigated monogamy. -Marry a believer In fidelity, fertility and goodness With intention of loyalty, mutual help, chastity, transmission of life 1 Tim. 3:2-16 “husband of but one wife” -II Corinthians 6:14 “not joked together with unbeliever” -I Samuel 16:7 ( man looks on the outward appearance but the Lord looks on the heart) Philosophy of Hell -Hellish axion: One thing is not another one self is not another “My good is my good and your is yours” I gain you loose “Sucking the weaker into the stronger; To be means to be in competition” -Heavenly axion: Love “The good of one self is to be the good of another” -God = Three in One Cooperation Sexual Purity - Ephesians 4: Corinthians. 13 Analysis Matrix – Letter XVIII Complete Abstinence or Unmitigated Monogamy

73 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations and Strategies Sex-Merely one more way In which a “stronger self preyed upon the weaker” -Sexual intercourse = “being in love” Sexual infatuation=love Joke Being in love blend of affection, fear, and desire -Sexual desire + Affection offspring dependent parents impulse to support Family “like the organism, only worse; for the members are more distinct, yet also united in a more conscious and responsible way” Marriage: “One flesh”, eternally enjoyed or eternally endured I Corinthians 7:27 (are you married? Do not seek a divorce) Hebrews 13:4 “marriage should be honored by all” I Corinthians 7 (on marriage) Ephesians 5: (Imagery of marriage) Genesis 2:24 (and they will become one flesh) Mark 10:9 (what God has joined together let no man separate) Analysis Matrix – Letter XVIII Complete Abstinence or Unmitigated Monogamy

74 Questions for Discussion - Letter XVIII 1. What can be done to curb the devil’s extraordinary success in making so many marriages neither happy nor holly? 2. Do you agree that “The Enemy's demand on humans takes the form of a dilemma; either complete abstinence or unmitigated monogamy”? What are the problems with this statement? 3. Is the concept "being in love" the only respectable ground for marriage”? 4. Is in your view this permanent excitement the binding condition of marriage? 5. In your view are the marriages in our churches a good example of godly marriage? 6. Discuss the axiom of hell: “My good is my good and your good is yours. What one gains another loses.” And, "to be" means "to be in competition". 7. Discuss the godly definition of love: “The good of one self is to be the good of another.” 8. How would this apply to our daily living, and to marriage? 9. How would we live up to our Godly destiny of co-operation? 10. How does Screwtape’s idea of sex differentiate form the “Enemy's”? 11. What in Screwtape’s eyes did God add to sexual desire? And what are the main aims of that union? 12. What in this letter is the definition for a family? Would you tend to agree or disagree? 13. Discuss: “ The truth is that wherever a man lies with a woman, there, whether they like it or not, a transcendental relation is set up between them which must be eternally enjoyed or eternally endured.” 14. How would, in Screwtape’s eyes, our decision to marry look like? Where does “being in love” fit into the picture? For Further Reading and Reflection How does this chapter shows a light on how I relate to God and see my vocation? Reading: The Weight of Glory..

75 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Developing Virtue Faithfulness

76 Letter XXI Title: Our False Sense of Ownership All Belongs to Him Fundamental Principles for Understanding God’s Lorship Time and possessions are the primordial claims of this letter. Man, in Screwtapes’ mind, should consider all his possessions his own, so that he will regard them as “being stolen” from him. Whilst all the time the expression “Mine” as expressed by a human “sounds equally funny in Heaven and in Hell” as in the end: “Our Father or the Enemy will say "Mine" of each thing that exists”. “Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Resist him, standing firm in the faith, because you know that your brothers throughout the world are undergoing the same kind of sufferings.” I Peter 5:8-9 “Like a good chess player he (Satan) is always trying to maneuver you into a position where you can save your castle only by losing your bishop.” CSL

77 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayBible References Intellecta. Moral assault by darkening his intellect b. Attack patient’s peevishness (irritability) a. Seek Wisdom, intellect a God given to use b. Be patient a. Proverbs 4:7 “Wisdom is supreme … get understanding” b. Proverbs 16:32 “Better a patient man than a warrior” Claims on Lifea. Encourage patient to feel injured when claims are denied a. You belong to GodEzekiel 18:4 “For every living soul belongs to me” 1 Corinthians 6:19 “You are not your own; you were bought at a price” Timea. Make him claim: “My time is my own” “wrap a darkness about it” b. Let him have the feeling that he starts each day as the lawful possessor of 24 hours - feels that it is being stolen - a grievous tax …to employers - generous donation … religious duties a. Time is a gift from God b. Man can neither make, nor retain one moment of time; it all comes to him by pure gift. a. Ecclesiastes b. time a gift Analysis Matrix – Letter XXI Our False Sense of Ownership All Belongs to Him

78 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayBible References Ownership “sound equally Funny in Heaven and in Hell” “Our Father or the Enemy will say "Mine" of each thing that exists” a. The sense of ownership in general is always to be encouraged b. Much of modern resistance to chastity comes from men’s belief that they “own” their bodies. c. Produce sense of ownership not only by pride but by confusion. - "my Teddy-bear" = "the bear I can pull to pieces if I like" - "My God" = "The God on whom I have a claim for my distinguished services and whom I exploit from the pulpit—the God I have done a corner in" a. My times are in your hands. b. “The earth is the Lord’s and everything in it” and I “a royal child …love's sake, in titular … real rule of wise counselors” c. ownership as - “my Teddy-bear" = recipient of affection …special relation - “My God” = my Creator a. 1 Co 10:25 “The earth is the Lord’s and everything in it”. b. 1 Co.6:19 “You are not your own; you were bought at a price” c. Psalm 31:15 My times are in your hands Psalm 90:12 “Teach us to number our days aright” Bodies“those vast and perilous estates, pulsating with the energy that made the worlds” God made you, and He did it marvelously! Psalm 139:13-14 “You created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother's womb... I am fearfully and wonderfully made” Possessiona. The Devil claims possession - let his sense of ownership-in-Time lie silent, uninspected, and operative I conquered a. All belongs to God (now and forever) - “A man plans his course but the Lord determines his steps” I made all and own all Rev. 4:11 “for you created all things” Proverbs 16:9 “plans his course, but the LORD determines his steps” Analysis Matrix – Letter XXI Our False Sense of Ownership All Belongs to Him

79 1Discuss; peevishness (irritability). “Men are not angered by mere misfortune but by misfortune conceived as injury” Do you agree with this statement? 2Why is “the way” for it “prepared for your moral assault by darkening his intellect”? Is it really so clear that we do not belong to ourselves? 3Discuss “Let him have the feeling that he starts each day as the lawful possessor of twenty-four hours. Let him feel as a grievous tax that portion of this property which he has to make over to his employers and as a generous donation that further portion which he allows to religious duties.” 4Discuss “man can neither make, nor retain, one moment of time; it all comes to him by pure gift; he might as well regard the sun and moon his chattels (property) 5Are you committed to a total service God? How should this chapter affect our daily living? What do you need to change? What are some examples of situations like “one day involved nothing harder than listening to the conversation of a foolish woman”? 6Discuss “Wrap darkness about it, and in the centre of that darkness let his sense of ownership-in-Time lie silent, un-inspected, and operative” Questions for Discussion - Letter XXI

80 7 How can we discourage the “sense of ownership”? 8 Discuss “claims to ownership which sound equally funny in Heaven and in Hell” 9 Have you ever consciously realized that your body is that “ vast and perilous estates, pulsating with the energy that made the worlds, in which they find themselves without their consent and from which they are ejected at the pleasure of Another!” will this change some of your views on yourself? 10 Discuss “as if a royal child whom his father has placed, for love's sake, in titular command of some great province, under the real rule of wise counselors, should come to fancy he really owns the cities, the forests, and the corn, in the same way as he owns the bricks on the nursery floor. 11 Do you agree with the definition of the finely graded differences that run from "my boots" through "my God"? 12 Does the expression "The God on whom I have a claim for my distinguished services and whom I exploit from the pulpit—the God I have done a corner in" ring true in our worship? 13 On “that final day”, will the Lord say to you: “you are mine?” Questions for Discussion - Letter XXI

81

82 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations Love- Your man is “in love” —and in the worst kind he could possibly have fallen into— - he found the right woman - if He's so moonstruck by virginity—instead of looking on there, grinning? Proverbs 20:6 “a faithful man who can find” Proverbs 31:10 “a wife of noble character who can find” Character Traces “a vile, sneaking, simpering, demure, monosyllabic, mouse-like, watery, insignificant, virginal, bread-and-butter miss. The little brute. She makes me vomit. She stinks and scalds through the very pages of the dossier” -“Lord, who may dwell in your sanctuary?... He who does these things will never be shaken” -Blessed are you when… -Be filled with the Holy Spirit -Be faithful to the point of death Psalm 15 Galatians 5:22 “fruit of the Spirit is…” Matthew 5:1-16 (The beatitudes) Revelation 2:10 “Do not be afraid … Be faithful, even to the point of death” Pleasures- Everything has to be twisted before it's any use to us. - God filled the world with pleasures “There are things for humans to do all day long without His minding in the least -sleeping, washing, eating, drinking, making love, playing, praying, working” Psalm 16:11 “you will fill me with joy in your presence, with eternal pleasures at your right hand” 1 Corinthians 10:23,31 “all for the glory of God” 1 Thessalonians 5:16-18 “Be joyful always” Witness- Deadly Odor “Even guests, after a weekend visit, carry some of the smell away with him. The dog and the cat are tainted with it. And a house full of the impenetrable mystery” - Fragrance of LoveEph. 5:2, 1 John 3:23 “live a life of love …fragrant offering and sacrifice to God” 1 Timothy 6:6 “godliness with contentment is great gain” Music and Silence a. “Noise, the grand dynamism, the audible expression of all that is exultant, ruthless, and virile - Noise which alone defends us from silly qualms, despairing scruples, and impossible desires. We will make the whole universe a noise in the end” b + c. Music and silence—how I detest them both a. Noise: A clanging cymbal b. Music c. Silence a. 1 Co. 13:1 “Only a clanging cymbal” b. Psalm 150 “Praise the Lord with music” c. Ecclesiastes 3:7 “A time to be silent” Habakkuk 2:20 “Let all the earth be silent before Him” The DevilCentipede - In my present form I feel even more anxious to see you, to unite you to myself in an indissoluble embrace. That snake!Gen. 3:1 “serpent was more crafty than…” Genesis 3:15, Romans 16:20 “he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel" Analysis Matrix – Letter XXII Beatific and Miserific Visions

83 Questions for Discussion - Letter XXII

84 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations Armor of Goda. “Find the chink in her armor” - “unobtrusive little vices in one” - become the great error in the next” by example a. Put on the full armor of God - Do not compare yourself to the person beside you. a. Ephesians 6:13-18 “the full armor of God” 2 Corinthians 10: 12 “compare themselves … they are not wise” Color of our Faith a. Convince that: - “assumption that outsiders who do not share this belief are really too stupid and ridiculous” b. “Not faith but mere colors of surroundings” a. “Do not think to highly of yourself” - Imitate Jesus Christ, not neighbor b. Be imitators of God a. 2 Corinthians 10:17-18 “Let him who boasts boast in the Lord” b. Ephesians 5:1 “Be imitators of God” Pridea. The novice exaggerates - Pride brings arrogance. b. Beware of Eros love - it can blind the truth c. Let them imitate defects… d. Spiritual Pride - strongest and most beautiful of vices - Best conditions: “Accepted in new circle, illusion to his own position in it. Under the influence of “love”, i.e. blind him of the real situation. Make him feel he is finding his own level” a. No novice in leadership - he might become conceited b. Agape: covers c. Imitate that which is good d. Pride comes before the fall - We are all sinners and deserve the wrath of God - Be willing to associate with people of low position a. 1 Timothy 3:6 “might become conceited and fall under the same judgment as the devil” b. 1 Peter 4:8 “Love covers a multitude of sin” c. 3 John 1:11 “do not imitate what is evil but what is good” Ephesians 5:1 “Be imitators of God” d. Proverbs 16:18 “Pride goes before destruction” Gal 2:17 “we ourselves are sinners” Ro. 12:16 “be willing to associate with people of low position” Inner Circlesa. Teach him…mistake contrast - circle that delights - circle that bores “for the contrasts between believers and unbelievers” a. Search - for truth (all are sinners) - the family of God (by their fruits) “God is not a God of confusion” a. Romans 5:11-13 “because all sinned” Mt. 7:16 “by their fruit you will recognize them” 1 Corinthians 14:33 “God is not the author of confusion, but of peace” (KJV) Christianitya. “Success depends here on confusing him. “ “keep a sly self congratulation” b. Being secretive c. Amusement at unbelievers - Hope in society/ inner rings. d. “No interest in true or false but in mystery, in which he is one of the initiates” a. Humble yourself and he will exalt you b. Is not secretive c. Religion for the simple and children - Hope in Christ d. He died for us, once and for all a. Mt 23 :12 “Whoever humbles himself will be exalted” b. 2 Peter 2:1 “ They will secretly introduce” Revelation 2:24 “have not learned Satan's so-called deep secrets” c. Matthew 11:25 “revealed them to little children” 1 Corinthians 15:19-20 “hope in Christ” d. 1 Peter 3:18 “ Christ died for sins once for all” Analysis Matrix – Letter XXIV Spiritual Pride and Inner Circles

85 Questions for Discussion - Letter XXIV

86 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Developing Virtue Use of time and Money

87

88 Area of Life Devil’s Advice (during war time bombing) God’s WayReferences Life and Death, Body and Soul, Time and Eternity a. Do not rejoice in deaths - your patient would go to heaven now - he is more spiritual - loves Christian girl - helps others b. keep your patient alive a. Do not be afraid... b. Stand firm, in the faith a. Matthew 10:28 “Do not be afraid of those who kill the body … but of the one who can destroy both soul and body in hell” b. 1 Corinthians 15:58 “Stand firm. Let nothing move you… know that your labor in the Lord is not in vain” Isaiah 7:9 “If you do not stand firm in your faith, you will not stand at all.'” YOUTH longing optimism a. young more willing to die than older b. they have deep seated appetite for heaven and feel the Enemy in religion, fantasy, music, poetry c. make them believe that earth can be turned into heaven by politics, etc [cf liberation theology] a. Remember your Creator in the days of your youth -Enjoy life -Be a blessing b. Stand firm, on His promises -Grace according to temptation - Hide God’s Word in your heart c. Hope in restoration “Maranatha!” a. Ecclesiastes 12:1; 9:9 “Remember your Creator in the days of your youth” Ecclesiastes 8:15 “I commend the enjoyment of life” Proverbs 18:22/ Proverbs 20:6 Genesis 12:2 “you will be a blessing” b. 1Corinthians 15:58 “Stand firm. Let nothing move you” 1 Corinthians 10:13 “he will not let you be tempted beyond what you can bear” Psalm 119:9, 11 “How can a young man keep his way pure?” “I have hidden…” c. Isaiah 41:10 “do not fear, for I am with you… strengthen you and help you” Revelation 22:20 “Amen. Come, Lord Jesus” MIDDLE AGE Adversity prosperity worldliness a. Middle age will help us - *use adversity (decay of love and hope; growth of drabness and despair) - prosperity (man finds his place in world = the world in him... by work, friends, wealth) a. Stand firm, by His strength: - Use sword of the Spirit. - Careful, watch and pray - God’s Commands are a blessing (Calvin: cane of obedience) (Die before you die) a. 1 Corinthians 15:58 “stand firm” 1 Corinthians 16:13 “be strong” - Ephesians 6:17 “sword of the Spirit” - Mark 14:38 “Watch and pray so that you will not fall” - Psalm 143:10 God’s will: “lead me on level ground” Deuteronomy 11:13 “faithfully obey the commands” OLD AGE pride, experience, death a. "real worldliness is a work of time assisted by pride" b. teach them to describe creeping death -good sense - maturity - experience a. Stand firm, in His peace: be humble b. My times are in Your hand, - Good sense is “Open your hand” (let go). - maturity means “declare God’s power” “persevere” - Experiencing “He is faithful” (find consolation His presence; grow up, then He is bigger) - Hold on to what you have Is 26:3 “perfect peace… whose mind is steadfast” b. Psalm 31:15 “My times are in Your hands” - 1 Peter 5:7 “Cast all your anxiety on Him” - Psalm 71:18 “Even when I am old and gray, till I declare your power to the next generation” Hebrews 10: Thessalonians 5:23,24 “The one who calls you is faithful and he will do it” - Revelation 2:25 “Only hold on to what you have” Habakkuk 3:17-19; Psalm 4:8 Analysis Matrix – Letter XXVIII Time, Aging, and Perseverance

89 1 Why do time and prosperity lead us from God? 2 How can we grow old gracefully and wisely? 3 Why is Security our greatest enemy? 4 What in Lewis’s opinion does age has on a person’s attitude towards death? Do you think this is true? 5 Did you ever think of the possibility that your prayers for safety might be endorsed by the devil? And, if this should be true, how should this affect my lifestyle? 6 Is there a difference between recklessness and the knowledge that God is in control? Would this have any effect on my life? 7 Discuss: “the Enemy, having oddly destined these mere animals to life in His own eternal world, has guarded them pretty effectively from the danger of feeling at home anywhere else” 8 Discuss “How valuable time is to us may be gauged by the fact that the Enemy allows us so little of it.” 9 In your experience, does peace-time move to a younger age the idea of “dull monotonous years of middle-aged prosperity or middle-aged adversity” and how can we prepare for those experiences as to grow spiritually?. 1 Do you agree with the statements: "finding his place in it" (the world), while really it is finding its place in him? How does the world find its place in me? 1 How does this chapter affect my decision about my professional life and the “finding his place in it" (the world)? Questions for Discussion - Letter XXVIII

90 Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayQuestions, Observations and Strategies Hatreda. Cannot produce any virtue - use as supplied by the enemy b. Tension: guide them in the right direction and muddle conscience -Feel hate, defending weaker party -Fear compensated by hatred “Hatred is a great anodyne for shame” c. Defeat courage - “Cowardice is still shameful, makes a man know too much about himself” d. Promote hatred and injustice - leads to war - leads to cowardice “Pilate was merciful till it became risky” e. If conscience resists “muddle him” a. All virtues are a gift from above - learn to control them for God’s glory b. Tension: Can provoke violent emotions - controlled by peace -Forgive again and again -Fear thrown out for love c. Fear not! Take courage! - confessed cowardice leads to self knowledge and repentance - discover the whole moral world - love casts out fear d. Promote charity and justice - leads to courage - leads to peace e. Fulfill duty in good conscience a. Psalm 139:14 “You created me” Romans 8:6 “controlled by the Spirit” James 1:17 “Every good and perfect gift is from above” b. Philippians 4:7 “and the peace of God, which transcends all understanding” Luke 17:4 “seven times … forgive him" Matthew 6:15 “perfect love drives out fear” c. Deuteronomy 31:23 “Be strong and courageous” - Revelation 21:8 “the cowardly… all liars…This is the second death." - 1 John 4:18 “The one who fears is not made perfect in love” d. Deuteronomy 20:8 “Is any man afraid or fainthearted? Let him go home so that his brothers will not become disheartened too.” - Zachariah 7:9 “Love justice and mercy” leads to Isaiah 32:16 e. Acts 23:1 “fulfilled my duty to God in all good conscience” Despaira. Great triumph: sin for which he cannot seek, nor credit, the Mercy b. really understands in its full depth of dishonor a. Have faith, praise God - do not despair - cast all your anxiety on Him - seek God’s Mercy b. Momentary troubles lead to Eternal glory a. Isaiah 61:3 “garment of praise instead of a spirit of despair” 1 Peter 5:7 “Cast all your anxiety” Psalm 31:22 “In my alarm …You heard my cry for mercy” b. 2 Corinthians 4:8,17 “We are … not in despair” “For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory that far outweighs them all” Couragea. Defeat his courage b. Develop virtues only under conditions a. Courage: “Every virtue at the testing point” b. Unconditional obedience a. Deuteronomy 31:23 “Be strong and courageous” b. 1 Corinthians 16:13 “be men of courage” Romans 1:5 “obedience that comes from faith” Feara. precautions have a tendency to increase fear - awaken superstition - develop reservations b. Get the fatal act done (covardice) a. total commitment to the task at hand: no reservations - Against Jacob there is no enchantment - without reservations b. The emotion “fear” is not sinful a. Isaiah 35:3 “Strengthen feeble hands, steady knees that give way” Numbers 23:23 “No enchantment” b. Luke22:41-44 Jesus (Mount of Olives) Psalm 19:9 “the fear of the Lord is pure” Analysis Matrix – Letter XXIX Virtues and Vices Fear, Cowardice, Courage and Despair

91 1 What are the biggest dangers in the subjective feeling of cowardice, shame, hatred or courage? 2 What are the consequences of wartime on our senses and our morality? 3 Do you agree with the suggestion that courage is every virtue at testing point? 4 What do you think about the suggestion of Attila (one of the most feared and ferocious of the Hun warriors) and Shylock (Shakespearean character, merciless moneylender, a cruel miser) as having misdirected virtues? 5 What do you think about the difference of wartime and peace, and these aspects on the morality the people living in those days? 6 Do you agree with CSLewis development from cowardice to hatred? 7 Could you develop at the difference that faith could have on despair? Can these two feelings survive together in the same heart? 8 Discuss “This moral awakening ‘is probably one of the Enemy’s motives for creating a dangerous world.’” 9 Discuss “Men are more likely to please God in a dangerous world than in a safe world”. 1 Discuss the consequences of despair, suicide or inability to see God’s mercy. Questions for Discussion - Letter XXIX

92 Letter XXX Title: Fear, Fatigue, Emotions, and “Reality” Fundamental Principles For Dealing With Normal Life Pressures In this letter the consequences of fatigue, emotions and evil are explored. It also talks about the best diabolical result of “attacks on patience, chastity, and fortitude (the fun is to make the man yield just when (had he but known it) relief was almost in sight.” Finally Lewis tries us to come to grip with some definitions of reality. ”Your patient, properly handled, will have no difficulty in regarding his emotion at the sight of human entrails as a revelation of Reality and his emotion at the sight of happy children or fair weather as mere sentiment”. “Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Resist him, standing firm in the faith, because you know that your brothers throughout the world are undergoing the same kind of sufferings.” I Peter 5:8-9 “Like a good chess player he (Satan) is always trying to maneuver you into a position where you can save your castle only by losing your bishop.” CSL

93 Vocabulary Key Words Letter XXX

94 Analysis Matrix – Letter XXX Fear, Fatigue, Emotions, and “Reality” Area of LifeDevil’s AdviceGod’s WayReferences Justicea. Purely realistic: concerned only with results b. Bring us back food, or be food yourself a. Take in account opportunities and intentions b. All to God’s Glory a. 2 Corinthians 4:15 “All this is for your benefit” b. 2 Corinthians 4:15 “may cause thanksgiving to overflow to the glory of God” Self Knowledge a. Distort virtues b. Inflate abilities c. Avoid duties a. God knows that we are dust b. Know limitations, be humble c. Fear … “but has done everything his duties demanded” a. Psalm 103:14 “For he knows how we are formed” b. Psalm 149:4 “He crowns the humble with salvation” c. Daniel 3:16 “the God we serve is able to save us from it” Emotions Fatigue a. Provoke - a burst of ill temper, malice and impatience - Excessive cigarette smoking - Forgetting prayers b. Moderate fatigue is a better soil for peevishness than absolute exhaustion - unexpected demands on a man already tired c. Feed him with false hopes - inner resolution: bear it for a reasonable period d. Attacks on - patience, chastity, and fortitude - emotions “the fun is to make the man yield just when (had be but known it) relief was just in sight” a. Aspire - Peace that surpasses all understanding - self - control b. Expect demands - Accept them as from above - Be a servant - Hope of eternal life c. God give us true hope - Endure and Persevere “inner resolution to bear whatever comes to him” d. When attacked: - Stand firm till the end - emotions controlled by the Holy Spirit “In gentleness, and quiet of mind, and even something like vision” a. Philippians 4:7 “And the peace of God, which transcends all” - 1 Thessalonians 5:8 “let us be self- controlled” b. Philippians 1:27 “Whatever happens, conduct yourselves in a manner worthy of the gospel” - 1 Timothy 6:11 “pursue … endurance, gentleness” - 1 Peter 2:16 “live as servants of God” c. 1 Corinthians 10: 13 “No temptation is beyond what you can bear” d. Hebrews 3:6 “Hold fast in… confidence …hope firm … the end.” Romans 8:6 “but the mind controlled by the Spirit is life and peace” Philippians 4:5 “Let your gentleness be evident to all” Realitya. Confuse meaning of the word - “real.” - bare physical facts - other elements of experience “human remains plastered on a wall, that this is "what the world is really like" and that all his religion has been a fantasy” b. Experiences which: - make them happier or better “only the physical facts are "Real" while the spiritual elements are "subjective"” - can discourage or corrupt “the spiritual elements are the main reality” a. Feelings controlled by faith - This life is just a preface - Creation is groaning for redemption - Spiritual warfare “our physical world is just the outward appearance of eternal realities” b. Experiences - Happy is subject to peace that surpasses all understanding - all should be accepted with thankfulness - Corruption happens at all levels a. Hebrews 11:1 (by faith) - 2 Peter 3:13 “we are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth” - Romans 8:22 “groaning as in the pains of childbirth” - 2 Corinthians 10:7 “you are looking only on the surface of things” b. Philippians 4:7 “And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding” - 1 Thessalonians 5:18 “give thanks in all circumstances” - Titus 1:15 “To the pure, all things are pure, but to those who are corrupted and do not believe, nothing is pure”

95 Analysis Matrix – Letter XXX Fear, Fatigue, Emotions, and “Reality”

96 Questions for Discussion - Letter XXX 1. Are emotions / feelings unholy expressions? 2.Why should we not live by emotions? 3.How can we control and use our emotions to the glory of God? 4.How can we resist the devil to use our emotions to distract us from doing God’s will 5.How can fatigue influence or reactions to varied situations? 6.What should be our best training to prepare ourselves to similar situations? 7.In what sense can recognition of ones limitations help us in our spiritual warfare? 8.What is ironic about Wormwood’s desire to excuse himself about the “opportunities and intentions to be taken into account”? 9.What is the Biblical idea of justice? 10.Why is moderate fatigue a better soil for peevishness than absolute exhaustion? 11.What is the problem with “exaggerating weariness”, and the reminder that it will soon be over? Have you ever been caught in such a circumstance? 12.What in CS Lewis is the difference between a tired woman/ man? Can this knowledge be of any help for us in trying to be faithful in our trials? 13.Is the “general rule” for emotional experiences being “real” or not according to CSL applicable to our day and age? What should then, be the correct way of dealing with our emotional experiences? 14.How does CS Lewis elaborate on the subjective and realistic ideas of physical and spiritual facts? For Further Reading and Reflection

97 Characters From The Great Divorce, The Pilgrim’s Regress, etc. Further Reading / References

98 Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Blogging Your Experience Resistance Strategy Virtue and Stock Responses to Cultivate Letter XXX

99

100 Area of Life Devil’s AdviceGod’s WayReferences DeathAll is lost... a. “You have let a soul slip through your fingers...” b. a scab had fallen from an old sore c. Gradual misgivings/Sheer, instantaneous liberation d. Bottleneck till... must be crushed The end To die is a gain... a. The new beginning b. A sudden clearing in his eyes c. “This final striping, this complete cleansing” d. Behold! All was suddenly well New Life a. Philippians 1:21 “For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain” b. 1 John 3:2 “for we shall see him as he is” I Corinthians 15:52 “in the blinking of an eye” c. Zechariah 13:1 “cleanse them from sin and impurity” d. Rev. 21:5 "Behold, I make all things new." New Lifea. Wormwood: a defeated, out- maneuvered fool, reeling back, dizzy and blinded b. Doubts of that “earthborn vermin”: Not, “Who are you? but... c. The earth born vermin entered the new life d. the failure of our Intelligence Department a. Naturally, as if he'd been born for it… b. “So, it was you all the time.” c. You die and die and then you are beyond death d. “You have let a soul slip through your fingers. The howl of sharpened famine for that loss re-echoes at this moment through all the levels of the Kingdom of Noise down to the very Throne itself” a. Rev. 14:13 “Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord” John 16:33 “take heart! I have overcome the world.") b. Job 19:26 “after my skin has been destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see God” 1 Corinthians 13:12 “then we shall see face to face…then I shall know fully” c. Revelation 20:6 “have part in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them” John 11:25 “He who believes in me will live, even though he dies” Romans 6:5 “united with him…in his death, we will certainly also be united with him in his resurrection” d. Romans 8:38 “…neither death … nor demons,…will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord” In God’s Presence a. “He saw Them” God: The suffocating fire to you is … - all our arithmetic is dismayed b. wormwood: only cower c. the half nauseous attractions of a raddled harlot a.…The angels, Him, the Presence … cool light to him, is clarity itself, and wears the form of a Man. b. pain and pleasure take on transfinite values c. this thing of earth and slime can stand upright … true beloved, believed to be dead is alive and even now at his door a. 1 John 3:2 “shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is” Mat. 25:21 'Well done, good and faithful servant… Enter into the joy of your lord.' b. Revelation 21:4 “no mourning or crying or pain” c. Philippians 3:21 “transform our lowly bodies…like His” - Psalm 17:15 “In righteousness … I will see your face; when I awake, I will be satisfied with seeing your likeness” - Isaiah 26:19 “dwell in the dust, wake up and shout for joy” Analysis Matrix – Letter XXXI Death: Is that The End? Eternal Life: Everlasting Glory or Eternal Damnation

101 1Discuss how we can avoid the fear and temptations of death? 2Discuss the “gradual misgivings versus the sheer, instantaneous liberation” 3What are the differences between the devil and the patient’s experiences of death? 4In Screwtape’s eyes, how does this thing of earth and slime react to God’s presence? 5What in Lewis’ eyes will be our eternal perspective on dying? 6How does Screwtape describe eternal life in comparison to marriage? 7If spiritually, we follow the same pattern of death to sin (Romans 6:2) and resurrection in righteousness in obedience (Romans 6:16), what should this mean to our daily living? (Galatians 3:11 “Clearly no one is justified before God by the law, because, "The righteous will live by faith.”; Romans 5:1-2 “Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. And we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God”. Proverbs 29:6 “An evil man is snared by his own sin, but a righteous one can sing and be glad.”) We need to die daily to our old self, to be filled with the holy spirit 8How do our images of images of heaven / eternal life compare to Lewis’ descriptions and Biblical reality? How should this affect my daily living? 9How can we overcome the evil one? aJohn 16:33 ("I have told you these things, so that in me you may have peace. In this world you will have trouble. But take heart! I have overcome the world.") bJohn 19:30 (Jesus said, "It is finished." With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.) c1 John 5:5 (Who is it that overcomes the world? Only he who believes that Jesus is the Son of God. ) 1 In our Vocation, calling as Christians Jesus says in John 13:16: “I tell you the truth, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him.” How, trough the perspective of Jesus’ death should we than live out our calling? Questions for Discussion - Letter XXXI

102 Steps for Restoring The Vocation Path / Road Map -Total honesty with regard to the challenges and temptations which we face at Calvin and in the real world. -Total transparency in our dealings, business and relationship -Total acceptance of our limitations, etc. -Total surrender to the Lord now (it will happen sooner or later - hopefully in faith) -Total commitment and involvement with the tasks at hand Only then, we will be able to maintain the focus on the Christian calling and vocation road map, and facilitate corrections on the journey when we are distracted on the way.

103 Appendices References Screwtape The Great Divorce Callings Scripture (NIV) Letters to Malcolm Mere Christianity The Pilgrim’s Regress DRAFT


Download ppt "A Study Guide for CS Lewis’s Screwtape Letters With Special Emphasis on Calling and Vocation Issues for Daily Living A Lilly Grant Project Calvin College."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google