Advances Underpinning Development and Use of The Electronic Product Code Pertemuan 17-18 Matakuliah: M0594 / Enterprise System Tahun: 2007
Bina Nusantara Advances Underpinning Development and Use of The Electronic Product Code Objectives of Electronic Product Code Low Cost Chips Challenges associated with Domain Names Beyond Domain Names Mobile Commerce
Bina Nusantara Objectives of Electronic Product Code The kernel of a new, more effective solution based on smart materials and the restructuring of global supply chain operations is enabling management to be efficient and effective. The contribution of e-tags and of the EPC should be seen from this perspective. One can better appreciate the range of possibilities presented by a chip-based naming scheme for physical objects if one thinks in the following terms: 1024 bits of information in an e-tag with antenna will soon be available at less than 10 cents
Bina Nusantara Objectives of Electronic Product Code
Bina Nusantara Objectives of Electronic Product Code As this online interactive system comes into place, a CRM applications architecture will help to bring together the main building blocks of an application system can serve as a roadmap to guide the development and deployment of the solution, which, according to the some estimates, will be the hallmark of the first decade of the twenty-first century The reference to a roadmap for implementation is intended to ensure that it is a well-thought-out order in which ERP and CRM processes can integrate in a smart materials environment.The study must cover not only the systems architecture, but also the risks associated with its implementation and the alternatives that exist in managing them. Critical elements in this type of study include: –The grand design of an architecture capable of incorporating ERP, CRM and intelligent business process –Specific issues relating to each industrial sector to be supported in a flexible manner parametrically under the business architecture –The ability to relate e-tags to applications such as financial management, direct customer service, and fast flow replenishment
Bina Nusantara Objectives of Electronic Product Code Details are important in as much as new departures in a system solutions are fundamentally iterative and one must know in advance where each iteration might lead. Subsequent improvement will be driven by the repetition of tasks and the feedback these provide, as well as by the availability of new technology Companies intending to use smart materials must first and foremost learn how the e-tag model can be employed experimentally to: –Portray solution trade-offs –Prioritize design issues and determine where to concentrate efforts –Establishe the rate of convergence of each of the problems that will unavoidably arise The researchers at MIT’s auto-ID center have indicated that there were two major consideration in code design: bit count and partitioning
Bina Nusantara Objectives of Electronic Product Code EPC has four bit partitions: –Header, 8 bits contain metadata to explain the code’s organization to the reader –Manufacturer, 24 bits (a UPC concept): enables 64 million unique identifications –Product, 24 bits: stock keeping unit (SKU), also UPC: with 64 million unique IDs –Serial number, 40 bits: provides for 1 trilllion unique identifications – exhibit 9.2
Bina Nusantara Objectives of Electronic Product Code The solution that is chosen, including its strong and weak points, must be viewed with respect to both current and future implementation goals. The goal is to make inanimate materials smart: and for this reason, 40 bits allocated to the serial number are, not enough. Speaking from personal experience with item identification, product quality varies tremendously from one country to another – even from one factory to the next of the same company within the same country. It is therefore important that origin goes down to factory- level detail
Bina Nusantara Low Cost Chips First and foremost, keep in mind that the electronic product code will address everything from products to packages, containers, and pallets. The products themselves will range from bolts, nuts, and fasteners to electric motors, gears, diesel engines, airplanes, and ships or locomotives. The packages can be cases, boxes, bundles, bags, rolls, baskets, bins, pallets, trucks, or storage rooms. Experience suggests that a statistically valid sample of this immense variety must be studied prior to committing to a new code.
Bina Nusantara Low Cost Chips The ability of the semiconductor industry to renew its products and itself at a rapid pace ensures: –Higher and higher chip functionality –Availability at lower and lower cost per operation
Bina Nusantara Challenges associated with Domain Names
Bina Nusantara Beyond Domain Names The object Naming Service (ONS) discussed here is an MIT development project. It is incorporation into the auto-ID system has a great deal to do with the portability of Internet address numbers. The evolution of smart materials applications will be constrained by a lack of portability of IP addresses and of means for web sites to retain their unique routing numbers This could lead to: –Fragmentation of the global Internet implementation domain, and hence of the supply chain –Users being more dependent than ever on their Internet service providers (ISPs) –Smaller ISPs becoming feeder lines to their upstream partners in the Net.
Bina Nusantara Mobile Commerce Start with the projection made b mobile equipment manufacturers and operators who are rushing to take advantage of the demand for mobile commerce systems. This forecast, which is often heard in technical meetings says that: –By 2004, businesses will be using mobile technology to produce annual savings of $230 billion –By 2010, mobile commerce will be the second-largest industry in the world behind healthcare