Presentation on theme: "Buddhist Archaeology and the ISEAS Archaeological Unit Buddhism came to Southeast Asia almost 2,000 years ago. Chinese pilgrims such as Faxian in the fifth."— Presentation transcript:
Buddhist Archaeology and the ISEAS Archaeological Unit Buddhism came to Southeast Asia almost 2,000 years ago. Chinese pilgrims such as Faxian in the fifth century and Yijing in the late 7th century travelled between China and the holy places of Buddhism in northeast India by sea, through Southeast Asia. They travelled on merchant ships, and stayed in major ports such as Srivijaya and Malayu, where they saw large monasteries. Historical records on early Buddhism in Southeast Asia are very scarce. Archaeological materials for the study of early Southeast Asian Buddhism are much more common, and include huge quantities of Buddhist sculpture and architecture from Burma (Myanmar), Java, and Sumatra. Singapore in the 14th century was also a Buddhist kingdom, and was an important seaport for a century before the foundation of Melaka.
The ISEAS Archaeological Unit will form part of the Nalanda- Sriwijaya Centre. Research Projects: Early Buddhist sites in Myanmar, Indonesia, and Singapore. Study of the spread of early Buddhism along maritime trade routes. The Archaeological Laboratory at NUS. Displays on Buddhist archaeology at ISEAS. A Modern Buddhist Monument: a book on the Buddhist Lodge. Borobudur Nalanda Xi’an
The two widows and the miracle on Bukit Seguntang Mahameru, Palembang. The young prince Sang Nila Utama becomes ruler with the title Sri Tri Buana. Sri Tri Buana goes to Temasek and founds a city which he names Singapura. The Malay Annals and the Founding of Singapore
1825 map of Singapore, depicting the Malay Wall, probably a 14th- century fortification
Mahāyānika Golayantritasri Gautama Sripada
Southeast Asia in 430 CE Kedah inscription, 5 th century
Yijing 635-713 A.D. Travelled over 30 countries in 20 years collecting over 500,000 Buddhist verses. Translated 61 scriptures.
Xi’an: (Chang-an) Big Wild Goose; Small Wild Goose Qing Long Si: master and disciple bid farewell
Nalanda copper-plate, mid-9 th century: There was a king of Yavabhumi who was the ornament of the Sailendra dynasty. He had a son, who possessed prudence, prowess, and good conduct... He was the foremost warrior in battle-fields and his fame was equal to that earned by Yudhishthira, Parasara, Bhisena, and Arjuna. Tara was the queen consort of that king, the illustrious Balaputra. With the mind attracted by the manifold excellences of Nalanda and through devotion to the son of Suddhodana (i.e. the Buddha) and having realised that riches are fickle like the waves of a mountain stream, he … built there a monastery which was the abode of the assembly of monks of various good qualities and was white with the series of stuccoed and lofty dwellings.
Bukit Seguntang: ancient Buddhist centre
Avalokitesvara Padmapani from Nalanda, 9 th century Palembang
Statues From Palembang Maitreya (shown in ACM), Dipankara
Solok Sipin makara AD1064
Makara from St. Paul’s Hill, Melaka
2005 survey, Sponsored by Orchard Marine Singapore
Candi Gudang Garam Candi Tinggi Candi Kembar Batu Muara Jambi
Intan Shipwreck, ca 930
Kota Cina, North Sumatra
Coexistence of Buddhists, Vaisnavite, Saivite worshippers: Kota Cina, north Sumatra, 12 th century
Angkor, 12 th century
Bayon ship relief, possibly late 12 th century: Chinese Junk?
The “Chinese House” relief
Chinese Ceramic Finds at Angkor
The Travels of Ser Marco Polo
GOALS Online repository of digital images of murals of 11 th - through 13 th -century Bagan temples for both educators and researchers Web-based 3-D Virtual Ancient Bagan for educational and research purposes