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Charles Dickens 1812-1870. Family Life Father – John Dickens Father – John Dickens Mother – Elizabeth Barrow Mother – Elizabeth Barrow Father was a Navel.

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Presentation on theme: "Charles Dickens 1812-1870. Family Life Father – John Dickens Father – John Dickens Mother – Elizabeth Barrow Mother – Elizabeth Barrow Father was a Navel."— Presentation transcript:

1 Charles Dickens

2 Family Life Father – John Dickens Father – John Dickens Mother – Elizabeth Barrow Mother – Elizabeth Barrow Father was a Navel clerk Father was a Navel clerk Financially comfortable and then destitute Financially comfortable and then destitute Parents were sent to a Debtors Prison Parents were sent to a Debtors Prison

3 Dickens’ early years Family imprisoned for debt Family imprisoned for debt Young Charles forced to work in shoe factory: Young Charles forced to work in shoe factory: Warrens Blacking Factory Warrens Blacking Factory Mostly self-educated – erratic schooling Mostly self-educated – erratic schooling In 1827, he took a job as a legal clerk In 1827, he took a job as a legal clerk He then worked as a reporter in courts and in Parliament He then worked as a reporter in courts and in Parliament

4 Married Life and Family Katherine Hogarth: not a happy woman Katherine Hogarth: not a happy woman 9 children 9 children Mistress: Ellen Turner- London Actress Mistress: Ellen Turner- London Actress Spent much of his time in London Spent much of his time in London Not a good family man Not a good family man Settled down to comfortable, married, middle class life

5 Early Writing Career He wrote short humorous sketches with pictures by Boz which became known as Pickwick Papers Became famous in a short period of time and wildly popular among devoted readers awaiting his next installment Gave numerous public readings for $$$, worldwide

6 Success as a Novelist Nickolas Nickleby1839 Nickolas Nickleby1839 Oliver Twist 1839 Oliver Twist 1839 The Old Curiosity Shop 1841 The Old Curiosity Shop 1841 Barnaby Rudge 1841 Barnaby Rudge 1841 Martin Chuzzlewitt 1843 Martin Chuzzlewitt 1843 Dombey and Son 1849 Dombey and Son 1849 David Copperfield 1850 David Copperfield 1850 Bleak House 1853 Bleak House 1853 Hard Times 1854 Hard Times 1854 Little Dorritt 1857 Little Dorritt 1857 A Tale of Two Cities 1859 A Tale of Two Cities 1859 Great Expectations 1861 Great Expectations 1861

7 Major Themes in Dickens’ fiction Loneliness of childhood Loneliness of childhood Oppression of poverty Oppression of poverty Uncertainty of love and marriage Uncertainty of love and marriage Indifference of social institutions Indifference of social institutions Sustaining joy of family life Sustaining joy of family life Perseverance and sacrifice in face of untold hardships and injustice Perseverance and sacrifice in face of untold hardships and injustice Many autobiographical links between life and writings of Dickens Many autobiographical links between life and writings of Dickens

8 Themes Docks Docks Aristocracy- wealth, rich, land and power Aristocracy- wealth, rich, land and power Child labor- Oliver Twist Child labor- Oliver Twist Family life Family life Lost love and unattainable women Lost love and unattainable women Dickens’ main characters greatly resemble himself and his life Dickens’ main characters greatly resemble himself and his life

9 Most famous successful work A Christmas Carol 1843 A Christmas Carol 1843 Enduring holiday favorite Enduring holiday favorite Amusing elements of supernatural, melodrama, humor, and pathos Amusing elements of supernatural, melodrama, humor, and pathos Extremely optimistic tale of redemption for Ebeneezer Scrooge, archetypal miser Extremely optimistic tale of redemption for Ebeneezer Scrooge, archetypal miser Remains a sentimental classic Remains a sentimental classic

10 Twilight of Dickens’Career Our Mutual Friend 1865 Our Mutual Friend 1865 The Mystery of Edwin Drood unfinished when The Mystery of Edwin Drood unfinished when Dickens died suddenly from a stroke in June, 1870 Dickens died suddenly from a stroke in June, 1870 His death was mourned by thousands when he was buried at Westminster Abbey five days after his death His death was mourned by thousands when he was buried at Westminster Abbey five days after his death

11 The Victorian Period Queen Victoria Queen Victoria At the age of 18 Victoria inherited the throne, she reigned for 64 years At the age of 18 Victoria inherited the throne, she reigned for 64 years “The sun never sets on the Queen’s empire” “The sun never sets on the Queen’s empire” the power and influence of Britain around the world the power and influence of Britain around the world She died a lonely ruler She died a lonely ruler

12 The Industrial Revolution Villagers moved to the cities = factories = jobs= smoke= pollution Villagers moved to the cities = factories = jobs= smoke= pollution = backbreaking labor= death vs. luxury side by side with poverty = backbreaking labor= death vs. luxury side by side with poverty “It was the best of time; it was the worst of times. “It was the best of time; it was the worst of times. Dickens – A Tale of Two Cities

13 London and the Times

14 Dickens and Christmas The first Christmas Card, Tree and Holiday Traditions

15 Dickens legacy and links He remains the foremost 19 th century British writer of fiction He remains the foremost 19 th century British writer of fiction Amazing and detailed depiction of lifestyle and issues of a transforming industrial and urban landscape Amazing and detailed depiction of lifestyle and issues of a transforming industrial and urban landscape Vivid and dramatic dialogue Vivid and dramatic dialogue Profession as court reporter enhanced awareness of social inequities Profession as court reporter enhanced awareness of social inequities


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