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I. History Introduction A. Background Thoughts
1. Aristotle, 300BCScalae Naturae = fixed state Major ContributorsContributions & Controversies 2. Theology Creationism 3. Linnaeus, 1700’s Taxonomy 4. Buffon, 1700’sMultiple creation sites & times
Major ContributorsContributions & Controversies 5. Hutton, 1700’sEarth older than 6,000yrs 6. Malthus, 1700’sResources limits populations 7. Cuvier, 1800’s Catastrophism 8. Lyell, 1800’s Uniformitarianism
B. Idea Evolution
Contributor Contribution 1. Anaxamander, 300BCStriving for Complexity 2. Lamarck, 1800’sInheritance of Acquired Characteristics 3. Mendel, 1860’sGenetics and Inheritance 4. Darwin, 1860’s Natural Selection and Descent with Modification
II. What is Life? A. Living from Non-living
1. Characteristics of Life a. Highly Organized Figure 1.4
b. Transform Energy Figure 1.5
d. Grow and Develop
e. Irritable & Adaptable
f. Practice Homeostasis
B. Studying Life
1. Scientific Method a. Reasoning b. Process
Experimental variables: i. Independent = tested for or manipulated ii. Dependent = changes due to Independent iii. Control = held constant
C. Classifying Life 1. Categories D, K, P, C, O, F, G, & S
Kingdom Monera Kingdom Protista Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Plantae Figure 1.15
Kingdom Animalia Figure 1.15
III. Characteristics of Animals A. Shared Characteristics
multi-cellular heterotrophs, contractile proteins, special tissues, stages of development, motile, and fixed adult size
IV. Evidence of Selection A. Fossil Record
The fossil record is based on what three key points of data to age identify them? Strata Positioning & Half-Life Dating Racemization Magnetic Reversal
B. Comparative Anatomy
Analogous structures = Outward similar inward different or same function different structure Figure 1.21
Homologous Structures = Outward different inward similar or same structure different function Vestigial Structures =Outwardly useless remnants?? Figure 22.15
C. Comparative Embryology
Similarities in developmental patterns in animals Figure 32.8 Figure 32.9
D. Molecular Homology
Homologies between species (yeast, wheat, & primate) in the sequential amino acid make-up of cytochrome C3.C3.
E. Current Evidence 1. Artificial Selection
That’s all for now folks.
I. History of Life Introduction A. Background Thoughts Major ContributorsContributions & Controversies 1. Aristotle, 300BCScalae Naturae = fixed state.
1. 1. Highly Organized A. Definition B. Characteristics of Life INTRODUCTION I. Biology.
The Evolution of a Theory Darwin and Evolution. Outline History of Evolutionary Thought Darwin’s Theory of Evolution –Occurrence of Descent –Biogeography.
Chapter 22: Darwin and Evolution
Chap 22 Evolution. Cuvier tried to explain the fossil record by using the idea of Catastrophism.
1 Chapter 22~ Descent with Modification: A Darwinian View of Life.
Darwin and Evolution Chapter 17. Darwin and Evolution 2Outline History of Evolutionary Thought Darwin’s Theory of Evolution Earth very old Descend.
KEY CONCEPT There were theories of biological and geologic change before Darwin Early Ideas About Evolution.
Darwin and Evolution. Charles Darwin Son of Robert Darwin, a physician and grandson of Erasmus Darwin, also a physician Was to study medicine, stomach.
Darwin and Evolution Chapter 17 Mader: Biology 8th Ed.
EVOLUTION Lynn English High School Biology Ms. Mezzetti.
Descent with Modification. History of Evolution Plato (427 – 347 B.C.) – Two Worlds Aristotle (384 – 322 B.C.) – Scale of Nature Judeo-Christian – Old.
Thinking About Darwinian Evolution: What is evolution?? And what is this finch doing?!?
Chapter 22~ Descent with Modification: A Darwinian View of Life
Early scientists proposed ideas about evolution.
Chapter 22 Descent with Modification. Darwin’s context: Chapter 22 Descent with Modification.
Chapter 10 Biology textbook
Evolutionary Theory and Evidence
DESCENT WITH MODIFICATION: A DARWINIAN VIEW OF LIFE
Chapter 15 Table of Contents Section 1 History of Evolutionary Thought
Principles of Evolution SB5: Students will evaluate the role of natural selection in the development of the theory of evolution.
Chapter 22: Descent With Modification A Darwinian View of Life On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection by Charles Darwin Attempts to create.
Descent with Modification: CHAPTER 22:. What was the philosophical consensus during the 18 th and 19 th centuries regarding Natural History and Evolution?
EVOLUTION CHAPTER 15.
Evolution. Fixed Species Concept u The creator had designed each and every species for a particular purpose.
The Theory of Evolution
Chapter 22 – Descent with Modification, A Darwinian View of Life
CH.10: PRINCIPLES OF EVOLUTION. SECTION 1: PEOPLE WHO INFLUENCED DARWIN.
1 Chapters 14, 15, 16 Theories & The most dangerous book Mr. Lawrence can bring to class!
Chapter 22~ Descent with Modification: A Darwinian View of Life.
Chapter 16 and 17 Microevolution.
Evolution Evolution- changes that have transformed life over time.
EVOLUTION A SCIENTIFIC THEORY. I. The History Carl Linneaus (18 th century)– The father of taxonomy. Used binomial nomenclature, came up with the hierarchical.
Theory of evolution Chapter 15.
Descent with modification. A. Change in species over time B. Change in gene frequencies from generation to generation C. A Process of change.
Created by C. Ippolito May 2005 Chapter 15 Darwin’s Theory of Evolution The Puzzle of Life’s Diversity (pp ) Ideas That Shaped Darwin’s Thinking.
Descent with Modification Chapter 22 A Darwinian View of Life- 1. challenged---a young Earth inhabited by unchanging species.
Theory of evolution Evolution- process to explain change over time Theory-Well supported testable explanation.
A Short History. Aristotle Envisioned – scala naturae Fixed species occupied allotted rungs on an increasingly complex ladder of life Linnaeus.
16.2 Applying Darwin’s Ideas
Darwin’s Theory of Evolution AP Biology. Shaping Darwin’s Theory Carolus Linnaeus – Specialized in taxonomy – Came up with binomial system for naming.
Chapter 10 Principles of Evolution
DESCENT WITH MODIFICATION
1 The trace remains of an organism that lived long ago and may be used as evidence to support the theory of evolution.
16.3 Evolution by Natural Selection 16.4 Evidence of Evolution
Early Ideas About Evolution Darwin’s Observations Natural Selection Evidence of Evolution Evolutionary Biology Today
Chapter 22 – Descent with Modification: A Darwinian View of Life.
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