Presentation on theme: "Parts of a Story Finding Meaning. Parts of a Story Analogy: House FOUNDATION=Setting - provides a foundation for the story by describing the time and."— Presentation transcript:
Parts of a Story Finding Meaning
Parts of a Story Analogy: House FOUNDATION=Setting - provides a foundation for the story by describing the time and place of the action DOOR=Characters - come in and meet the people who live here—they are the people, animals, or creatures carrying out the action WINDOW=Point of View - the vantage point from which the story is told—is the story being told from the inside or out? ROOF LINE=Plot - the pattern of events in the story CHIMNEY=Theme - the main message that filters throughout the story
Theme SETTING CHARACTERS POINT OF VIEW PLOT THEME
Setting and Plot SETTING—Not just a simple time and place –Can be SYMBOLICALLY significant. –Can be HISTORICALLY significant. PLOT –Climax—Not always in the middle of action; it is the major turning point. –Resolution—Sometimes the story is left unresolved CLIMAX Rising Action Falling Action/Resolution
PLOT EXPOSITION—background info (setting) RISING ACTION CLIMAX— “apex”; turning point; things change –Rocky movies: last big fight; punch that changes the fight FALLING ACTION/RESOLUTION—how the story comes to an end
Characterization Terms to Know: –Protagonist—main character Hero vs. Antihero type Tragic Hero “Pro” doesn’t mean “good” (vs. bad) –Antagonist—pitted against main character –Flat/Static vs. Dynamic/Round Flat/Static—unchanging Dynamic/Round--evolving –Foil—mirrors main character
Point of View Third Person Point of View (HE, SHE, THEY) Narrator does not participate in the action of the story as one of the characters, but lets us know exactly how the characters feel. We learn about the characters through this outside voice. –A narrator who knows everything about all the characters is all knowing, or omniscient. –A narrator whose knowledge is limited to one character, either major or minor, has a limited omniscient point of view. First Person Point of View (I) Narrator does participate in the action of the story. When reading stories in the first person, we need to realize that what the narrator is recounting might not be the objective truth.
Point of View As you read a piece of fiction think about these things: How does the point of view affect your responses to the characters? How is your response influenced by how much the narrator knows and how objective he or she is? First person narrators are not always trustworthy. It is up to you to determine what is the truth and what is not. How would this novel have changed with a first person narrator? Can you trust Edna to tell her own story? Do you believe third person give Edna more credibility?
THEME The main idea or underlying meaning of a literary work. Theme differs from the subject or topic of a literary work in that it involves a statement or opinion about the topic. Major vs. Minor Themes—A major theme is an idea the author returns to time and again. It becomes one of the most important ideas in the story. Minor themes are ideas that may appear from time to time. Difference between THEME and SUBJECT –The subject is the topic on which an author has chosen to write. –The theme, however, makes some statement about or expresses –Example: SUBJECT = WAR THEME = WAR IS USELESS.
THEME cont. Four ways in which an author can express themes are as follows: 1. Themes are expressed and emphasized by the way the author makes us feel. By sharing feelings of the main character you also share the ideas that go through his mind. 2. Themes are presented in thoughts and conversations. Authors put words in their character’s mouths only for good reasons. One of these is to develop a story’s themes. The things a person says are much on their mind. Look for thoughts that are repeated throughout the story. 3. Themes are suggested through the characters. The main character usually illustrates the most important theme of the story. A good way to get at this theme is to ask yourself the question, what does the main character learn in the course of the story? 4. The actions or events in the story are used to suggest theme. People naturally express ideas and feelings through their actions. One thing authors think about is what an action will "say". In other words, how will the action express an idea or theme?
SYMBOLISM: Literal and Figurative Meaning
Activities for Discussion PLOT CHARACTERIZATION SYMBOLISM THEME
PLOT Analyze the changes in Edna after the Pontelliers return to New Orleans. Note the different stages of Edna’s “awakening.” List THREE different changes; Pull THREE quotes to support.
Characterization How do the THREE men in Edna’s life represent the different stages of her awakening? ASSIGNMENT: How is Adele a foil to Edna? –Compare/Contrast –Complete a T-Chart noting at least THREE differences; Pull THREE Quotes for support.
SYMBOLISM Symbolism Literal and Figurative Meaning One theme of the novel is “duality of life.” Chopin writes: “At a very early period [Edna] had apprehended instinctively the dual life—that outward existence which conforms, the inward life which questions.” –Edna’s outward symbol might be a bird; her inward symbol might be _______? –What is your outward/inward symbols? Choose two symbols; print/draw the pictures. Then offer a 3-5 sentence explanation tell the class “why” you chose them.
THEME Pull THREE quotes from the novel that help support ONE of the major themes in the novel. Then state that theme in a universal statement.