Presentation on theme: "1 Mario Ste-Marie A/Assistant Deputy Minister Investment, Science & Technology International Trade Canada October 18, 2005 Panel Discussion on Transatlantic."— Presentation transcript:
1 Mario Ste-Marie A/Assistant Deputy Minister Investment, Science & Technology International Trade Canada October 18, 2005 Panel Discussion on Transatlantic Investment Experiences: The Impact of EU Enlargement and Canada as a Gateway to North America
2 Key issues for discussion Explore recent Canadian Direct Investment trends in the Enlarged EU in the context of global developments Highlight major advantages of Canada as North America’s gateway for businesses from the EU
3 Patterns of International and Canadian Direct Investment in the European Union
4 EU is increasingly important as a destination of global FDI Global Inward FDI Stock by Geographic Area (%) Others Asia & Oceania Latin America European Union North America Source: IPS compilations based on data from UNCTAD In recent years, the EU has made substantial gains in attracting FDI, largely at the expense of North America. EU (15) EU (25)
5 Large developed EU economies attract most of inward FDI Share of EU Inward FDI Stock by Member State (%), 2004 * EU 10 New Member States Source: IPS compilations based on data from UNCTAD Mostly large and developed EU economies account for the bulk of inward FDI stock in the EU. The 10 New Member States (NMS) in the Enlarged EU together held under 6% of the EU’s total FDI stock in Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic are the dominant destinations of international FDI in the NMS (77%) Distribution (%) of Inward FDI Stock in EU 10 New Member States (NMS), 2004 Poland 26.7% Hungary 26.3% Czech Republic 24.6% Slovakia (6.3%) Estonia (4.1%) Cyprus (3.5%) Lithuania (2.8%) Slovenia (2.2%) Latvia (2.0%) Malta (1.5%)
6 Low FDI per capita in NMS suggests strong potential to attract FDI Source: IPS compilations based on data from UNCTAD EU % 10NMS 16.4% EU population distribution (2003) FDI per capita by country ($) (2003) Per capital FDI in NMS is substantially below the levels achieved in the EU-15 countries, on average. Potential for NMS to attract FDI from within Europe in the near future is very promising, especially for cost competitiveness reasons
7 Canada is the third largest non-EU investor in the region Source: IPS compilations based on data from EUROSTAT Distribution of Inward FDI Stock in the EU from Extra-EU Investing Countries 2002 (%) The bulk (about 70%) of investment in the EU originates from within the member countries. In 2004, Canada was the 3rd largest foreign direct investor in the EU among non-EU investors, following the United States and Switzerland
8 EU is also an increasingly important destination of Canadian Direct Investment Abroad (CDIA), largely in traditional markets Distribution of CDIA Stock by geographic Area (%) EU US Others Source: IPS compilations based on data from Statistic Canada Distribution of CDIA Stock in the EU-25 by country, Top (%) EU has been attracting an increasingly larger share of CDIA since 2000, largely at the expense of the traditionally important U.S. market (21% to 27%) U.K. and Ireland have attracted over one-half of Canada’s direct investment in the EU. Hungary is the only significant destination of CDIA among the three major NMS (Poland, Hungary and Czech Republic). 29% 18%
9 CDIA is the dominant mode for accessing the EU market Sales of Foreign Affiliates of Canadian MNEs versus Canadian Exports: EU versus the U.S., 2003 ($Billion) European Union United States Source: IPS compilations based on data from Statistics Canada Investment is preferred to trade as a commercial strategy for delivering Canadian goods and services to the EU. In contrast, trade dominates investment as a means of serving the U.S. market.
10 Key Points Marked shift in global FDI to EU since 2000, largely going to developed EU-15 The NMS, most notably Poland, Hungary and Czech Republic, have made impressive gains in attracting FDI Trend is likely to accelerate as more developed European economies look to invest in NMS to improve cost competitiveness Canada is the third largest investor in EU among non-EU countries with CDIA diversifying from the U.S. to the EU and other regions since 1990 Although most CDIA in EU is still headed to “Old Europe”, Hungary has attracted a significant share of CDIA – more understanding of this phenomenon is needed Investment in EU is the preferred mode by Canadian businesses serving the EU market
11 Canada: A Gateway to North America for the European Union
12 Canada enjoys strong trade and Investment linkages with the United States 2-way trade in goods and services = CAN$680 billion in Averages over CAN$1.3 million dollars a minute in trade. Canada and the U.S. investment stock between the two countries totaling CAN$432 billion in The U.S. trades more with Canada than with all of the countries of the E.U. combined!
13 U.S. is the major export destination of Canada-based EU firms Percentage of Canadian Exports to the U.S. by Country of Control of Exporting Firms, 2002 (%) Source: IPS compilations based on data from Statistics Canada EU-controlled firms in Canada account for almost a quarter of Canadian merchandise exports to the U.S. by foreign companies. The overwhelming proportion of exports (95%) by German- controlled firms and more than 80% of exports by other major EU-controlled firms in Canada are destined for the U.S. market.
14 Why Do EU Firms Invest in Canada? Canada offers a First Rate Business Environment: Easy Access to Markets Geography and NAFTA provide easy access to the world’s most prosperous market Excellent Economic Fundamentals Overall government budget in surplus Low inflation and low interest rates A Cost-Competitive Business Environment Low overall business costs Competitive tax system (particularly for R&D) An Energetic and Welcoming Infrastructure Ease in establishing a new business The world’s best-educated workforce Strong technological environment
15 Smarter Borders January 1994 – North America Free Trade Agreement establishes world’s largest free trade area giving Canada direct access to over 400 million people with a combined GDP of over US$11.4 trillion. A secure flow of goods and people at the border is a key priority for both Canada and the United States. December Canada and the USA signed a declaration to build a Smart Border for the 21st Century to accommodate the growth in trade and commerce March 2005 – Security and Prosperity Partnership for North America calls for common border security and improved regulatory cooperation and collaborative energy and transportation infrastructure. Canada - US Border: Secure and Efficient
16 Canada’s Sectors Offer EU Companies Considerable Potential for Growth: Canada’s Sectors Offer EU Companies Considerable Potential for Growth: Information and Technology ICT firms; work force of , 38% university degrees Medical Devices 22, 000 employees $2 B in exports in 2003 Strengths – cardiovascular/radiation therapy equipment/medical imaging Automotive a North American integrated auto industry; 8th largest in the world; employs half a million workers Energy - Natural Resources Oil and gas Wind energy Canadian Growth Sectors A B C D
17 Conclusion Canadian and EU companies share the same preferred commercial strategy to access each others markets: To serve the EU, Canadian companies are investing in the EU To serve North America, EU companies invest in Canada as the gateway to North America TIEA has the potential to improve prospects for investors in both directions (regulatory cooperation and investment)
18 Mario Ste-Marie A/Assistant Deputy Minister Investment, Science & Technology International Trade Canada 111 Sussex Drive Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0G2