Presentation on theme: "“Quakers” Understanding The Religious Society of Friends"— Presentation transcript:
1“Quakers” Understanding The Religious Society of Friends Taylor Gatta
2Origins of The Religious Society of Friends The Religious Society of Friends was formed in Englandaround1650, by several people, most notably, GeorgeFox.The turmoil, economic injustice, and starvation caused bythe English Revolution or Civil War, along with the repeatedchanges between Catholicism and Anglicism opened thedoor for several new religious groups.Fox and his followers intentions were to unify severalsplintered Christian factions, however most of thesegroups disappeared soon after the restoration of themonarchy.
4"there is one, even Christ Jesus, who can speak to thy condition“ George FoxGeorge Fox ( ), was a nonconformist religiousreformer who at the age of 19, left home on a four yearsearch, seeking answers to questions which hadtroubled him since his childhood.He gradually became disillusioned with the leaders andstructure of the existing Christian denominations. Then atthe age of 23, he heard a voice, saying"there is one, even Christ Jesus, who can speak to thy condition“He felt a direct call from God to become an itinerantpreacher and promote the concept of the Inward Light, orInner Voice. He believed that an element of God's spirit isimplanted within every person's soul.
5Teachings of George Fox Fox preached the idea that everyone has an innate innercapacity to comprehend the Word of God & expressopinions on spiritual matters.Logical consequences of this belief were:1. That every man and woman has direct access to God; no priestly class or "steeple houses" (churches) are needed2. That every person - male or female, slave or free is of equal worth3. That there is no need in one's religious life for elaborate ceremonies, rituals, gowns, creeds, dogma, or other "empty forms."4. Following the inward light would lead to spiritual development and towards individual perfection.
6"tremble at the word of the Lord" The Term “Quaker”George Fox was a constant target for persecutionand imprisoned many times. Once, when he washauled into court, Fox suggested that the judge"tremble at the word of the Lord"The judge sarcastically referred to Fox as aQuaker; the term stuck, and has become thepopular name for the Religious Society of Friends.During the second half of the 17th century, over3000 Quakers spent time in English jails for theirReligious beliefs; many hundreds died there.
7Quaker influence in the New World The first Quakers to arrive in America were viewed as dangerous heretics in many of the colonies. They were deported as Witches, imprisoned, or hung. They found a safe haven in the colonies of Rhode Island,West Jersey, and Pennsylvania.
8Quaker influence in the New World William Penn and other Quakers played a major role in the creation of these colonies, noted for their toleration of minority religious groups,like the Jews, Mennonites, Muslims, and Quakers.
9Quaker Facts part 1 Quakers: Do not believe in Clergy, creeds, or sacraments,every member is a minister.They is no statement of religious doctrineThey do not celebrate outward ceremonies orsacraments.They believe that all great human experiences areof a sacramental nature.
10Quaker places of worship Quaker PracticesQuaker places of worshipTypical Meeting House
11Quaker places of worship: Quaker PracticesQuaker places of worship:The meeting house is not a consecratedstructure, if there is anything holy about it, itlives with the people who meet there.When Friends meet, they feel a deepconnection between worship andtheir daily life, the meeting is merely thecommunal search for guidance.
13Quaker PracticesQuakers worship in groups called meetings, all meetings are held in silence until someone feels they have been truly moved by the Spirit and share their experience.Worship provides spiritual nourishment and inspiration to serve the Divine and others.Since there is no sacraments, they feel that their whole life should be lived as sacramental.Quakers do not celebrate Christian holidays but embrace there meanings everyday
14Quaker Practices There are different sizes of meetings: Smallest being friends and family at a homePreparative meetings which meet regularly for worshipMonthly meetings which take care of business and worshipQuarterly meetings are where several members from monthly meetings for worship and businessYearly meetings are to conduct business with all monthly meeting members with in its area
15Quaker Practices Quaker services: The practice of sitting together in silence is often called"expectant waiting." It is a time when Friends becomeinwardly still, clearing the mind and body of those thingsthat usually fill our attention. This creates an opportunity toexperience the presence of the Holy Spirit. It is a time forspiritual receptivity, blocking out non spiritual thoughts.Each person finds his or her own ways of "centering down," or entering deep stillness during meeting.
16Quaker PraticesA basic concern held by Quakers is that ones outward life needs to witness truth. They practice these concerns through Testimonies.EqualityIntegrityPeaceSimplicityStewardship
17Quaker Facts part 2 Quakers by Numbers There are 358,900 Quakers in the worldOr 1 in every 189,862 peopleThere are 87,500 in the United StatesOr 1 in every 3,559 people
18Quaker Facts part 3 Famous Quakers William Penn - founder of PennsylvaniaBetsy Ross - sewed the first American flagElizabeth Haddon - founder of Haddonfield, New JerseyJohns Hopkins – merchant - founded Johns Hopkins UniversityThomas Garrett. Underground Railroad, his house in Delaware was the last stop before Pennsylvania and freedom.Walt Whitman - American poet (Leaves of Grass, etc.), humanistDaniel Boone - frontiersman and early organizer of KentuckyHerbert Hoover - 31st president of the United StatesRichard Nixon - 37st president of the United StatesEdward R. Murrow - famous news broadcasterJames Dean - American actor; pop iconBen Kingsley - actor, received Best Actor Academy Award for GandhiDavid Byrne - singer, composer the Talking HeadsDave Matthews, musician