Presentation on theme: "FDI in Vietnam: Towards Economic Growth for U.S. and Vietnam? My Hanh Hoang ITRN 701/Professor Malawer October 23, 2008."— Presentation transcript:
FDI in Vietnam: Towards Economic Growth for U.S. and Vietnam? My Hanh Hoang ITRN 701/Professor Malawer October 23, 2008
Structure of Presentation Overview of Vietnam’s FDI growth Economic and FDI stances of U.S. towards Vietnam? On the issue of FDI and economic growth between U.S. and Vietnam? The future of FDI in Vietnam?
Important Timeline for Vietnam 1954 – Independence from France 1973 – War ended 1975 – Communist North controlled all Vietnam 1970-late 1980s – Economic slump 1986 – Doi Moi implementation 1988 – Foreign Investment Law passage
Flow of FDI in Vietnam, 1988-2001 (in US$ million) CommitmentsDisbursements 19883720 189583100 1990839120 1991175375 19922027492 19932589931 199437461946 199566072343 199686402518 199746492822 199838972214 199915681971 200020142043 200124652100 Source: Nguyen Nhu Binh and Jonathan Haughton paper; Ministry of Planning and Investment
Important Timeline: U.S. and Vietnam February 1994 – U.S. normalized political relations with Vietnam. December 10, 2001- U.S. and Vietnam signed a Bilateral Trade Agreement. June 21, 2006 - Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) was signed. December 29, 2006 - Permanent Normal Trade Relations was passed. January 11, 2007 – Vietnam became WTO member
Presidential Candidates’ Stance on Trade/Investment with Vietnam Republican: John McCain - favor Democrat: Barack Obama – uncertain
Issues with FDI in Vietnam Legal barriers. Bureaucracy. Not as open to trade
The Ease of Doing Business in Vietnam Ease of…2009 Rank2008 RankChange in Rank Doing Business9287-5 Starting a Business108101-7 Dealing with Construction Permits6764-3 Employing Workers9072-18 Registering Property3738+1 Getting Credit4351+8 Protecting Investors170168-2 Paying Taxes140131-9 Trading Across Borders6765-2 Enforcing Contracts42 0 Closing a Business124 0 World Bank Group: Doing Business 2009
Protecting Investors Indicator VietnamRegionOECD Disclosure Index65.15.9 Director Liability Index04.65.0 Shareholder Suits Index26.36.6 Investor Protection Index126.96.36.199 World Bank Group: Doing Business 2009
Starting a Business in Vietnam Indicator VietnamRegionOECD Procedure (number)118.65.8 Duration (days)5044.213.4 Cost (% GNI per capita)16.832.34.9 Paid in Minimum Capital (% of GNI per capita) 037.319.7 World Bank Group: Doing Business 2009
United States’s Disbursed FDI in Vietnam (in US$ million dollars) 19901991199219931994199519961997 018.60073.7282.910858.7 1998199920002001200220032004Total 17.366.5188.8.131.52.41.6727.1 Source : Nguyen Thanh Xuan and Yuquing Xing’s paper “Foreign Direct Investment and Exports: the Experiences of Vietnam.”
How will U.S. invest in Vietnam in the future? Economic crisis factor Vietnam’s open-market-enough? Factor
Vietnam’s Country Risks Country Risk Summary (AAA=least risky, D=most risky) Sovereign riskB Currency riskB Banking sector riskCCC Political riskB Economic structure riskCCC Country riskCCC Source: Economist Intelligence Unit
FDI in Vietnam 200420052006200720082009201020112012 FDI (US$bn) Inward Direct Investment1.611.952.46.710.3311.512.513.514.6 Inward direct investment (% of GDP) 3/184.108.40.2062.61211.410.810.2 Inward direct investment (% of gross fixed) 10.711.211.825.531.530.728.928.227 Net FDI1.611.892.326.5510.2211.3812.3613.3414.42 Stock of inward direct investment 21.723.62632.743.154.667.180.695.2 Stock of inward direct investment per head 262.2282.2306.8380.9494.8619.1751.6891.91040.9 Stock of inward direct investment (%of GDP) 47.744.742.746.352.456.760.964.366.4 Source: EIU 2008
Conclusion Both countries benefit from FDI in Vietnam. However, the U.S.’s FDI in Vietnam will slow down due to its economic crisis and the need for additional market access and security in Vietnam. Vietnam will continue to have FDI inflow.