Presentation on theme: "Strategic Uses of Information Technology Chapter 3 Information Systems Management In Practice 6E McNurlin & Sprague."— Presentation transcript:
Strategic Uses of Information Technology Chapter 3 Information Systems Management In Practice 6E McNurlin & Sprague
2 Introduction Strategic uses of IT means “having a significant, long-term impact on a firm’s growth rate, industry, and revenue.” Whither the Internet Revolution? The hypothesis is that the Internet revolution mirrors the British railway Both revolutions deal with connection technologies.
4 Episode Two: Profitability Strikes Back The only way to sustain advantage through the Internet is to create a distinct, unique value chain (highly integrated and difficult to replicate) CASE EXAMPLE: Grainger Its Internet presence makes its physical sites more valuable. It cuts ordering costs and shipments to its stocking locations (where customers pick up items). Online customers purchase more and its paper catalog actually leads to more online orders.
6 Managing an Intranet Based on Internet standards, an employee intranet helps ease global corporate operations. An intranet needs to interface with legacy and ERP systems, and company information must be safeguarded. Many companies have thus created a corporate portal for employees to get their information CASE EXAMPLE: BearingPoint To make its intranet interactive, the company added content from third parties and a “where can I find this information?” advisor to the site, now making items “actionable.”
7 Fostering a Sense of Belonging With employees becoming so dispersed, an intranet may be their main connection to the company. A major role providing the foundation for creating a sense of belonging among employees. CASE EXAMPLE: Wire Nova Scotia The program coordinator built an intranet to provide a sense of belonging among students on a summer work program establishing community Internet sites in rural towns in Nova Scotia, Canada. The summer program was also administered via this intranet, each worker having a personal conference site. Staff conferences were held weekly, and regional conferences were held to coordinate joint ventures. WORKING INWARD: Business to Employee
10 WORKING OUTWARD: Business to Customer Being an Online Customer CASE EXAMPLE: A Day in the Life of an E-lancer One entrepreneur gains all his work and his working partners via Elance, an online services marketplace. This case tracks a typical day in his use of Elance’s site.
11 WORKING OUTWARD: Business to Business Working with Co-suppliers One arrangement is working with non-competitors who supply the same customers. CASE EXAMPLE: General Mills and Land O’ Lakes Both supply non-competing refrigerated goods to retailers (yogurt and butter). Hence, they have teamed up to coordinate their shipments to stores. They use the Internet to easily share information.
12 WORKING OUTWARD: Business to Business Establishing Close and Tight Relationships –
13 WORKING OUTWARD: Business to Business CASE EXAMPLE: Sara Lee Bakery Group SLBG was one of the first to initiate scan-based trading with large retailers that sell its baked goods. Using this technology, SLBG does not get paid until a loaf of bread is sold and passes through the point of sale scanner. The technology requires drawing from a single database hosted by a third party. Its use has improved the quality of delivery people, lowered costs, and increased revenues. SLBG requires retailers to adhere to a number of prerequisites – to demonstrate that they are good trading partners.
14 WORKING OUTWARD: Business to Business Becoming a Customer-Centric Value Chain The demand-pull world, where products and services are built to order, is a major trend these days. But getting there means becoming customer-centric and having a tightly integrated supply chain. CASE EXAMPLE: Dell Computer Example of the demand-pull business model. Customers configure their own PCs on Dell’s Web site, and once an order is initiated, Dell’s suppliers can see the ordering information and production schedule on Dell’s extranet. Their production systems grab this information automatically; as a result, Dell’s extranet has become a private exchange. Dell is even working to give suppliers two tiers down access to customer order information, so they can react to changes even faster.
15 WORKING OUTWARD: Business to Business Pros and Cons of Demand-Pull Value-chain transparency is much talked about because it can reduce duplicate orders, hasten response to changes, and allow all participants to become collaborators. But the ecosystem participants depend on the provider’s infrastructure, so seepage of confidential information could occur. Getting the Back-End Systems in Shape To have a hope of making working-across viable, internal back-end systems must be in shape. Companies are using ERP, extranets, and other approaches to do this.