Presentation on theme: "Isaak Levitan (1860-1900) 러시아의 가장 위대한 풍경화가. 리투아니아의 가난한 유대인 가정에서 태어난 러시아 화가. " 자연의 장엄한 아름다움 속에서 신비를 느끼면서도 그 웅대한 느낌을 표현해 낼 수 없는 내 자신의 무능력함을 깨닫는 것 보다 더 비극적인."— Presentation transcript:
Isaak Levitan (1860-1900) 러시아의 가장 위대한 풍경화가. 리투아니아의 가난한 유대인 가정에서 태어난 러시아 화가. " 자연의 장엄한 아름다움 속에서 신비를 느끼면서도 그 웅대한 느낌을 표현해 낼 수 없는 내 자신의 무능력함을 깨닫는 것 보다 더 비극적인 일이 또 있으랴 !" - Isaak Levitan
Isaak Levitan was born in 1860 in Kibarty, a small town in Lithuania, to the family of a blue-collar railroad worker. From 1873 to 1885, he attended the Moscow College of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in Moscow, Russia. He studied under the famous Russian painters Savrasov and Polenov. From 1884, he displayed his paintings with the Society for Circulating Art Exhibitions* and in 1891 became member of the Society. From 1898, Levitan taught landscape painting at the Moscow College of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. Over the 40 years of his life, Isaak Levitan produced many landscapes which were later recognized as the finest masterpieces of Russian art. Levitan never looked for exotic and pretentious subjects for his painting. Although he traveled to other countries, he remained faithful to simple poetic motifs of his native land. The natural simplicity of motif and composition is the hallmark of Levitan's artistic genius. It was evident from the very outset of Levitan's career that he had an extraordinary ability to awaken deep feelings by the means of landscape painting. Even though people are usually absent from his canvases, his works unfailingly speak of humanity. Levitan's paintings tell us something about ourselves by touching the chords of our spirit. Nature is presented through the prism of personal human experience. Hence Levitan's landscapes are often reckoned philosophical and psychological. The complexity of the human soul and the destiny of human being are the true subjects of his works.
In his early years, Levitan painted views of various places in the Moscow area. One of the best works of this period is "Autumn day. Sokolniky."Autumn day. Sokolniky This piece is the artist's elegy to the gray autumn day in one of the Moscow parks.
During the second period of his artistic career, Levitan was inspired the Volga. The painter spent several summers on the banks of the great Russian river. Plyos, a small town on the Volga, was Levitan's favorite spot, where he painted several canvases which made an invaluable contribution to the advancement of landscape painting in Russia.Plyos
From 1892 to 1895, Levitan divided his time between the towns of Vladimir, Vyshny Volochek, and the Tver region. The works of this period are considered to be the most powerful philosophical reflections of the artist on the destiny of man. The canvas "By the Deep Waters" conjures up the images of folk tales about the drowned.By the Deep Waters
"The Vladimirka Road" depicts the route which was customarily used to lead prisoners to exile in the Siberia.The Vladimirka Road
"Over the Eternal Rest" speaks of the irreconcilable dualism of life and death.Over the Eternal Rest
But not all the paintings of this period are characterized by such a dramatic outlook. A joyous hymn to life is heard in such works as "March,"March
The last large canvas by Levitan is titled "The Lake. Rus(unfinished)."The Lake. Rus
This monumental work, perhaps, parallels Rachmaninov's Second Piano Concerto. The artist's goal was to create an image that would be a summation of all that from the artist's perspective was typically Russian: vast expanses of water and land, white silhouettes of churches, enormous clouds driven by the wind, and rustling reeds. The canvas remained unfinished due to the painter's death. Isaak Levitan was buried at the Novodevichiye cemetery in Moscow in 1900. The Birch Grove 1885-89, Oil on Canvas, 28.5x50 cm
The Evening Bells 1892, Oil on Canvas, 87x107.6 cm
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