Presentation on theme: "Title: Who was Buddha? Do Now: March is “National Sauce Month.” What is your favorite type of sauce? Be sure to include great descriptive words."— Presentation transcript:
Title: Who was Buddha? Do Now: March is “National Sauce Month.” What is your favorite type of sauce? Be sure to include great descriptive words
Agenda Do Now Hinduism Review Buddhism Lesson Buddha Project
Objective Students will create a picture mosaic of events from Buddha’s life surrounding the outline of Buddha to show comprehension of his life.
Hinduism Review We learned a ton last week about Hinduism and I know it was confusing for some of you. Today you are going to have a chance to review in your interactive notebooks. You need to choose 2 sections to do from Hinduism: Choose whichever topic you feel the LEAST comfortable with. This is a great way to get the information you may be struggling with Hinduism (p. 83-84) Beliefs of Hinduism (p. 86-87) Spread of Hinduism (p. 89-90)
Hinduism Review Now that we have had a short review time, we are going to create a only part of a Venn diagram about Hinduism and the religion we will learn this week: Buddhism. We will finish this on Friday after you have had a complete lesson on it. On the left side of your notebook, create a large Venn diagram. Buddhism
Vocabulary Buddhism: a religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Ascetics: people who practice extreme self-denial as part of their religious live Meditate: calm or empty the mind by focusing on a single subject Enlightenment: a state of perfect wisdom
Siddhartha Guatama Siddhartha was raised in luxury and wealth “ I wore garments of silk, Night and day a white parasol (umbrella) was held over me so I might not be touched by heat or cold, dust, leaves or dew.”
Siddhartha Guatama As he grew up his father protected him from anything unpleasant He never saw anyone who was sick, sad or poor. He married very young and eventually had a son
The Four Passing Sights The legends say that one day he rode out of the palace without any guards. He came upon the first of “the Four Passing Sights” First, He saw an old man leaning on a stick Second, He then saw a man shrunken by disease Third, he saw a man who had died and his family was standing around crying Fourth, he saw a wandering holy man who was homeless and had nothing but seemed content
The Four Passing Sights That day he made a very difficult decision. He decided to leave his wealth, his comfort, his wife, and his newborn son, to become a monk Siddhartha decided to search for the same serenity and calmness the holy man had shown. That night he secretly left the palace and went into the forest.
The Search for Truth He began his search by studying with Hindu gurus who taught him that life was an endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. The gurus also taught that there was a path to salvation from the endless cycle but this did not satisfy him
The Path of Self-Denial Siddhartha then joined a band of religious ascetics This meant he denied himself of physical comforts He wore scratchy clothes and didn’t take a bath! He sat for days in one position while meditating He began eating less and less and lost a lot of weight
The Path of Self-Denial After 5 years, his body was very weak and he fainted. When he woke up it was clear to him that this path was not the path to truth When offered milk he drank it, this made the ascetics very angry and they deserted him.
The Great Enlightenment A little while later while sitting under a fig tree meditating for 49 days. The Legends say he was visited by Mara, the god of desire and death She tried to tempt him to give up his search by giving him wealth and desirable things When he denied her, she attacked him with rain and showers of rocks
The Great Enlightenment He fell into a deeper meditation and saw his past lives He understood the cycle of birth, death and rebirth He then became aware that he had escaped that which tied him to the world and had achieved enlightenment He became the Buddha which means “Enlightened One.”
Awakening the World Buddha had freed himself from the cycle of rebirth and suffering but instead of being free, he chose to go back into the world to teach others For the next 45 years he traveled across India, preaching the message of truth and hope
Awakening the World Buddha’s purpose was to awaken the world to the true nature of life Only with that understanding could people finally escape the cycle. He attracted many followers and trained some of them to become teachers When he died at about 80 his dying words to his followers were: “ This is my last advice to you. All…things in the world are changeable. They are not lasting. Work hard to gain your own salvation.
Buddha’s Teachings When Siddhartha Gautama gained enlightenment, he had a flash of understanding These understandings formed the basis of his teachings
The Middle Way Buddha began his teaching with the ascetics who had abandoned him earlier. They tried to ignore him but he was so joyful they couldn’t The Buddha gave what is called the Deer Park Sermon He told the ascetics that they would avoid two extremes in seeking wisdom 1.a life given to pleasures 2. A life of painful self-denial
The Middle Way He advised them to follow the middle way “To keep the body in good health is a duty” “For otherwise we shall not be able to…keep our minds strong and clear.
Buddha Project I will give you an outline of Buddha You need to color pictures and give a caption for important events in Buddha’s life…start in the top left and circle the pictures around clockwise in order of his life This will be a very helpful study tool later on!