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World History World Religions Social Studies Geography MAJOR WORLD RELIGIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "World History World Religions Social Studies Geography MAJOR WORLD RELIGIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 World History World Religions Social Studies Geography MAJOR WORLD RELIGIONS



4  Christianity  Islam  Hinduism  Buddhism  Sikhism RELIGIONS BY FOLLOWERS

5  Roughly 2,120,900,550 followers  Monotheistic  God is three persons  Bible- main teachings CHRISTIANITY

6  Roman Catholic  Eastern Orthodox  Protestant  Anglican  Amish  Baptist  Lutheran  Presbyterian  Quaker  Seventh-Day Adventists BRANCHES

7  Christmas – Celebrations of Jesus, their messiah’s birthday. On December 25  Easter – Celebration of Jesus, their messiah’s resurrection from the dead which their religion is based around. MAJOR HOLIDAYS

8  Very normal lifestyle, family life is encouraged.  Charity and good deeds are expected from followers  Followers may sometimes be religious sisters and brothers. LIFE STYLE

9  About 1,280,780,150 followers  Monotheistic  Based on revelations of their prophet Muhammad.  Founded in Mecca Saudi Arabia in 622 CE  Sacred text is the Qur’an(Koran)  “There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his Prophet.” ISLAM

10  Faith  Prayer  Fasting  Pilgrimage  And Alms  One day everyone will be judged and go to either Paradise or Hell. MAJOR PILLARS

11  Ramadan: month long  Eid ul-Fitr: festival of breaking fast  Eid al Adha: festival of sacrifice HOLIDAYS

12  There prophet Muhammad they do not believe to be divine.  There life goal is to submit to the will of Allah and make it into the afterlife. SOME BELIEFS

13  The soul continues on when the body dies.  There is a final judgment that decides between Paradise and hell  There will be a resurrection and day of judgment AFTERLIFE

14  Approximately 860,690,890 followers  Has no single founder, Scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings.  Elements of it stretch back Many thousands of years.  80% of Indian population Identify themselves as Hindu.  Supreme god whose qualities and forms are represented by the multitude of deities. HINDUISM

15  Existence is the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth governed by Karma.  The soul passes through a cycle of successive lives and its next incarnation is dependent on how the previous life was lived.  Believe in complete freedom of belief and worship.  Main texts are the four Vedas and their supplements.  Veda is a Sanskrit word meaning knowledge.  Contain dharma which means code of conduct, law, or duty. BELIEFS

16  Brahman- supreme god  Trimurti:  Brahma- creator of the universe  Vishnu- preserver of the universe  Shiva- destroyer of universe to be re-created  Triumvirate consorts are Saraswati, Lakshima, and Paravati  Other gods: Ganesh, Murugan, Krishna  Other goddesses: Durga, Kali, Radha DEITIES

17  Earliest evidence of religion in India dates back to the late Neolithic in the early Harappan period (5500–2600 BCE).  Beliefs and practices of the pre- classical era (1500–500 BCE) are called the “Historical Vedic Religion.”  Fire-sacrifices, called yajña are performed, but no temples or idols are known.  ‘Hindu’ is derived (through Persian) from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the name for the Indus River which is first mentioned in the Rig Veda. HISTORY

18  Does not have a declaration of faith or a creed.  Is an umbrella term comprising of and based of the Vedic traditions.  This makes it difficult to define it as a religion according to traditional Western conceptions.  Hinduism is a traditional way of life to its followers.  The World’s oldest, most complex, and most diverse religion  Some Hindus are even atheists DEFINITION

19  Around 381,610,980 followers  Also a philosophy  Founded by Siddhartha Guatama  Buddha- comes from budhi which means “To awaken”  Son of an Indian warrior-king  Became a monk BUDDHISM

20  Four Truths  Life is suffering  Craving and aversion cause suffering  It is possible to end suffering  Being moral is the path that leads to the end of suffering  Cycle of rebirth is based on Karma  Fortunate Realms- Demigods, Gods, Men  Unfortunate Realms- Animals, Ghosts, Hell  Man is the highest realm because it offers Nirvana or enlightenment. BELIEFS

21  Two Main Branches:  Theravada- "The School of the Elders“  widespread following in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar etc.)  Mahayana- "The Great Vehicle“  found throughout East Asia (China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan etc.)  Vajrayana  Also recognized as a part of Mahayana  practiced mainly in Tibet and Mongolia, and adjacent parts of China and Russia *Buddhism recognized as the fastest growing religions in the world BRANCHES

22  The Buddha  The Dharma (the teachings)  The Sangha (the community)  Taking "refuge in the triple gem" has traditionally been a declaration and commitment to being on the Buddhist path, and, in general, distinguishes a Buddhist from a non-Buddhist. THE THREE JEWELS

23  Around 25,140,910 followers  Not very well known  Most people would think that Judaism is more popular but it’s about 10,000,000 followers short. SIKHISM

24  One god that can’t be in the form of a human  Goal in life is to be with God  Cardinal vices (or sins) are:  Kam (lust)  Krodh (anger)  Lobh (greed)  Moh (worldly attachment)  Ahankar (pride) BELIEFS

25  Fasting  Religious vegetarianism  Pilgrimages  Superstitions  Worship of idols THINGS TO REJECT

26  Celibacy is not needed for Eternal Life  The Guru Ganth Sahib is their holy book  Deny distinctions like gender or race TEACHINGS

27  Some people believe that Christianity will continue to the hold the majority in world religions.  While looking at the map on your right, this would seem to be true. WILL CHRISTIANITY REMAIN?

28  About est. 13.5 million followers world wide, mostly in Israel, the United States, and Russia  Founded by Abraham around 2000 BCE in Israel  1 st known monotheistic religion in the world  Jews have a covenant or agreement with god created by Abraham JUDAISM

29  Moses leads the Jews out of slavery  Delivers the Ten Commandments  The most sacred writing in Judaism is the Torah (first 5 books of the Bible)  The Talmud contains the oral traditions of Jewish law in written form JUDAISM

30  Some believe that all major world religions will merge into one super religion.  Others believe that the current trend will be to Atheism.  Religion has been around for over 5,000 years and during all of human civilization. If Atheism were one day to reign supreme, it would likely not occur for thousands of years.  What do you think? WHAT’S NEXT?

31 World History World Religions Social Studies Geography MAJOR WORLD RELIGIONS

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