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E.D. HirschHoward GardenerMaxine Greene. Educational Philosophies Maxine Greene – Existentialism Maxine Greene – Existentialism Believe students and teachers.

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Presentation on theme: "E.D. HirschHoward GardenerMaxine Greene. Educational Philosophies Maxine Greene – Existentialism Maxine Greene – Existentialism Believe students and teachers."— Presentation transcript:

1 E.D. HirschHoward GardenerMaxine Greene

2 Educational Philosophies Maxine Greene – Existentialism Maxine Greene – Existentialism Believe students and teachers needed meaning in lives Believe students and teachers needed meaning in lives Used Humanities and Arts to create meaning Used Humanities and Arts to create meaning E. D. Hirsch Jr. – Essentialism E. D. Hirsch Jr. – Essentialism Believed that a set curriculum was needed Believed that a set curriculum was needed Howard Gardner – Progressivism Howard Gardner – Progressivism Believed children should learn in their own elements Believed children should learn in their own elements Each child could be considered a genius in “their element” Each child could be considered a genius in “their element”

3 Maxine Greene (1918-Present) " I'm very influenced by existentialism and the thought that you can be submerged in the crowd, and if you're submerged in the crowd and have no opportunity to think for yourself, to look through your own eyes, life is dull and flat and boring. The only way to really awaken to life, awaken to the possibilities, is to be self-aware." "I'm absolutely opposed to strict standards, and I'm terribly interested in kids having confidence in their own vision. There is no right way to make art." "I use the term ‘wide-awakeness’. Without the ability to think about yourself, to reflect on your life, there's really no awareness, no consciousness. Consciousness doesn't come automatically; it comes through being alive, awake, curious, and often furious."

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6 Dr. E.D. Hirsch, Jr. He was born on March 22, 1928 in Memphis, Tennessee. He was born on March 22, 1928 in Memphis, Tennessee. He attended Cornell and Yale Universities. He attended Cornell and Yale Universities. He taught at Yale University from He taught at Yale University from He became a professor of English at the University of Virginia in He became a professor of English at the University of Virginia in 1972.

7 Dr. E.D. Hirsch, Jr. Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know “To be culturally literate is to possess the basic information needed to thrive in the modern world.” Plato and Rousseau’s educational theories… Or Anthropological theory?

8 Dr. Howard Gardner born in 1943 in Scranton, PA born in 1943 in Scranton, PA attended Harvard University attended Harvard University majored in Cognitive Developmental Psychology majored in Cognitive Developmental Psychology developed the theory of multiple intelligences developed the theory of multiple intelligences worked on school reform in 1980’s worked on school reform in 1980’s 1986 began working at Harvard Graduate School of Education 1986 began working at Harvard Graduate School of Education authored more than 20 books authored more than 20 books best known for his theory of multiple intelligences best known for his theory of multiple intelligences

9 Multiple Intelligences Theory Linguistic: words and language Linguistic: words and language Logical-Mathematical: logical thinking Logical-Mathematical: logical thinking Musical: musical ability Musical: musical ability Bodily-Kinesthetic: body movement control Bodily-Kinesthetic: body movement control Spatial-Visual: visual and spatial perception Spatial-Visual: visual and spatial perception Interpersonal: perception of other people's feelings Interpersonal: perception of other people's feelings Intrapersonal: self-awareness Intrapersonal: self-awareness

10 “Good to Know” Websites: Free Multiple Intelligence tests Free Multiple Intelligence tests Good test to give parents to assess their children · Good test to give parents to assess their children ·

11 References “Howard Gardner: Developer of Multiple Intelligences.” Retrieved June 16, 2009 from Chapman, A. (2009). Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences. Retrieved June 16, 2009 from Sadker, D. M. & Zittleman, K. R. (2009). Teachers, Schools, and Society: A Brief Introduction to Education. New York: McGraw Hill Companies Inc. Retrieved May 25, Hirsch Jr., E.D.. Validity in Interpretation. Connecticut: Yale University Publishing, Hirsch Jr., E.D.. Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1987.


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