Presentation on theme: "Welcome to Science 10/20 Today’s Schedule 1. Question of the Day"— Presentation transcript:
1 Welcome to Science 10/20 Today’s Schedule 1. Question of the Day 2. Introduction to Volcanoes3. Begin Ch. 9 Section 1 Notes/Discussion
2 Question of the DayA pitcher on the Cleveland Indians baseball team exerts a pushing force on a baseball when delivering a pitch to a batter. The batter swings and misses.What applies a force that most likely causes the ball to stop its motion?A. air frictionB. Earth’s gravityC. the catcher’s mittD. the shortstop’s glove
3 Volcano Types Shield, Cinder-Cone, and Composite. What causes these different types of volcanoes to form?The different ways in which they erupt and the different materials that are erupted.
4 Volcanic EruptionsRight now 20 volcanoes are erupting around the world.There are nearly 1500 active volcanoes on Earth.The largest volcano is on the planet Mars. Its 27 km high.About 900 people are killed by volcanoes each year.500 Million people currently are at risk to be killed by volcanoes."Mt. Saint Helens' Powerful Erruption"
6 I. Kinds of Volcanic Eruptions Eruptions are classified as either quiet or explosive.How a volcano erupts depends on the gasses, silica, and viscosity of the magma.Silica-similar to sand, one of the key components ofmagmaViscosity- the resistance of aliquid to flow
7 II. How the Eruption Works A volcanic eruption is similar to an exploding pop can.Gasses inside the volcano build up. As gas builds up, so does the pressure. When the pressure is too great, the volcano erupts.BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Animated guide: VolcanoesOUR RESTLESS PLANET
8 III. Quiet EruptionsMagma has low silica, low viscosity, and low gasses so it flows easily.Hawaiian Islands were made this way.volcanic eruption
9 Welcome to Science 10/21Have a seat with your lab group and put your name on your lab ticket.Today’s Schedule1. Science News2. Review3. Viscosity Lab
10 IV. Explosive Eruptions Magma has high-silica and high viscosity, making it thick and sticky. High Gas.Magma does not flow.Builds up in the pipe like a cork in a bottle .Pressure builds up until the volcano explodes.:: Make a Volcano
11 Should I Stay or Should I Go? Mount St. HelensShould I Stay or Should I Go?During Eruption
12 Mount St. Helens Before Eruption After Eruption "Mt. Saint Helens' Powerful Erruption"
14 V. Explosive EruptionsExplosive eruptions break lava into fragments that quickly cool into pieces of different sizes.Large pieces = bombsSmall pieces = cindersPyroclastic flow- mixture of hot gas, ash, cinders, and bombs-pyroclastic-flow-video.htm
15 VI. Stages of Volcanic Activity Active, dormant, or extinct?Active- erupting or shows signs of erupting.Dormant- may awaken in the future.Extinct- unlikely to erupt againIs a volcano ever really extinct?No, at anytime a volcano thought to be extinct could reawaken.
16 How It All StartsMagma from the mantle rises up through the crust because it is less dense.Magma becomes trapped beneath layers of rock.Weak spots in the crust allow trapped magma to reach the surface, forming a volcano.
17 At the Surface Magma Chamber- pocket of magma beneath a volcano Pipe- long tube that connects the magma chamber to the surfaceVent- opening where molten rock and gas leave the volcanoPipe, Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Lava Flow
18 At the SurfaceLava flow- area covered by lava as it pours out of a vent.Crater- bowl shaped area that may form at the top of a volcano.
19 Question of the DayCorrectly the match the stages of volcanoes with the definitions.A. A volcano that is unlikely to erupt again.B. A volcano that is erupting or shows signs of erupting.C. A volcano that may awaken in the futureActiveDormantExtinct
20 Today’s Objectives 1. Question of the Day 2. Open book quiz 3. Continue research on volcanoes