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Welcome to Science 10/20 Today’s Schedule 1. Question of the Day 2. Introduction to Volcanoes 3. Begin Ch. 9 Section 1 Notes/Discussion.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to Science 10/20 Today’s Schedule 1. Question of the Day 2. Introduction to Volcanoes 3. Begin Ch. 9 Section 1 Notes/Discussion."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to Science 10/20 Today’s Schedule 1. Question of the Day 2. Introduction to Volcanoes 3. Begin Ch. 9 Section 1 Notes/Discussion

2 Question of the Day A pitcher on the Cleveland Indians baseball team exerts a pushing force on a baseball when delivering a pitch to a batter. The batter swings and misses. What applies a force that most likely causes the ball to stop its motion? A. air friction B. Earth’s gravity C. the catcher’s mitt D. the shortstop’s glove

3 Volcano Types Shield, Cinder-Cone, and Composite. What causes these different types of volcanoes to form? The different ways in which they erupt and the different materials that are erupted.

4 Volcanic Eruptions Right now 20 volcanoes are erupting around the world. There are nearly 1500 active volcanoes on Earth. The largest volcano is on the planet Mars. Its 27 km high. About 900 people are killed by volcanoes each year. 500 Million people currently are at risk to be killed by volcanoes. "Mt. Saint Helens' Powerful Erruption"

5 Why do volcanoes erupt?

6 I. Kinds of Volcanic Eruptions Eruptions are classified as either quiet or explosive. How a volcano erupts depends on the gasses, silica, and viscosity of the magma. Silica-similar to sand, one of the key components of magma Viscosity- the resistance of a liquid to flow

7 II. How the Eruption Works A volcanic eruption is similar to an exploding pop can. Gasses inside the volcano build up. As gas builds up, so does the pressure. When the pressure is too great, the volcano erupts. BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Animated guide: Volcanoes OUR RESTLESS PLANET

8 III. Quiet Eruptions Magma has low silica, low viscosity, and low gasses so it flows easily. Hawaiian Islands were made this way. volcanic eruption

9 Welcome to Science 10/21 Have a seat with your lab group and put your name on your lab ticket. Today’s Schedule 1. Science News 2. Review 3. Viscosity Lab

10 IV. Explosive Eruptions Magma has high-silica and high viscosity, making it thick and sticky. High Gas. Magma does not flow. Builds up in the pipe like a cork in a bottle. Pressure builds up until the volcano explodes. :: Make a Volcano

11 Mount St. Helens Should I Stay or Should I Go? During Eruption

12 Mount St. Helens Before Eruption After Eruption "Mt. Saint Helens' Powerful Erruption"

13 Mt. St. Helens 2003 Mt. St. Helens 1984

14 V. Explosive Eruptions Explosive eruptions break lava into fragments that quickly cool into pieces of different sizes. Large pieces = bombs Small pieces = cinders Pyroclastic flow- mixture of hot gas, ash, cinders, and bombs -pyroclastic-flow-video.htm

15 VI. Stages of Volcanic Activity Active, dormant, or extinct? Active- erupting or shows signs of erupting. Dormant- may awaken in the future. Extinct- unlikely to erupt again Is a volcano ever really extinct? No, at anytime a volcano thought to be extinct could reawaken.

16 How It All Starts Magma from the mantle rises up through the crust because it is less dense. Magma becomes trapped beneath layers of rock. Weak spots in the crust allow trapped magma to reach the surface, forming a volcano.

17 At the Surface Magma Chamber- pocket of magma beneath a volcano Pipe- long tube that connects the magma chamber to the surface Vent- opening where molten rock and gas leave the volcano Pipe, Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Lava Flow

18 At the Surface Lava flow- area covered by lava as it pours out of a vent. Crater- bowl shaped area that may form at the top of a volcano.

19 Question of the Day Correctly the match the stages of volcanoes with the definitions. A. A volcano that is unlikely to erupt again. B. A volcano that is erupting or shows signs of erupting. C. A volcano that may awaken in the future Active Dormant Extinct

20 Today’s Objectives 1. Question of the Day 2. Open book quiz 3. Continue research on volcanoes


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