Belgian Artist He juxtaposed everyday objects with familiar settings to create surreal compositions. Themes included hidden or shrouded faces and a man in a bowler hat- self portrait. Subtle elements of surrealism
Joan Miro Created unique biomorphic designs like the sun, moon and animals. Forms progressively simplified to a visual shorthand of the artist. Seemed like cartoons from another planet. He wanted”to express with precision all of the golden sparks the soul gives off.”
Max Ernst Worked from memories and images from childhood. Related back to feverish visions of childhood and tried to recreate them for art’s sake. Invented ”frottage” or rubbings from rough surfaces that he would work into to create fantastic or monstrous imagery.
Precursor to Surrealism Used imagery from Russian folklore and Jewish life. Insisted that he painted actual memories, not irrational dreams.
Marcel Duchamp A prime mover of Surrealism and Dadaism. Dadaism was a movement in art that protested the madness of war. The aim of the dadaists was to cultivate the absurd. Wanted to awaken the imagination. Created ready-mades that lead to the question- What is art?
Georgio De Chirico Painted nightmare fantasies 15 years before the Surrealists existed. Eerie cityscapes with dramatic light and ominous shadows. Depersonalized figures to create the feeling of menace. Skewed use of perspective to illustrate irrational childhood fears.