Presentation on theme: "Battle of the Alamo. January 1836 Most Texans thought the war was over. They at least thought they would be safe until the summer. Most of the Texans."— Presentation transcript:
Battle of the Alamo
January 1836 Most Texans thought the war was over. They at least thought they would be safe until the summer. Most of the Texans in the “Army of the People” went back to their homes.
The Texan Army There was around 600 men left in the army. Sam Houston was its leader but little power. Divided into Small Groups Soldiers Dr. James Grant and Francis Johnston had about 100 men at San Patricio Col. James McNeil had about 100 men in San Antonio and began fortifying the Alamo. Col. James Fannin commanded around 300 men at La Bahia or as it would be called Goliad. The rest were spread about different cities.
Mexican Army Santa Anna had taken his brother in law Cos’ defeat in San Antonio personally. He raised an army of about 6,000 soldiers and marched north in the dead of winter.
Santa Anna split his army in two. - General Urrea was to take south Texas - Santa Anna himself to take San Antonio.
San Patrico General Urrea was the first to run into Texas Rebels. 50 Texians led by James Grant were caught by surprise and easily defeated by Urrea near San Patrico. Santa Anna gave Urrea orders to take NO prisoners. He ordered his soldiers to put the Texans to “the sword”.
San Antonio Col. James McNeil of the Texan army was in charge of San Antonio. He requested some cavalry (soldiers on horses) from the provisional government to patrol the area.
Sam Houston Orders Sam Houston became concerned that Texas troops were so disorganized. Houston sends James Bowie to San Antonio to evaluate the situation Sam Houston orders the Alamo to be destroyed and artillery be removed When Bowie get to the Alamo he agreed with the people in San Antonio that it should not be destroyed and disobeys Houston
Why Chose to Defend Texans at the Alamo How Prepared strategically located along the Old San Antonio Road one of the first towns Santa Anna’s forces would meet Alamo and its artillery too important to destroy built up the Alamo walls placed 21 cannons along the Alamo walls built palisades from which to fight
William Barrett Travis was assigned to go to San Antonio James Bowie & William Travis began to recruit supports He was only able to recruit 29 soldiers and didn’t want to go to the mostly Tejano San Antonio. William B. Travis
Problems with Command Bowie and Travis did not get along. Both Bowie & Travis argued over who would be in command of the Alamo
Battle of the Alamo Feb. 23 – Mar. 6, 1836
Santa Anna Arrives Santa Anna’s army arrived 20 days after Travis on Feb the 23 rd. The Texans were totally surprised and rushed into the Alamo for safety. Bowie tried to parley (a discussion between enemies) for good terms of surrender with the Mexican army. This upset Travis who considered himself in charge.
After the Mexicans arrived on Feb 23 rd, they settled into a siege of the Alamo. They flew a red flag which meant no quarter. (no mercy, no prisoners) The Alamo Siege
Santa Anna demands that the Texans surrender Travis ordered a cannon to be fired at the Mexicans ending any hope of a peaceful ending… Texas & Mexico Meet
The fighting at the Alamo began on Feb. 24, 1836. The Mexican cannons bombarded the Alamo for hours, with very little Texas gun fire. The Texans were saving ammunition for a full attack.
The night of Feb. 24 th William Travis writes a Letter to recruit men to help at the Alamo “To the People of Texas & All the Americans in the World” William B. Travis
Travis sent his most famous letter on the second day of the siege: To The People of Texas and All Americans In The World -- February 24, 1836 Fellow citizens & compatriots -- I am besieged, by a thousand or more of the Mexicans under Santa Anna -- I have sustained a continual Bombardment & cannonade for 24 hours & have not lost a man -- The enemy has demanded a surrender at discretion, otherwise, the garrison are to be put to the sword, if the fort is taken -- I have answered the demand with a cannon shot, & our flag still waves proudly from the walls -- I shall never surrender or retreat. I call on you in the name of Liberty, of patriotism, & every thing dear to the American character, to come to our aid, with all dispatch -- The enemy is receiving reinforcements daily & will no doubt increase to three or four thousand in four or five days. If this call is neglected, I am determined to sustain myself as long as possible & die like a soldier who never forgets what is due to his own honor & that of his country -- VICTORY OR DEATH William Barret Travis Lt. Col. Comdt.
On March 5 th, Santa Anna decided to finally assault the Alamo. His generals were surprised. No Texan reinforcements had shown and the bombardment of the Mexican cannons was crumbling the Alamo walls. Why attack now?
Fierce Fighting March 6, 1836- The Texans were awaken by the Mexican army band playing “El Deguello.” (Cut Throat) The song meant take no prisoners and show no mercy. The full attack by the Mexican army started before dawn.
Results of the Alamo 1. Santa Anna believed that with his win at the Alamo it would send a warning to the Texans that he couldn’t be defeated. 2. To the Texans the Alamo became a symbol to fight Santa Anna at all cost. 3. To the Americans the Alamo became a symbol of courage that the Texans had. Soon the battle cry “Remember the Alamo” became famous to Texans.
Battle of the Alamo Summary Battle of the Alamo Feb. 23 – Mar. 6, 1836 Texans moved into the Alamo & for 13 days fought the Mexicans 1800 Mexican troops fought against about 189 Texans All Texans (except some women & children) were killed & about 600 Mexican soldiers were killed March 6, 1836 Fall of the Alamo