Presentation on theme: "What do these words have in common? And After Before Since But Although How Than Or As If Though Yet Because Once Until."— Presentation transcript:
What do these words have in common? And After Before Since But Although How Than Or As If Though Yet Because Once Until
What is a conjunction? Tell your neighbor what you think a conjunction is: ________________________
A CONJUNCTION is a word that joins words or groups of words. Some conjunctions, called coordinating conjunctions, link words or independent clauses. The giant and the troll gossiped about Rumpelstiltskin. The giant likes to eat honey and vinegar sandwiches. The dwarfs loved dancing on rooftops and singing to the stars. The elf ran home, for he had forgotten the map to the treasure. The queen promised to give Rumpelstiltskin a pardon, yet she smiled a cold and suspicious smile. Jack took the cow to town, and he sold it for five beans. Jack’s mother took the beans, but she was unhappy.
Other conjunctions are called subordinating conjunctions; they introduce clauses. Here are some subordinating conjunctions that introduce adverbial clauses: Time: after, as, before, since, until, when, whenever, while Cause/reason: as, because, since, whereas Purpose/result: that, in order that, so that Condition: although, even though, unless, if, provided that, while After the rain stopped, the giant jumped in the puddles. Because the troll ran out of money, he had to charge a toll on his bridge. So that she could continue to be the fairest in the land, the evil queen gave Snow White the apple. Although she foiled Rumpelstiltskin’s plans, the weaver’s daughter avoided straw-filled rooms for the rest of her life.
Another kind of conjunction is called a correlative conjunction. Correlative conjunctions are ALWAYS seen in pairs. Here are some common pairs of correlating conjunctions: Both… and Either… or Neither… nor Not only… but also Whether… or Both the Wizard of Oz and Harry Potter are characters from well-known books. Either the giant or the troll will be first in line at the mud pie eating contest. Neither the dwarfs nor the local doctor could awaken Briar Rose from her deep sleep. The elves brought not only moonbeam tea but also sweet ambrosia. The giant exclaimed, “Whether you’re ready or not, I’m coming to find you!” Using conjunctions allows you to keep from writing a bunch of short, choppy sentences. When you use conjunctions, you make your sentences more interesting, and you pull ideas together.
FANBOYS (the most common conjunctions) For And Nor But Or Yet So
Combining sentences with coordinating conjunctions: The evil queen went sailing. The troll went sailing. The evil queen and the troll went sailing. The elf bought roller skates. The dwarf bought a skateboard. The elf bought roller skates, and the dwarf bought a skateboard.
YOUR TURN! The mermaid dove deeply. Her sister chased after small fish. Baba Yaga lit the candles. Her cat slept in the corner. The elf smiled. She said nothing. Harry Potter phoned home. No one answered his call. The kind told the ogre, “You can stay. You can go home.”
Creating sentences with correlating conjunctions: Hercules, Hydra In their battle, either Hercules or the Hydra would survive. Icarus, his father Neither Icarus nor his father knew the wax that held the wings together would melt.
NOW YOU TRY! The third pig, the wolf Cinderella, her stepmother Giant, Jack