2Altered State of Consciousness Consciousness consists of all the sensations, perceptions, memories, and feelings you are aware of at any instant.Waking ConsciousnessAltered State of ConsciousnessOther causes of ASC is sensory overload, monotonous stimulation, unusual physical conditions, and sensory deprivation.
3Freud believed there to be four levels of consciousness NonconsciousPreconsciousSubconsciousUnconscious
5DaydreamingBecoming withdrawn from external environment. Submerged into a fantasy world.Why do we daydream?To make plans, worry, relieve boredom, personal fantasies, and evaluating activities
6Sleep is an innate biological rhythm that cannot be sidestepped. A microsleep is a brief shift in brain activity to brain activities normally recorded during sleep.
7Sleep Patterns: The normal range of sleep Short Sleepers- 8% of populationLong Sleepers- 8%Majority need 7-to 8- hours-per-night
8Stages of SleepTwo types of sleep were first labeled in 1953 by Eugene Asernisky. Reported that during sleep there were two distinct eye movementsREM-awaken, reported dreamsNREM-awaken, rarely reported dreamsNREM stages of sleep are called stages 1,2,3, and 4.REM sleep is called dream or active sleep
10The sleep cycle takes about 90 minutes The sleep cycle takes about 90 minutes. Complete around 5 cycles in an 8 hour sleep.
11REM SLEEPDuring dreaming, eye movement is the only part of body moving.REM behavioral Disorder is when individual is not paralyzed during REM Sleep.Sleepwalking occurs during NREM.
12Is Sleep Necessary?Six subjects deprived of sleep for 205 hrs. went through delusions and hallucinations. No long term effects were evident.Why we need sleepConserve energy, restore depleted resources, clear the mind
16Catholics (Inquisition) What do Dreams Mean?Depends on who you ask.Greeks (Aristotle)ChristiansMohammedCatholics (Inquisition)Native Martin LutherAmericans
17Our Culture on DreamsDreams have been adopted as a synonym for “ideal” or “perfect”.Dream MythsUniversal meaningsDreams can’t predict illness.All men’s dreams are sexual.Remembering your dreams is always helpful
19Why Do We dream?Mental ReprogrammingDealing with problemsExpression of unconsciousManifest contentlatent contentWhy do we do this? (#3)our dreams would be too upsetting or startling to get a good nights sleep.