Defining Human Spirituality The concept of spirituality escapes the confines of human language. -Higher consciousness-Faith -Transcendence -Self-reliance -Self-efficacy -Mysticism -Self-realization-Self-actualization-Community -Enlightenment-The Divine-Love -Others
Defining Human Spirituality (continued) Differentiate between spirituality and religion Inclusive Experiential Knowing you are part of something much bigger than yourself Recognition of the Divine, whatever that means to you Perennial philosophy
The Path of Carl Jung: Connecting with the Divine Consciousness “As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence is to kindle a light in the darkness of mere being.” —Carl G. Jung Conscious mind Unconscious mind Collective unconscious
The Path of M. Scott Peck: Four Stages of Spiritual Growth “Love is part of the journey of the human spirit. Remember that when you get to the fourth stage, the Mystical Communal stage, you are really only at the beginning.” —M. Scott Peck
The Path of Hildegard von Bingen: The Divine Mystery Twelfth century female Christian mystic Some things simply cannot be explained by science. It’s best to simply appreciate the bigger mystery of life.
Native American Medicine Wheel Path of Quiet Mental health through the lines of nature Path of Sun Respectful of self, all people, and environment Path of Introspection Soul searching to find balance Path of Peace Youth and wonder The Path of Black Elk: Mother Earth Spirituality
The Path of Matthew Fox: Creation Spirituality “I see the recovery of the ancient tradition of creation spirituality as a gift for our times. Perhaps ecology and cosmology can awaken our slumbering world and in doing so, awaken our slumbering spirits.” —Matthew Fox
The Path of Joan Borysenko: Spiritual Optimism “Growth of the soul is our goal, and there are many ways to encourage that growth, such as through love, nature, healing our wounds, forgiveness, and service. The soul grows well when giving and receiving love.” —Joan Borysenko
The Path of Deepak Chopra: Seven Universal Laws “Consciousness in motion expresses itself as the objects of the universe in the eternal dance of life.The physical laws of the universe are actually this whole process of divinity in motion, or consciousness in motion.” —Deepak Chopra
The Path of Jesus of Nazareth The power of unconditional love The power of forgiveness Honoring "The Golden Rule"
The Path of Joseph Campbell: The Hero’s Journey “We are at this moment participating in one of the very greatest leaps of the human spirit—to a knowledge not only of outside nature, but also our own deep inward mystery—the greatest leap ever.” —Joseph Campbell
The Path of Lao Tzu: The Way of the Tao “Why did the ancients cherish the Tao? Because through it, we may find a world of peace, leaving behind a world of cares, and hold the greatest treasure under heaven.” —Lao Tzu
The Path of Albert Einstein “God does not play dice with the Universe.” —Albert Einstein
Common Themes of Spirituality (Also known as “Seasons of the Soul”) –Centering (Autumn) –Emptying (Winter) –Grounding (Spring) –Connecting (Summer) We go through many seasons in one lifetime We can go through many seasons at once with several life events
A Model of Spirituality Wisdom keepers (psychospiritual theorists) cite four aspects of human spirituality: 1. Relationships -An insightful internal relationship -Powerful external (interpersonal) relationships 2. Values (personal value system) 3. A meaningful purpose in life 4. Appreciating the divine mystery of life
A Model of Spirituality (continued) Spiritual potential - the potential of one’s inner resources Spiritual health - the utilization of one’s inner resources Roadblocks on the spiritual path - everyday stressors Distractions on the spiritual path - attractions that become distractions Interventions to promote spiritual health - nearly every stress management skill
Importance of Spiritual Well-Being Ageless wisdom conveys that spiritual well- being is the cornerstone to wellness Stress and spirituality are inseparable partners in the dance of life Stress is now defined as the feeling of separation from one’s divine source As global stress increases, there is a greater need to reestablish this connection
Current Research on Spirituality and Health Health status and church attendance Healing power of prayer Note: Because spirituality is hard to define and difficult/impossible to measure, researchers have opted to measure aspects of religiosity, thus adding to the confusion of spirituality and religion.