Presentation on theme: "The Great Awakening Key Terms: revivals Great Awakening"— Presentation transcript:
1The Great Awakening Key Terms: revivals Great Awakening Chapter 5, Section 4Key Terms:revivals Great Awakening
2A Revival of Faith1730’s ministers tried to renew enthusiasm for religion through emotional and inspiring sermonsBegan holding revivals - public church gatherings where masses of people came to hear a sermon, usually in open fieldsGreat Awakening ’ ’s - unorganized and widespread movement of evangelical Christian sermons and church meetings.
3Jonathan Edwards Important leader of Great Awakening Dramatic sermons emphasized that sinners must ask forgiveness for their sins.
4George Whitefield Inspired many to join new evangelical movement British minister came to America in 1738Began a series of revivals in Georgia and VirginiaToured seven times through the South and New EnglandRevivals drew crowds of thousandsInspired many to join new evangelical movement
5Words of the Great Awakening Salvation could only be gained through the acceptance of God’s grace and confessionJonathan Edward’s 1741 sermon, “Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God”All people were born sinners, no matter what social statusWhitefield - explained that everyone has an equal chance to be saved
6New Beliefs“Old Lights” - Charles Chauncy- did not think the Great Awakening could awaken one’s spirituality and was an inappropriate way to gain salvation“New Lights” -Gilbert Tennet -published The Danger of an Unconverted Ministry - attacked the traditional “Old Lights”Presbyterian Church split into two groupsMiddle and Southern colonies tremendous growth
7Faith on the FrontierGreat Awakening swept west - itinerant preachers took message to small communitiesFew established churches - important to settlersConflict continued in the west
8Great Awakening and Society Attracted many classes and racesPoor and women frequently participatedAfrican Americans-acceptance and spiritual equality appealingPolitics - ministers communicated with one another and started to tradeLarge outdoor meetings place to discuss politics and social issues
9Outcome of Great Awakening Questioning church practices encouraged colonists to demand greater political equality.
10Focus Questions What was the message of the Great Awakening? How did the colonists respond to the Great Awakening?How did the Great Awakening help bring colonists together?