Four “Passing Sights” –Elderly man> old age –Diseased man> sickness} DESPAIR –Corpse > death –Hindu ascetic or mendicant> } HOPE (sannyasin) (sannyasin)
The Middle Way Rejection of extremes ofRejection of extremes of –Self-indulgence –Self-denial Balanced happiness inBalanced happiness in –Body –Mind –Spirit
Siddhartha’s Enlightenment During 3 watches of the night, Siddhartha perceives the truth of reality…During 3 watches of the night, Siddhartha perceives the truth of reality… Four Noble TruthsFour Noble Truths Becomes the “Buddha” (“Awakened One”)Becomes the “Buddha” (“Awakened One”)
“Taking Refuge” in the Three Jewels The Buddha (his example)The Buddha (his example) The Dharma (his teaching)The Dharma (his teaching) The Sangha (his community)The Sangha (his community)
Three Marks of Existence Anatta:“no-self” Anicca:“impermanence” Dukkha:“suffering”
3 Marks of Existence: Anatta Anatta:the “no-self” No ultimate reality within No essence underlying existence No eternal substratum that is truly real The essence of Buddhism… there is NO essence.
3 Marks of Existence: Anicca Anicca:“impermanence” Very closely related to anatta Reality is not static, but dynamic Reality/Life does not change, but IS change, flux, flow Image of river (“You cannot step into the same river twice” –Heraclitus)
3 Marks of Existence: Dukkha Dukkha: “suffering”, dissatisfaction, frustration, dislocation, longing, wanting… Natural result/ logical consequence of clinging to the impermanent as if it were permanent…
Samsara Literally, the “cycle of rebirth”, or reincarnation Originally a Hindu doctrine –Soul or “self” (atman) reborn –This liberation called moksha Problem in Buddhist teaching? “No-self” (anatta, an-atman)! Who/what is reincarnated?
Karma Moral law of cause and effect Karma is energy caused by action which produces an effect Analogies: flame, pebble in pond Possible problems with teaching? How we influence karma: morality…
The Sila (Precepts) Karma is action Positive moral action means good karma 5 Precepts for all; 10 for monks/nuns All retreatants “take the sila” or promise to abide by the 5 Precepts
The Four Noble Truths 1.To live is to suffer –Life in this world (samsara) is full throughout with dissatisfaction, etc. (dukkha) –Experience of things not being quite right, “out of joint”, in need of repair –ALL living is dukkha, whether pleasant or unpleasant… Why? –Dukkha, therefore, is unavoidable
The Four Noble Truths 1.To live is to suffer(dukkha). 2.Suffering is caused by desire(tanha). –Karma/cause and effect logic –Tanha= craving, greed, lust, hunger, thirst, selfishness –Like dukkha, tanha is unavoidable… the “self” simply will crave for itself
The Four Noble Truths 1.To live is to suffer(dukkha). 2.Suffering is caused by desire(tanha). 3.Suffering can be brought to cessation. –Suffering ends when desire ends. –Desire ends with the end of the one who desires… the self –I AMI WANT I SUFFER
The Four Noble Truths 1.To live is to suffer(dukkha). 2.Suffering is caused by desire(tanha). 3.Suffering can be brought to cessation. 4.The solution to suffering is the noble Eightfold Path. –A “rehab” program of moderation –Encompasses all areas of life
Essay Using at least 3 major Buddhist concepts/teachings, explain why a person could never be happy being a porn star.Using at least 3 major Buddhist concepts/teachings, explain why a person could never be happy being a porn star.