Presentation on theme: "CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 14 SCOTTISH PRESBYTERIANISM Greyfriars Bobby Two Reformations."— Presentation transcript:
CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 14 SCOTTISH PRESBYTERIANISM Greyfriars Bobby Two Reformations
First ReformationJohn Knox None but Christ saves Second ReformationDeath of Knox to Glorious Revolution (1572-1688) Erastianism Prelacy None but Christ reigns Any system in which the King (or whatever form of government it is) dominates the church.
ANGLICANPRESBYTERIAN KING GENERAL ASSEMBLY ARCHBISHOP Bishop Bishop Bishop REGIONAL SYNODS (made up of churches in area) LOCAL PRESBYTERIES (Groups of parish churches) CHURCH SESSIONS (ELDERS: Teaching & Ruling) Priest-Priest-Priest-Priest-Priest
For Christ’s Crown and Covenant I. Death of Knox (1572) to Restoration of Stuart King (1660) II. Restoration (1660) to Glorious Revolution (1688) “no bishop no King” Setting: James VI
Andrew Melville 1581 2 nd Book of Discipline jure divino Revealed by God There can be no other Jure humano In accord with the principles of God “ Sir, as divers times I have told you, so now again I must tell you, there are two kings and two kingdoms in Scotland: there is King James, the lord of this commonwealth, and there is Christ Jesus, the King of the Church, whose subject James the Sixth is, and of whose Kingdom he is not a king, nor a lord, nor a head, but a member.” 1607Exiled to tower of London d. 1622
Robert Bruce (1554-1631) St. Giles Brevity & Clarity Christ in life and death gain “I shall be short, by God’s grace” “By God’s grace, I shall be clear”
Kirk o’ Shotts June 21, 1630 John Livingstone Ezk. 36:25-26 Alexander Henderson “He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climeth up some other way, is a thief and a robber” “Then I will sprinkle clean water upon you and you shall be clean” “What a mercy it is that the Lord sifts that rain through these heavens on us and does not rain down fire and brimstone as he did upon Sodom and Gomorrah.” ca 1615 Communion service lead by Robert Bruce 500 + trace their conversion to that day!
Samuel Rutherford Letters Lex Rex (The Law is King) “Tell them that sent you that I have got a summons before at the superior judicatory” 1636 Exiled to Aberdeen 1643-49 Commissioner to Westminster Assembly “The Law is king-the law of God and the law of the land-is king” “Government is from God. The form of government is from the people. And everyone, including the king, must obey the law”
July 23, 1637St. Giles Jenny Geddes “Will you read that book in my lug?” “The picturesque legend of Jenny Geddes and her stool has almost attained the dignity of history” B.B. Warfield 1638National Covenant signed Churchyard at Greyfriars ‘That this our union and conjunction may be observed without violation, we call the LIVING GOD, THE SEARCHER OF OUR HEARTS, to witness, who knoweth this to be our sincere desire and unfeigned resolution, as we shall answer to Jesus Christ in the great day, and under the pain of God’s everlasting wrath, and of the infamy and loss of all honour and respect in this world: most humbly beseeching the LORD to strengthen us by HIS HOLY SPIRIT for this end, and to bless our desires and proceedings with a happy success; that religion and righteousness may flourish in the land, to the glory of GOD, the honour of our King, and peace and comfort of us all’, 1643Solemn League and Covenant “for the preservation of the Reformed religion in Scotland and the reformation of religion in Ireland and England” Commonwealth of 1650’s
II. Restoration (1660) to Glorious Revolution (1688) Charles II The deformation of the church ** There were good Anglican’s** Robert Leighton I Peter “truly heavenly” CHS Henry Scogal The Life of God in the soul of man Presbyterians Divided! “The Resolutioners” and “The Protestors” AccommodateStrict opposition“The Covenanters” Policy not Doctrine!
1661“OUTED” MINISTERS 1662300+ Went to the fields “Lord, cast the lap of thy cloak over us and we will keep it in remembrance what thou didst do for us at such a time as this” 1666 Defeat at Rullion Green 1679 Defeat at Bothwell Bridge 1684-85 “The Killing Times” “lived unknown til persecution dragged them into fame and pushed them up to heaven”
How do we view the Covenanters? Negative Positive “…be charitable to what was evil, and honest to what was good about (The Covenanters) who fought for life and liberty, for country and religion…”Robert Louis Stevenson “it stands to their credit that they alone had the courage to challenge the oppressive policies of the later Stuarts long before James II so antagonized all Britain as to bring on the Great Revolution of 1688” John T. McNeill History and Character of Calvinism “The Covenanters were the exact equivalent of the I.R.A. in Ireland. A small irreconcilable minority, and as bloodthirsty a crowd as ever disgraced a Christian nation.” Josephine Tey
The Glorious Revolution 1688 Toleration Act of 1689 1. Presbyterian Church established in Scotland 2. Reformed Presbyterian (Covenanter) tradition begins