Presentation on theme: "Analyze the causes of the Dutch Revolt against the Spanish Examine Queen Elizabeth I’s political and religious policies Determine the religious and political."— Presentation transcript:
Analyze the causes of the Dutch Revolt against the Spanish Examine Queen Elizabeth I’s political and religious policies Determine the religious and political causes of the Spanish Armada being launched against England Analyze effects of the defeat of the Spanish Armada
Why Why Who gets what land?
Ruled Spain…1556-1598 Previous stories w/Phil? Philip II’s most important characteristics… –________ Catholic… Another ruler inspired by… –Power-hungry One of the first –Absolute Monarchs –Divine Right Monarchs –“Most Catholic King”
Philip II also inherits a few problems that he won’t fix
Who led it? Why revolt? –think PER –How did Philip make things worse? 1581 = United Provinces… 1648 = ???
Think PERSIAGM = huge success
Ruled 1558-1603 –very similar to… How did she rule politically and religiously? Anglican Church Spectrum… Puritans’ impact? –Successes –failures
1.Gives $$$ to…(2) –Shows another similarity to Philip II
2.Encouraged English Pirates (Sea Dogs) to destroy and pillage Spanish ships –Sir Francis Drake sailed to Cadiz Harbor in April 1587. The Spanish fleet was there and he set fire to 37 ships belonging to Philip. –He boasted, “I have singed the King of Spain's beard”
Liz’s cousin…wants the crown Religiously… –so who supports her? (2) Mary under house arrest for 20 years (from 24 to 44) but still tries to kill Liz Liz has to execute her cousin and does February 1587 (2x – 7x)
Furious!!!! Pope Sixtus V gives Philip II his blessing to launch…
July-August 1588 Armada #’s –130 Ships (108 warships) –55,000 men Why do you need so many men? –1 Pope blessing British #’s –200 Ships (34 warships) Spain stops off in Spanish Netherlands first…English Channel Battle is second
Spanish ships took the long way home 2 low fronts from the Little Ice Age Huge waves and icy water in the North Sea was brutal. Many ships crashed on Scotland where the men were captured. 56 ships were destroyed in the storm. Other ships returned in bad shape 2/3rd of ships lost Storms killed more Spaniards than the battle
Some Spanish shipwrecks were not found…so…. –Some Spanish were not captured and instead blended into Irish and Scottish society –Spanish genes blended into Irish and Scottish
Who is devastated? Who is celebrating?
Who said it?Who said it? What does it mean?What does it mean? What does it imply?What does it imply?
Why? –Who goes ↑ Dutch England (Golden Age) and 1600s Empire –Who goes ↓ Spain slowly
1600-1700s Spain loses its naval superiority to England, France and Netherlands
Economic Decline –Declares Bankruptcy a few times –Spain’s $$$ drained where…(hmm) –By expelling Muslims and Jews… France and GB replaced Spain as the most powerful countries in Europe
Youtube Docs 2 + 3 –God Save the Queen (soccer) –God Bless America Ronan Tynan
Which documents displayed the strongest belief in divine assistance? –Armada Quote –God Save the Queen –God Bless America
“It is well known that we fight in God’s cause. So, when we meet the English, God will surely arrange matters so that we can grapple and board them, either by sending some strange freak of weather or, more likely, just be depriving the English of their wits. If we can come to close quarters Spanish valor and Spanish steel… will make our victory certain.”
"While the storm clouds gather far across the sea, Let us swear allegiance to a land that's free, Let us all be grateful for a land so fair, As we raise our voices in a solemn prayer. " God Bless America, Land that I love. Stand beside her, and guide her Thru the night with a light from above. From the mountains, to the prairies, To the oceans, white with foam God bless America, My home sweet home.
1 –God save our gracious Queen, –Long live our noble Queen, –God save the Queen: –Send her victorious, –Happy and glorious, –Long to reign over us: –God save the Queen. 2 –O Lord, our God, arise, –Scatter her enemies, –And make them fall. –Confound their politics, –Frustrate their knavish tricks, –On Thee our hopes we fix, –God save us all.