Presentation on theme: "Day 29+30 Objectives Analyze the causes of the Dutch Revolt against the Spanish Examine Queen Elizabeth I’s political and religious policies Determine."— Presentation transcript:
1 Day ObjectivesAnalyze the causes of the Dutch Revolt against the SpanishExamine Queen Elizabeth I’s political and religious policiesDetermine the religious and political causes of the Spanish Armada being launched against EnglandAnalyze effects of the defeat of the Spanish Armada
3 Charles V’s EmpireWhy Why Who gets what land?1556…
4 King Philip II Ruled Spain…1556-1598 Previous stories w/Phil? Philip II’s most important characteristics…________ Catholic…Another ruler inspired by…Power-hungryOne of the firstAbsolute MonarchsDivine Right Monarchs“Most Catholic King”
10 Elizabeth IRuledvery similar to…How did she rule politically and religiously?Anglican Church Spectrum…Puritans’ impact?Successesfailures
11 3 Reasons Why Liz becomes Philip’s enemy Gives $$$ to…(2)Shows another similarity to Philip II
12 Encouraged English Pirates (Sea Dogs) to destroy and pillage Spanish ships Sir Francis Drake sailed to Cadiz Harbor in April The Spanish fleet was there and he set fire to 37 ships belonging to Philip.He boasted, “I have singed the King of Spain's beard”
13 #3 = Mary Queen of Scots Liz’s cousin…wants the crown Religiously… so who supports her? (2)Mary under house arrest for 20 years (from 24 to 44) but still tries to kill LizLiz has to execute her cousin and does February 1587 (2x – 7x)
14 Reaction to Execution?Furious!!!! Pope Sixtus V gives Philip II his blessing to launch…
15 Spanish Armada July-August 1588 Armada #’s British #’s 130 Ships (108 warships)55,000 menWhy do you need so many men?1 Pope blessingBritish #’s200 Ships (34 warships)Spain stops off in Spanish Netherlands first…English Channel Battle is second
17 Bad Weather Spanish ships took the long way home 2 low fronts from the Little Ice AgeHuge waves and icy water in the North Sea was brutal.Many ships crashed on Scotland where the men were captured.56 ships were destroyed in the storm. Other ships returned in bad shape2/3rd of ships lostStorms killed more Spaniards than the battle
18 Black Irish? Some Spanish shipwrecks were not found…so…. Some Spanish were not captured and instead blended into Irish and Scottish societySpanish genes blended into Irish and Scottish
19 Europe’sReactionTo theArmada’sDefeat?Who is devastated?Who is celebrating?
20 “He blew with His winds and they were Scattered” Who said it? What does it mean?What does it imply?
21 1588 is a turning point in European history… Why? Who goes ↑ DutchEngland (Golden Age) and 1600s Empire Who goes ↓Spain slowly
22 Spain after the Armadas Spain loses its naval superiority to England, France and Netherlands
23 Spain in the 1600s Economic Decline Declares Bankruptcy a few timesSpain’s $$$ drained where…(hmm)By expelling Muslims and Jews…France and GB replaced Spain as the most powerful countries in Europe
24 Does “God” play sides Mini DBQ Youtube Docs 2 + 3 God Save the Queen (soccer)God Bless America Ronan TynanDoes “God”play sidesMini DBQ
25 Does “God” play sides Mini DBQ Which documents displayed the strongest belief in divine assistance?Armada QuoteGod Save the QueenGod Bless AmericaDoes “God”play sidesMini DBQ
26 Quote from Spanish Commander “It is well known that we fight in God’s cause. So, when we meet the English, God will surely arrange matters so that we can grapple and board them, either by sending some strange freak of weather or, more likely, just be depriving the English of their wits. If we can come to close quarters Spanish valor and Spanish steel… will make our victory certain.”
27 God Bless America"While the storm clouds gather far across the sea, Let us swear allegiance to a land that's free, Let us all be grateful for a land so fair, As we raise our voices in a solemn prayer. " God Bless America, Land that I love. Stand beside her, and guide her Thru the night with a light from above. From the mountains, to the prairies, To the oceans, white with foam God bless America, My home sweet home.
28 God Save The Queen 1 God save our gracious Queen, Long live our noble Queen,God save the Queen:Send her victorious,Happy and glorious,Long to reign over us:God save the Queen.2O Lord, our God, arise,Scatter her enemies,And make them fall.Confound their politics,Frustrate their knavish tricks,On Thee our hopes we fix,God save us all.GodSaveTheQueen