Presentation on theme: "U.S Government Unit C – Political Parties Chapter 5 / Section 3"— Presentation transcript:
1U.S Government Unit C – Political Parties Chapter 5 / Section 3 The Two-Party System in American History
2The Two-Party System in American History How did the United States’ political parties originate?What are the three major periods of single-party domination?What characterizes the current era of government?
3The Nation’s First Parties FederalistsLed by Alexander HamiltonRepresented wealthy and upper-class interestsFavored strong executive leadership and liberal interpretation of the ConstitutionAnti-FederalistsLed by Thomas JeffersonRepresented the “common man”Favored Congress as the strongest arm of government and a strict interpretation of the Constitution
4Our Relationship with Civil Government BP2.3.1 Realize that our calling is to unconditional submission but not unconditional obedience. We must disobey when we are asked to do something contrary to the Word of God.BP2.3.2 Carry out our calling to pray for those in authority over us. (I Timothy 2:1-4)BP2.3.3 Describe and participate in ways that a Christian may appeal to the “lesser magistrates” for reform and change in the government as well as use the courts and appeal processes in attempts to affect change, but never revolution.
5American Parties: Four Major Eras The Three Historical ErasThe Era of the Democrats, 1800—1860Democrats dominate all but two presidential elections.The Whig Party emerges in 1834, but declines by the 1850s, electing only two Presidents.The Republican Party is founded in 1854.The Era of the Republicans, 1860—1932Republicans dominate all but four presidential elections.The Civil War disables the Democratic Party for the remainder of the 1800s.The Return of the Democrats, 1932—1968Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President four times.
6American Parties: Parties Today The Start of a New Era: The Era of Divided GovernmentSince 1968, neither Republicans nor Democrats have dominated the presidency and Congress has often been controlled by the opposing party.1968–1976Republicans hold the presidencyCongress is controlled by Democrats1976–1980Democrats hold the presidencyCongress is controlled by Democrats1980–1992Republicans hold the presidencySenate controlled by Republicans , controlled by Democrats from 1986 to 19941992 – 2000Democrats hold the presidencyCongress controlled by Republicans, 1994 to presentRepublicans hold the presidencyCongress is controlled by Republicans
7God Holds Our Nation Accountable BP3.2.1 Notice how God condemns governments who become proud or boastful. (Jeremiah 46)BP3.2.2 Confess that God expect leaders to be honest and holds them responsible. (Hebrews 13:17)BP3.2.3 Realize that Nations are held accountable to God’s Law and not to the will of the majority. (Example: abortion)