Presentation on theme: "Air Masses and Weather Fronts. The study of weather is meteorology Someone who studies weather is called a meteorologist."— Presentation transcript:
Air Masses and Weather Fronts
The study of weather is meteorology Someone who studies weather is called a meteorologist
Air Pressure and Weather High Pressure = Heavy Air holds down water vapor = no clouds = Sunny Low Pressure = Light Air, water vapor rises = Lots of clouds and rain
AIR MASS: -a body of air with a certain temperature and moisture level. -Caused by where it formed.
Where’s the Jet Stream? What’s the air feel like at the letters? A B C D E F
C = Continental: the air came from over the land = air is DRY M = Maritime: the air came from over the ocean = air is WET P = Polar: the air came from near the poles = air is COLD T = Tropical: the air came from near the equator = air is HOT
Movement of Air Mass 1. Air masses are pushed around by global winds. The global winds above the U.S. always blow Northeast. 2. Air masses are also pushed around by the Jet Stream – Jet Stream= (fast moving stream of air over US) changes it’s pattern of movement each day. The movement of weather and air masses depends on Both of these factors.
Fronts Front is the space between the different air Mass. When air with different moisture/temp meet, the air within them doesn’t mix. At all fronts, warmer air gets pushed up Causing low pressure and clouds/rain. Normally have rain and Storms 4 Types of Fronts:
Warm Fronts The area was cold, then warm air moved in to that area. Warm Air Rises up to make clouds and light rain. Gets warmer. Direction front is moving
Cold Fronts The area was warm, then cold air moves in to that area. Causes lots of violent storms as air rises fast (thunderstorms and tornadoes) After front passes temperature gets cooler Direction front is moving
Stationary Fronts Warm and cold front run into each other. These fronts are stationary (don’t move) because they sit still for many days with light rain.
Occluded Fronts When a cold front (moving quickly) catches up to a warm front (moving slowly) Warm air is trapped between two bodies of cold air. Long periods of light rain. Colder after front passes. Direction front is moving
Quiz 1 Describe the weather in Chicago right now and how it will change over the next 2 days. Why? Chicago
Quiz 2: Describe the weather in Reno right now and how it will change over the next 2 days. Explain why. Reno
Quiz 3 1. What type of pressure is over Denver? 2. What type of pressure is over Charlotte? 3. Why are the local winds blowing in Vegas and Oklahoma city ?