Presentation on theme: "CHINA ’ S BOOMING ENERGY RELTIONS WITH AFRICA ippr conference ‘ The role of China in Africa ’ Wednesday 28 th June 2006, 9.30am – 5.35pm Canada House Trafalgar."— Presentation transcript:
CHINA ’ S BOOMING ENERGY RELTIONS WITH AFRICA ippr conference ‘ The role of China in Africa ’ Wednesday 28 th June 2006, 9.30am – 5.35pm Canada House Trafalgar Square 1 Cockspur Street, London, SW1 Wenran Jiang, Ph.D. Director, China Institute University of Alberta, Canada
Overview I. China’s growing appetite for energy II. China & Africa: Energy as a new focus III. Engaging Africa with Chinese characteristics IV. Questions for policy formation and research
I. China’s growing appetite for energy 1 st in foreign direct investment inflow 1 st in foreign trade to GDP radio 1 st in foreign currency reserve 2 nd largest energy consumer 2 nd largest energy producer 2 nd largest power market 2 nd largest CO2 emitter 3 rd largest oil importer 4 th largest economy Home to16 of 20 most polluted cities
China Energy and GDP Growth GDP in 2000 was 6.4 times the level of 1980, energy was 2.16. By 2005, while GDP is 57.3% above 2000 level, energy is 98% above. SOURCE: BP
Comparison of the Energy Demand Structure (by sector)
ChinaWorld Year1980199020002003 Coal72.276.2126.96.36.199 Oil20.716.624.622.737.3 NG188.8.131.52.823.9 Elec.4.05.16.87.412.3 Primary Energy Mix （％） Source: China Energy Research Society, Energy Policy Research, 2003.6
China oil use & production US, China & world oil use (SOURCE: NPR)
II. China & Africa: Energy as a new focus Most of China's foreign aid,totaling 7.5 billion yuan (US$950 million) last year, has gone to more than 50 African countries. Premier Wen claimed that China has offered Africa more than US$44 billion in aid over the past 50 years to finance 900 infrastructure projects. 2001 to 2005, China's trade with Africa increased 268 percent, slower only than the growth of China's trade with the Middle East in the same period (367 percent), but faster than China's trade growth with Latin America (238 percent), ASEAN (170 percent), European Union (184 percent) and North America (163 percent).
II. China & Africa: Energy as a new focus The seven countries on Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao's latest African itinerary -- Egypt, Ghana, the Republic of Congo, Angola, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda -- have a combined trade volume of over US$20 billion with China, or 50.6 percent of total China-Africa trade last year. In the first quarter of 2006, China's trade with these seven countries amounted to $6.56 billion dollars, a surge of 168.2 percent. Today, Africa supplies China with nearly a third of its oil imports.
III. Engaging Africa with Chinese characteristics 1. Willing to get into the "troubled zones" with bold investment and aid packages in exchange for energy 2. Committing large amounts of funding and labor for exploration and development rights in resource-rich countries 3. entering into joint-ventures with national governments, state-controlled energy companies or individual enterprises for long-term local presence 4. not taking into consideration particular concerns of the US or other Western countries when selecting energy cooperation partners, having a different set of standards on how to advance political reform and human rights in Africa
IV. Questions for policy formation and research 1. What is the nature of China ’ s global quest for energy? 2. Are all Chinese energy companies ’ activities a part of the Chinese state agenda? 3. Will China ’ s coming to Africa be different from old colonial powers? 4. What is a sound engagement strategy for China-Africa relations?
Thank you Dr. Wenran Jiang Director, China Institute University of Alberta 110D TELUS Centre 87 Ave. & 111 St. Edmonton, Alberta T7G 2R1 Tel. 780.492-9898 Fax. 780.492.8200 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org@ualberta.ca Website: www.china.ualberta.cawww.china.ualberta.ca