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Notes from Regional Videos

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1 Notes from Regional Videos

2 Pacific States All affected by Pacific Ocean
Largest US region - very spread out Includes the highest and lowest points in US - Mt. McKinley (Alaska) and Death Valley (California) Sierra Nevada & Cascade Mountains Wide variety of climates - part in Artic Circle, part very tropical

3 Pacific States Puget Sound & Columbia River
Sugar cane, pineapples, bananas, coconuts, coffee (Hawaii) Hightech equipment, software, aircrafts, satelites, movie industry (Calif.) Tourism, Timber/lumber/paper, Fishing Used to have a lot of gold - now oil Very diverse cultural groups - many Asian-americans, Latin-americans

4 Mountain States Rocky Mountains
Canyons, deserts, plains, forests, rivers 1/4 of all land area but smallest # of people Dry climate & High mountains have major impact on where people live & the products the region can grow/make Tourism/Recreation very important to region Yellowstone National Park - Old Faithful (Gyser) & Grand Canyon Colorado, Snake, Missouri Rivers

5 Mountain States Continental Divide marks the split between rivers flowing to Pacific & those flowing to Atlantic/Gulf Gold, Silver, Copper, Uranium important Agriculture limited by extremes of hot summers & cold winters, dry climate, rocky soil Wheat, potatoes, sugar beets Cattle for meat & sheep important since grass grows almost everywhere Hoover Dam on Colorado River forms Lake Meade

6 Mountain States Rich Native American Heritage - some still live there
Oregon Trail went through area Great Basin - low land and VERY dry area between Rocky Mts and Sierra Nevada/Cascade Mts. Salt Lake in Utah Tourism important here (skiing/hiking in mts, Las Vegas, etc) Lumber, agriculture, mining, & tourism are top 4 industries

7 Get Ready!! Crayons Regional Map Packet Atlas/Map if you need Pencil
Everything else on the floor

8 Midwest (Great Lakes) & Great Plains States:
Called the “Heartland” - Central location, importance to the US (Region supplies large amounts of food to entire US) Mostly flat rolling lands with low hills but no mountains - flat treeless lands called plains Great Lakes & 3 biggest US rivers are in this region - Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio Tools, appliances, automobiles, planes made here Agriculture is HUGE - plenty of rain, moderate temperatures, good soil Wheat (“Wheat belt”), Corn “Corn Belt”, beef, dairy products (“America’s dairy lands”), poultry, numerous vegetables

9 Midwest (Great Lakes) & Great Plains States:
Many people have Native American heritage, some still live the traditional Native American life. Many other ethnic groups - immigrants from all over the world - Scandinavia, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, and many others…just about everywhere! This region is a very important Farming & Manufacturing center Good Transportation (highways, railroads, river travel) Abundant natural resources Conveniently located to most of US Excellent transportation: Rivers to transport food products grown here to all over US. Flat lands made building RR easier.

10 Midwest (Great Lakes) & Great Plains States:
Mining Iron Ore (70% of all iron mined in US) to Forging Steel to Manufacturing Automobiles..transported all over the world Also Mining: Coal, Zinc, Copper, Lead, Uranium, Petroleum, Natural Gas, Gold (in South Dakota) History: Abraham Lincoln, Wright Brothers, Mark Twain, Henry Ford, Industrial Centers - usually located on waterways.

11 Midwest (Great Lakes) & Great Plains States:
Wisconsin Dells, Ozark Mountains, foothills of Rocky Mts., Sand dunes, Great Lakes, and thousands of lakes, streams, rivers Tourism: Fishing, camping, hiking Chief Crazyhorse & Mt. Rushmore carvings Nation’s Heartland, Breadbasket, Industrial Belt - Very important to US Economy Many modern cities Agriculture, Trade around the world, Commerce

12 Middle Atlantic States
Diverse - many big cities and many scenic natural areas Atlantic Ocean, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, St. Lawrence Seaway, Niagara River & Falls (from Erie to Ontario) Tourism very important Numerous rivers, bays, waterways many towns grew along banks easy transportation (on of the regions it is so populated and important to the US) Mountains, Rivers, Bays - combine make for an excellent transportation Chesapeake Bay, Delaware Bay, New York Bay - Rivers fan into the country from the bay meaning that boats can get quite far

13 Middle Atlantic States
Good farming Hudson River, Mohawk River, Monongahela River, Erie Canal - connect Lake Erie to Hudson River Railroads Easy Transportation makes Mid-Atlantic important to industries and well populated, also financial capital of the world

14 Middle Atlantic States
Many Different Ethnic groups have immigrated here from - Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America, Caribbean, Ireland, and others Partly because of Ellis Island in Hudson Bay where many were processed to become American New York, Washington DC, and many other very large and very important urban (city) areas. Philadelphia, PA - “Birthplace of the Nation” Major Harbors & large rivers lead to many major ports being built - Baltimore (Chesapeake Bay)

15 Middle Atlantic States
Gently rolling farm fields: Many Fruits & Veggies taken to close cities, also used for canning - Grapes (Wine), Apples Amish cultural group (German heritage) Some areas are in Lowlands, others in Mountains Different parts of Appalachian Mountain Range have different names: Pocono/ Allegheny/ Blue Ridge/ Catskill/ Adirondacks - (None are very tall)

16 Middle Atlantic States
Since region stretches quite far North and South - Climate Varies - Northern areas get pretty cold in winters and have cool/comfortable summers - Southern areas get pretty warm in summer but are pretty mild in winter. Wilderness area, small towns, mountainous areas take up a large area, but most people think of city areas of factories and businesses. Good transportation and central location means that businesses and food-growers can trade with other areas of US and other countries more easily.

17 New England States This region was the first area to be settled
Long Island Sound Rugged rocky shores along coast of Atlantic Ocean Some beautiful sandy beaches = Tourism Cape Cod Sea = survival & employment : Lobsters,, oysters, fishing, shipbuilding, industries to provide supplies for shipbuilding Pleasure boating, whaling - Economy dependent on sea Numerous rivers, bays, ports, harbors, Longest = Connecticut river valley area around has it are rich soil for farming

18 New England States There are wet lowlands, rolling hills, and highlands (mountain areas) Appalachian Mountain Range with these names for different parts - White Mountains, Green Mountains Tourism - Winter skiing Forests important to economy - wood pulp for paper making Climate - cooler than rest of US, Longer winters, shorter summers Agriculture - Dairy Farming, Potatoes, Cranberries (in bogs/low wetlands), Apples

19 New England States Lots of small towns - Use “town meeting” of all citizens to vote for solutions to problems Plenty of larger cities too (where most people live) - Boston (MA), Portland (Maine) Most people employed in - Educations, real estate, finance, insurance, healthcare, government Cultures: Somewhat diverse due to immigrants coming on ships often stayed in this area - especially Italian & Irish

20 New England States History:
Harvard University - the first college in U.S. Pilgrims established 1st English Settlement here, Salem Witch Trials, many famous authors from here, Boston Tea Party, Very important area to Revolutionary War, and Civil War Rocky Soil makes farming very hard Sea: Whale oil used to be used for lanterns = whale hunting…now whale watching not killing Islands: Nantucket, Martha’s Vineyard

21 Southwest (South central) States
Mountains, deserts, plains, rivers, fertile farmland 16 major rivers & hundreds of lakes - some artificial from dams built on rivers Used to belong to Mexico/claimed by Spain - still heavily influence the areas music, architecture, language, food Many Native Americans still live here From lowlands to Rocky Mountains

22 Southwest (South central) States
Two major rivers Rio Grande - border between US (Texas) and Mexico Red River - Oklahoma and Texas border Source of water for homes, industries, & agriculture Cotton, watermelons, cabbages, spinach, corn, peanuts, onions, wheat, beef cattle and other livestock Can get extremely hot/dry in some areas, hot/humid in other areas, but some areas have very cold winters. Some areas only cactuses & sand, other areas have thick forests

23 Southwest (South central) States
Most people used to live in rural areas but now 70% of population are now living in cities Still some pueblo villages where people live in the traditional ways Culturally - mostly Latin-American, Native American backgrounds, now somewhat more diverse due to immigration of people looking to work on farms, in mines, etc. Space program centered here 1st residents here were cave dwellers - believed to be some of first residents in North America Some more recent Native Americans were forced to move here on Trail of Tears Battle of Alamo - fought to gain independence from Mexico/Spain Railroads, mining, and oil VERY important in history and now Ships, aircraft, weapons & nuclear research, transportation equipment, cosmetics (make-up), plastics, metals, cotton, and pharmaceuticals (medicines)

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