2Pacific States All affected by Pacific Ocean Largest US region - very spread outIncludes the highest and lowest points in US - Mt. McKinley (Alaska) and Death Valley (California)Sierra Nevada & Cascade MountainsWide variety of climates - part in Artic Circle, part very tropical
3Pacific States Puget Sound & Columbia River Sugar cane, pineapples, bananas, coconuts, coffee (Hawaii)Hightech equipment, software, aircrafts, satelites, movie industry (Calif.)Tourism, Timber/lumber/paper, FishingUsed to have a lot of gold - now oilVery diverse cultural groups - many Asian-americans, Latin-americans
4Mountain States Rocky Mountains Canyons, deserts, plains, forests, rivers1/4 of all land area but smallest # of peopleDry climate & High mountains have major impact on where people live & the products the region can grow/makeTourism/Recreation very important to regionYellowstone National Park - Old Faithful (Gyser) & Grand CanyonColorado, Snake, Missouri Rivers
5Mountain StatesContinental Divide marks the split between rivers flowing to Pacific & those flowing to Atlantic/GulfGold, Silver, Copper, Uranium importantAgriculture limited by extremes of hot summers & cold winters, dry climate, rocky soilWheat, potatoes, sugar beetsCattle for meat & sheep important since grass grows almost everywhereHoover Dam on Colorado River forms Lake Meade
6Mountain States Rich Native American Heritage - some still live there Oregon Trail went through areaGreat Basin - low land and VERY dry area between Rocky Mts and Sierra Nevada/Cascade Mts.Salt Lake in UtahTourism important here (skiing/hiking in mts, Las Vegas, etc)Lumber, agriculture, mining, & tourism are top 4 industries
7Get Ready!! Crayons Regional Map Packet Atlas/Map if you need Pencil Everything else on the floor
8Midwest (Great Lakes) & Great Plains States: Called the “Heartland” - Central location, importance to the US (Region supplies large amounts of food to entire US)Mostly flat rolling lands with low hills but no mountains - flat treeless lands called plainsGreat Lakes & 3 biggest US rivers are in this region - Mississippi, Missouri, OhioTools, appliances, automobiles, planes made hereAgriculture is HUGE - plenty of rain, moderate temperatures, good soilWheat (“Wheat belt”), Corn “Corn Belt”, beef, dairy products (“America’s dairy lands”), poultry, numerous vegetables
9Midwest (Great Lakes) & Great Plains States: Many people have Native American heritage, some still live the traditional Native American life.Many other ethnic groups - immigrants from all over the world - Scandinavia, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, and many others…just about everywhere!This region is a very important Farming & Manufacturing centerGood Transportation (highways, railroads, river travel)Abundant natural resourcesConveniently located to most of USExcellent transportation: Rivers to transport food products grown here to all over US. Flat lands made building RR easier.
10Midwest (Great Lakes) & Great Plains States: Mining Iron Ore (70% of all iron mined in US) to Forging Steel to Manufacturing Automobiles..transported all over the worldAlso Mining: Coal, Zinc, Copper, Lead, Uranium, Petroleum, Natural Gas, Gold (in South Dakota)History: Abraham Lincoln, Wright Brothers, Mark Twain, Henry Ford,Industrial Centers - usually located on waterways.
11Midwest (Great Lakes) & Great Plains States: Wisconsin Dells, Ozark Mountains, foothills of Rocky Mts., Sand dunes, Great Lakes, and thousands of lakes, streams, riversTourism: Fishing, camping, hikingChief Crazyhorse & Mt. Rushmore carvingsNation’s Heartland, Breadbasket, Industrial Belt - Very important to US EconomyMany modern citiesAgriculture, Trade around the world, Commerce
12Middle Atlantic States Diverse - many big cities and many scenic natural areasAtlantic Ocean, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, St. Lawrence Seaway, Niagara River & Falls (from Erie to Ontario)Tourism very importantNumerous rivers, bays, waterwaysmany towns grew along bankseasy transportation (on of the regions it is so populated and important to the US)Mountains, Rivers, Bays - combine make for an excellent transportationChesapeake Bay, Delaware Bay, New York Bay - Rivers fan into the country from the bay meaning that boats can get quite far
13Middle Atlantic States Good farmingHudson River, Mohawk River, Monongahela River,Erie Canal - connect Lake Erie to Hudson RiverRailroadsEasy Transportation makes Mid-Atlantic important to industries and well populated, also financial capital of the world
14Middle Atlantic States Many Different Ethnic groups have immigrated here from - Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America, Caribbean, Ireland, and othersPartly because of Ellis Island in Hudson Bay where many were processed to become AmericanNew York, Washington DC, and many other very large and very important urban (city) areas.Philadelphia, PA - “Birthplace of the Nation”Major Harbors & large rivers lead to many major ports being built - Baltimore (Chesapeake Bay)
15Middle Atlantic States Gently rolling farm fields: Many Fruits & Veggies taken to close cities, also used for canning - Grapes (Wine), ApplesAmish cultural group (German heritage)Some areas are in Lowlands, others in MountainsDifferent parts of Appalachian Mountain Range have different names: Pocono/ Allegheny/ Blue Ridge/ Catskill/ Adirondacks - (None are very tall)
16Middle Atlantic States Since region stretches quite far North and South - Climate Varies - Northern areas get pretty cold in winters and have cool/comfortable summers - Southern areas get pretty warm in summer but are pretty mild in winter.Wilderness area, small towns, mountainous areas take up a large area, but most people think of city areas of factories and businesses.Good transportation and central location means that businesses and food-growers can trade with other areas of US and other countries more easily.
17New England States This region was the first area to be settled Long Island SoundRugged rocky shores along coast of Atlantic OceanSome beautiful sandy beaches = TourismCape CodSea = survival & employment : Lobsters,, oysters, fishing, shipbuilding, industries to provide supplies for shipbuildingPleasure boating, whaling - Economy dependent on seaNumerous rivers, bays, ports, harbors,Longest = Connecticut rivervalley area around has it are rich soil for farming
18New England StatesThere are wet lowlands, rolling hills, and highlands (mountain areas)Appalachian Mountain Range with these names for different parts - White Mountains, Green MountainsTourism - Winter skiingForests important to economy - wood pulp for paper makingClimate - cooler than rest of US, Longer winters, shorter summersAgriculture - Dairy Farming, Potatoes, Cranberries (in bogs/low wetlands), Apples
19New England StatesLots of small towns - Use “town meeting” of all citizens to vote for solutions to problemsPlenty of larger cities too (where most people live) - Boston (MA), Portland (Maine)Most people employed in - Educations, real estate, finance, insurance, healthcare, governmentCultures: Somewhat diverse due to immigrants coming on ships often stayed in this area - especially Italian & Irish
20New England States History: Harvard University - the first college in U.S.Pilgrims established 1st English Settlement here,Salem Witch Trials,many famous authors from here,Boston Tea Party,Very important area to Revolutionary War, and Civil WarRocky Soil makes farming very hardSea: Whale oil used to be used for lanterns = whale hunting…now whale watching not killingIslands: Nantucket, Martha’s Vineyard
21Southwest (South central) States Mountains, deserts, plains, rivers, fertile farmland16 major rivers & hundreds of lakes - some artificial from dams built on riversUsed to belong to Mexico/claimed by Spain - still heavily influence the areas music, architecture, language, foodMany Native Americans still live hereFrom lowlands to Rocky Mountains
22Southwest (South central) States Two major riversRio Grande - border between US (Texas) and MexicoRed River - Oklahoma and Texas borderSource of water for homes, industries, & agricultureCotton, watermelons, cabbages, spinach, corn, peanuts, onions, wheat, beef cattle and other livestockCan get extremely hot/dry in some areas, hot/humid in other areas, but some areas have very cold winters.Some areas only cactuses & sand, other areas have thick forests
23Southwest (South central) States Most people used to live in rural areas but now 70% of population are now living in citiesStill some pueblo villages where people live in the traditional waysCulturally - mostly Latin-American, Native American backgrounds, now somewhat more diverse due to immigration of people looking to work on farms, in mines, etc.Space program centered here1st residents here were cave dwellers - believed to be some of first residents in North AmericaSome more recent Native Americans were forced to move here on Trail of TearsBattle of Alamo - fought to gain independence from Mexico/SpainRailroads, mining, and oil VERY important in history and nowShips, aircraft, weapons & nuclear research, transportation equipment, cosmetics (make-up), plastics, metals, cotton, and pharmaceuticals (medicines)