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United Nations Mission in Liberia MISSION BRIEF. Bushrod Ablaze July 2003: Monrovia in flames.

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Presentation on theme: "United Nations Mission in Liberia MISSION BRIEF. Bushrod Ablaze July 2003: Monrovia in flames."— Presentation transcript:

1 United Nations Mission in Liberia MISSION BRIEF

2 Bushrod Ablaze July 2003: Monrovia in flames

3 Child Soldier Battle for Monrovia June-August 2003

4 KEY DATES  1 August: Security Council Resolution 1497 authorizes multinational force and future UN stabilization force  4 August: Deployment of ECOMIL vanguard force  11 August: Charles Taylor hands over presidency to Moses Blah

5  18 August: Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in Accra, Ghana  19 September: Security Council Resolution 1509 establishes UN Mission in Liberia  1 October: Day One of UNMIL, ECOMIL troops “rehatted” as UN peacekeepers  14 October: National Transitional Government of Liberia (NTGL) takes office and National Transitional Legislative Assembly (NTGA) sworn in

6 UNMIL Day One - 1 October 2003

7 Inauguration of NTGL 14 October 2003 Chairman Bryant and former President Blah Presidents Kufuor and Obasanjo with SRSG Klein Obasanjo with SRSG Klein Chairman Bryant takes oath of office Vice Chairman Wesley Johnson takes oath Wesley Johnson takes oath

8 UNMIL LEADERSHIP Jacques Paul Klein Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Coordinator of UN Operations in Liberia Abou Moussa Deputy Special Representative Souren Seraydarian Deputy Special Representative

9 UNMIL LEADERSHIP Lt. Gen. Daniel I. Opande Force Commander Mark A. Kroeker Police Commissioner Savitri Butchey Director of Administration

10 UN Family in Liberia UNMIL WHO UNHCR WFP OCHA UN-HABITAT

11 UNMIL MANDATE Operating under Chapter VII: SUPPORT  Ceasefire Agreement  Humanitarian Assistance/Human Rights  Support for Security Reform PROTECT  United Nations Staff  Facilities  Civilians

12 UNMIL Mandate Implementation Consists of eight goals:  Peace and security  Disarmament and Demobilization  Rehabilitation and Reintegration of combatants  Establish rule of law, including judiciary and corrections  Establish safeguards for human rights  Restoration of state authority  Provision of factual information through public media campaigns  Coordination of UN agencies for humanitarian assistance

13 PEACE AND SECURITY UNMIL FORCE Nigerian Contingent Ghanaian Contingent

14 LURD combatants

15 Ex-Armed Forces of Liberia soldiers

16 MODEL checkpoint

17 Military Forces - Authorized 15,000 14,131 - Current 13,841 14, FHQ SO MILOBSTOTAL SECTORTROOPS Civilian Staff International National Current Strength 389 Plus 367 Contracts pending

18 Troop contributing countries BangladeshBeninBoliviaBrazilChinaCroatia Czech Rep. DenmarkEcuador El Salvador EgyptEthiopiaFinlandFranceGambiaGhana Guinea Bissau Indonesia IrelandJordanKenyaKoreaMalawiMalaysiaMaliMoldovaNamibiaNepalNetherlandsNigerNigeriaPakistan ParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandRomaniaRussiaSenegalSerbia/Montenegro South Africa SwedenTogoUkraine United Kingdom United States Zambia Total authorized 15,000 Total in country 14,131

19 COMBAT FORCES FORCE HQ RESERVE 1 Combined Battalion IrelandMechanized SwedenArmored SECTOR 1 Nigeria - 2 Infantry Battalions (partly mechanized)* West African Composite - 1 Motorized Battalion SECTOR 2 Pakistan - 2 Infantry Battalions (partly mechanized) Namibia - 1 Infantry Battalion (partly mechanized) SECTOR 3 Bangladesh – 3 Infantry Battalions (partly mechanized) SECTOR 4 Ethiopia – 2 Motorized Battalions * Partly mechanized = 2 motor & 2 mechanized companies

20 FORCE HQJordan - Level Three Hospital Philippines - Headquarters Company Bangladesh - Engineering Company Ukraine - Aviation Unit Nepal - Military Police Company Pakistan - Road & Airfield Maintenance Company People’s Republic of China - Transportation Company SECTOR 1Pakistan - Engineering Company SECTOR 2Pakistan - Level Two Hospital Engineering Company SECTOR 3Bangladesh - Level Two Hospital Engineering Company SECTOR 4People’s Republic of China - Level Two Hospital Engineering Company SUPPORT UNITS

21 UNMIL PEACEKEEPER DEPLOYMENTS

22

23 284 Combat Vehicles 14 Helicopter Gunships

24 Disarmament, Demobilization, Rehabilitation and Reintegration (DDRR)  DDRR begun in December 2003 at Camp Schieffelin for former Government of Liberia (ex-GoL) combatants  Combatants disarmed 13,192  Weapons collected 8,679  Ammunition collected 2,018,669

25 DDRR Program launch  Special Representative of the Secretary General Jacques Paul Klein destroys weapons at ceremonial launch of DDRR program on 1 December 2003  NTGL Chairman Gyude Bryant addresses opening of Camp Schieffelin DDRR site on 7 December 2003

26 Disarmament Camp Schieffelin December 2003

27 Nationwide information campaign to educate combatants and communities on DDRR

28 Voinjama: Gen. Sheriff Cobra (LURD), Gen. Varmuya Sheriff (ex-GOL), Gen. William Bearlar (MODEL) and Gen. Patrick Bowah (LURD) on UNMIL DDRR information campaign

29 Resumption of DDRR 15 April 2004  4 cantonment and 4 disarmament sites in Gbarnga, Tubmanburg, Monrovia, and Buchanan  5 more cantonment sites to be completed for LURD, MODEL, ex-GOL

30 Disarmament and Demobilization 15 April 2004

31 Registration and Encampment 15 April 2004

32 DESTROYEDCOLLECTED 11,49011,490Ammo(explosives) 3,805,1183,805,118Ammo (small arms) 8,252 * to restart 15 June 15,343Weapons 34,328 ex-combatants disarmed

33 Rehabilitation and Reintegration International Contributions US Agency for International Development  Women and Children Rehabilitation program $15 million, 3 years Target: 10,000 women and children  Liberia Community Infrastructure Program $27.9 million, 3 years Target: 10,000 ex-combatants and 10,000 others  Youth Reintegration Training and Education for Peace Program (YRTEP) Vocational, Apprenticeship, Education $5 million, 2 years Target: 5 million young people

34 Rehabilitation and Reintegration Programmes DDRR Trust Fund  28 RR proposals for trades training programmes for 35,200 ex-combatants  UNICEF-7000 child ex-combatants into community education programmes  Formal education programmes in Monrovia and in counties being reviewed and assessed for intake of ex-combatants in partnership with the Ministry of Education

35 Rule of Law  Civilian Police  Judiciary  Corrections  Human Rights

36 UNMIL CIVILIAN POLICE Current strength: 750 out of an authorized strength of 1,115, including 240 members of the Formed Police Units

37 UNMIL CIVILIAN POLICE Contributing Countries Bangladesh Bosnia-Herzegovina China Czech Rep. Fiji Gambia Ghana Jordan (FPU) Malawi Namibia Nepal (FPU) Niger Nigeria Norway Pakistan Philippines Poland Russia Samoa Senegal Serbia-Montenegro Sri Lanka Sweden Turkey Ukraine Uruguay United States Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Total authorized 1,115 Total in country 725 (including 10 Corrections officers)

38 CIVPOL Tasks  Monitoring and mentoring the Liberian National Police (LNP)  Co-locating with LNP personnel  Restructuring Police Sector  Establishing a new Police Service

39 CIVPOL Training  Interim police training, while planning proceeds for a restructured national police service  Jordanian Formed Police Unit demonstrating riot control techniques  5 May - Recruitment campaign for new police service starts

40 Judiciary  Assess judicial system  Train judges, prosecutors and lawyers  Re-establish courts  Co-location of UNMIL judicial advisors in the courts/Ministry of Justice  Monitoring of criminal/civil trials

41 Corrections  Recruit and train staff for the Liberian Correctional System  Review and revise penal legislation  Improve policies and procedures to reflect international guidelines and human rights standards  Reform organizational structure  Build a long-range corrections development plan with the assistance of key international and national stakeholders

42 Human Rights and Protection Established/Assist  Independent Human Rights Commission  Truth and Reconciliation Commission Protect  Vulnerable Groups  Children and Women

43 Restoration of State Authority  Strategies for return of civil administration, county officials, district officers and traditional chiefs around the country  Committees to resolve disputes at local level arising from occupation or possession of properties Mayoress of Ganta

44 UN Civilian Presence

45 Provision of factual information through public media campaigns  24-hour FM radio capability established  Nationwide DDRR information campaign  Public education on Mission mandate, security and law enforcement awareness and humanitarian assistance  Voter education  Local media capacity-building

46 UNMIL Radio 91.5FM  Broadcasts 24 hours a day, seven days a week  News and information on the peace process  Sensitization of public opinion on DDRR  Voter education on forthcoming elections  Signal currently has the farthest reach of any radio station in Liberia  Coverage will be nationwide

47 Media Development  Free media environment established  25 newspapers publishing  8 FM radio stations  Community radio  2 Monrovia-based television stations

48 Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance  Expansion of humanitarian relief activities by UN agencies and non-governmental organizations  Relief assistance to refugees, IDPs and host communities  More than 50 joint assessment missions by UN agencies and NGOs to locations all over Liberia  WFP feeds 600,000 persons per day in Liberia 316,000 Internally Displaced Persons 284,000 Vulnerable Groups

49  Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and refugees beginning to return home  17,600 returnees have come back from Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana since November 2003

50 Liberia Demographic Statistics (estimated) Population 3.3 million Population under age of 15 years - 44% Ethnic- 95% Indigenous African (16 Ethnic Groups) 5% Americo-Liberians Religion Traditional Animist Christian Muslim Literacy Rate (Average) 37% Men 50% Women 24%

51  Life Expectancy - 48 years  Infant Mortality per 1000 live births  HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate - 8.2%  Population with access to acceptable standards Sanitation - 40% Drinking water – 26%  Estimated war-related deaths since 1989 – 250,000 (50% civilian) Health Statistics (estimated)

52 Economic Statistics (estimated)  Unemployment - 85%  Population below Poverty line - 75%  Literacy - 37%  National Debt - $2.8 billion  Arrears $2.8 billion ($650 mil. - World Bank, $400 mil.- IMF)

53 Refugee and IDP Statistics  Internally Displaced Persons 500,000 (estimated) 230,000 in the camps (UNHCR)  Refugees 57,000 (in Liberia) 40,000 S. Leoneans 17,000 Ivorians  Liberian Refugees - 354,230 (UNHCR) Ghana - 42,388 Sierra Leone - 67,162 Cote d’Ivoire - 67,149 Gambia Guinea - 170,832 Nigeria - 6,000

54 Returning refugees

55 Reconstruction  Liberia Reconstruction Conference 5-6 February 04 Initiated by UNMIL to address Liberia’s short to medium-term reconstruction and development needs  US$520 million pledged

56 Back to School  622,000 children  20,000 teachers  3,700 schools  Since June 2003 over 1.24 million children under 15 years of age immunized against measles “Back to School” campaign launched by UNICEF providing basic equipment and supplies including 7,275 School-in-a-box kits for:

57 Rehabilitation of infrastructure UNMIL Quick-Impact Projects 97 projects undertaken, 30 completed totalling over US$1 million Addressing emergency needs in rehabilitation of infrastructure, building of basic institutions and functioning of public services and utilities

58 Recovery  Life returns to normal  Children attend newly opened schools  Hospitals and clinics are operating  Economic activity is resuming  Electricity and water supply has been restored to parts of Monrovia

59 UNMIL Bringing Hope for Tomorrow


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