Presentation on theme: "THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF GREAT BRITAIN. THE ROLE OF PARLIAMENT AND QUEEN."— Presentation transcript:
THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF GREAT BRITAIN. THE ROLE OF PARLIAMENT AND QUEEN.
Active Vocabulary Monarch monarchy democracy parliament parliamentary political government constitutional Monarch monarchy democracy parliament parliamentary political government constitutional
Active Vocabulary To appoint to revise to examine To appoint to revise to examine To vote to sign to pass To vote to sign to pass To make laws to make a bill To make laws to make a bill To elect to delay To elect to delay
Active Vocabulary Authorities executive power Authorities executive power A House a chamber majority A House a chamber majority Legislative Cabinet a minister Legislative Cabinet a minister An opposition a department An opposition a department
THE HISTORY OF THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT PRESENTATION
Parliament included elected representatives from urban and rural areas.
The power of English monarch increased. The Tudor dynasty ( ) established a system of government which strongly depended on the monarch. Parliament was split into two houses.
Parliament established its supremacy over the monarchy in Britain.
18th century - the Scottish Parliament joined with the English and the Welsh Parliament.
19th century - Britain controlled the biggest Empire in the world. The Empire was wade up of Ireland, Canada, Australia, India and large parts of Africa. Britain was the greatest economic power.
20th century. Women struggled for their rights. In the Parliament the Labour party replaced the liberals. The Trade Union Congress was the most powerful political force outside the institutions of government.
Monarchy The Queen Parliament The House of Commons The House of Lords The Prime Minister MPs
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY PRESENTATION
It is short form for Members of Parliament who the House of Commons consists of. MPs are elected at a general election or at a by-election.
The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons and the Queen as its head. A new bill is introduced and debated in the House of Commons. Then a bill goes to the House of Lords to be debated. Finally the monarch signs it. Only then it becomes law. Parliamentary elections must be held every five years. People can vote at the age of 18.
The party which has majority of seats in the House of Commons is called the Government. The Prime Minister chooses about 20 MPs from hi or her party to become the Cabinet of Ministers. Each minister is responsible for a particular area of the government.
The Prime Minister can decide on the exact date within five years between parliamentary elections. The party which wins the majority of seats at the elections forms the Government and its leader becomes Prime Minister.
It has more than 1,000 members. Only about 250 take an active part in the work of the House. This House consists of those lords who sit by right of inheritance. Members of this Upper House are not elected.The chairman of the House of Lords is the Lord Chancellor.
It is made up of 651 elected members, known as MPs. It is presided over by the Speaker, a member acceptable to the whole House.
The Queen The Queen Prime Minister Prime Minister Ministers Ministers Lawmakers Lawmakers
THE BRITISH MONARCHY PRESENTATION PRESENTATION
The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. This means that it has a monarch ( a king or a queen) as its Head of State. The monarch reigns with the support of Parliament.
Everything today is done in the Queen’s name. It is her government,her armed forces, her law courts and so on. The Queen is very rich. The Government pays for her expenses as Head of the State, for a royal yacht, train, aircraft, and for the upkeep of several palaces. The Queen’s image appears on stamps, notes and coins.
Anthem God save our gracious Queen Long live our noble Queen God save the Queen. Send her victorious, happy and glorious. Long to reign over us God save the Queen.