2生平Robert Lee Frost, b. San Francisco, Mar. 26, 1874, d. Boston, Jan. 29, 1963, was one of America's leading 20th-century poets and a four-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize.普立茲獎An essentially pastoral poet often associated with rural本來 田園詩 聯合的 有鄉村特色的New England, Frost wrote poems whose philosophical通曉哲學的dimensions transcend any region.特質 超越 地區
3Although his verse forms are traditional--he often said, 詩句 傳統的 詩句 傳統的in a dig at archrival Carl Sandburg, that he would as臨時住處soon play tennis without a net as write free verse—he網was a pioneer in the interplay of rhythm and meter先驅者 相互作用 韻律 格律and in the poetic use of the vocabulary and inflections用韻文寫成的 抑揚of everyday speech.
4regional and universal. After his father's death in 1885, 宇宙的 His poetry is thus both traditional and experimental,嘗試的regional and universal. After his father's death in 1885,宇宙的when young Frost was 11, the family left California andsettled in Massachusetts. Frost attended high school定居的in that state, entered Dartmouth College, but remainedless than one semester. Returning to Massachusetts, hetaught school and worked in a mill and as a newspaper reporter.造紙廠
5In 1894 he sold "My Butterfly: An Elegy" to The Independent, a New York literary journal. A year自立的later he married Elinor White, with whom he hadshared valedictorian honors at Lawrence (Mass.)畢業生代表High School. From 1897 to 1899 he attendedHarvard College as a special student but left without adegree.學位.等級
6Over the next ten years he wrote (but rarely published) poems, operated a farm in Derry, New Hampshire完成 廢屋(purchased for him by his paternal grandfather), and購買 父親的supplemented his income by teaching at Derry's補充 所得Pinkerton Academy.
7In 1912, at the age of 38, he sold the farm and used the proceeds to take his family to England, where he收益to take his family to England, where he could devote專心致志於…himself entirely to writing. His efforts to establish himself安頓and his work were almost immediately successful.立即
8A Boy's Will was accepted by a London publisher and 公認的brought out in 1913, followed a year later by North ofBoston. Favorable reviews on both sides of the Atlantic稱讚的 評論 大西洋resulted in American publication of the books by Henry出版Holt and Company, Frost's primary American publisher,主要的 出版者and in the establishing of Frost's transatlantic reputation.創立 大西洋彼岸的 好名聲
9As part of his determined efforts on his own behalf, 堅決的 努力 利益,維護,支持 堅決的 努力 利益,維護,支持Frost had called on several prominent literary figures文學(上)的soon after his arrival in England.出現(a prominent figure 聲名顯赫的人物)
10One of these was Ezra POUND, who wrote the first American review of Frost's verse for Harriet Munroe'sPoetry magazine. (Though he disliked Pound, Frost waslater instrumental in obtaining Pound's release fromlong confinement in a Washington, D.C., mentalhospital.) Frost was more favorably impressed andmore lastingly influenced by the so-called Georgian永久(不變)的 影響(力) 所謂的(常含有不相信、輕蔑之意)(be favorably impressed by 給…留下很好的印象)
11poets Lascelles Abercrombie, Rupert BROOKE, and T. E. Hulme, whose rural subjects and style were more inkeeping with his own. While living near the Georgians inGloucestershire, Frost became especially close tobrooding Welshman named Edward Thomas,深思whom he urged to turn from prose to poetry. Thomasdid so, dedicating his first and only volume of verse to把(時間、精力等)用於Frost before his death in World War I.
12著作The Frosts sailed for the United States in February 1915 and landed in New York City two days after the U.S. publication of North of Boston (the first of his books to be published in America). Sales of that book and of A Boy's Will enabled Frost to buy a farm in Franconia, N.H.; to place new poems in literary periodicals and publish a third book, Mountain Interval (1916); and to embark on a long career of writing, teaching, and lecturing. In 1924 he received a Pulitzer Prize in poetry for New Hampshire (1923). He was lauded again for Collected Poems (1930), A Further Range (1936), and A Witness Tree (1942). Over the years he received an unprecedented number and range of literary, academic, and public honors.
13Frost's importance as a poet derives from the power and memorability of particular poems. "The Death of the Hired Man“(from North of Boston) combines lyric and dramatic poetry in blankverse. "After Apple-Picking" (from the same volume) is a free-versedream poem with philosophical undertones. "Mending Wall" (alsopublished in North of Boston) demonstrates Frost's simultaneouscommand of lyrical verse, dramatic conversation, and ironiccommentary. "The Road Not Taken" and "Birches" (from MountainInterval) and the oft-studied "Stopping by Woods on a SnowyEvening" (from New Hampshire) exemplify Frost's ability to join thepastoral and philosophical modes in lyrics of unforgettable beauty.
14後記 Frost's poetic and political conservatism caused him to 保守傾向 lose favor with some literary critics, but his reputation as評論家a major poet is secure. He unquestionably succeeded in使某物免遭 無可非議地realizing his life's ambition to write "a few poems it will志向be hard to get rid of."消除