Presentation on theme: "The Greek City-States 4-1"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Greek City-States 4-1 Main Idea: The polis or city-state was the central focus of Greek life. The citizens of a polis had defined rights and responsibilities, as well as a strong identity and loyalty that kept the city-states divided.The Greek City-States4-1
3 Polis: The Center of Greek Life Polis: city-state and surrounding country-side. Center of political, social, and religious activitiesPeople who share a common identity and common goalHow might the independence of city-states work against them?Acropolis: main gathering place, usually a hill. Fortified in case of attack. Religious center-temples/public buildingsAgora: open area below acropolis. People can assemble also used as a market.
4 Military Hoplites: heavily armed infantry soldiers, or foot soldiers. Round shieldShort swordThrusting spearMarched as a battle unit (rectangle)Phalanx: unit marched into battle, shoulder to shoulderWall of shields for protectionHard for enemy to harm them
5 Critical Thinking Skills Open to page 113Look at the image of Ancient AthensAnswer the questions which relate
6 Greek Expansion Between 750 B.C.E-550 B.C.E Greek Colonies Greeks leave their homelandOverpopulationGreek ColoniesSouthern Italy, Southern France, Eastern Spain, Northern Africa West of EgyptThrace, Shores of Black SeaHellespont and Bosporus straitsByzantium (Constantinople) (Istanbul)What were the results of Greek colonization?
8 Geography Skills Open up to page 115 Answer the questions which relate to the map.
9 Tyranny in the City-States Tyrants: rulers who seized power by force from aristocratsNot necessarily oppressiveSupported by newly rich merchant class and peasant classesLaunched public work projects and tried to help the poorMarket places, temples, and wallsWhy did tyrants embark on public building projects?Democracy: government by the people or rule of the manyOligarchy: Rule by the few
10 Two Rival City-StatesSparta: Aggressive military city-state on Peloponnesus peninsulaConquered Laconians and Messenians - made these people into Helots: conquered serfsHighly disciplinedMilitary schoolsSpartan women have greater freedom, power, movementUphold values of Sparta“come back caring your shield or on it.”OligarchyTwo kingsEphors: group of 5 men elected each year, responsible for education and conduct of all citizensCouncil: 28 citizens over 60 years of age- decided on issues presented toAssembly: male citizens voted on issues
11 Two Rival City-StatesAthens: Located on the Attica peninsula, ruled by a King, Oligarchy, and finally a DemocracyCouncil: 500 free AtheniansSupervised foreign affairsTreasuryProposed laws