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 4-1 Main Idea: The polis or city-state was the central focus of Greek life. The citizens of a polis had defined rights and responsibilities, as well.

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Presentation on theme: " 4-1 Main Idea: The polis or city-state was the central focus of Greek life. The citizens of a polis had defined rights and responsibilities, as well."— Presentation transcript:

1  4-1 Main Idea: The polis or city-state was the central focus of Greek life. The citizens of a polis had defined rights and responsibilities, as well as a strong identity and loyalty that kept the city-states divided.

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3  Polis: city-state and surrounding country-side. Center of political, social, and religious activities o People who share a common identity and common goal o How might the independence of city-states work against them?  Acropolis: main gathering place, usually a hill. Fortified in case of attack. Religious center-temples/public buildings  Agora: open area below acropolis. People can assemble also used as a market.

4  Hoplites: heavily armed infantry soldiers, or foot soldiers. o Round shield o Short sword o Thrusting spear o Marched as a battle unit (rectangle)  Phalanx: unit marched into battle, shoulder to shoulder o Wall of shields for protection o Hard for enemy to harm them

5  Open to page 113  Look at the image of Ancient Athens  Answer the questions which relate

6  Between 750 B.C.E-550 B.C.E o Greeks leave their homeland Overpopulation  Greek Colonies o Southern Italy, Southern France, Eastern Spain, Northern Africa West of Egypt o Thrace, Shores of Black Sea Hellespont and Bosporus straits Byzantium (Constantinople) (Istanbul)  What were the results of Greek colonization?

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8  Open up to page 115  Answer the questions which relate to the map.

9  Tyrants: rulers who seized power by force from aristocrats o Not necessarily oppressive o Supported by newly rich merchant class and peasant classes o Launched public work projects and tried to help the poor Market places, temples, and walls o Why did tyrants embark on public building projects?  Democracy: government by the people or rule of the many  Oligarchy: Rule by the few

10  Sparta: Aggressive military city-state on Peloponnesus peninsula o Conquered Laconians and Messenians - made these people into Helots: conquered serfs o Highly disciplined o Military schools o Spartan women have greater freedom, power, movement Uphold values of Sparta “come back caring your shield or on it.” o Oligarchy Two kings Ephors: group of 5 men elected each year, responsible for education and conduct of all citizens Council: 28 citizens over 60 years of age- decided on issues presented to Assembly: male citizens voted on issues

11  Athens: Located on the Attica peninsula, ruled by a King, Oligarchy, and finally a Democracy o Council: 500 free Athenians Supervised foreign affairs Treasury Proposed laws


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