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Agenda Global brewing industry – OverviewCompetitive landscapeSABMiller – OverviewSABMiller – Financial strengthSABMiller – Way forwardCarlsberg – OverviewSABMiller.

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Presentation on theme: "Agenda Global brewing industry – OverviewCompetitive landscapeSABMiller – OverviewSABMiller – Financial strengthSABMiller – Way forwardCarlsberg – OverviewSABMiller."— Presentation transcript:

1 Agenda Global brewing industry – OverviewCompetitive landscapeSABMiller – OverviewSABMiller – Financial strengthSABMiller – Way forwardCarlsberg – OverviewSABMiller – Carlsberg integrationAlternatives to CarlsbergValuation of CarlsbergSynergy valuationFunding structure analysisDeal consideration and bidding tacticsAcquisition issuesAppendix 1

2 Spirits  Unsweetened  ABV > 20% Beers  Flavored with hops  ABV 4-6% Wines  Prolonged fermentation  ABV 9-16% Alcoholic beverages categories Players  Anheuser – Busch InBev  SABMiller Plc  Carlsberg  Heineken Players  Constellation Brands  E&J Gallo Players  Diageo  Pernod Ricard  Bacardi  Campari * ABV: Alcohol by volume 2

3 Global brewing industry : In the past  Beer consumption - predominantly being driven by geographies like NA, Europe, Australia - Became an integral part of culture - Remained no more a discretionary item of expenditure  Relatively large geographies – high population, high growth potential were still untapped  Prevalence of local beers in untapped geographies – sans premiumization  Mature markets –became more & more fragmented  Stiff competition, slow growing consumer base – squeezing margins & declining growth  Emerging markets became next frontier – on the back of growing population & affluence  Obvious first targets : - Latin America – cultural alignment with Europe - SE Asia – growing affluence & rapid urbanization  Next in line – China & India Global brewing industry : Geographic shifts 3

4 Global brewing industry : Current scenario Per capita consumption of beer by region Beer – region wise PLC stages Source : Datamonitor, WHO 4

5 Global brewing industry : Future outlook  Mature markets – Saturation, cutback on spending, high unemployment levels - growth expected to be sluggish  Emerging markets will fuel consumption - Expected socio-economic improvement, rising per capita income - High correlation between improving wealth and beer consumption BRIC key to offset sluggishness - Increased focus of global brewers Source : Datamonitor, Research Reports 5

6 Competitive landscape Source : Company Reports, Datamonitor, Research Reports 6

7 Brewers : Market positions USA,: #1: ABInbev : (48%) (Budweiser, Stella Artois, Hoegaarden) #2: SABMiller #3: Heineken EUROPE: Highly fragmented market Brewers share leading positions in different countries RUSSIA: #1: Carlsberg (Carlsberg, Baltika, Tuborg) (39%) #2: ABInbev (18%) SOUTH AFRICA: #1: SABMiller (89%) #2: Heineken LATIN AMERICA: #1: ABInbev (Brazil: 42%, Argentina: 69%) #2: SABMiller (Lat Am: 93%) #3: Heineken CHINA: #1: SABMiller (CRE - Snow) (20%) #3: ABInbev (11%) #5: Carlsberg AUSTRALIA: #1: Foster’s (50%) #2: Lion Nathan (Kirin) (38%) CANADA: #1: SABMiller (Miller Genuine Draft, Pilsner Urquell) #2: ABInbev #3: Heineken UK: #1: Heineken (26%) #2: ABInbev (22%) #3: SABMiller (20%) Source : Company Reports 7

8 SABMiller : Building locally, winning globally Company that has grown out of acquisitions Vision : To be most admired company in global beer industry Key facts : 200 brands, 6 continents, 75 countries Source : Company Reports 8

9 SABMiller : Threats & opportunities Threat from ABInBev - Having realized more than 90% of the total $2.5 Bn of cost synergies from integration in 2008 is at more than comfortable debt level with debt/EBITDA almost reaching 2.0x - Potential comeback of M&A on strategic agenda - With gloomy scenario in NA due to spend cuts, unemployment at 9% leading to squeezing margins AB will look to strengthen its position in EMs like LatAm & Asia - This may lead to AB eating away SAB’s pie from its stronghold markets Associating with an established player in emerging markets who can generate cash on a sustainable basis Market share consolidation may give increased negotiating power with retailers and suppliers SABMiller’s massive exposure to emerging markets -requires sustained investments and demand for higher FCF generation Rising raw material and crude prices pushing transportation costs higher 30% of SABM’s net profit comes from its associates like Molson Coors & CRE – sizeable, cash hungry and less controlled by SABM, leading to shared access to the associates’ cash flows Dominance of mega retailers – increased control on margins, introduction of private labels 9

10 SABMiller : Financial strength Leverage  No current plans of accelerating distribution of funds to shareholders  Funds are primarily diverted towards keeping the leverage levels within targeted 1.5x – 2.0x debt/EBITDA range  Ratio of CFO/debt has been increasing continuously over the last 3 years – 32-38% in 2008 to 48% in 2011  Average debt maturity decreasing - 4 years in 2011 & which was 4.7 years in 2010 Liquidity  In position to generate strong medium term FCFs despite capex & dividends distribution  Generated discretionary cash flows of $1.4 Bn over the last two years  $3.2 Bn of undrawn committed credit facilities  $1.1 Bn of cash available against $1.3 billion short term maturities Financial position  Strengthening – availability of free cash & reducing leverage  Sufficient headroom under company’s debt covenants  In position to improve price/mix to mitigate volatile agro commodities costs, negative currency effects & weak consumer sentiment SABMiller comfortably poised to make provisions for additional means of financing to fund further growth plans Source : Company Reports 10

11 Way forward Previous Example DisadvantageAdvantageOption Growth BuildCheaperUncertain Castle Lager Befriend Cross Selling Cannibalize Molson Coors Acquire Brand Access PremiumPeroni  SAB can look for complementing the group’s current footprint with a well established local business  With such a move SAB can strengthen its position in LatAm & Africa which will help it pose its defenses against a possible advent of AB  Consolidation in Asia not only will increase Asian region’s contribution to its top line but also will take it to such a level which will make it difficult for AB to counter  SAB can gain significant scale advantage over its other peers as well 11

12 Carlsberg : Brand as many, but stand as one Vision : To be the fastest growing global beer company One of the earliest to go for internationalization, but not as aggressive as competitors in market penetration Key facts : 200 brands, 2 continents, 50 countries 3 rd largest market share holder globally After establishing stronghold in Russia, poised to embark on Asian growth with sustained expansion in China & Indochina Regional presence with no. of breweries Source : Company Reports 12

13 SABMiller – Carlsberg integration Geographic footprint of Carlsberg - highly complementary to that of SABMiller Combined entity SABMiller : Emerging Markets (EM)  Mature Markets (MM), Carlsberg : MM  EM, Enhanced regional strength in EMs Increased concentration in EMs & resulting market dominance of combined entity will be key driver to profitability Financials comforting the level of debt & liquidity Enhanced FCF generating ability of the combined entity will satiate the overlapping need for capex required for strengthening position in emerging markets SABMiller’s dependency on associates for cash generation from emerging markets will shift to combined entity Combined entity will be the largest player in China, S-E Asia, Germany, UK Source : Company Reports, Datamonitor 13

14 SABMiller – Carlsberg integration Complementary product portfolios  Absence of a flagship premium brand from SABMiller’s product portfolio will be filled by the crown jewel – ‘Carlsberg’ – possible launch in markets like LatAm and NorthAm  Carlsberg’s energy and soft drink business - natural diversification of SAB’s portfolio – building image in health conscious society  Carlsberg’s new repositioning strategy can be leveraged upon to launch SAB’s local brands in E Europe & NW Europe markets Operational efficiencies – economies of scale, higher negotiating power with suppliers & retailers  Access to each other’s breweries – benefits of economies of scale along with optimization  SABMiller’s bottling plants can be expanded to accommodate Carlsberg’s products  Carlsberg’s SKU rationalization & standardization strategy can be extended to SAB’s products R & D – Combined effort would be even more fruitful  Carlsberg’s development of a new yeast strain, together with a relatively new high yielding strain of barley will help keeping beer fresher for longer. This is of particular importance in emerging markets, such as India and Russia, with long transport hours and hot warehouses in summer months  SABMiller’s new low gauge beer crown is expected to reduce requirement of steel by 10%, leading to annual cost savings of about $ 12 Mn in material costs alone (Backus’s design uses 0.17 mm gauge, instead of the industry standard of mm) Strategic fit Both the companies follow the strategy of premiumization of local brands  Synergies through cross utilization of human resources  Sales & marketing synergies 14

15 Alternatives to Carlsberg Market Cap ($ Mn)28,737 Market Price ($)59.57 Trailing P/E (x)14.52 Debt to equity (x)0.8 Market Cap ($ Mn)8,775 Market Price ($)21.95 Trailing P/E (x)18.39 Debt to equity (x)0.27 Market Cap ($ Mn)9,513 Market Price ($)19.99 Trailing P/E (x)13.74 Debt to equity (x)0.61 Heineken NV Anadolu EFES Asahi Holdings  5th largest in Europe and 13 th in the World  5th largest bottler for Coca Cola  Smaller geographic footprint  Relatively new player, no big brands  Next best alternative for Carlsberg  Strong footprint in Africa and scope for market share consolidation in MM  Family driven holding structure  Smaller footprint in other EMs  Market leader position in Japan can be leveraged upon to expand further  Product portfolio too diversified to be a pure brewer 15 Source : Company Reports, Datamonitor

16 Projections and sensitivity to macroeconomic factors  Growth drivers : - Price/mix in mature markets - Volume in emerging markets - Product mix – catering to all consumer segments (economy – standard – premium beer) Macroeconomic factors sensitivity Carlsberg projections 16 Source : IMF, Company Reports

17 DCF valuation and sensitivity CarlsbergBase WACC (%)7.94 Long Term Growth (%)2 Forecast Period2011 to 2016 NPV of Forecasted Cash Flows ($ Mn) NPV of Terminal Value ($ Mn) Value of Firm ($ Mn) Value of Debt ($ Mn) Value of Equity ($ Mn) Number of Shares ($ Mn)152.6 Share Price ($) Value in $Growth rate (%) WACC (%) WACCDebt ratio Beta30%33%36%39%42% % 7.6% 7.5% % 7.7% 7.6% %7.9% 7.8% % 8.0%7.9% %8.2%8.1% 8.0% 17

18 Transaction and trading comparables PeersP/EEV/EBITDAEV/Rev 2011e Heineken Kirin Foster's x Asahi Molson Coors Anadolu Efes Primary Peers Implied Price/share ($) DateAcquirerTargetFV/RevFV/EBITDA Jun-10Carlsberg Chongqing Brewery Jan-10HeinekenFemsa May-09 Asahi / Mr Chen FashuTsingtao Brewery Apr-09Kirin HoldingsLion Nathan Jul-08InBevAnheuser-Busch Jan-08Heineken/Carlsberg Scottish & Newcastle Nov-08SABMillerGrolsch Median FVNet DebtEquity ValueNo of sharesPrice/shre FV/Rev FV/EBITDA Transactions Comparables Rev/share :: (Calenderized) Carlsberg CMP :: $ as on 30 th June 2011 EPS ($) :: 6.37 (Calenderized)EBITDA/share :: (Calenderized) Trading Comparables Carlsberg share price (in $) Trading comparables Transaction comparables Source : J P Morgan PIB

19 Valuing synergies COGS : Extending raw materials cost reduction programs ~ bps Operating expenses : Optimization & cross mobilization of human resources ~ 200 bps SD&A expenses : cross utilization of sales & distribution network ~ 300 bps EBITDA margin improvements Higher negotiating power with suppliers & retailers Revenue/brewery: Increases, moves towards SABMiller numbers Economies of scale Declining growth rate in European region is expected to stabilize with consolidation Launch of Carlsberg brands in unexplored markets of Americas & Africa ~ bps Consolidation & market dominance in Asian region ~ 200 bps Elongation of explicit time horizon by 2 years due to global market leadership position Growth rate -Tiding over the crisis Improved credit rating & higher debt capacity Higher cash flow yield Finance - Increased borrowing capacity Enhanced geographic presence Complementary portfolios Strategic fit Key factors Synergies : $19.43/share (Bull case), $9.71/share (50% realization) and no synergies (Bear case) 19

20 CMP Pricing summary 20

21 Funding structure analysis All cash offer All equity share swap Part cash part equity  Using 100% of cash available with SABMiller ~ $1.07 Bn  Debt to be raised ~ $18.91 Bn  Raising debt on SABMiller ~$12.65 Bn  Infusion of $13.72 Bn in an SPV  Raising debt on SPV ~ $6.26 Bn  Outstanding shares ~ 1.59 Bn  Pledge Carlsberg shares against debt  Higher interest costs - SABMiller ~ 8.44%  9.50% - Carlsberg ~ 8.86%  10.00%  I- Banking fees ~ $50 Mn 2011e2012e2013e SABMiller standalone With Synergy Effect on EPS Part Synergies (50%) Effect on EPS Bear case Effect on EPS  Swap ratio (52 wk avg mark cap) ~ 3.8  Swap ratio based on revenues ~ 7.9  Swap ratio based on EBITDA ~ 5.5  Ceiling swap ratio of 4.5  Issuing 710 Mn shares of SABMiller  Outstanding shares ~1.59 Bn  2.30 Bn  No additional debt to be raised  Interest costs to remain same - SABMiller ~ 8.44% - Carlsberg ~ 8.86%  I- Banking fees ~ $50 Mn 2011e2012e2013e SABMiller standalone With Synergy Effect on EPS Part Synergies (50%) Effect on EPS Bear case Effect on EPS  Using 100% of cash available with SABMiller ~ $1.07 Bn  Raising debt of $4.52 Bn on SABMiller  Issuing 393 Mn shares of SABMiller  Ceiling swap ratio of 2.57  Cash : equity ~ 28:72  Outstanding shares ~1.59 Bn  1.98 Bn  Additional debt is within comfort level  Slightly higher Interest costs - SABMiller ~ 8.44%  9.00% - Carlsberg ~ 8.86%  I- Banking fees ~ $50 Mn 2011e2012e2013e SABMiller standalone With Synergy Effect on EPS Part Synergies (50%) Effect on EPS Bear case Effect on EPS

22 Post acquisition creditworthiness All cash offer All equity share swap offer Pre-acquisition In case of all cash offer  Highly levered combined entity, high debt/EBITDA, low interest coverage ratio  Strained debt position even in case of 100% synergy realization  Expected to reach level of comfort (3.5x) over a period of 3-4 years  Negative impact on credit rating – higher credit spreads In case of all equity share swap  Combined entity – moderately levered, average debt/EBITDA and interest coverage ratio  Comfortable debt level even if no synergies are realized  Possibility of a credit rating upgrade 22

23 Deal consideration and bidding tactics  Shareholding pattern of Carlsberg Carlsberg Foundation ~ largest shareholder with 30.33% equity stake and 74.16% of the voting rights (‘A’ shares) Common shareholders ~ 69.67% equity holding and 25.84% of the voting rights (‘B’ shares)  Board approval is a pre-requisite due to internal take over defenses in place Unsolicited friendly offer to promoters Proposal to do the business together with Carlsberg being 100% subsidiary of SABMiller  Start with a considerable premium  Equity share swap offer with exchange ratio of Offer same exchange ratio of 3.60 – 4.20 and an exit option after 5 years at then prevailing fair market value Exit option can be provided by offering 100% cash with a bid price of $121 per share If not willing to be a part of business But offer is not acceptable Consequent offer with an exchange ratio of Final offer at an exchange ratio of 4.66 If willing to exit but offer is not acceptable Consequent offer s firstly at $127 per share and then $130 per share which will be the ceiling price  Promoter approval will trigger Danish take over code ~ majority of voting rights  Open offer to common shareholders for remaining 70% stake at same price as promoters ~ Danish take over laws Willing to be a part  Offering MD’s position on rotating basis  Offering CXO level positions 23

24 Acquisition issues  Pre-merger take over defenses by Carlsberg - White Knight/ White Squire - Carlsberg can merge with another brewer - Crown Jewel Defense: May sell off important Carlsberg brands  Acquisition may be challenged on anti trust grounds  SABMiller may incur higher debt raising costs due to global financial crisis and worsening debt markets  Legal Issues - Stitching: Carlsberg can acquire another company and enter into a Stitching Agreement in Netherlands, making SABMiller’s bid for Carlsberg more expensive and potential acquisition more difficult  Post merger management and employee integration issues - SAB’s growth has primarily been inorganic in nature whereas that of Carlsberg has been organic in nature - SAB’s management is mainly based out of emerging markets whereas that of Carlsberg is mainly based out of mature markets - This may lead to integration issues (aligning the interests of management and executives)  Sentimental attachment to “the Carlsberg Brand”  Potential Political Intervention - Introduction of new laws/ Change of existing laws 24

25 Appendix  Case materials provided by JP Morgan  Company Reports  Datamonitor  Research Reports 25


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