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Incorporation of the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) into Operational Test

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Presentation on theme: "Incorporation of the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) into Operational Test"— Presentation transcript:

1 Incorporation of the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) into Operational Test
Presenters: Matthew T. Rodakis Charles J. Ricke 860 Greenbrier Circle Suite 305 Chesapeake, VA 23320 Phone: Fax: AVW Technologies, Inc

2 Introduction Presentation Outline
The aircraft carrier, with its embarked air wing, is a key strategic national asset and the preeminent force projection weapon system of the 21st century. Modeling and Simulation (M&S) initially used by PEO Carriers and NAVAIR to drive the ship design and attain Sortie Generation Rate (SGR) Key Performance Parameter (KPP). Subsequent spirals are meant to expand and refine model fidelity into a federation of applications that will supplement Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (IOT&E) and possibly provide life cycle support. The interval between ship delivery and first deployment, particularly of a first-in-class warship, is packed with system verifications, certifications, tests, and training. If successful, the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) effort will save tens of millions of dollars and precious time between delivery of CVN 78 and its first deployment. Presentation Outline Role of M&S in supplementing IOT&E VCVN Overview CVN delivery and certification Use of VCVN to supplement live data AVW Technologies, Inc.

3 CVN 78 SGR IOT&E (OPEVAL) CVN 78 will be evaluated as a platform to support the SGR KPP Conduct a flight operations exercise in conjunction with a Joint Task Force Exercise (JTFEX) to maximize asset utilization using approved Design Reference Mission (DRM) air plans. The test will be conducted under existing environmental operational conditions strive to achieve as much realism as possible Launch and land aircraft of the 2015 CVW as defined in the DRM. Eight selected days of the DRM air plan the most demanding scenario for CVN 78 to demonstrate the capability to achieve the SGR requirements CVN 78 flight deck operations include aircraft maintenance requirements, spotting, refueling and rearming all aircraft of the 2015 CVW. F/A-18F x 12 F/A-18E x12 F/A-18C x12 E-2C x 5 JSF x 10 MH-60R x12 (6 ON DECK) EA-18G X 5 N-UCAV x 4 MH-60S x 8

4 Design Reference Mission (DRM)
The DRM air plan is based on the operational context from Major Combat Operation (MCO) scenarios Seabase defense Gain and maintain air superiority Deny achievement of threat intentions Air plan structured to determine what SGR can be achieved given design Nine events comprised by five 1+30 and four 1+15 cycles USN CONOPS against formidable MCO threat Smart weapons Maximize USN survivability Based on Mission Priorities Common to All MCO Scenarios Represents Stressing Ordnance Handling Requirements

5 CVN 21 Operational Context
Sea Based Dominance and Persistence Riyadh Tehran Baghdad Damascus Mogadishu Cairo Algiers Rome Athens Moscow Tripoli Khartoum Beijing Seoul Tokyo Guam Kuala Lumpur Bangkok Manila Taipei Karachi New Delhi Islamabad Kabul Tashkent 500 nm = FORCEnet/CEC 800 nm = JSF (CV) 1500 nm = J-UCAS

6 DRM CVW Augmented Baseline +1 Augment +4 Augment +1 Augment +1 Augment
N-UCAS Program UCAV x 4 MH-60S x 8 4 on deck 4BG dispersed F/A-18F x 13 F/A-18E x 12 EA-18G x 6 MH-60R x 12 6 on deck 6 BG dispersed Augmented JSF x 24 E-2D x 6 Baseline +1 Augment F/A-18F x 12 F/A-18E x 12 +4 Augment JSF x 20 +1 Augment E-2D x 5 EA-18G x 5 +1 Augment MH-60R x 12 6 on deck 6 BG dispersed 6 BG Dispersed 4 BG Dispersed MH-60S x 8 6 on deck 2 BG dispersed N-UCAS Program UCAV x 4 1

7 Sortie Generation Rate (SGR) is a KPP 30-day Sustained Ops:
CVN 78 Sortie Generation Sortie Generation Rate (SGR) is a KPP 30-day Sustained Ops: 26, 12-hour flying days 4 non-flying days 4-day Surge Ops: 24-hour flying days DRM was meant to stress the ship design Aircraft type / model / series Fuel usage Ordnance movement and use Sortie = “Combat equivalent aircraft sortie” refers to any strike, strike support and or battle space dominance mission that originates and terminates on the CVN 78 deck. Includes fixed and rotary wing aircraft.

8 Weapon Expenditure Rates
SGR Attributes Weapon Expenditure Rates Air-to-Air Air-to-Ground HARM / Chaff / Flares Underway Replenishment Major periodic replenishment of ammunition and fuel Mini-replenishments after extended operations between major UNREPS

9 M&S Augments IOT&E Title 10, Subtitle A, Part I, Chapter 4, Sec 139 a) 2. (A) (i): the field test, under realistic combat conditions, of any item of (or key component of) weapons, equipment, or munitions for the purpose of determining the effectiveness and suitability of the weapons, equipment, or munitions for use in combat by typical military users. Title 10, Subtitle A, Part IV, Chapter 141, Sec (e) (2) (h) (1): The term ``operational test and evaluation'' has the meaning given that term in section 139(a)(2)(A) of this title. For purposes of subsection (a), that term does not include an operational assessment based exclusively on-- (A) computer modeling; (B) simulation; or (C) an analysis of system requirements, engineering proposals, design specifications, or any other information contained in program documents. DoDINST series, M&S VV&A SECNAVINST , VV&A of Models & Simulations COMOPTEVFORINST series, Use of M&S in OT

10 M&S Uses in Operational Testing
M&S may be used to: Supplement operational effectiveness and operational suitability tests; Aid in the assessment of specific effectiveness and suitability Critical Operational Issues (COI) Assess risk to the program and successful completion of OPEVAL Aid in the assessment of interoperability Increase operational relevance of DT Inject scenario stimuli to evaluate system performance in a threat environment using scenarios not easily replicated in a T&E environment. shall augment live at-sea testing and shall not be a replacement for live testing

11 VCVN Strategy PEO Carriers’ directed a study to determine a SGR methodology to support IOT&E COTF / CNAF / CSFTGL / CAN / DOT&E involvement Results indicate that the volume of data required for the SGR assessment could be obtained during a modified Composite Training Unit Exercise (COMPTUEX or C2X) Sufficient for statistical significance Cost savings of ~$200M Perform six sustained and two surge days at DRM air plan density Comparison of overall results as well as individual events, sorties, and tasks will support the V&V process  As necessary, model corrections will be made and additional runs for score conducted Correlation of live test results and Federation runs will provide the basis for final accreditation of the VCVN

12 COIs – to – M&S Requirements – to – Test
System Requirements Critical Operational Issues Derived Analysis Requirements (User Needs) M&S Functionality Requirements Acceptability Criteria CVN 21 ORD ROC/POE TEMP Sec IV COI No. COTF COI (from TEMP Part IV) Derived Analysis Requirements Derived M&S Functionality Requirements E2.1.2 Will the CVN 78 class be capable of operating all carrier capable Navy, Marine Corps, joint and allied Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV)? The user shall be able to assess/analyze the capabilities/limitations of CVN 78 design to embark, spot, move, maintain, taxi, launch, and recover aircraft in support of CVN 21 DRM with reduced manning (KPP). (#1) The software shall execute the non-surge Case 1 flight operations days specified in the DRM, but may require manual intervention between days (i.e., non-continuous execution of flying days). The user shall be able to assess/analyze the aircraft maintenance status to determine if planned sorties can be supported (mission capable, spares, non-mission capable aircraft). The software shall execute the flight plan by selecting suitable aircraft (type and squadron) from the air wing for each mission. Requirements Flowdown Will Be Basis For COTF Accreditation

13 M&S Strategy Ratified in the CVN 21 TEMP
The SGR KPP is a measure of the CVN 78’s ability to employ the embarked the CVW. SGR will be represented by executing a DRM in a M&S environment called the Virtual Carrier (VCVN). “The VCVN shall represent, in an M&S environment, the aviation operations functions, processes, organizations, systems, elements and components of the CVN 78 class that must interact to successfully achieve required sortie generation capabilities of the Air Wing to accomplish assigned missions.” TEMP 1610 Section (U)

14 Includes multiple development spirals Purposes include
VCVN Background Commissioned in 2004 Includes multiple development spirals Purposes include M&S environment for assessing CVN 78 design capability to support SGR KPP using the CVN 78 DRM Support CVN 78 DT/OT efforts, including IOT&E of CVN 78, through the implementation of real-world carrier processes associated with SGR.

15 VCVN Architecture Virtual Carrier

16 VCVN Functional Areas Aviation Operations (SGR) ISP&E Model
HSI Manpower Flight/Hangar Deck Management Launch Recovery Aviation Fuels Aviation Mx/ Supply Ordnance Handling UNREP Flight Deck Lighting & VLA Aviation Data Management ISP&E ATC ISP&E Model (Air Wing, Intel) UNREP Model Flight & Hangar Deck Operations Model (Air Dept, Air Wing) Ordnance Handling Model (Weapons Dept) Developing Interface Requirements Maintenance & Supply Model (Air Wing, AIMD, Supply) Developing Requirements JP-5 Below Deck Fuels Model (Air Dept – V-4) -- M&S Used in SGRA #8

17 VCVN Architecture

18 CVN 78 Development Timeline
PDT&T 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Delivery Sep 15 Lay Keel Nov 09 Launch Jul 13 Post Shakedown Availability End Sep 16

19 Overlay of Ship Milestones and IOT&E
OT-C Unit–Level Ship OPS OT-C1 OT-C Aviation Ops OT-C2 OT-C3 Joint Interoperability/NR OT-C3 Maintenance Phase Unit Phase Integrated Phase Sustainment Phase Emergency Surge Ready Surge Deploy Ready PSA Sea Trials CART II TSTA 1/2 TSTA 1/2/3 FEP/NPMTT2 Flight Deck Cert /NPMTT 1 C2X / FBP / NPMTT 3 ORSE FRS/TCQ JTFEX Deployment OT-D AMMO ONLOAD Ship Delivery

20 Finding Balance with DoE
Better way to test complex systems Yields better process understanding Faster planning and analysis Uses 20-80% of usual runs / tests / resources Better depth and breadth of testing Challenges assumptions Demonstrates real performance

21 Full DRM execution at IOT&E
Advantages of VCVN Full DRM execution at IOT&E 30 Continuous Days (Sustained DRM) 1 No-Fly Day 4 Continuous Days (Surge DRM) $200+ Million (NAVAIR estimate) DoE shaped IOT&E 6 Days of Sustained DRM Execution 2 Days of Surge DRM Execution Save ~98% of cost (less VCVN development cost) Fly ~20% of the DRM Mitigates safety concerns Reduces aircraft wear

22 Requirements Development
VCVN Challenges Long-term support VV&A for IOT&E Model development and sustainment HLA development Model fidelity Federate Integration Requirements Development Refine requirements Models are expected to continue to be re-verified, refined, revalidated, and accredited for appropriate follow-on use based on the application/ correlation of live test results with model predictions Increased functionality

23 Incorporation of the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) into IOT&E
Presenters: Matthew T. Rodakis Charles J. Ricke 860 Greenbrier Circle Suite 305 Chesapeake, VA 23320 Phone: Fax: AVW Technologies, Inc.


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