Presentation on theme: "Incorporation of the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) into Operational Test"— Presentation transcript:
1Incorporation of the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) into Operational Test Presenters:Matthew T. RodakisCharles J. Ricke860 Greenbrier CircleSuite 305Chesapeake, VA 23320Phone:Fax:AVW Technologies, Inc
2Introduction Presentation Outline The aircraft carrier, with its embarked air wing, is a key strategic national asset and the preeminent force projection weapon system of the 21st century.Modeling and Simulation (M&S) initially used by PEO Carriers and NAVAIR to drive the ship design and attain Sortie Generation Rate (SGR) Key Performance Parameter (KPP).Subsequent spirals are meant to expand and refine model fidelity into a federation of applications that will supplement Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (IOT&E) and possibly provide life cycle support.The interval between ship delivery and first deployment, particularly of a first-in-class warship, is packed with system verifications, certifications, tests, and training.If successful, the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) effort will save tens of millions of dollars and precious time between delivery of CVN 78 and its first deployment.Presentation OutlineRole of M&S in supplementing IOT&EVCVN OverviewCVN delivery and certificationUse of VCVN to supplement live dataAVW Technologies, Inc.
3CVN 78 SGR IOT&E (OPEVAL)CVN 78 will be evaluated as a platform to support the SGR KPPConduct a flight operations exercise in conjunction with a Joint Task Force Exercise (JTFEX) to maximize asset utilization using approved Design Reference Mission (DRM) air plans.The test will be conducted under existing environmental operational conditionsstrive to achieve as much realism as possibleLaunch and land aircraft of the 2015 CVW as defined in the DRM.Eight selected days of the DRM air planthe most demanding scenario for CVN 78 to demonstrate the capability to achieve the SGR requirementsCVN 78 flight deck operations include aircraft maintenance requirements, spotting, refueling and rearming all aircraft of the 2015 CVW.F/A-18F x 12F/A-18E x12F/A-18C x12E-2C x 5JSF x 10MH-60R x12(6 ON DECK)EA-18G X 5N-UCAV x 4MH-60S x 8
4Design Reference Mission (DRM) The DRM air plan is based on the operational context from Major Combat Operation (MCO) scenariosSeabase defenseGain and maintain air superiorityDeny achievement of threat intentionsAir plan structured to determine what SGR can be achieved given designNine events comprised by five 1+30 and four 1+15 cyclesUSN CONOPS against formidable MCO threatSmart weaponsMaximize USN survivabilityBased on Mission Priorities Common to All MCO ScenariosRepresents Stressing Ordnance Handling Requirements
6DRM CVW Augmented Baseline +1 Augment +4 Augment +1 Augment +1 Augment N-UCAS ProgramUCAV x 4MH-60S x 84 on deck4BG dispersedF/A-18F x 13F/A-18E x 12EA-18G x 6MH-60R x 126 on deck6 BG dispersedAugmentedJSF x 24E-2D x 6Baseline+1 AugmentF/A-18F x 12F/A-18E x 12+4 AugmentJSF x 20+1 AugmentE-2D x 5EA-18G x 5+1 AugmentMH-60R x 126 on deck6 BG dispersed6 BG Dispersed4 BG DispersedMH-60S x 86 on deck2 BG dispersedN-UCAS ProgramUCAV x 41
7Sortie Generation Rate (SGR) is a KPP 30-day Sustained Ops: CVN 78 Sortie GenerationSortie Generation Rate (SGR) is a KPP30-day Sustained Ops:26, 12-hour flying days4 non-flying days4-day Surge Ops:24-hour flying daysDRM was meant to stress the ship designAircraft type / model / seriesFuel usageOrdnance movement and useSortie = “Combat equivalent aircraft sortie” refers to any strike, strike support and or battle space dominance mission that originates and terminates on the CVN 78 deck. Includes fixed and rotary wing aircraft.
8Weapon Expenditure Rates SGR AttributesWeapon Expenditure RatesAir-to-AirAir-to-GroundHARM / Chaff / FlaresUnderway ReplenishmentMajor periodic replenishment of ammunition and fuelMini-replenishments after extended operations between major UNREPS
9M&S Augments IOT&ETitle 10, Subtitle A, Part I, Chapter 4, Sec 139 a) 2. (A) (i): the field test, under realistic combat conditions, of any item of (or key component of) weapons, equipment, or munitions for the purpose of determining the effectiveness and suitability of the weapons, equipment, or munitions for use in combat by typical military users.Title 10, Subtitle A, Part IV, Chapter 141, Sec (e) (2) (h) (1): The term ``operational test and evaluation'' has the meaning given that term in section 139(a)(2)(A) of this title. For purposes of subsection (a), that term does not include an operational assessment based exclusively on-- (A) computer modeling; (B) simulation; or (C) an analysis of system requirements, engineering proposals, design specifications, or any other information contained in program documents.DoDINST series, M&S VV&ASECNAVINST , VV&A of Models & SimulationsCOMOPTEVFORINST series, Use of M&S in OT
10M&S Uses in Operational Testing M&S may be used to:Supplement operational effectiveness and operational suitability tests;Aid in the assessment of specific effectiveness and suitability Critical Operational Issues (COI)Assess risk to the program and successful completion of OPEVALAid in the assessment of interoperabilityIncrease operational relevance of DTInject scenario stimuli to evaluate system performance in a threat environment using scenarios not easily replicated in a T&E environment.shall augment live at-sea testing and shall not be a replacement for live testing
11VCVN StrategyPEO Carriers’ directed a study to determine a SGR methodology to support IOT&ECOTF / CNAF / CSFTGL / CAN / DOT&E involvementResults indicate that the volume of data required for the SGR assessment could be obtained during a modified Composite Training Unit Exercise (COMPTUEX or C2X)Sufficient for statistical significanceCost savings of ~$200MPerform six sustained and two surge days at DRM air plan densityComparison of overall results as well as individual events, sorties, and tasks will support the V&V process As necessary, model corrections will be made and additional runs for score conductedCorrelation of live test results and Federation runs will provide the basis for final accreditation of the VCVN
12COIs – to – M&S Requirements – to – Test SystemRequirementsCritical OperationalIssuesDerived AnalysisRequirements (User Needs)M&S FunctionalityRequirementsAcceptabilityCriteriaCVN 21ORDROC/POETEMPSec IVCOINo.COTF COI(from TEMP Part IV)Derived Analysis RequirementsDerived M&S FunctionalityRequirementsE2.1.2Will the CVN 78 class be capable of operating all carrier capable Navy, Marine Corps, joint and allied Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles (UCAV)?The user shall be able to assess/analyze the capabilities/limitations of CVN 78 design to embark, spot, move, maintain, taxi, launch, and recover aircraft in support of CVN 21 DRM with reduced manning (KPP). (#1)The software shall execute the non-surge Case 1 flight operations days specified in the DRM, but may require manual intervention between days (i.e., non-continuous execution of flying days).The user shall be able to assess/analyze the aircraft maintenance status to determine if planned sorties can be supported (mission capable, spares, non-mission capable aircraft).The software shall execute the flight plan by selecting suitable aircraft (type and squadron) from the air wing for each mission.Requirements Flowdown Will Be Basis For COTF Accreditation
13M&S Strategy Ratified in the CVN 21 TEMP The SGR KPP is a measure of the CVN 78’s ability to employ the embarked the CVW.SGR will be represented by executing a DRM in a M&S environment called the Virtual Carrier (VCVN).“The VCVN shall represent, in an M&S environment, the aviation operations functions, processes, organizations, systems, elements and components of the CVN 78 class that must interact to successfully achieve required sortie generation capabilities of the Air Wing to accomplish assigned missions.”TEMP 1610 Section (U)
14Includes multiple development spirals Purposes include VCVN BackgroundCommissioned in 2004Includes multiple development spiralsPurposes includeM&S environment for assessing CVN 78 design capability to support SGR KPP using the CVN 78 DRMSupport CVN 78 DT/OT efforts, including IOT&E of CVN 78, through the implementation of real-world carrier processes associated with SGR.
20Finding Balance with DoE Better way to test complex systemsYields better process understandingFaster planning and analysisUses 20-80% of usual runs / tests / resourcesBetter depth and breadth of testingChallenges assumptionsDemonstrates real performance
21Full DRM execution at IOT&E Advantages of VCVNFull DRM execution at IOT&E30 Continuous Days (Sustained DRM)1 No-Fly Day4 Continuous Days (Surge DRM)$200+ Million (NAVAIR estimate)DoE shaped IOT&E6 Days of Sustained DRM Execution2 Days of Surge DRM ExecutionSave ~98% of cost (less VCVN development cost)Fly ~20% of the DRMMitigates safety concernsReduces aircraft wear
22Requirements Development VCVN ChallengesLong-term supportVV&A for IOT&EModel development and sustainmentHLA developmentModel fidelityFederate IntegrationRequirements DevelopmentRefine requirementsModels are expected to continue to be re-verified, refined, revalidated, and accredited for appropriate follow-on use based on the application/ correlation of live test results with model predictionsIncreased functionality
23Incorporation of the Virtual Carrier (VCVN) into IOT&E Presenters:Matthew T. RodakisCharles J. Ricke860 Greenbrier CircleSuite 305Chesapeake, VA 23320Phone:Fax:AVW Technologies, Inc.