Presentation on theme: "Binder Assignment-DBQ"— Presentation transcript:
1 Binder Assignment-DBQ “I contend that we [Britons] are the first race in theworld, and the more of the world we inhabit, the betterit is for the human race It is our duty to seize everyopportunity of acquiring more territory and we shouldkeep this one idea steadily before our eyes that moreterritory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race,more of the best, the most human, most honourablerace the world possesses.”CECIL RHODES, Confession of Faith 1877According to Cecil Rhodes, what is the duty of the British?What does this passage reveal about the attitude of many Europeans during this time?
2 Lesson 1: Africa Unit 9 - Imperialism Europeans embark on a new phase of empire building that affects both Africa and the rest of the world.Textbook Correlation: Chapter 27 sections 1 & 2
3 Today’s StandardMWH-7.1 Analyze the relative importance of economic and political rivalries, ethnic and ideological conflicts, social class, militarism, and imperialism as underlying causes of World War I and World War II, including the role of nationalism and propaganda in mobilizing civilian populations around the world to support the two world wars.
4 Essential Questions Why did Europeans begin colonizing Africa? What were the effects of this colonization?
5 Nations Compete for Overseas Empires Imperialism—seizure of a country or territory by a stronger countryEuropeans wanted to control all aspects of their colonies:political and sociallives of peopleshaped economiesto benefit Europewanted people toadopt Europeanculture or assimilate
6 Forces Driving Imperialism Industrialization led to need for raw materialsNationalistic pride and competitionBelief in European SuperiorityRacism—belief that one race is better than othersSocial Darwinism—survival of the fittest applied to human societyWhite Man’s Burden: European’s duty to “civilize” the rest of the world
7 Binder Assignment- DBQ Read the Primary Sources on page 785 in your textbook and answer the following questions.According to Hobson (A) what mistake did European imperialists make in Asia?Is Jules Ferry (C) for or against imperialism?What does the cartoon in source D suggest about the cartoonist’s view on imperialism?
8 Europeans initially stayed near the coast Obstacles to Exploration Early European-African InteractionEuropeans initially stayed near the coastObstacles to ExplorationAfrican ArmiesRiversDiseasesMissionaries and explorers were the first to go into the interior of Africa
9 Binder Assignment- Reading Comprehension Read “Factors Promoting Imperialism in Africa” on page 775 in your textbook. What advances/technologies allowed Europeans to overcome the following problems with entering Africa’s interior?What allowed them to defeat African armies?What allowed them to navigate African rivers?What allowed them to resist malaria?
10 Africans were divided by language and culture Factors Promoting Imperialism in AfricaTechnologiesMaxim Gun: first automatic machine gunSteam Engine: transportation on riversQuinine: drug that protects from malariaAfricans were divided by language and cultureDiscovery of gold and diamonds
11 “Scramble for Africa” King Leopold II of Belgium Acquired land in CongoBrutally exploited Africans; millions diedCompetition between European countries almost led to warBerlin Conference14 nations agreed on how to divide AfricaAfrican nations were not consultedMost African resistance failed due to European weapon superiorityEthiopia: only nation to successfully resist European control
12 South Africa Shaka Zulu chief Created a centralized state around 1816 Defeated by British in 1887BoersDutch farmersTook Africans’ landClashed with British over land and slaveryThe Boer War ( )Between British and BoersBritish wonBoer republics united to form South Africa
13 The Sun Never Sets WORD BANK Class Work: Flocabulary Boers Listen to the lyrics and fill in the blank on the right hand side of the page with the appropriate word. The song will play twice.WORD BANKBoersCecil RhodesColonizedDiamondsIndiaQuinineRaw MaterialsSepoysShaka ZuluSocial DarwinismSteam BoatWhite Man’s Burden
14 The Legacy of Colonial Rule Negative EffectsAfricans lost land and independence, many lost livesTraditional cultures broke downDivision of Africa created problems that continue todayPositive EffectsColonialism reduced local fightingSanitation improved; hospitals and schools createdTechnology brought economic growth
15 The Legacy of Colonial Rule Economic ChangesBased on extracting raw materialsBusinesses develop cash-crop plantationsGreat PowersGreat Britain, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Italy, and France competed for territoryBegan amassing weaponsBuilt large armiesLed to the first World War
18 Binder Assignment-Check on Learning Why did Europeans begin to colonize Africa?What obstacles did they have to overcome and how did they overcome them?What was the only African country to successfully resist European imperialism?List three effects of European imperialism in Africa.