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1 Minor Prophets, Major Message Pastor Brett Peterson Our Winter Series at Living Water.

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1 1 Minor Prophets, Major Message Pastor Brett Peterson Our Winter Series at Living Water

2 We are about to embark on a wonderful journey! We will glimpse back in time and even flash forward to future events.We are about to embark on a wonderful journey! We will glimpse back in time and even flash forward to future events. The minor prophets have a message for us today, relevant to the current state of the Church and world events.The minor prophets have a message for us today, relevant to the current state of the Church and world events. In fact, we are told that:In fact, we are told that: 2

3 Why are they called ‘Minor’? Most commentaries say it is because they are small books.Most commentaries say it is because they are small books. However, two of them are larger than Daniel, but Daniel is a Major Prophet…However, two of them are larger than Daniel, but Daniel is a Major Prophet… It’s not the size of the books, it’s the themes of the books.It’s not the size of the books, it’s the themes of the books. Daniel has multiple themes thus he is grouped with the Major Prophets.Daniel has multiple themes thus he is grouped with the Major Prophets. 3

4 Eph 2:19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God's household,20 having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone,Eph 2:19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God's household,20 having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone, 4

5 The Church’s foundation is built on the ‘Apostles and the Prophets’. We all know what the Apostles have given us in way of a foundation; now let’s explore what the Prophets reveal to us in these uncertain times. I think you will find this series compelling, provocative, and absolutely essential for the Church today – God’s household…The Church’s foundation is built on the ‘Apostles and the Prophets’. We all know what the Apostles have given us in way of a foundation; now let’s explore what the Prophets reveal to us in these uncertain times. I think you will find this series compelling, provocative, and absolutely essential for the Church today – God’s household… 5

6 1Ti 3:15 but in case I am delayed, I write so that you will know how one ought to conduct himself in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth.1Ti 3:15 but in case I am delayed, I write so that you will know how one ought to conduct himself in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth. 6

7 Some say the Twelve Prophets we are about to study have nothing to say to the modern Christian… 7

8 God says they are our Foundation! In Romans 1:17 Paul quotes Habakkuk 2:4, when heIn Romans 1:17 Paul quotes Habakkuk 2:4, when he says, “It is written, ‘The just shall live by faith.’”says, “It is written, ‘The just shall live by faith.’” 8

9 Perhaps most striking of all, we read in Matt. 2 that the wise men from the East had determined to seek out thePerhaps most striking of all, we read in Matt. 2 that the wise men from the East had determined to seek out the Christ Child in Bethlehem because of the very explicit directions which they found in Micah 5:2. “But thou Bethlehem, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall He come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel, whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.”Christ Child in Bethlehem because of the very explicit directions which they found in Micah 5:2. “But thou Bethlehem, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall He come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel, whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.” The first sermon Peter quoted Joel.The first sermon Peter quoted Joel. 9

10 So why, 12 Angry Men? Eze 5:13 'Thus My anger will be spent and I will satisfy My wrath on them, and I will be appeased; then they will know that I, the LORD, have spoken in My zeal when I have spent My wrath upon them.Eze 5:13 'Thus My anger will be spent and I will satisfy My wrath on them, and I will be appeased; then they will know that I, the LORD, have spoken in My zeal when I have spent My wrath upon them. God Spoke His anger through the Prophets!God Spoke His anger through the Prophets! It is a righteous anger!It is a righteous anger! It is a message that so burns within them that they must speak forth God’s Word.It is a message that so burns within them that they must speak forth God’s Word. 10

11 The prophets of old were men’s men. They were zealous for the Word of God and declared His word with passion. It was a righteous anger.The prophets of old were men’s men. They were zealous for the Word of God and declared His word with passion. It was a righteous anger. It is this zeal that we need today!It is this zeal that we need today! 11

12 Jesus was not a wimp! Joh 2:13 The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables;Joh 2:13 The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 And He found in the temple those who were selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 And He made a scourge of cords, and drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen; and He poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables; 12

13 Joh 2:16 and to those who were selling the doves He said, "Take these things away; stop making My Father's house a place of business."Joh 2:16 and to those who were selling the doves He said, "Take these things away; stop making My Father's house a place of business." Joh 2:17 His disciples remembered that it was written, "ZEAL FOR YOUR HOUSE WILL CONSUME ME."Joh 2:17 His disciples remembered that it was written, "ZEAL FOR YOUR HOUSE WILL CONSUME ME." 13

14 When was the last time you were CONSUMED with Zeal for God’s House?When was the last time you were CONSUMED with Zeal for God’s House? Where have all the heroes gone?Where have all the heroes gone? Where is the POWER in your life?Where is the POWER in your life? 14

15 Act 1:8 but you will receive POWERwhen the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and YOU SHALL be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth."Act 1:8 but you will receive POWERwhen the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and YOU SHALL be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth." 15

16 When’s the last time you felt that zeal for the things of God?When’s the last time you felt that zeal for the things of God? When is the last time you spoke out for Truth and Righteousness?When is the last time you spoke out for Truth and Righteousness? Are you driven by the Power of God or the fear of men?Are you driven by the Power of God or the fear of men? 16

17 Php 1:13 so that my imprisonment in the cause of Christ has become well known throughout the whole praetorian guard and to everyone else,Php 1:13 so that my imprisonment in the cause of Christ has become well known throughout the whole praetorian guard and to everyone else, Php 1:14 and that most of the brethren, trusting in the Lord because of my imprisonment, have far more COURAGE to speak the word of God WITHOUT FEAR.Php 1:14 and that most of the brethren, trusting in the Lord because of my imprisonment, have far more COURAGE to speak the word of God WITHOUT FEAR. 17

18 We will find that God judges nations… In our great country, democracy is king and we the people rule. We do not have to submit to a dictator nor do we have to idly stand by allow our politicians to continue to degrade the moral integrity of this nation. It is the duty and obligation of each Christian to stand up for TRUTH and oppose those who oppose the ethical and moral compass of God's Word.In our great country, democracy is king and we the people rule. We do not have to submit to a dictator nor do we have to idly stand by allow our politicians to continue to degrade the moral integrity of this nation. It is the duty and obligation of each Christian to stand up for TRUTH and oppose those who oppose the ethical and moral compass of God's Word. 18

19 Tit 2:11 For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men,Tit 2:11 For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, Tit 2:12 instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age,Tit 2:12 instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age, Tit 2:13 looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus,Tit 2:13 looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus, 19

20 Tit 2:14 who gave Himself for us to redeem us from every lawless deed, and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, ZEALOUS for good deeds.Tit 2:14 who gave Himself for us to redeem us from every lawless deed, and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, ZEALOUS for good deeds. Tit 2:15 These things speak and exhort and reprove with all authority. Let no one disregard you.Tit 2:15 These things speak and exhort and reprove with all authority. Let no one disregard you. 20

21 Qualities we should have… POWERPOWER ZEALZEAL STRENGTHSTRENGTH AUTHORITYAUTHORITY COURAGECOURAGE BOLDNESSBOLDNESS 21 It’s time to make God famous!

22 1Pe 3:12 "FOR THE EYES OF THE LORD ARE TOWARD THE RIGHTEOUS, AND HIS EARS ATTEND TO THEIR PRAYER, BUT THE FACE OF THE LORD IS AGAINST THOSE WHO DO EVIL."1Pe 3:12 "FOR THE EYES OF THE LORD ARE TOWARD THE RIGHTEOUS, AND HIS EARS ATTEND TO THEIR PRAYER, BUT THE FACE OF THE LORD IS AGAINST THOSE WHO DO EVIL." 22

23 1Pe 3:13 Who is there to harm you if you prove zealous for what is good?1Pe 3:13 Who is there to harm you if you prove zealous for what is good? 1Pe 3:14 But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. AND DO NOT FEAR THEIR INTIMIDATION, AND DO NOT BE TROUBLED,1Pe 3:14 But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. AND DO NOT FEAR THEIR INTIMIDATION, AND DO NOT BE TROUBLED, 23

24 Rev 3:15 'I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot; I wish that you were cold or hot.Rev 3:15 'I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot; I wish that you were cold or hot. Rev 3:16 'So because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will spit you out of My mouth.Rev 3:16 'So because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will spit you out of My mouth. Rev 3:17 'Because you say, "I am rich, and have become wealthy, and have need of nothing," and you do not know that you are wretched and miserable and poor and blind and naked,Rev 3:17 'Because you say, "I am rich, and have become wealthy, and have need of nothing," and you do not know that you are wretched and miserable and poor and blind and naked, 24

25 Rev 3:19 'Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline; therefore be zealous and repent.Rev 3:19 'Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline; therefore be zealous and repent. Rev 3:20 'Behold, I stand at the door and knock; if anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and will dine with him, and he with Me.Rev 3:20 'Behold, I stand at the door and knock; if anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and will dine with him, and he with Me. 25

26 1Co 16:13 Be on the alert, stand firm in the faith, act like men, be strong.1Co 16:13 Be on the alert, stand firm in the faith, act like men, be strong. Act 17:16 Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was being provoked within him as he was observing the city full of idols.Act 17:16 Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was being provoked within him as he was observing the city full of idols. to excite, stir up; parorgízo ̄ (G3949), to provoke to wrath or anger; paraze ̄ lóo ̄ (G3863), to provoke to jealousy.to excite, stir up; parorgízo ̄ (G3949), to provoke to wrath or anger; paraze ̄ lóo ̄ (G3863), to provoke to jealousy. 26

27 12 Angry Men Men who desired to please God rather than men…Men who desired to please God rather than men… Gal 1:10 For am I now seeking the favor of men, or of God? Or am I striving to please men? If I were still trying to please men, I would not be a bond-servant of Christ.Gal 1:10 For am I now seeking the favor of men, or of God? Or am I striving to please men? If I were still trying to please men, I would not be a bond-servant of Christ. 27

28 28 God holds men to Obedience Leviticus 26 Verses 14-33 Promises of Curses Verses 1-13 Promises of Blessing Rain for crops Security in land Victory over enemies God with His people Disease Invasion Defeat “Seven times more” Removed from Land

29 Isaiah 54:10 Promise of Covenant of Peace For the mountains may depart and the hills be removed, but my steadfast love shall not depart from you, and my covenant of peace shall not be removed, says the Lord, who has compassion on you.

30 Exodus 19 5 [The L ORD said,] “Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; 6 and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.”

31 Priests – represented the people to GodPriests – represented the people to God Prophets – represented God to the peopleProphets – represented God to the people We no longer need Priests – Christ is our High PriestWe no longer need Priests – Christ is our High Priest We are priests of our own temple of God- our bodies!We are priests of our own temple of God- our bodies! We still need prophets!We still need prophets! Prophecy – “To proclaim God’s Word”Prophecy – “To proclaim God’s Word” Paul told us all to desire to be prophets!!!!Paul told us all to desire to be prophets!!!! 31

32 1Co 14:1 Pursue love, yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but especially that you may prophesy.1Co 14:1 Pursue love, yet desire earnestly spiritual gifts, but especially that you may prophesy. Joe 2:28 "It will come about after this That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind; And your sons and daughters will prophesy, Your old men will dream dreams, Your young men will see visions.Joe 2:28 "It will come about after this That I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind; And your sons and daughters will prophesy, Your old men will dream dreams, Your young men will see visions. 32

33 The Message of the Prophets The Lord as Ruler of all history.The Lord as Ruler of all history. The primary need to be right with God.The primary need to be right with God. The moral foundation of religion and society.The moral foundation of religion and society. A blend of judgment and hope.A blend of judgment and hope. The Messianic Kingdom.The Messianic Kingdom.

34 Meeting God Revelation – a fresh glimpse of Him as we obey Repentance – turning from our ways to His Restoration – His grace, forgiveness & freedom Remaining – Connected to Him – empowered Responding – “Here am I”…obeying Him

35 35 Important Dates to Remember  975 BC – The Kingdom of Israel was divided into two parts:  The Northern Kingdom of Israel with Samaria as its capital.  The Southern Kingdom of Judah with Jerusalem as its capital.  722 BC – The Northern Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) was destroyed by the Assyrians under King Tiglathpileser III (2 Kings 15:29). As was the Assyrian custom, the Israelites were deported to Assyria.  586 BC – The Southern Kingdom of Judah is taken captive and Jerusalem is destroyed by the Babylonians under the rule of King Nebuchadnezzar.

36 36

37 Divided Kingdom Northern Kingdom – IsraelNorthern Kingdom – Israel –Evil, disobedient –Fell in 722 BC to the Assyrian Empire –Israelites taken into captivity Southern Kingdom – JudahSouthern Kingdom – Judah –Disobedient, occasional reforms – Hezekiah, Josiah –Fell in 586 BC to the Babylonian Empire –Taken into captivity

38 38 Timeline…

39 39 2Pe 1:19 So we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts. 2Pe 1:20 But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one's own interpretation, 2Pe 1:21 for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.

40 Micah 5:2 NIV "But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times."

41 Micah 6:8 NIV He has showed you, O man, what is good. And what does the LORD require of you? To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God.

42 Joel 2: 28-29 NIV And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions. Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days.

43 Matthew 12: 40 NIV For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

44 Habakkuk 2: 4 NRSV Look at the proud! Their spirit is not right in them, but the righteous live by their faith.

45 Zechariah 9:9 NIV Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

46 Malachi 3: 8-10 NIV "Will a man rob God? Yet you rob me. "But you ask, 'How do we rob you?' "In tithes and offerings. You are under a curse — the whole nation of you — because you are robbing me. Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse, that there may be food in my house. Test me in this," says the LORD Almighty, "and see if I will not throw open the floodgates of heaven and pour out so much blessing that you will not have room enough for it.

47 Zephaniah 3:17 NIV The LORD your God is with you, he is mighty to save. He will take great delight in you, he will quiet you with his love, he will rejoice over you with singing."

48 OBADIAH (840 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “God will oppose the proud who oppose His people.” PATIENCE IN TRIBULATION VERSE :VERSE : (15) “For the day of the LORD draws near on all the nations. As you have done, it will be done to you.”

49 Joel (835 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “RESPONDING TO DISCIPLINE – REVIVAL” VERSES :VERSES : (2:28-32) “It will come about after this that I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind; & your sons & daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions. Even on the male & female servants I will pour out My Spirit in those days. I will display wonders in the sky & on the earth, blood, fire & columns of smoke. The sun will be turned into darkness & the moon into blood before the great & awesome day of the LORD comes & it will come about that whoever calls on the name of the LORD will be delivered; for on Mount Zion & in Jerusalem there will be those who escape, as the LORD has said, even among the survivors whom the LORD calls.”

50 Jonah (760 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “RESPONSIBLE EVANGELISM.” VERSE :VERSE : (3:10) “When God saw their deeds, that they turned from their wicked way, then God relented concerning the calamity which He had declared He would bring upon them. And He did not do it.”

51 Amos (755 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “God will punish Israel for covenant violations particularly social commands of the Law. SEEK THE LORD” VERSES :VERSES : (8:11-12) “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord GOD, when I will send a famine on the land, not a famine for bread or a thirst for water, but rather for hearing the words of the LORD. People will stagger from sea to sea & from the north even to the east; they will go to & fro to seek the word of the LORD, but they will not find it.”

52 Hosea (710 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “GOD’S UNFAILING LOVE & MERCY” VERSES :VERSES : (6:6) “For I delight in loyalty rather than sacrifice, & in the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.”

53 Micah (700 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “RECOGNIZING FALSE TEACHERS.” VERSE :VERSE : (6:8) “He has told you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you but to do justice, to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?”

54 Nahum (663-612 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “FOUNDATION FOR COURAGE.” VERSES :VERSES : (1:3,7) “The LORD is slow to anger & great in power, & the LORD will by no means leave the guilty unpunished. In whirlwind & storm is His way, & clouds are the dust beneath His feet. The LORD is good, a stronghold in the day of trouble, & He knows those who take refuge in Him. But with an overflowing flood He will make a complete end of its site, & will pursue His enemies into darkness.”

55 Zephaniah (625 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “Despite all appearances to the contrary, God is still in control of the world.” VERSE :VERSE : (1:12) “It will come about at that time that I will search Jerusalem with lamps, & I will punish the men who are stagnant in spirit, who say in their hearts, ‘The LORD will not do good or evil!’”

56 Habakkuk (607 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “God may delay Judah’s judgment, but judgment will come and devastate the country, but the just shall survive by their faithfulness.” VERSE :VERSE : (2:4) “Behold, as for the proud one, his soul is not right within him; but the righteous will live by his faith.”

57 Haggai (520 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “Put God’s program first, and you will be blessed!” VERSES :VERSES : (1:5) “Now therefore, thus says the LORD of hosts, “Consider your ways!” (1:5) “Now therefore, thus says the LORD of hosts, “Consider your ways!” (1:7) “Thus says the LORD of hosts, “Consider your ways!”

58 Zechariah (520 B.C.) THEME :THEME : “LIVING IN THE LAST DAYS.” VERSE :VERSE : (4:6) “Then he said to me, “This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel saying, ‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ says the LORD of hosts.”

59 Malachi (450-400 B.C.) THEME : “Sincere devotion to God is necessary to receive His favor.” VERSES : (1:6/3:6-7) “A son honors his father, & a servant his master. Then if I am a father, where is My honor? And if I am a master, where is My respect?’ says the LORD of hosts to you, O priests who despise My name. But you say, ‘How have we despised Your name?’” “For I, the LORD, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed. From the days of your fathers you have turned aside from My statutes & have not kept them. Return to Me, & I will return to you,” says the LORD of hosts. “But you say, ‘How shall we return?’

60 12 Angry (Zealous) Men A message that transcends timeA message that transcends time A journey that will bring us into right relationship with YahwehA journey that will bring us into right relationship with Yahweh A glimpse into the His-story of the futureA glimpse into the His-story of the future A winter we will spend with some mighty men of God as we peer into their lettersA winter we will spend with some mighty men of God as we peer into their letters A time to be empowered by the SpiritA time to be empowered by the Spirit 60


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