Presentation on theme: "EDIT 6900: Research Methods in Instructional Technology UGA, Instructional Technology Spring, 2010 If you can hear audio, click If you cannot hear audio,"— Presentation transcript:
EDIT 6900: Research Methods in Instructional Technology UGA, Instructional Technology Spring, 2010 If you can hear audio, click If you cannot hear audio, click If you have a question, click Lloyd Rieber Co-Instructor Greg Francom Graduate Assistant TJ Kopcha Co-Instructor
Course Project: Will you do this individually or with a partner? It’s time to decide!
Course Project: Will you do this individually or with a partner? Date to decide by: February 9 To declare your intention, update your class profile and write the name of your partner or the word “individual” in the field titled “Project Team.”
Informal Activity SDC Systematic Data Collection An informal, (hopefully) enjoyable activity designed to give you first-hand experience collecting research data Your Task: Go and research something of interest to you! Report on it informally in writing Give 5 minute oral report 10%, Due: April 14
Let’s choose the person to briefly summarize this week’s podcast…
“The Heart of a Super Fan” Take away points Have heart troubles? Skip watching the Super Bowl! Heart attacks tripled for German men, doubled for German women (NEJM) A good study; here are strengths of argument: –Large sample size: over 4000 –Germans with history of heart troubles had 4 times the level –Importance of game, or closeness of game, correlated with heart attacks –When Germany no longer in finals, effects disappeared: Lose the hypothesized “cause” and the effects go away. Are findings transferable to an American audience? Is your favorite part of the game the commercials? Or maybe you enjoy just the chance to get together?
Plagiarism Be Extra Careful as You Embark into Reviewing the Literature
Pla-gia-rism 1. The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work.
Pla-gia-rism 1. The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work. 2. Also known as cheating!
How to Avoid Inadvertent Plagiarism As you read the literature (e.g. articles, book chapters, etc.), write down the entire reference as a first step to taking notes. If you write down text from the source verbatim in your notes, put quotation marks around the text and note the page number. Don’t assume you’ll remember.
So, plagiarism is like… Driving drunk and then passing a school bus with its lights flashing.
Choosing the Study It must be a research study reporting primary data. The study should have a research question or hypothesis, empirical data, results, and conclusion. It should be very recent - a publication date no older than 3 years. This helps us address the goal of graduating with an understanding of current research. It can be about any topic that is somehow relevant to instructional technology. If you can see a connection to instructional technology, the study will probably work. If the study relates somehow to your major research project for this class, that is all the better.
List of Good Educational Research Journals A good web resource with a listing of prominent research journals (provided also in the RDA description): http://www.listphile.com/edtechjournals Then, you can check the UGA library to see if they subscribe to it: http://www.libs.uga.edu/ejournals
Guidelines and Advice Plan to read the article at least three times. Take your time – don’t try to do it all in one session or sitting. A good plan for the three readings: –Read it once to get the overall gist of it. –Then, read it again right away and take some initial notes as you do. –Read it at least one more time well, preferably after a break of a half a day or so, taking more notes. Write your critique, rereading the article as often as needed as you do so.
Guidelines and Advice Leedy and Ormrod, pages 9-10 1.In what source did you find the research article? Was it reviewed by experts in the field before it was published? 2.Does the article have a stated research question or problem. That is, can you determine the focus of the author's work? 3.Does the article describe the collection of data, or does it describe and synthesize other studies in which data were collected? 4.Is the article logically organized and easy to follow? What could have been done to improve its organization? 5.Does the article contain a section that outlines and reviews previous studies on this topic? In what ways is this previous work relevant to the research problem? Continued…
Guidelines and Advice Leedy and Ormrod, pages 9-10 6.If the author explained procedures that were followed in the study, are these procedures clear enough that you could repeat the work and get similar results? What additional information might be helpful or essential for you to replicate the study? 7.If data were collected, can you describe how they were collected and how they were analyzed? Do you agree with what was done? What additional things would you have done if you had been the researcher? 8.Do you agree with the interpretation of the results? Why or why not? 9.Finally, reflect over the entire article. What is, for you, most important? What do you find most interesting? What do you think are the strengths and weaknesses of this article? Will you remember this article in the future? Why or why not?
RDA Components Title Authors Complete citation Article Summary Strengths of the Article Weaknesses of the Article Personal Relevance
RDA: Other Guidelines & Advice The total length of your critique should be no less than one double-spaced page (400 words) and no more than two double-spaced pages (800 words). You will be required to redo your critique if it is excessively too short or too long. It is strongly recommended that you write your critique first in a word processor to check for spelling and grammar before copying and pasting into the online fields below.
What do you call this? Smith (2005) found that…. lfkj aslfjslkfkldsjsdjldsj s dfsdj lfsjd aflksjd flksajdflksdj lfksaj fsdlfdslfsdflsd lkfjsdlkf sdlf jslajf lskjflas Jones (2006) found that …. lfkj aslfjslkfkldsjsdjldsj s dfsdj lfsjd aflksjd flksajdflksdj lfksaj fsdlfdslfsdflsd lkfjsdlkf sdlf jslajf lskjflas Thomas (2004) found that …. lfkj aslfjslkfkldsjsdjldsj s dfsdj lfsjd aflksjd flksajdflksdj lfksaj fsdlfdslfsdflsd lkfjsdlkf sdlf jslajf lskjflas Jacobs (2001) found that …. lfkj aslfjslkfkldsjsdjldsj s dfsdj lfsjd aflksjd flksajdflksdj lfksaj fsdlfdslfsdflsd lkfjsdlkf sdlf jslajf lskjflas
Evaluating, Organizing, and Synthesizing the Literature Evaluate: Never take other people’s conclusions at face value; determine for yourself whether their conclusions are justified based on the data presented. Organize the ideas you encounter during your review. Synthesize what you’ve learned from your review. Pull together the diverse perspectives and research results you’ve read into a cohesive whole.
Review the sample review of literature on pgs. 81-84.
Greg Clinton’s ROL Outline Creativity Instructional Design The Persistent Thread: Creativity and Instructional Design Conceptualizing the Role of Creativity in Instructional Design
Writing a Clear and Cohesive Review Get the proper psychological orientation. Have a plan. Emphasize relatedness. Give credit where credit is due. Review the literature. Don’t reproduce it! Summarize what you have said. Remember that your first draft will almost certainly NOT be your last draft. Ask others for advice and feedback.
On very rare occasions when the original source cannot be found even after diligent effort and the original source must be cited, use the following format: Smith, 1980, as cited in Jones, 2007
There are no short-cuts to reading the literature Becoming familiar with the literature is essential for the researcher and professional alike. Your own research questions will arise from and be clarified through a command of the literature.
“Read more literature” is the answer to many questions… I’m confused, what should I do? I don’t have any ideas for a research project, what should I do? Nothing has been done in my area of interest, what should I do? I need to be inspired, what should I do? And so on…
Questions? Go ahead and enter question in message field, or… Click and wait for my prompt to speak.
What now? Use the remainder of the assigned class time to begin your search of a research article to critique. I emailed everyone a short “tutorial” on how to search appropriate Galileo databases. (Consider it an orientation for next week.)