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Psyche, Libidinal Energy, and the Unconscious Jung took the basic format of the psyche from Freud and expanded on what he believed was missing.

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Presentation on theme: "Psyche, Libidinal Energy, and the Unconscious Jung took the basic format of the psyche from Freud and expanded on what he believed was missing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Psyche, Libidinal Energy, and the Unconscious Jung took the basic format of the psyche from Freud and expanded on what he believed was missing.

2 Range of Consciousness Awake & awareAwake & aware Automatic pilotAutomatic pilot Hypnotic tranceHypnotic trance Daydreaming Daydreaming AsleepAsleep Dreaming Dreaming

3 The Psyche All psychological processes, both conscious & unconsciousAll psychological processes, both conscious & unconscious Freud first described the Unconscious, which he likened to the iceberg- Levels of ConsciousnessFreud first described the Unconscious, which he likened to the iceberg- Levels of Consciousness He also described Libidinal Energy- the energy that drives expression of the unconsciousHe also described Libidinal Energy- the energy that drives expression of the unconscious

4 Icebergs are powerful Freud believed theFreud believed the Unconscious was primarily sexual Jung believed itJung believed it included any desire unchecked by moral authority

5 We operate from instinct to a level driven by the Spirit

6 Pierre Janet investigated unconscious states through trances The question was, How much influence does the unconscious have on our behavior?The question was, How much influence does the unconscious have on our behavior? Janet called these unconscious states “multiple personalities”Janet called these unconscious states “multiple personalities” Jung even attended séances to better understand the nature of the unconsciousJung even attended séances to better understand the nature of the unconscious

7 Jung discovered aspects of unconsciousness During trances, subjects give voice to the unconscious- without editingDuring trances, subjects give voice to the unconscious- without editing Split-off aspects of the unconscious could appear as distinct personalitiesSplit-off aspects of the unconscious could appear as distinct personalities Psychic energy has a teleological function- goal direction, seeking wholeness, growthPsychic energy has a teleological function- goal direction, seeking wholeness, growth The unconscious could compensate for conscious attitudes- a balancing effectThe unconscious could compensate for conscious attitudes- a balancing effect

8 Manifestations of the unconscious Trance states due to repetitive experiencesTrance states due to repetitive experiences Intense emotional reactions unjustified by present circumstancesIntense emotional reactions unjustified by present circumstances Behaving in such a way we feel we aren’t ourselvesBehaving in such a way we feel we aren’t ourselves DaydreamingDaydreaming ImaginationImagination

9 The Nature of the Psyche Self-regulating system- compensating functionSelf-regulating system- compensating function Libido has intentionality- it knows where it should go for the health of the entire psycheLibido has intentionality- it knows where it should go for the health of the entire psyche The challenge for modern man is listening to this voice, which is often in conflict with the loud voices of the worldThe challenge for modern man is listening to this voice, which is often in conflict with the loud voices of the world Lack of libido = depressionLack of libido = depression Resistance to unconscious forcesResistance to unconscious forces

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11 The psyche moves from most conscious & aware to unconscious

12 The unconscious holds the instinctual forces of the psyche Instincts are impulses that carry out actions from necessity- having a biological qualityInstincts are impulses that carry out actions from necessity- having a biological quality Instincts determine actions, even though they act unconsciouslyInstincts determine actions, even though they act unconsciously Archetypes are inborn forms of intuition- means of perceiving the worldArchetypes are inborn forms of intuition- means of perceiving the world How we apprehend the world determines the direction of our instinct- fluidHow we apprehend the world determines the direction of our instinct- fluid

13 Unconscious holds the psychoid functions- relationship between matter and Spirit If the unconscious becomes overactive, it can come out in symptoms that can paralyze conscious action, especially if unconscious factors are repressed. They come out in 2 ways:If the unconscious becomes overactive, it can come out in symptoms that can paralyze conscious action, especially if unconscious factors are repressed. They come out in 2 ways: The subject no longer knows what s/he really wants & nothing interests him/her.The subject no longer knows what s/he really wants & nothing interests him/her. He wants too much at once, has too many interests in impossible things.He wants too much at once, has too many interests in impossible things.

14 Compensation- maintaining psychic equilibrium Dreams can give quiet voice to things the person cannot consciously own, allowing him/her to continue functioning They also voice our repressed personality Creativity

15 A compensating dream

16 Language of the psyche The unconscious requires the conscious mind to interpret its languageThe unconscious requires the conscious mind to interpret its language This allows for balance in the psycheThis allows for balance in the psyche Language of symbolsLanguage of symbols Dream interpretation requires learning the symbolic language of the unconsciousDream interpretation requires learning the symbolic language of the unconscious Imagination, daydreaming, planningImagination, daydreaming, planning Mental illnessMental illness

17 Jung took the concept farther He described the necessity of conscious and unconscious remaining balancedHe described the necessity of conscious and unconscious remaining balanced Out of balance, neurosis developsOut of balance, neurosis develops The unconscious is source of all conscious thought, all creativity, rationality, feelingThe unconscious is source of all conscious thought, all creativity, rationality, feeling The unconscious is the Original Mind of humankind, from which our conscious developedThe unconscious is the Original Mind of humankind, from which our conscious developed Consciousness arises from primal material of the unconscious- NatureConsciousness arises from primal material of the unconscious- Nature The process is ongoing- more material will arise as we growThe process is ongoing- more material will arise as we grow Each person is a microcosm of the universal processes of our species- There is a universality to the discoveries across the worldEach person is a microcosm of the universal processes of our species- There is a universality to the discoveries across the world

18 Concepts of the Unconscious Iceberg- FreudIceberg- Freud Blueprint for our lives- invisible patternBlueprint for our lives- invisible pattern Huge field of energy- the oceanHuge field of energy- the ocean Broader and more dangerous than the conscious- also more potentially creativeBroader and more dangerous than the conscious- also more potentially creative Ego is a cork bobbing on top, driven by the forces below Ego is a cork bobbing on top, driven by the forces below

19 Ego- “I” The conscious mindThe conscious mind All our conscious awareness of selfAll our conscious awareness of self We tend to see the unconscious as apart from our self- recognized especially when we do things out of characterWe tend to see the unconscious as apart from our self- recognized especially when we do things out of character Ego thinks of itself as an island unto itselfEgo thinks of itself as an island unto itself Other worlds exist that are worth exploring, but they represent risk (and potential wisdom)Other worlds exist that are worth exploring, but they represent risk (and potential wisdom) The quest to know the unconscious (the other worlds) is fraught with fear & excitementThe quest to know the unconscious (the other worlds) is fraught with fear & excitement

20 How do we embark on the journey of self-knowledge? Jung says we should open ourselves to our inner life- and allow a flow of energy & information between the 2 levels of psycheJung says we should open ourselves to our inner life- and allow a flow of energy & information between the 2 levels of psyche The problem for modern man is how we have been cut off from access to the inner world: rituals, religious experiences, visionsThe problem for modern man is how we have been cut off from access to the inner world: rituals, religious experiences, visions We take pride in rationality & independence from needing anything outside ourselves.We take pride in rationality & independence from needing anything outside ourselves.

21 Focus on the things of the world keeps us from doing inner work The world says: Money, Prestige, Partner is the secret to happinessThe world says: Money, Prestige, Partner is the secret to happiness Jung: Most neurosis today is due to the vacuum of meaning, a sense that we are missing a part of ourselves.Jung: Most neurosis today is due to the vacuum of meaning, a sense that we are missing a part of ourselves. Jung: Only in our unconscious can we meet our individual understanding of God and fully experience a rich inner life of the spiritJung: Only in our unconscious can we meet our individual understanding of God and fully experience a rich inner life of the spirit

22 If we don’t go to the Spirit, the Spirit will come to us through neurosis How do we “Go to the Spirit?”How do we “Go to the Spirit?” Inner Work:Inner Work: PrayerPrayer MeditationMeditation Dream workDream work Rituals and ceremoniesRituals and ceremonies Active imaginationActive imagination This produces Individuation- process of becoming the complete person we were meant to be- actualizing the blueprint.This produces Individuation- process of becoming the complete person we were meant to be- actualizing the blueprint.

23 What happens when we individuate? We uncover our unique structureWe uncover our unique structure Recognize our special traits and consciously incorporate themRecognize our special traits and consciously incorporate them Face our darker side without judgmentFace our darker side without judgment Find commonality with others and no longer judge them eitherFind commonality with others and no longer judge them either Let go of the fiction that we are better (or worse) than others and we must hideLet go of the fiction that we are better (or worse) than others and we must hide our true selves our true selves

24 Archetypes Ideas and images our unconscious displaysIdeas and images our unconscious displays “Instinctual images”- the forms that instincts assume“Instinctual images”- the forms that instincts assume Instincts are physiological- symptomsInstincts are physiological- symptoms Archetypes are psychological- perceptions revealed in fantasies, dreams, imageryArchetypes are psychological- perceptions revealed in fantasies, dreams, imagery Archetypes manifest:Archetypes manifest: Personally- complexesPersonally- complexes Collectively- characteristics of a culture (to be healthy a culture must understand its archetypes and adjust them as necessary to continue developing)Collectively- characteristics of a culture (to be healthy a culture must understand its archetypes and adjust them as necessary to continue developing)

25 Archetypes burst the bubble of ego and separation They are universal, present in the unconscious of each personThey are universal, present in the unconscious of each person They combine in a unique way in each person, like our bodiesThey combine in a unique way in each person, like our bodies Recognizing our connection to the greater population, as well as our unique makeup allows us to fully develop our best nature, not imitate anyone else.Recognizing our connection to the greater population, as well as our unique makeup allows us to fully develop our best nature, not imitate anyone else. Images from the collective unconscious are seen in mythology, literature, metaphor, legends.Images from the collective unconscious are seen in mythology, literature, metaphor, legends.

26 The process of inner work Direct ways of approaching the inner world of your unconsciousDirect ways of approaching the inner world of your unconscious It is done experientially, not through cognition, to really access subtle meaningIt is done experientially, not through cognition, to really access subtle meaning You gain insight into inner conflicts or challenges that your particular life offersYou gain insight into inner conflicts or challenges that your particular life offers The process allows you to access your special strengthsThe process allows you to access your special strengths

27 Inner Work Religious ceremoniesReligious ceremonies Interpretation of dreamsInterpretation of dreams Spirit questsSpirit quests Aboriginal walkaboutsAboriginal walkabouts Fasting and prayerFasting and prayer Active imaginationActive imagination All these represent a dialogue between equal parties- conscious and unconsciousAll these represent a dialogue between equal parties- conscious and unconscious

28 Active Imagination as Jung used it

29 Dream Journal Begin keeping a journal by your bed to write your dream images down as soon as you awaken.Begin keeping a journal by your bed to write your dream images down as soon as you awaken. Also write down the experiences of the day- context is everything to interpretationAlso write down the experiences of the day- context is everything to interpretation Write down your thoughts for the day, daydreams, and feelingsWrite down your thoughts for the day, daydreams, and feelings Realize this is a powerful emotional experience and you will only be expected to share what you are comfortable sharing. Respect the process.Realize this is a powerful emotional experience and you will only be expected to share what you are comfortable sharing. Respect the process.


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