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Unit 4 Career Planning. It is no use doing what you like; you have got to like what you do. – Winston Churchill 不能爱哪行才干哪行,要干哪行爱哪行。 Every man's work, whether.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 Career Planning. It is no use doing what you like; you have got to like what you do. – Winston Churchill 不能爱哪行才干哪行,要干哪行爱哪行。 Every man's work, whether."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 4 Career Planning

2 It is no use doing what you like; you have got to like what you do. – Winston Churchill 不能爱哪行才干哪行,要干哪行爱哪行。 Every man's work, whether it be literature or music or pictures or architecture or anything else, is always a portrait of himself. -- Samuel Brtler 每个人的工作,不管是文学、音乐、美术、建筑还 是其他工作,都是自己的一幅画像。 Proverbs and Sayings

3 Directions: Work in groups to explain the work proverbs. Interpreting Proverbs Interpreting Proverbs

4 Proverbs on Work -1 1) All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 只工作不玩,聪明孩子也变傻。 If someone works too late, he/she will not be able to think quickly.

5 Proverbs on Work -2 2) Many hands make light work. 人多好办事。 If there are many people working on a job, the job will be finished quickly and efficiently.

6 Proverbs on Work -3 3) A bad workman always blames his tools. 自己笨,怪刀钝。 Someone who cannot do his/her work well always blames his/her tools rather than accepting his/her own responsibility.

7 Oral Practice I Work in groups to answer the following questions. Career planning has different meanings to different people. Generally speaking, it includes gathering information about ourselves and about occupations, estimating the possible outcomes of various courses of action, and finally, choosing alternatives that we find attractive and feasible. 1. What does career planning mean? SampleSample

8 The keys to career planning are listed as follows: 1. Study yourself. 2. Write your career goals down. 3. Review your plans and progress periodically with another person. 4. If you choose a career that does not fit you, you can start over. 2. What are the keys to career planning? SampleSample

9 Directions: You will have 3 minutes to list as many names of occupations as possible. Oral Practice II Name different occupations Oral Practice II Name different occupations

10 Pair-work Directions: work in pairs and try to figure out the occupations of the people in the pictures. The following words are for your reference: surgeon, pilot, cook/chef, lawyer, receptionist, policeman, doctor/physician, scientist/research worker, nurse, film director, flight attendant, conductor, butcher, auto-repairman

11 1.film director 2. surgeon 4. pilot 3. flight attendant

12 5. cook/chef 6. conductor 7. lawyer 8. receptionist

13 9. policeman 10. butcher 11.doctor/physician

14 13. scientist/ research worker 12. auto-repairman 14. nurse

15 List of Careers for Reference  teacher  doctor  nurse  worker  engineer  farmer  policeman  bus driver  editor  soldier  poet  cleaner  boxer 拳击手  bank teller ( 银行 ) 出纳  dentist  surgeon  statistician 统计工作  athlete  cook  conductor  lawyer  air hostess 空中小姐  pilot  actor  director 导演  scientist

16 List of Careers for Reference  author  cashier ( 商店等 ) 出纳员  baby-sitter ( 临时 ) 请来 看孩子的人  architect 建筑师  book keeper 记帐人  guide  photographer  fisherman  businessman  sailor  astronaut  shop  assistant  professor  reporter  postman  politician  accountant 会计  financial analyst 金融分析员  stock broker ( 股票债券等的 ) 经纪人  coach 教练  blacksmith  tailor  flight attendant 航空服务员  grocer 杂货商  clerk  computer  programmer  geneticist 遗传学家  artist

17 Oral Practice III Different occupations Describe a career you’re likely to pursue in the future. Don’t mention its name but ask your classmates to guess what it is.

18 The job I’d prefer to take has a flexible working schedule. I don’t have to be at work exactly on time. Much of my time will be spent sitting in front of the computer or going through the work written by others. When work is due, I will have to burn the midnight oil. But when there is no work, I can take time to enjoy myself even if I’m still at work. This job needs a lot of initiative and independence. I’ll have to contact potential writers all by myself and choose the topics and books that might sell well or have good academic value. I’ll need to be very careful, doing the proofreading many times until a book is finally published. Answer: editor

19 What is it? Editor

20 It’s a job which requires a lot of skills in dealing with people. Their main task involves doing paperwork in the office, answering phone calls and helping people go through formalities. They have a steady salary, and lead a comparatively leisurely life. They don’t have to go on business often. They go to work at 9 in the morning, and get back home at 5 in the afternoon. They will not be fired easily because they are employed by the government. Not many people would like to take the job before, but now it’s very hot. The government keeps raising the salary of these people partly in order to keep them from corruption.

21 What is it? Government office worker or civil servant

22 In-class Reading Career Planning

23 Read the passage quickly and find the answers to the following questions

24 Read the passage quickly and find the answers to the following questions I: What does career planning mean? II: Why does the author say students are not efficient in career planning? III: What are the keys to career planning?

25 Work in groups to answer the following questions. Career planning has different meanings to different people. Generally speaking, it includes gathering information about ourselves and about occupations, estimating the possible outcomes of various courses of action, and finally, choosing alternatives that we find attractive and feasible. What does career planning mean? SampleSample

26 Much evidence shows that students are not efficient in career planning. For example, most students choose from among a very narrow group of occupations. As many as 40 to 60 percent prefer to choose professional occupations, in which only 15 to 18 percent of the work force is engaged in reality. Young men lack interest in clerical, sales, and service occupations that offer many job opportunities. What is worse, as many as a third of the students are unable to express any choice of occupation. Why does the author say students are not efficient in career planning? SampleSample

27 The keys to career planning are listed as follows: 1. Study yourself. 2. Write your career goals down. 3. Review your plans and progress periodically with another person. 4. If you choose a career that does not fit you, you can start over. What are the keys to career planning? SampleSample

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29 Organizational Analysis Part I (Para. 1) Introduction Career planning does not necessarily follow _______________. Part II (Para. 2) Students’ ________ in career planning routine or logical steps weakness 1) Most students choose from a very narrow group of occupations. 2) 40 to 60 percent of the students choose professional occupations, but only 15 to 18 percent of the work force is engaged in professional work. 3) Young men lack interest in fields that offer many job opportunities. 4) A third of the students are unable to express any choice of occupation.

30 Part III. (Para. 3-5) Serious _______ in the ways of decision making flaws 1) _______________ — ignoring challenging information. 2) ____________________— resorting to wishful thinking or daydreaming. 3) ________________ — searching frantically for career possibilities and seizing on hastily invented solutions. Complacency Defensive avoidance Hypervigilance

31 Part IV (Para. 6-11) ________ to career planning Keys 1) 2) Write your career ________ down. 3) _______ your plans and progress periodically with another person. 4) If you choose a career that does not fit you, you can ___________. Study yourself goals Review start over

32 Part V ( Para. 12-13 ) Changes in careers 1) Few changes involve downward movement; most involve _________________. 2) Job changes and career ________ occur at all ages. getting ahead shifts Part VI ( Para. 14-15 ) Conclusion Although there is no sure way to make career plans work out, there are things that you can do now to ___________ your career possibilities. shape

33 Summary of the Text In career planning, various factors should be ___________, but many people fail to do so. Serious flaws _____ in the ways they make career decisions, such as complacency, defensive avoidance and hypervigilance. In order to _____ this situation, the author _________ some suggestions: Study yourself; Write your career goal down; Review your plans and progress periodically with another person; If you choose a career that does not fit you, you can start over.

34 In career planning, various factors should be taken into consideration, but many people fail to do so. Serious flaws exist in the ways they make career decisions, such as complacency, defensive avoidance and hypervigilance. In order to improve this situation, the author puts forward some suggestions: Study yourself; Write your career goal down; Review your plans and progress periodically with another person; If you choose a career that does not fit you, you can start over.

35 2) When is complacency appropriate? (Para.3 ) 3) Please use a Chinese idiom to describe rationalization and an animal to describe procrastination. (Para. 4) Complacency is appropriate for any decision in which nothing much is at stake. 逃避现实; ostrich 1) What kind of people usually demonstrate complacency? (Para. 3) People who ignore challenging information about the choices they make Answer the following questions after your careful reading

36 5) How can vigilant decision making occur? (Para. 6) 4) What do hyper-vigilant people usually do in career decision making? (Para. 5) When they believe there is not enough time to find a solution, they panic. They search frantically for career possibilities and seize on hastily invented solutions, overlooking the consequences of their choice and other alternatives. When people believe that ① a choice should be made; ② they can find a solution; ③ there is enough time.

37 6) What is the foundation of all career planning? (Para. 8) To understand what you are like, what you value, and what you want to become. 7) Why do you need to write career goal down by time blocks in life? (Para. 9) To organize ideas about career development, lead to new insights into your possibilities and identify gaps in thinking about career development.

38 8) What’s the use of taking inventory of progress and planning further steps? (Para. 10) It can help you cope with the changes that you undergo and the changes that take place in labor market. 9) Chinese society once also attached stigma to career hopping and has an idiom to describe the terrible consequences. Could you figure out this idiom? (Para. 12) 男怕入错行。 10) What is the most important lesson of this often unhappy modern world? (Para. 15) Progress comes from planning.

39 ___ 1) Different people emphasize different factors in career planning. ___ 2) In career planning, it is very important to gather information about ourselves. ___ 3) Students are quite realistic in their career planning. T T Directions: Decide whether the following statements are true or false. Write “T” for true and “F” for false in the space provided F Understanding specific information

40 T F T T ___ 4) Serious flaws in decision making seem to be related to the patterns people use to deal with problems. ___ 5) Complacency is appropriate for any decision except career decisions. ___ 6) Some people avoid facing a difficult situation by wishful thinking or daydreaming. ___ 7) Career decision making in a hurry may result from hyper vigilance.

41 T T F F T ___ 8) A good understanding of oneself is the most important thing in career planning. ___ 9) Talking with various people helps to shape one’s career plan. ___ 10) Career hopping is now generally accepted as something good. ___ 11) Job changes and career shifts occur most frequently with people between the ages of 20 and 25. ___ 12) Since many problems and difficulties can not be foreseen, there is not much we can do to shape our future.

42 Translate the following sentences into appropriate Chinese

43 译 文译 文译 文译 文 译 文译 文译 文译 文 Career planning includes gathering information about ourselves and about occupations, estimating the probable outcomes of various courses of action, and finally, choosing alternatives that we find attractive and feasible. (Line 3) Career planning includes gathering information about ourselves and about occupations, estimating the probable outcomes of various courses of action, and finally, choosing alternatives that we find attractive and feasible. (Line 3) 进行择业规划,要收集有关我们自身以及职 业的信息资料,估计采取各种举动可能出现的结 果,最后做出我们认为有吸引力并且可行的选择。

44 难句分析难句分析难句分析难句分析 难句分析难句分析难句分析难句分析 They cite evidence 句子的主要结构为 They cite evidence 。 that evidence 从属连词 that 引导四个名词性从句,作宾语 evidence 的同位语。 译 文 译 文 译 文 译 文 They cite evidence that (1) most students choose from among a very narrow group of occupations; (2) as many as 40 to 60 percent choose professional occupations, … to express any choice of occupation. (Line 8) They cite evidence that (1) most students choose from among a very narrow group of occupations; (2) as many as 40 to 60 percent choose professional occupations, … to express any choice of occupation. (Line 8)

45 译 文译 文译 文译 文 译 文译 文译 文译 文 许多观察家指出学生在择业规划方面不是很在行。 他们列出了以下事实: 1) 大部分学生选择职业的范围很 窄; 2) 多达 40% 至 60% 的学生选择专业性的职业 …… 。 They cite evidence that (1) most students choose from among a very narrow group of occupations; (2) as many as 40 to 60 percent choose professional occupations, … to express any choice of occupation. (Line 8) They cite evidence that (1) most students choose from among a very narrow group of occupations; (2) as many as 40 to 60 percent choose professional occupations, … to express any choice of occupation. (Line 8)

46 语法训练语法训练语法训练语法训练 语法训练语法训练语法训练语法训练 When confronted with… they are ” “ When confronted with… ” 是省略形式的状语 从句,省略的部分是从句的主语和部分谓语 be, 即 “ they are ” 。 whenthough althoughasif/asthoughifevenif onceunlessuntil “ 连词 + 过去分词 / 现在分词 / 形容词 ” 作状语时常用 省略形式,这些连词可以是 when, though / although, as if/as though, if, even if, once, unless, until 等。 译 文 译 文 译 文 译 文 When confronted with a decision and unable to believe they can find an acceptable solution, some people remain calm by resorting to wishful thinking or daydreaming. (Line 23) When confronted with a decision and unable to believe they can find an acceptable solution, some people remain calm by resorting to wishful thinking or daydreaming. (Line 23)

47 译 文译 文译 文译 文 译 文译 文译 文译 文 每当面临抉择而又自认为找不 到合适的解决方法时,一些人或 想入非非或做白日梦,以此来保 持平静。 When confronted with a decision and unable to believe they can find an acceptable solution, some people remain calm by resorting to wishful thinking or daydreaming. (Line 23) When confronted with a decision and unable to believe they can find an acceptable solution, some people remain calm by resorting to wishful thinking or daydreaming. (Line 23)

48 句型应用句型应用句型应用句型应用 句型应用句型应用句型应用句型应用 But career planning should help you to approach and cope better with new problems, such as deciding whether or not to enter educational or training programs, deciding whether or not to change jobs, … a person. (Line 80) But career planning should help you to approach and cope better with new problems, such as deciding whether or not to enter educational or training programs, deciding whether or not to change jobs, … a person. (Line 80) such as new problems such as 引导的动名词短语举例说明前面的 new problems 。 whether or not whether or not whether or not 插在不定式短语前表示取决与否。 whether or not 除了常用于引导名词性从句及让步 状语从句外,也可直接放在不定式前表示选择。 译 文 译 文 译 文 译 文

49 译 文译 文译 文译 文 译 文译 文译 文译 文 但是,择业规划能够帮助你面对或更好地处理新 的问题,诸如决定是否要接受某方面的教育或培训, 是否要更换工作,还能帮助你分析所面临的困境或 与某人交往中所存在的困难。 But career planning should help you to approach and cope better with new problems, such as deciding whether or not to enter educational or training programs, deciding whether or not to change jobs, … a person. (Line 80) But career planning should help you to approach and cope better with new problems, such as deciding whether or not to enter educational or training programs, deciding whether or not to change jobs, … a person. (Line 80) Back

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51 place weight on (Line 2, Para. 1) attach importance to 重视 Don’t place any weight on these rumors. 他并没太重视朋友的建议。 He didn’t place much weight on his friends’ suggestions. 别把这些谣言当回事。 TranslationTranslation

52 你的计划听起来颇为行得通。 仅靠一份地图就能骑自行车游遍这个城市吗? Is it feasible to travel around the city by bike with only a map? Your plan sounds quite feasible. TranslationTranslation feasible (adj.) (Line 6, Para. 1) able to be done; possible 可行的,可能的

53 近义词: achievablepossible practicalreasonable workable 反义词: impossibleimpractical 词汇扩充词汇扩充

54 除了不够幽默之外,他简直是完美的。 你没有看出他论点中的谬误吗? Didn’t you spot the flaw in his argument? He is almost perfect except for the flaw of being not humorous enough. TranslationTranslation flaw (n.) (Line 15, Para. 3) mistake, mark, or weakness that makes something imperfect 缺点,瑕疵,缺陷 3

55 at stake (Line 20, Para. 3) in a situation where something valuable might be lost if a plan or action is not successful 濒于险境,处于成败关头 stake: 柱,火刑柱 请完成下面的句子。 ExerciseExercise 这家公司濒临破产,数百名职员的工作危在旦夕。 The company is on the verge of bankruptcy, and ________________________. hundreds of jobs are at stake 他承认他的政治生涯正遭到威胁。 He admitted that ______________________. his political life is at stake 4

56 5. resort to 1. do something bad, extreme, or difficult because you cannot think of any other way to deal with a problem (In this phrase, “to” is a preposition, so it should be followed by either nouns or gerunds.) 求助于或诉诸于( “to” 是介词,其 后跟名词或动名词。) 1) I had to resort to violence to get my money. 2) When she didn’t answer the telephone I resorted to standing outside her window and calling up to her.

57 a weapon of last resort a way of last resort as a last resort/in the last resort what you will do if everything else fails 作为最后的手段,最后的凭借 1) Nuclear weapons should be used only as a last resort. 2) In the last resort we can always walk home. Expressions of last resort: used when everything else has failed 最后一招

58 You cannot imagine the financial implication of this educational reform. 他微笑了, 暗示着不相信我。 He smiled, with the implication that he didn’t believe me. 你无法想象这场教育改革的经济影响。 TranslationTranslation implication (n.) (Line 28, Para. 4) 1) a possible future effect or result 可能的影响、后果 2) something you do not say directly but you seem to want people to believe 暗示;含义 6

59 词汇扩充词汇扩充 动词: imply: express indirectly; suggest 暗指 ; 暗示 拒绝回答意味着犯有错误。 沉默有时暗示着同意。 Silence sometimes implies consent. Refusal to answer implies guilt. TranslationTranslation

60 The children panicked at the sound of the storm and lightning. 剧院失火时,引起一阵恐慌。 When the theater caught fire, there was a panic. 雷电声使孩子们感到惊恐不安。 TranslationTranslation panic (Line 35, Para. 5) n. [C; U] (a state of) sudden uncontrollable fear or terror 惊慌;恐慌 v. cause to feel fear or terror 害怕,惊恐不安

61 他们在这个国家已经居住 10 年了,但从来没有真正与 环境融合起来。 教师们正设法使所有的孩子都与社会融 为一体。 The teachers are trying to integrate all the children into society. They’ve lived in this country for 10 years but have never really integrated. TranslationTranslation integrate (v.) (Line 51, Para. 8) 1) ( + into / with) (使)结合;(使)成为一体 2) 成为社团的一部分

62 接受治疗 经历困苦 He who wants to succeed must undergo difficulties and bitterness first. She is undergoing treatment at the hospital. undergo (v.) (Line 61, Para. 10) experience (esp. suffering or difficulty) 经历,遭受 请用提示词造句。 ExerciseExercise

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64 follow routine or logical steps 15 percent of the work force professional occupations 遵照常规的或合乎逻辑的步骤 15% 的从业人员 专业性的职业 Young men show a striking lack of interest in clerical, sales, and service occupations. 男青年对文书、销售以及服务性行业兴趣索然。

65 The best coping behavior is vigilance. You should examine your strengths and weaknesses. 最好的做法就是眼观六路,耳听八方。 你应该审视自己的长处与弱点。 Organize ideas about your career development. 把对自己事业发展的设想归纳起来。 unclear and half-formed ideas 模糊、不成熟的想法

66 or curriculum vitae, CV for short. The key items in a résumé include your job objective, your education, your work experience, your honors, awards, your affiliations and any offices held, and anything else you think will help you get the job. Three steps in job-hunting Background Information 1. A good résumé

67 2. A good cover letter ( 求职信 ) This should be no more than a page. Like the résumé, the cover letter should go through several careful drafts, with advice from an instructor or some other experienced people. Other documents such as personal statements and application forms may be required. 3. A good interview The job may be gained or lost in the first 30 seconds of the interview, so you should practice this part several times, including your entry, greetings, etc. Your answers in the interview should be clear and concise, including relevant specific examples of your education or experiences.

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69 A cover letter 7 Apple Court Eugene, OR 97401 503-555-0303 Mr. Archie Weatherby California Investments, Inc. 25 Sacramento Street San Francisco, CA 94102 Dear Mr. Weatherby, I recently graduated from the University of Oregon with a degree in marketing, where I was president of both the Future Business Leaders of America and the American Marketing Association. Although a recent graduate, I am not a typical new graduate. I attended school in Michigan, Arizona, and Oregon. And I've put myself through these schools by working such jobs as radio advertising sales, newspaper subscription sales, and bartending, all of which enhanced my formal education. I have the maturity, skills, and abilities to embark on a career in insurance brokering, and I'd like to do this in California, my home state. I will be in California at the end of this month, and I'd like very much to talk with you concerning a position at California Investments. I will follow up this letter with a phone call to see if I can arrange a time to meet with you. Thank you for your time and consideration. Sincerely, John Oakley

70 Listening Exercise I

71 New Words & Expressions -1 1. interviewer 2. misunderstand (misunderstood) 3. image 4. stereotype 5. attach to 6. irritation 7. point e.g. You have a point there. e.g. You have a point there. 8. under the influence of 接见者,采访误解,误会 形象 套路,陈规 附加,隶属 激怒,愤怒 要害,论点 你的话极有道理。 受 ······ 影响

72 New Words & Expressions -2 9. negative 9. negative 10. on a large scale 11. survey 12. investigator 13. get at e.g. get at the causes of crime e.g. get at the causes of crime 14. prejudice 15. positive 16. such and such 否定的,消极的 否定的,消极的 大规模地 大规模地 调查 调查 调查者 调查者 了解,查明 了解,查明 找出犯罪的原因 找出犯罪的原因 偏见,成见 偏见,成见 肯定的,确定的 肯定的,确定的 某某 ······ , 这样那样的 某某 ······ , 这样那样的

73 New Words & Expressions -3 17. 17. accountant 18. 18. sales representative 19. 19. estate agent 20. 20. mechanical engineer 21. 21. electrical engineer 22. 22. civil engineer 23. 23. questionnaire 会计 营销代表 房地产商机械工程师电机工程师土木工程师问卷调查

74 Exercise -1 Most jobs have an image or a stereotype attached to them. Most jobs have an image or a stereotype attached to them. Young people may _____________ __________________________________ ___________. They may even ______ _____________ because they have a negative image. Young people may _____________ __________________________________ ___________. They may even ______ _____________ because they have a negative image. produced by a survey into children’s attitudes to ___________________ produced by a survey into children’s attitudes to ___________________ children children Directions: Listen to Section One twice and take notes. choose their avoid different professions Cause:Effect:Evidence:Respondents: careers under the influence of these false images certain careers

75 Exercise -2 Questionnaire—asking them which statement was most true about each of the ten professions: _________, _______, economists, ___________, sales representatives, estate agents, _________, mechanical engineers, _________________, and civil engineers. _________________________________ _____________________. physicists lawyers accountants biologists electrical engineers To find out the children’s impressions and prejudices Method:Purpose:

76 Listening I Tapescript -1 Well, some people seem to feel that their jobs are often misunderstood by others. Do you think this sort of thing is very common? Oh, absolutely. Most jobs or professions seem to have an image or a stereotype attached to them, often much to the irritation of the job-holders. But there is a serious point to all this, too, that maybe young people actually choose their careers under the influence of these false images. And certainly, there is evidence that they may even avoid certain careers that have a negative image. Well, on a large scale, as you can imagine, this could cause problems for the economy. Er, you say there’s evidence? Oh most definitely. There was a survey recently into children’s attitudes to different professions. How was that done, though? Because, after all, children don’t know much about the world of work before they get into it. Interviewer:Sociologist:Interviewer:Sociologist:Interviewer:

77 Listening I Tapescript -2 Well, exactly. What the investigators wanted to get at was their impressions and their prejudices. They used a very simple technique. They gave the children twelve pairs of statements. In each pair one statement was positive, the other was its opposite. For example? Well, for example,“Such and such a person is likely to be boring or interesting company.” I see. What professions did they ask about? (laugh)Do you want the whole list? Well, why not? OK. Here it goes. They looked at: physicists, lawyers, economists, accountants, sales representatives, estate agents, biologists, and three types of engineers— mechanical engineers, electrical and civil. The children were asked to say which of the statements was “most true”about each profession. Sociologist:Interviewer:Sociologist:Interviewer: Sociologist: Interviewer: Sociologist:

78 Listening Exercise II

79 New Words & Expressions 1. come out 2. majority 3. status 4. subordinate 5. insecure 6. rosy 7. comment 结果是,显得 大多数 地位,身份 次要的,下级的 不安全的,无保障的 美好的,乐观的 评论

80 Exercise -1 Directions: Listen to Section Two twice. Look for the mistakes in the printed interview and correct them according to what you hear from the tape. Well, they were rather striking concerning one profession in particular, the poor old physicist. Of all the jobs listed, he came out really much worth than you might expect. The last majority of children (19% in the case of the mechanical engineers) thought that engineering had a “dirty job”. Interviewer: And the results? Sociologist: engineer worse 90% vast was mentioned

81 Exercise -2 They also thought the job was of “low station” and “subordinate”; that is, the engineer is more likely to give orders than to take them. Oh, and secure too. The lonely other person they thought more likely to actually lose his job was the sales representative. But, I must say there were good points too. Engineering was sensed to be “interesting, well paid” work. Hmm, not such a busy picture, really. No... but it got better when the children were asked about how they imagined the engineer as a person. The majority of the children chose negative comments, accept that they thought the engineer was likely to be poorly rather than well dressed. Interviewer:Sociologist: status take give insecure only seen rosy positive except Sociologist:

82 Listening II Tapescript -1 And the results? Well, they were rather striking concerning one profession in particular, the poor old engineer. Of all the jobs mentioned, he came out really much worse than you might expect. The vast majority of children (90% in the case of the mechanical engineers) thought that engineering was a “dirty job”. They also thought the job was of “low status”and “subordinate”; that is, the engineer is more likely to take orders than to give them. Oh, and insecure too. The only other person they thought more likely to actually lose his job was the sales representative. But, I must say there were good points too. Engineering was seen to be“interesting, well-paid”work. Interviewer:Sociologist:

83 Listening II Tapescript -2 Hmm, not such a rosy picture, really. No... but it got better when the children were asked about how they imagined the engineer as a person. The majority of the children chose positive comments, except that they thought the engineer was likely to be poorly rather than well dressed. (laugh) Interviewer:Sociologist:

84 Video clip Career choice is always a hard decision for mothers. They, on the one hand, may like to stay at home looking after their babies and on the other hand, may like to fulfill their own personal career development. Watch the video and see what Marilyn’s problem is and guess her decision.

85 Task 4 Video clip  Click to stop and click again to continue


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