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Our Poetry Vocabulary and Mini Lessons. “Annabel Lee” winged – having wings winged – having wings (pronounced wing-ed) (pronounced wing-ed) seraphs –

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Presentation on theme: "Our Poetry Vocabulary and Mini Lessons. “Annabel Lee” winged – having wings winged – having wings (pronounced wing-ed) (pronounced wing-ed) seraphs –"— Presentation transcript:

1 Our Poetry Vocabulary and Mini Lessons

2 “Annabel Lee” winged – having wings winged – having wings (pronounced wing-ed) (pronounced wing-ed) seraphs – angels seraphs – angels kinsmen – relatives kinsmen – relatives sepulcher – tomb sepulcher – tomb (pronounced sep-ul-ker) (pronounced sep-ul-ker) coveted – to wish for with great envy coveted – to wish for with great envy

3 “Because I Could Not Stop for Death” immortality – living forever immortality – living forever haste – hurry haste – hurry civility – politeness civility – politeness tulle – (pronounced “tool”) tulle – (pronounced “tool”) a net-like fabric often used in wedding veils a net-like fabric often used in wedding veils gossamer – a light-weight, delicate fabric gossamer – a light-weight, delicate fabric cornice – the decorative piece that forms the top edge of a building or column and often extends beyond it cornice – the decorative piece that forms the top edge of a building or column and often extends beyond it surmised – decided or guessed surmised – decided or guessed

4 Mini Lesson # ___ “ Because I Could Not Stop for Death” by: Emily Dickinson G? What literary devices does the Dickinson use to enrich her writing?

5 Personification The giving of human qualities to the non-human The giving of human qualities to the non-human “Because I could not stop for Death/He kindly stopped for me...” “Because I could not stop for Death/He kindly stopped for me...”

6 Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds within lines of poetry The repetition of consonant sounds within lines of poetry “... For only Gossamer, “... For only Gossamer, my Gown/My Tippet only my Gown/My Tippet only Tulle...” Tulle...”

7 “Big Yellow Taxi” DDT – (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) DDT – (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) A toxic insecticide A toxic insecticide

8 “The Choice” billowing – a rolling mass like a wave billowing – a rolling mass like a wave smoldering – red, like a smoldering – red, like a slow smoky fire lilting – in a lively, cheerful lilting – in a lively, cheerfulmanner

9 “Crossing the Bar” moaning – a long, low sound indicating pain or grief moaning – a long, low sound indicating pain or grief embark – depart, leave embark – depart, leave bourne – limit, destination bourne – limit, destination

10 “The Day is Done” wafted – to float lightly in the breeze or waves wafted – to float lightly in the breeze or waves akin – similar to akin – similar to banish – to drive or force away banish – to drive or force away “bards sublime” famous, old poets (like Shakespeare) “bards sublime” famous, old poets (like Shakespeare) martial – suited for a warrior or war martial – suited for a warrior or war toll – costs, price paid toll – costs, price paid endeavor – efforts, work endeavor – efforts, work devoid – without devoid – without benediction – an expression of good wishes benediction – an expression of good wishes

11 “Desiderata” placidly – peacefully, calmly placidly – peacefully, calmly amid – in the middle of amid – in the middle of haste – hurry haste – hurry vexations – causes of trouble or worry vexations – causes of trouble or worry feign – pretend feign – pretend cynical – doubtful cynical – doubtful aridity – dryness disenchantment – disappointments perennial – returning year after year labors and aspirations – work and goals sham – fake drudgery – hard or dull work

12 “Dreams Lead the Heart” vivid – bright, bold vivid – bright, bold falters – moves unsteadily falters – moves unsteadily

13 Mini Lesson #__ “Dreams Lead the Heart” by: Margaret Sangster G?: What literary devices does Sangster use to enrich her writing?

14 Personification The use of human qualities to portray the non-human The use of human qualities to portray the non-human “... There is no dream so small but its slim “... There is no dream so small but its slim fingers/May point the path to all that life holds best...”

15 “The Eagle” clasps – grabs (as if by claws) clasps – grabs (as if by claws) crag – a steep rugged rock or cliff crag – a steep rugged rock or cliff azure – the color of a clear blue sky azure – the color of a clear blue sky

16 “Fog” haunches – rear legs

17 Mini Lesson # ___ “The Eagle,” by: Alfred, Lord Tennyson “The Eagle,” by: Alfred, Lord Tennyson “Fog,” by: Carl Sandburg “Fog,” by: Carl Sandburg “the drum,” by: Nikki Giovanni “the drum,” by: Nikki Giovanni GQ: What makes imagery imagery?

18 Imagery Language that a poet or writer uses to help a reader re-create a mental “image” of a scene Language that a poet or writer uses to help a reader re-create a mental “image” of a scene Uses the senses to how something looks, smells, tastes, sounds, feels Uses the senses to how something looks, smells, tastes, sounds, feels

19 “The Forecast” sprawl – to spread out or lie about

20 “For My Sister Molly Who in the Fifties” Eatonton (Georgia) Eatonton (Georgia) Walker’s hometown Walker’s hometown

21 “Friendship” chaff- the trashy matter separated from the seed when threshing grain chaff- the trashy matter separated from the seed when threshing grain sift – to separate sift – to separate (in this case, the good from the bad) (in this case, the good from the bad)

22 “The Frost” blustering – to move in a noisy, boastful way blustering – to move in a noisy, boastful way “in vain” – without success “in vain” – without success crest – the upper part or point crest – the upper part or point boughs – branches boughs – branches “mail”- armor made of small metal links “mail”- armor made of small metal links margin – edge or border bevies- a large group of cupboard- (pronounced “cub-bard”) kitchen cabinet “tchick” – the sound of breaking glass An example of onomatopoeia

23 Mini Lesson # __ “ The Frost,” by Hannah Flagg Gould G? What literary G? What literary devices does Gould use to enrich her writing?

24 Personification A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human qualities A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human qualities Frost talks, looks, thinks, etc. Frost talks, looks, thinks, etc.

25 Onomatopoeia The use of words to imitate sounds The use of words to imitate sounds Examples: crash, buzz, hiss, jingle, cluck Examples: crash, buzz, hiss, jingle, cluck “tchick” creates the “tchick” creates the sound of cracking glass

26 Rhyme scheme AAAB CCCB AAAB CCCB

27 Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds The repetition of consonant sounds such as “bevies of birds” such as “bevies of birds”

28 “If” imposter – pretender imposter – pretender knaves – persons of low-class birth knaves – persons of low-class birth pitch-and-toss – a gamble pitch-and-toss – a gamble sinew – tendons that hold sinew – tendons that hold muscles in place muscles in place virtue – good moral conduct virtue – good moral conduct

29 “Incident in a Rose Garden” scythe – (pronounced “syth”) scythe – (pronounced “syth”) A gardening tool with a curved A gardening tool with a curved blade and a long handle the Grim Reaper’s tool of choice the Grim Reaper’s tool of choice beckoned – called or signaled as if to invite beckoned – called or signaled as if to invite

30 Mini Lesson #__ “Incident in a Rose Garden” by: Donald Justice G? What literary devices does Justice use to enrich his writing? Justice use to enrich his writing?

31 Personification Applying human qualities to non-human entities Applying human qualities to non-human entities “...Death/... stood there... [and]... He would have spoken...” “...Death/... stood there... [and]... He would have spoken...”

32 Simile A comparison of 2 elements using “like” or “as” A comparison of 2 elements using “like” or “as” “...Death/...Thin as a “...Death/...Thin as a scythe...stood there...”

33 Irony What occurs is the opposite of what is expected to happen What occurs is the opposite of what is expected to happen The master assumes that The master assumes that Death would never come Death would never come for him (because of his position, wealth, age, etc.) wealth, age, etc.)

34 “Invictus” fell – dangerous fell – dangerous winced – to shrink back as if in pain winced – to shrink back as if in pain clutch – grasp clutch – grasp circumstance – situation circumstance – situation bludgeonings – beatings bludgeonings – beatings wrath – violent anger wrath – violent anger looms – hangs around looms – hangs around menace – danger menace – danger strait – distressed or confused strait – distressed or confused

35 Mini Lesson # ___ “ Invictus” by: William Ernest Henley G? What literary devices does Henley use to enrich his writing?

36 Rhyme Scheme A rhyme pattern present at the end of poetry lines A rhyme pattern present at the end of poetry lines abab abab

37 Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds within lines of poetry The repetition of consonant sounds within lines of poetry “... Black as the pit from pole to pole... ” “... Black as the pit from pole to pole... ” “Under the bludgeonings of chance/My head is bloody, but unbowed...” “Under the bludgeonings of chance/My head is bloody, but unbowed...”

38 “A Life on the Ocean” revels – a noisy celebration revels – a noisy celebration rave – move about wildly rave – move about wildly brine – salty, sea water brine – salty, sea water gale – a strong wind gale – a strong wind stout – strong and sturdy stout – strong and sturdy tempest- chaos and commotion tempest- chaos and commotion pine – to long for something very much pine – to long for something very much abaft – toward the stern or rear end of the boat abaft – toward the stern or rear end of the boat

39 Mini Lesson #___ “A Life on the Ocean Wave” by: Epes Sargent G? What literary devices does Sargent use to enrich his writing?

40 Personification The use of human qualities or actions to portray the non-human The use of human qualities or actions to portray the non-human “...The clouds have begun to frown...” “...The clouds have begun to frown...”

41 Similes A comparison using “like” or “as” A comparison using “like” or “as” “like a caged eagle” “like a caged eagle” “like an ocean-bird” “like an ocean-bird”

42 Rhyme scheme A pattern of end-line rhyme A pattern of end-line rhyme ABABCDCD ABABCDCD

43 “Living” woo/court- to try to gain the love of woo/court- to try to gain the love of bliss – something that brings happiness bliss – something that brings happiness fondle/caress – to touch or handle in tender or loving way fondle/caress – to touch or handle in tender or loving way advent – the first appearance or arrival advent – the first appearance or arrival hail – greet hail – greet attain – achieve, get attain – achieve, get

44 “Love” tavern – a drinking bar tavern – a drinking bar reproach – deserving shame or disgrace reproach – deserving shame or disgrace creed – a statement of beliefs or guiding principles creed – a statement of beliefs or guiding principles

45 “Mother to Son” stair – short form of “staircase” stair – short form of “staircase” tacks – small nails tacks – small nails landing – the level part of a staircase landing – the level part of a staircase

46 Mini Lesson # ___ “Mother to Son” by: Langston Hughes G? Who is the speaker of a poem?

47 The speaker Definition: the voice that speaks the poem’s words Definition: the voice that speaks the poem’s words a person whose attitude and personality are created by the poet. a person whose attitude and personality are created by the poet. 2. The title gives clues about the speaker. 3. The poem generally shares speaker’s experiences and offers advice based on that experience. 4. Important: The speaker may or may not be the poet.

48 “The New Colossus” brazen – sounding loud and harsh brazen – sounding loud and harsh exiles – someone who is forced to leave his exiles – someone who is forced to leave his home country storied – having an interesting history storied – having an interesting history pomp – a show of magnificence or splendor pomp – a show of magnificence or splendor wretched – miserable or unhappy wretched – miserable or unhappy refuse – (pronounced “ref-use”) refuse – (pronounced “ref-use”) worthless, garbage worthless, garbage teeming – filled teeming – filled tempest-tost – tossed about in commotion or tempest-tost – tossed about in commotion orchaos

49 Mini Lesson # __ “The New Colossus” by: Emma Lazarus G? What literary devices does Lazarus use to enrich her writing? her writing?

50 Rhyme Scheme A pattern of end-line rhyme A pattern of end-line rhyme abbaa abbaa

51 Allusion A reference to a famous historical or literary figure for comparison purposes A reference to a famous historical or literary figure for comparison purposes Colossus: a statue erected Colossus: a statue erected in Greece to honor the Greek sun god, Helios

52 Alliteration The repetition of consonants within lines of poetry The repetition of consonants within lines of poetry “Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand...” “Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand...” “...glows world-wide welcome...” “...glows world-wide welcome...”

53 “O Captain, My Captain” rack – torture, pain, or sorrow rack – torture, pain, or sorrow exulting – celebrating exulting – celebrating keel – a timber which runs the center length of a ship keel – a timber which runs the center length of a ship grim – solemn grim – solemn trills – plays musical trills – plays musicalnotes

54 Mini Lesson # __ “O’ Captain, My Captain” by Walt Whitman by Walt Whitman G? What literary device does Whitman use to enrich his writing?

55 Extended Metaphor A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something different A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something different Used to point out similarities between unlike things Used to point out similarities between unlike things The comparison continues the entire length of the piece The comparison continues the entire length of the piece “fearful trip”  the Civil War “fearful trip”  the Civil War “the ship”  the United States “the ship”  the United States “the prize”  victory “the prize”  victory “the port”  peace “the port”  peace “captain” “father”  Lincoln “captain” “father”  Lincoln

56 from “The Passionate Shepherd” and “The Nymphs Reply to the Passionate Shepherd” prive – enjoy prive – enjoy dales – valleys dales – valleys melodious – singing melodious – singing madrigals – love songs madrigals – love songs kirtle – gown kirtle – gown dumb – unable to speak dumb – unable to speak wanton – extravagant wanton – extravagant wayward – tending to do as one pleases wayward – tending to do as one pleases reckoning yields – gives into a time for the settling of accounts reckoning yields – gives into a time for the settling of accounts gall – bitterness gall – bitterness Philomel – a nightgale that sings love songs Philomel – a nightgale that sings love songs

57 “Ring Out, Wild Bells” saps – drains the energy from saps – drains the energy from feud – disagreements feud – disagreements redress – relieve, remedy, to set right redress – relieve, remedy, to set right strife – conflict strife – conflict modes – kinds or ways modes – kinds or ways mournful – sad mournful – sad fuller minstrel – singer of the highest rank fuller minstrel – singer of the highest rank false pride – arrogance false pride – arrogance civic slander – dishonest statements made about other people civic slander – dishonest statements made about other people foul – nasty foul – nasty narrow lust – focused greed narrow lust – focused greed

58 “The Road Not Taken” diverged – to move or extend in different directions from a common point diverged – to move or extend in different directions from a common point (such as a fork in the road) (such as a fork in the road) undergrowth – low growing plant life on the floor of a forest undergrowth – low growing plant life on the floor of a forest trodden – to tread or walk on trodden – to tread or walk on

59 Mini Lesson # ___ “The Road Not Taken” by: Robert Frost G?: What literary device does Frost use to enrich his writing?

60 Extended Metaphor A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something different A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something different Used to point out similarities between 2 unlike things Used to point out similarities between 2 unlike things The comparison continues throughout the entire length of the piece The comparison continues throughout the entire length of the piece “diverging roads”  major choices that people have to make in life “diverging roads”  major choices that people have to make in life

61 Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds within lines of poetry The repetition of consonant sounds within lines of poetry “... Because it was grassy and wanted wear/Though as for that the passing there...” “... Because it was grassy and wanted wear/Though as for that the passing there...”

62 “Skydiver” poised – held firmly in a steady position poised – held firmly in a steady position interim – a period of time between events interim – a period of time between events chasm – a deep split or gap in the chasm – a deep split or gap in the Earth  gap fanatic – overly enthusiastic fanatic – overly enthusiastic steeple – the tall pointed part of a church steeple – the tall pointed part of a church grotesque – unnaturally odd or ugly grotesque – unnaturally odd or ugly

63 Mini Lesson # __ “Skydiver” literary devices similes: comparisons using similes: comparisons using “like” or “as” “…like a clothed frog…” “…like a clothed frog…” metaphors: comparisons in which one thing is said to be another metaphors: comparisons in which one thing is said to be another “…the cloth flower opens…” “…the cloth flower opens…” “…an exclamation point upside down “…an exclamation point upside down

64 Sonnet 18: Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day temperate – mild temperate – mild untrimmed – not changed untrimmed – not changed to a desired position lease – an agreed upon lease – an agreed upon length of time owest – to have or possess owest – to have or possess

65 Personification Applying human qualities to the non- human Applying human qualities to the non- human “... The eye of heaven shines...” “... The eye of heaven shines...” “... Nor shall Death brag...” “... Nor shall Death brag...”

66 Rhyme Scheme A rhyme pattern present at the end of lines of poetry A rhyme pattern present at the end of lines of poetry ABABC ABABC

67 “Sonnet XLIII from The Portuguese” breadth - width breadth - width

68 “Shiloh: A Requiem” swallows – birds which glide in flight swallows – birds which glide in flight wheeling – to fly in a circular pattern wheeling – to fly in a circular pattern solaced – comforted solaced – comforted parched – dry, thirsty parched – dry, thirsty foemen – enemies foemen – enemies undeceive – unable to undeceive – unable to fool or trick fool or trick

69 Mini Lesson #___ “ Shiloh: A Requiem” by: Herman Melville G? What makes a requiem a requiem?

70 Requiem A written piece composed to honor the dead A written piece composed to honor the dead Tone  solemn, quiet, respectful, almost mournful Tone  solemn, quiet, respectful, almost mournful Different forms: songs, chants, poems, etc. Different forms: songs, chants, poems, etc.

71 “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” queer – odd, unusual queer – odd, unusual

72 Mini Lesson # __ “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” by: Robert Frost G? What literary techniques does Frost use to enrich his writing?

73 Personification Giving human qualities to the non-human Giving human qualities to the non-human “... he gives his harness bells a shake/To ask if there...” “... he gives his harness bells a shake/To ask if there...”

74 Alliteration A repetition of consonants sounds within lines of poetry A repetition of consonants sounds within lines of poetry “... He gives his harness bells...” “... He gives his harness bells...” “... dark and deep...” “... dark and deep...”

75 Poetic devices Poetic form: the way the poem looks or is arranged on the page Poetic form: the way the poem looks or is arranged on the page Written in lines, grouped in stanzas Written in lines, grouped in stanzas

76 Poetic devices, continued Traditional form: each line has the same number of syllables and each stanza has the same number of lines Traditional form: each line has the same number of syllables and each stanza has the same number of lines 8 syllables per line and 4 lines per stanza 8 syllables per line and 4 lines per stanza

77 Poetic devices, continued Regular rhyme pattern: predictable rhyme Regular rhyme pattern: predictable rhyme aaba ccdc eefe gggg aaba ccdc eefe gggg

78 “There is No Frigate like a Book” frigate – a ship used for escorting frigate – a ship used for escorting or patrolling or patrolling coursers – swift, spirited horses coursers – swift, spirited horses offence – something that causes offence – something that causes worry or irritation toll - price paid for travel toll - price paid for travel frugal – careful in spending frugal – careful in spending or using resources or using resources

79 Mini Lesson #___ “Waiting for the World to Change” By: John Mayer G?: What makes propaganda propaganda?

80 Propaganda Definition: the use of facts, ideas or claims to persuade people to support a particular opinion or course of action Definition: the use of facts, ideas or claims to persuade people to support a particular opinion or course of action Goal: intended to provoke strong feelings readers/listeners Goal: intended to provoke strong feelings readers/listeners Frequently used in: Frequently used in: * campaign speeches * advertisements * editorial articles

81 Common techniques quoting the opinions of experts  quoting the opinions of experts  “Chess master Mark Yoffie believes Fisher “Chess master Mark Yoffie believes Fisher played the finest game of his career today.” giving endorsements by famous people  giving endorsements by famous people  “Supermodel Cara Ferguson says Victor is the “Supermodel Cara Ferguson says Victor is the only stylist she allows to touch her hair” only stylist she allows to touch her hair” using statistics  using statistics  “Over 15% of American live below the poverty level.” “Over 15% of American live below the poverty level.” saying most people agree with you  saying most people agree with you  “Like myself, the citizens of this city want a clean sweep. We’re tired of politics as usual. We want to see new faces in City Hall.” “Like myself, the citizens of this city want a clean sweep. We’re tired of politics as usual. We want to see new faces in City Hall.” Attacking an opponent or someone you disagree with  Attacking an opponent or someone you disagree with  Sam Belvic has ruined the baseball team. He has chosen poor players and overpaid them. Let’s fire him. Sam Belvic has ruined the baseball team. He has chosen poor players and overpaid them. Let’s fire him.

82 “What is Success?” “a redeemed social condition” – an improved problem in society like poverty, pollution, etc. “a redeemed social condition” – an improved problem in society like poverty, pollution, etc.


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