Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary and Mini Lessons"— Presentation transcript:
1Vocabulary and Mini Lessons Our PoetryVocabulary andMini Lessons
2“Annabel Lee” winged – having wings seraphs – angels (pronounced wing-ed)seraphs – angelskinsmen – relativessepulcher – tomb(pronounced sep-ul-ker)coveted – to wish for with great envy
3“Because I Could Not Stop for Death” immortality – living foreverhaste – hurrycivility – politenesstulle – (pronounced “tool”)a net-like fabric often used in wedding veilsgossamer – a light-weight, delicate fabriccornice – the decorative piece that forms the top edge of a building or column and often extends beyond itsurmised – decided or guessed
4Mini Lesson # ___ by: Emily Dickinson G? What literary devices does “Because I Could Not Stop for Death”by: Emily DickinsonG? What literary devices doesthe Dickinson use to enrich herwriting?
5Personification The giving of human qualities to the non-human “Because I could not stop for Death/He kindly stopped for me . . .”
6Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds within lines of poetry “ For only Gossamer,my Gown/My Tippet onlyTulle . . .”
7“Big Yellow Taxi” DDT – (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) A toxic insecticide
8“The Choice”billowing – a rolling mass like a wavesmoldering – red, like aslow smoky firelilting – in a lively, cheerfulmanner
9“Crossing the Bar”moaning – a long, low sound indicating pain or griefembark – depart, leavebourne – limit, destination
10“The Day is Done” wafted – to float lightly in the breeze or waves akin – similar tobanish – to drive or force away“bards sublime” famous, old poets (like Shakespeare)martial – suited for a warrior or wartoll – costs, price paidendeavor – efforts, workdevoid – withoutbenediction – an expression of good wishes
11“Desiderata” placidly – peacefully, calmly amid – in the middle of haste – hurryvexations – causes of trouble or worryfeign – pretendcynical – doubtfularidity – drynessdisenchantment – disappointmentsperennial – returning year after yearlabors and aspirations – work and goalssham – fakedrudgery – hard or dull work
12“Dreams Lead the Heart” vivid – bright, boldfalters – moves unsteadily
13Mini Lesson #__ “Dreams Lead the Heart” by: Margaret Sangster G?: What literary devices doesSangster use to enrich her writing?
14Personification The use of human qualities to portray the non-human “ There is no dream so small but its slimfingers/May point the path to all that life holdsbest . . .”
15“The Eagle” clasps – grabs (as if by claws) crag – a steep rugged rock or cliffazure – the color of a clear blue sky
20“For My Sister Molly Who in the Fifties” Eatonton (Georgia)Walker’s hometown
21“Friendship”chaff- the trashy matter separated from the seed when threshing grainsift – to separate(in this case, the good from the bad)
22“The Frost” blustering – to move in a noisy, boastful way “in vain” – without successcrest – the upper part or pointboughs – branches“mail”- armor made of small metal linksmargin – edge or borderbevies- a large group ofcupboard- (pronounced “cub-bard”)kitchen cabinet“tchick” – the soundof breaking glassAn example of onomatopoeia
23Mini Lesson # __ G? What literary devices does Gould use to enrich her “The Frost,” by Hannah Flagg GouldG? What literarydevices does Goulduse to enrich herwriting?
24PersonificationA type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human qualitiesFrost talks, looks, thinks, etc.
25Onomatopoeia The use of words to imitate sounds Examples: crash, buzz, hiss, jingle, cluck“tchick” creates thesound of cracking glass
27Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds such as “bevies of birds”
28“If” imposter – pretender knaves – persons of low-class birth pitch-and-toss – a gamblesinew – tendons that holdmuscles in placevirtue – good moral conduct
29“Incident in a Rose Garden” scythe – (pronounced “syth”)A gardening tool with a curvedblade and a long handlethe Grim Reaper’s tool of choicebeckoned – called or signaled as if to invite
30Mini Lesson #__ “Incident in a Rose Garden” by: Donald Justice G? What literary devices doesJustice use to enrich his writing?
31Personification Applying human qualities to non-human entities “ . . .Death/ stood there [and] He would have spoken . . .”
32Simile A comparison of 2 elements using “like” or “as” “ . . .Death/ . . .Thin as ascythe . . .stood there . . .”
33Irony What occurs is the opposite of what is expected to happen The master assumes thatDeath would never comefor him (because of his position,wealth, age, etc.)
34“Invictus” fell – dangerous winced – to shrink back as if in pain clutch – graspcircumstance – situationbludgeonings – beatingswrath – violent angerlooms – hangs aroundmenace – dangerstrait – distressed or confused
35Mini Lesson # ___ G? What literary devices does “Invictus” by: William Ernest HenleyG? What literary devices doesHenley use to enrich hiswriting?
36Rhyme SchemeA rhyme pattern present at the end of poetry linesabab
37Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds within lines of poetry “ Black as the pit from pole to pole ”“Under the bludgeonings of chance/My head is bloody, but unbowed . . .”
38“A Life on the Ocean” revels – a noisy celebration rave – move about wildlybrine – salty, sea watergale – a strong windstout – strong and sturdytempest- chaos and commotionpine – to long for something very muchabaft – toward the stern or rear end of the boat
39Mini Lesson #___ “A Life on the Ocean Wave” by: Epes Sargent G? What literary devices does Sargent use to enrich his writing?
40Personification “. . .The clouds have begun to frown . . .” The use of human qualities or actions to portray the non-human“. . .The clouds have begun to frown . . .”
41Similes A comparison using “like” or “as” “like a caged eagle” “like an ocean-bird”
43“Living” woo/court- to try to gain the love of bliss – something that brings happinessfondle/caress – to touch or handle in tender or loving wayadvent – the first appearance or arrivalhail – greetattain – achieve, get
44“Love” tavern – a drinking bar reproach – deserving shame or disgrace creed – a statement of beliefs or guiding principles
45“Mother to Son”stair – short form of “staircase”tacks – small nailslanding – the level part of a staircase
46Mini Lesson # ___ “Mother to Son” G? Who is the speaker of a poem? by: Langston HughesG? Who is the speaker of a poem?
47The speaker Definition: the voice that speaks the poem’s words a person whose attitude and personality are created by the poet.2. The title gives clues about the speaker.3. The poem generally shares speaker’s experiences and offers advice based on that experience.4. Important: The speaker may or may not be the poet.
48“The New Colossus” brazen – sounding loud and harsh exiles – someone who is forced to leave hishome countrystoried – having an interesting historypomp – a show of magnificence or splendorwretched – miserable or unhappyrefuse – (pronounced “ref-use”)worthless, garbageteeming – filledtempest-tost – tossed about in commotion orchaos
49Mini Lesson # __ “The New Colossus” by: Emma Lazarus G? What literary devicesdoes Lazarus use to enrichher writing?
51AllusionA reference to a famous historical or literary figure for comparison purposesColossus: a statue erectedin Greece to honor the Greeksun god, Helios
52“Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand . . .” AlliterationThe repetition of consonants within lines of poetry“Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand . . .”“ . . .glows world-wide welcome . . .”
53“O Captain, My Captain” rack – torture, pain, or sorrow exulting – celebratingkeel – a timber which runs the center length of a shipgrim – solemntrills – plays musicalnotes
54Mini Lesson # __ “O’ Captain, My Captain” by Walt Whitman G? What literary device does Whitman use to enrich his writing?
55Extended MetaphorA figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something differentUsed to point out similarities between unlike thingsThe comparison continues the entire length of the piece“fearful trip” the Civil War“the ship” the United States“the prize” victory“the port” peace“captain” “father” Lincoln
56from “The Passionate Shepherd” and “The Nymphs Reply to the Passionate Shepherd” prive – enjoydales – valleysmelodious – singingmadrigals – love songskirtle – gowndumb – unable to speakwanton – extravagantwayward – tending to do as one pleasesreckoning yields – gives into a time for the settling of accountsgall – bitternessPhilomel – a nightgale that sings love songs
57“Ring Out, Wild Bells” saps – drains the energy from feud – disagreementsredress – relieve, remedy, to set rightstrife – conflictmodes – kinds or waysmournful – sadfuller minstrel – singer of the highest rankfalse pride – arrogancecivic slander – dishonest statements made about other peoplefoul – nastynarrow lust – focused greed
58“The Road Not Taken”diverged – to move or extend in different directions from a common point(such as a fork in the road)undergrowth – low growing plant life on the floor of a foresttrodden – to tread or walk on
59Mini Lesson # ___ “The Road Not Taken” by: Robert Frost G?: What literary device does Frost use to enrich his writing?
60Extended MetaphorA figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something differentUsed to point out similarities between 2 unlike thingsThe comparison continues throughout the entire length of the piece“diverging roads” major choices that people have to make in life
61Alliteration The repetition of consonant sounds within lines of poetry “ Because it was grassy and wanted wear/Though as for that the passing there . . .”
62“Skydiver” poised – held firmly in a steady position interim – a period of time between eventschasm – a deep split or gap in theEarth gapfanatic – overly enthusiasticsteeple – the tall pointed part of a churchgrotesque – unnaturally odd or ugly
63Mini Lesson # __ “Skydiver” literary devices similes: comparisons using“like” or “as”“…like a clothed frog…”metaphors: comparisons in which one thing is said to be another“…the cloth flower opens…”“…an exclamation point upside down
64Sonnet 18: Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day temperate – milduntrimmed – not changedto a desired positionlease – an agreed uponlength of timeowest – to have or possess
65Personification Applying human qualities to the non-human “ The eye of heaven shines . . .”“ Nor shall Death brag ”
66Rhyme Scheme A rhyme pattern present at the end of lines of poetry ABABC
67“Sonnet XLIII from The Portuguese” breadth - width
68“Shiloh: A Requiem” swallows – birds which glide in flight wheeling – to fly in a circular patternsolaced – comfortedparched – dry, thirstyfoemen – enemiesundeceive – unable tofool or trick
69Mini Lesson #___ “Shiloh: A Requiem” by: Herman Melville G? What makes a requiem a requiem?
70Requiem A written piece composed to honor the dead Tone solemn, quiet, respectful, almost mournfulDifferent forms: songs, chants, poems, etc.
71“Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” queer – odd, unusual
72Mini Lesson # __ “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” by: Robert FrostG? What literary techniques does Frost use to enrich his writing?
73Personification Giving human qualities to the non-human “ he gives his harness bells a shake/To ask if there . . .”
74Alliteration A repetition of consonants sounds within lines of poetry “ He gives his harness bells . . .”“ dark and deep . . .”
75Poetic devicesPoetic form: the way the poem looks or is arranged on the pageWritten in lines, grouped in stanzas
76Poetic devices, continued Traditional form: each line has the same number of syllables and each stanza has the same number of lines8 syllables per line and 4 lines per stanza
78“There is No Frigate like a Book” frigate – a ship used for escortingor patrollingcoursers – swift, spirited horsesoffence – something that causesworry or irritationtoll - price paid for travelfrugal – careful in spendingor using resources
79Mini Lesson #___ “Waiting for the World to Change” By: John Mayer G?: What makes propaganda propaganda?
80PropagandaDefinition: the use of facts, ideas or claims to persuade people to support a particular opinion or course of actionGoal: intended to provoke strong feelings readers/listenersFrequently used in:* campaign speeches* advertisements* editorial articles
81Common techniques quoting the opinions of experts “Chess master Mark Yoffie believes Fisherplayed the finest game of his career today.”giving endorsements by famous people“Supermodel Cara Ferguson says Victor is theonly stylist she allows to touch her hair”using statistics “Over 15% of American live below the poverty level.”saying most people agree with you “Like myself, the citizens of this city want a clean sweep. We’re tired of politics as usual. We want to see new faces in City Hall.”Attacking an opponent or someone you disagree withSam Belvic has ruined the baseball team. He has chosen poor players and overpaid them. Let’s fire him.
82“What is Success?”“a redeemed social condition” – an improved problem in society like poverty, pollution, etc.