13Take the IAT Implicit Association Test https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/takeatest.htmlRace IATGender – Science IATAge IATWeight IATGender IAT
14The IAT Measures implicit reasoning Asked to categorize information quicklyCalculates reaction time in millisecondsCalculates accuracyStatistically, speed and accuracy difference meaningfully reflects your cognitive processIAT is an empirical tool to measure bias
15Examples of IAT Utilization in Legal Research Guilty/Not Guilty IAT – people implicitly associate Black people = guiltyLevel of implicit bias predicted the way people evaluated evidence in a criminal trialUnarmed Black men are more likely to be shot than unarmed white men.Low income members of society are frequent targets of discrimination.
16How does bias affect the objects of bias and general culture?
17Classic social psychology research shows people allocate more resources and report more positive attitudes toward in-group members even when people are randomly assigned to meaningless groups.
18Most White AmericansRespond faster on IAT when “African American” and “bad” are paired than when “African American” and “good” are paired, reflecting more negative automatic associations with African Americans relative to whites
19Study: IAT and Immigration Policy Judgments (Lopez 2010) Are immigration policy judgments (e.g., anti-immigration sentiment) shaped by –Politics?Intolerance towards foreigners?Negative attitudes towards Latinos/Latino immigrants?
20Testing “Boys are Better” Stereotype Scenario 1: Female science majors see video of conference with 75% male participationScenario 2: Video shows conference in which participants are gender balanced
22Women Involved in Scenario 1: Felt less “belonging”Less desire to participateExperience more psychological markers related to stress
23Familiarity Reduces Sexual Orientation Bias High-contact: People with GLBT friends or family members tend to show less bias against them, both overtly and in implicit bias testsLow-contact: After viewing photos and biographies of famous GLBT individuals, their implicit bias scores were not significantly different from the high-contact group.
24Ways to Combat Hidden bias Reframe the conversationFocus on fair treatment and respectSupport projects that encourage positive images instead of stereotypesStudies show positive images of specific groups of people can combat hidden bias
25Rethink Your:Resistance to ChangeTolerance for Inequity
26Less Biased People Have a Complex or Conflicted Stance as they Harbor Some Degree of Automatic Bias Along with an Explicit Commitment to Egalitarianism
27DON’T:Accept automatic responses as valid and use them to guide judgmentJustify any automatic response as a basis for judgment
28DO:Be suspicious of automatic responses - suppress, change or modify explicit judgmentTry to override automatic reactions in favor of egalitarian explicit responses
29Over TimePractice replacing bias with judgments that conform to explicit valuesDevelop strong motivation to avoid prejudicePracticing equalitarian responses will reduce implicit preference to high status groupsChange mindset followed by behavioral changeBe willing to reject automatic preference
30What can I do about an automatic preference that I would rather not have? Good news is that preferences are malleableSeek experiences that can undo or reverse the patterns of experience that created itRead or see information that opposes the implicit preferenceInteract with people that provide experience that counter the preferenceRemain alert to the implicit preference and recognize that it may intrude into your judgments and actionsEmbark on consciously planned actions to compensate for know implicit preferences
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