Presentation on theme: "Implicit Bias Acknowledgement: The outline for this presentation was developed by:"— Presentation transcript:
Implicit Bias Acknowledgement: The outline for this presentation was developed by:
2 Starr Rayford Leslie Richards-Yellen
3 Definition Implicit: means that we are either unaware or mistaken about the source of the thought or feeling.
4 Warning: You will feel a bit uncomfortable – go with it Notice your defensiveness and accept discomfort of unlearning and relearning Keep an open mind and listen first
5 Goal: 1.Think about adopting personal strategies to diminish your personal bias
6 Our Personal Experiences with Bias Personalize by having panelists tell short story that demonstrates how bias exhibited by another affected their prospects or how bias they exhibited affected others
7 Am I biased?
8 Yes Whether we are female/male, affluent/not affluent, black/white/Hispanic/Asian/Native American/immigrant, gay/straight, disabled/abled, older/younger
9 Examples of Automatic Attitude Directed Toward Social Group Standing Distance Eye Contact Judgment of Facial Expression Speaking Time
10 Example of what IAT tests Say the Color PURPLEYELLOWRED ORANGEGREENBLACK GREENBLUEORANGE BLACKREDGREEN YELLOWBLUEORANGE BLUEREDPURPLE
11 Say the Color YELLOWBLUEORANGE BLACKREDGREEN PURPLEYELLOWRED ORANGEGREENBLACK BLUEREDPURPLE GREENBLUEORANGE
12 How do I measure my biases?
13 Take the IAT Implicit Association Test https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/takeatest.html https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/takeatest.html Race IAT Race IAT Gender – Science IAT Gender – Science IAT Age IAT Age IAT Weight IAT Weight IAT Gender IAT Gender IAT
14 The IAT Measures implicit reasoning Asked to categorize information quickly Calculates reaction time in milliseconds Calculates accuracy Statistically, speed and accuracy difference meaningfully reflects your cognitive process IAT is an empirical tool to measure bias
15 Examples of IAT Utilization in Legal Research Guilty/Not Guilty IAT – people implicitly associate Black people = guilty Level of implicit bias predicted the way people evaluated evidence in a criminal trial Unarmed Black men are more likely to be shot than unarmed white men. Low income members of society are frequent targets of discrimination.
16 How does bias affect the objects of bias and general culture?
17 Classic social psychology research shows people allocate more resources and report more positive attitudes toward in-group members even when people are randomly assigned to meaningless groups.
18 Most White Americans Respond faster on IAT when “African American” and “bad” are paired than when “African American” and “good” are paired, reflecting more negative automatic associations with African Americans relative to whites
19 Study: IAT and Immigration Policy Judgments (Lopez 2010) Are immigration policy judgments (e.g., anti-immigration sentiment) shaped by – Politics? Politics? Intolerance towards foreigners? Intolerance towards foreigners? Negative attitudes towards Latinos/Latino immigrants? Negative attitudes towards Latinos/Latino immigrants?
20 Testing “Boys are Better” Stereotype Scenario 1: Female science majors see video of conference with 75% male participation Scenario 2: Video shows conference in which participants are gender balanced
22 Women Involved in Scenario 1: Felt less “belonging” Less desire to participate Experience more psychological markers related to stress
23 Familiarity Reduces Sexual Orientation Bias High-contact: People with GLBT friends or family members tend to show less bias against them, both overtly and in implicit bias tests Low-contact: After viewing photos and biographies of famous GLBT individuals, their implicit bias scores were not significantly different from the high-contact group.
24 Ways to Combat Hidden bias Reframe the conversation Focus on fair treatment and respect Focus on fair treatment and respect Support projects that encourage positive images instead of stereotypes Studies show positive images of specific groups of people can combat hidden bias Studies show positive images of specific groups of people can combat hidden bias
25 Rethink Your: Resistance to Change Tolerance for Inequity
26 Less Biased People Have a Complex or Conflicted Stance as they Harbor Some Degree of Automatic Bias Along with an Explicit Commitment to Egalitarianism
27 DON’T: Accept automatic responses as valid and use them to guide judgment Justify any automatic response as a basis for judgment
28 DO: Be suspicious of automatic responses - suppress, change or modify explicit judgment Try to override automatic reactions in favor of egalitarian explicit responses
29 Over Time Practice replacing bias with judgments that conform to explicit values Develop strong motivation to avoid prejudice Practicing equalitarian responses will reduce implicit preference to high status groups Change mindset followed by behavioral change Be willing to reject automatic preference
30 What can I do about an automatic preference that I would rather not have? Good news is that preferences are malleable Seek experiences that can undo or reverse the patterns of experience that created it Read or see information that opposes the implicit preference Interact with people that provide experience that counter the preference Remain alert to the implicit preference and recognize that it may intrude into your judgments and actions Embark on consciously planned actions to compensate for know implicit preferences
31 See the Squirrel and the Swan
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35 22.Rachlinski, Jeffrey J., Johnson, Sheri Lynn, Wistrich, Andrew J. and Guthrie, Chris “Doe Vol. 84s Unconscious Bias Affect Trial Judges?” Notre Dame Law Review Vol. 84: , Ruttlmann, Jacqueline. "Breaking Through the 'Bamboo Ceiling' for Asian American Scientists." Sciencecareers.sciencemag.org American Association for the Advancement of Science, n.d. Web. Sept Scharf, Stephanie A. and Flom, Barbara M. "Report of the Fifth Annual National Survey on Retention and Promotion of Women in Law Firms." The NAWL Foundation and the National Association of Women Lawyers (NAWL), October Schmidt, Kathleen and Nosek, Brian A. "Implicit (and explicit) racial attitudes barely changed during Barack Obama's presidential campaign and early presidency." Running Ahead: Obama Barely Changed Racial Attitudes. n.d. n.p. 26.Steele, Claudette M. Whistling Vivaldi and Other Clues to How Stereotypes Affect Us, "Test Yourself for Hidden Bias." tolerance.org Southern Poverty Law Center, n.d. Web. Aug. 2011
36 28.The Value of Diversity in Law Firms and The Path to Partnership for Asian Americans, The National Asian Pacific Bar Association 29.Uhlmann, Eric Luis, Poehlman, T. Andrew, and Nosek, Brian A. "Automatic Associations: Personal Attitudes or Cultural Knowledge?" Running Ahead: Person and Culture. n.d. n.p. 30.Weng, Garner. "Racial Bias in Law Practice." California Lawyer Jan. 2003: "Why Do They Need to Tell Me?" Unconscious Bias Citi Workshop, Oct. 6, Yang, Wesley. "Paper Tigers: What happens to all the Asian- American overachievers when the test-taking ends?" nymag.com New York Magazine, May 8, 2011 Web. Sept. 2011