Presentation on theme: "Financing a CDM Project – DBBL’s experience Farhad Ahmed Khan Assistant Vice President Syndication & Structured Finance Credit Division, Dutch-Bangla Bank."— Presentation transcript:
Financing a CDM Project – DBBL’s experience Farhad Ahmed Khan Assistant Vice President Syndication & Structured Finance Credit Division, Dutch-Bangla Bank Ltd
DBBL to provide to the extent of Taka eqvt. Euro 2.00 million in part funding of implementation of WWR Bio Fertilizer Ltd, a municipal organic waste-to-bio-fertilizer plant FMO to act as Arranger and DBBL to act as Agent and Security Trustee DBBL’s Participation in Euro 12 Million Project
Waste Concern Consultants (WCC) from Bangladesh. It is working in the area of waste management in Bangladesh since 1995. It is specialized in small and medium scale waste management projects especially composting. Waste Concern is involved in design and implementation of 47 compost/recycling plants distributed in 26 cities and towns of Bangladesh. Apart from Bangladesh, WC is also involved in waste composting projects in Sri Lanka and Vietnam. World Wide Recycling BV from Netherlands. It is also working in the areas of waste management. This company is associated with VAR a large scale waste recycling company. It is specialized in large scale waste projects including composting WCC WWR WWR Bangladesh Holding BV. WWR Bio Fertilizer Bangladesh Ltd. Project Partners
The Shareholders Structure WBH holds 100% less legally required local shareholding of one share of WWR Bio. The shareholders of WBH are WWR (EUR 1.7m, 54.2%), WCC (EUR 0.4m, 13.6%), FMO (EUR 0.5m, 16.1%) and Triodos (EUR 0.5m, 16.1%).
About ‘VAR’/WWR WWR is closely related to the VAR via Jan Boone, who is the founder of VAR, was director of VAR till July 2002, and still is main shareholder of VAR with 80% and he is chairman of the supervisory board of VAR. VAR was established in 1981 by Jan Boone. VAR is one of the largest and most innovative companies in the area of sustainable waste treatment in the Netherlands. VAR and WWR have signed a Cooperation Agreement via which VAR is obliged to provide technological support to WWR. At the end of 2006, VAR had a Balance Sheet total of EUR 83m, turnover of EUR 48m, net profit EUR 4.1m, solvency 32% and 140 staff. The following key figures of VAR in 2006: –Balance sheet total: EUR 79,992,817 –Equity: EUR 27,096,302 –Turnover: EUR 47,643,755 –EBIDTA: EUR 7,300,429 –Net profit: EUR 4,122,329
Financing Plan of WWR Bio in million Euro Amounts x1m EUR Equity to WBH* Loan to* WBH Loan to WWR Bio Total FMO 0.431.543.905.87 Triodos 0.43 1.502.36 WWR/WCC 1.80-- DBBL --2.00 Total12.03 * the amounts paid out to WBH are transferred to WWR Bio as equity
Investment and Financing Investment Plan (in Euro)20072008/20092009/2010 1 Investments in intangibles690,00000 2 Land187,198327,273297,521 3 Buildings + machines1,304,0353,899,7063,806,134 4 Contingencies (activated)167,903502,112490,064 5 Enrichment 550,000413,223 6 One-off costs225,000 Total2,574,1365,279,0915,006,942 Financing Plan (in Euro) 7 Capital injection WWR/WC840,000804,900155,100 8 Capital injection FMO200,000191,64336,929 9 Capital injection Triodos200,000191,64336,929 10 WBH subloan FMO164,805689,914688,138 11 WBH subloan Triodos79,305191,643157,623 12 WWR Bio subloan FMO721,6801,743,9501,434,370 13 WWR Bio subloan Triodos269,639651,586535,919 14 WWR Bio loan DBBL372,736900,721740,829 Total2,848,1645,366,0003,785,836
Projected Operating Results Amounts in x1000 EUR 20082009201020112012201320142015 Turnover1,5376,3236,17811,29310,9869,3678,8528,365 EBITDA4122,5412,4474,5504,5843,3133,1222,942 Net profit-1291114116926921767111711001137 Operational cash flow2201,4162,4773,4844,6483,6503,2303,043 Cash at end of year2409991,1772,8044,7046,2576,1515,993 Balance sheet total7,9899,50213,94116,01816,90217,15816,16315,200 Solvency (%)26%34%33%42%48%53%61%71% Risk Bearing Capital as % of TA82%81%85%88%92%95% Debt/EBITDA14.052.283.611.831.712.211.761.25 Current ratio4.375.405.796.488.6411.5211.8412.10 DSCR excl. investments2.033.874.075.394.634.002.262.47
Tenor/Repayment Period Tenor: Tranche I – IV : for the loans, 10 years from the financial close, with a grace period of 6 years. Tranche V: (6 years) from Financial Close with a grace period of 12 months. Repayment Period: Tranche I-IV: In 8 semi-annual equal installments with the first such installment due 78 months after the closing date. Tranche V: In 20 quarterly installments with the first such installment due 15 months after the closing date.
Feedstock risk Construction risk Construction risk Perceived Risk as assessed by DBBL: Off-take risk Land Operational risk Revenue from CERs Environmen- tal and social risks Key Man Risk Loan Structure Risk Loan Structure Risk
Feedstock risk: Input of organic waste is guaranteed by a Concession Agreement with the municipality that allows WWR Bio to collect up to 700 ton/day waste from designated areas, like local markets.
Construction risk: A compost facility is a relatively easy concept. Also, the construction is done under supervision of the VAR with extensive experience and knowledge
Operational risk: Employees will be trained, partly at the VAR in the Netherlands. If major problems occur the VAR will give technical assistance. Management of the companies will come from WCC and WWR and thus have experience with waste management
Off-take risk (demand, competition and distribution): Compost can be used as a substitute for or additional to more expensive fertilizers. The compost market is only marginally developed, while the domestic fertilizer market can not foresee in total demand. So (potential) demand is high, while competition is low. Because the compost will be tailor made for different crops it can be sold during the whole year. WWR Bio negotiates on agreements with end- users directly and off-take agreements with wholesalers/distributors. Own distribution will then be considered later
Land: For the first 100-130 ton/day capacity land is acquired under a lease contract, which might not be sustainable. DBBL’s investment is however limited to EUR 0.372 m in the first phase and for subsequent phases it is required that land is obtained in ownership.
Revenue from CERs: The used methodologies are approved as CDM projects and thus CERs will be generated as soon as the compost facility is operational. The price of CERs stays, nevertheless, very insecure, but profits of the project are mainly generated by selling (enriched) compost DBBL assumed a fixed selling price of Euro 8 per unit CER
Environmental and social risks: The project has significant environmental and social positive impacts, the most important being the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the production of soil improving compost and the offering of livelihood opportunities and improvements for poor and marginalized people. Potential adverse impacts do exist, but are limited and manageable and they can be mitigated.
Key Man Risk: The Directors of WWR Bio are A.H. Md. Maqsood Sinha of WCC and a representative of WWR, currently Jan Boone. A.H. Md. Maqsood Sinha has experience with waste management in Bangladesh. A.H. Md. Maqsood Sinha and Jan Boone seem very capable of running WWR Bio. Nevertheless, if Jan Boone or any other key person should fall away, an important financial and business partner is lost (key man risk), especially during construction phase.
Loan Structure Risk: The tenor for the DBBL’s loans is 6 year, with a grace period of 1 year. DBBL (senior loans) receives security over all fixed and floating assets of WWR Bio. Another mitigant is that disbursements of the loans to expand capacity from 100 to 700 ton/day, will be considered only if the project at phase 1 has proven to be a success.
Milestones Achieved: Concession Agreement with DCC has been signed to collect and transport waste National CDM Board Approval has been obtained Land lease agreement for 22 years has been signed Trade licensee obtained Land use clearance obtained BOI registration obtained Third party verification of Environmental and Social Compliance has been done Environmental clearance obtained from DOE Work permit for the WWR engineer has been obtained Import permit has been obtained Land development completed Detailed Engineering design completed Major construction works for phase 1 completed by March 2008 The project has gone into trial operation end of March 2008 Pending : Registration of compost/enriched compost
DBBL to finance First CDM project in Bangladesh –Commercial lenders are cautious in providing new loans particularly to projects involving unfamiliar technologies. –Technologies, equipment & processes relevant for CDM are available commercially, many of which offer viable economic returns; yet, not many of such projects are being implemented in Asia compared to what can be potentially achieved. –Bangladesh is yet to see any lender, other than DBBL, to finance CDM project. –DBBL wishes to extend thanks to FMO for involving it with the country ’ s first ever CDM project.
Summing up – DBBL’s Feeling An adequate risk-sharing structure is often difficult to put in place and almost always creates unanticipated delays in achieving financial closing. Risk should be allocated, by contract, to the party that is best able to mitigate or control. Completion risk could be avoided by implementing such project in phases. There should be transfer of technical know-how from Annex I country. Carbon Credit market development needs accelerators. Action by participating players needed – advisors, buyers, FIs, government to put in place the necessary accelerators. Regulatory support needed. Lenders should have greater oversight of the project. They should have control the application of cash flows.
Summing up - DBBL’s Feeling (Contd.) First time lenders for projects like CDM should be in the senior loan category. Equity and quasi equity should be invested first. Banks need assets to back-up; however, CDM project is often not asset based but idea based. Documentation is lengthy and complex, and costs a great deal to put into place. Success of WWR Bio is crucial for other lenders to finance CDM project. Bangladesh is an attractive market for CDM. DBBL will embark on the lessons learned to take on more such viable CDM projects. Journey has just begun.