Presentation on theme: "Exploration and Expansion"— Presentation transcript:
1Exploration and Expansion Why did the Europeans embark upon voyages of discovery in the 1400’s and 1500’s?How did Europeans establish colonies in the lands they discovered?How did the creation of colonies in the Americas affect trade patterns and the economic systems of Europe?How and why did Europeans establish a slave trade between Africa and the Americas and what were the lasting effects of this trade?
2Caravel A light fast sailing ship New Technology- rudder and lateen sails
3Henry the NavigatorPrince of Portugal that sponsored voyages of discovery
4Vasco Da GamaSailed for Portugal around the southern tip of Africa to India in 1497
5Christopher Columbus Attempted to sail West in order to reach China 1492 reached the Caribbean
6Ferdinand MagellanSet out in 1519 to sail around the world
7CircumnavigateTo sail completely around the world
8Sir Francis DrakeSailed for England on a voyage of Exploration around South America to the West Coast of America
9Henry HudsonSailed for England looking for a Northwest passage around the Americas
10Quiz Caravel Henry the Navigator Vasco da Gama Christopher Columbus Ferdinand MagellanCircumnavigateSir Francis DrakeHenry HudsonWhat were the foundations upon which the Age of Exploration was built?What discoveries were made by explorers from Portugal and Spain?What drove explorers from the rest of Europe?
12EncomiendaSpanish system of colonization of the Caribbean
13Hernan CortesLed expedition to Mexico that ended with the conquest of the Aztec Empire
14ConquistadorSpanish military leader that fought against the Native American people
15Moctezuma IIAztec Emperor at the time of the Spanish arrival in America
16Francisco PizarroLed Spanish expedition to Peru and conquered the Incas
17AtahualpaLeader of the IncasCaptured and killed by Pizarro
18ViceroysSpanish officials selected by the king that control large estates in America
19Bartolome de Las CasasWanted to protect the Native American from harsh treatment.Suggested using African laborers instead of Native Americans
20Treaty of Tordesillas Drew an imaginary line through the Atlantic Everything East belonged to PortugalEverything West belonged to Spain
21Quiz Encomienda Hernan Cortes Conquistador Moctezuma Fransisco Pizarro AtahualpaViceroysBartolome de las CasasTreaty of TordesillasHow did Spain build an empire in the Americas?What kind of colony did the Portuguese establish in Brazil?What was life like in the French, Dutch and English colonies in the Americas?
22Columbian ExchangeGlobal transfer of culture and changes in society between colonists and natives
23MercantilismEconomic system where a nation’s power was measured in wealth/wealth was measured by gold
24Balance of TradeExports greater than ImportsDifference is in Gold