3INTRODUCTION Road privatization policy started in 1983 North Klang Straits Bypass (NKSB) By Shapadu Comp. Ltd. (1983)CHRONOLOGYJalan Kuching Highway by Kamunting Corporation (1986)North – South Expressway (1989)
5Total Road Length in Malaysia ('000 km) 100.077.280.064.365.260.038.9Total Length ('000 km)40.018.020.014.510.4-556575859599`07YearFrom the Bar chart showed the increase of the road length in Malaysia (excluding rural & village road) from 66,391 kilometers to 77,240 kilometers in 2007.
6PASTFederal Government decided to embark construction of a toll expressway (1977)The decision was based on :From Bukit Kayu Hitam to Johor Bahru known asNorth – South ExpresswayThe general Transportation Study of Malaysia ( )The Malaysian Highway feasibility Study ( )Feasibility study and Toll Application ( )
7Provide an efficient network system of highway Provide a smooth, comfortable and safe rideHelp to alleviate traffic congestion along Federal Route 1Accelerate economic growthMAIN OBJECTIVE HAVING THE HIGHWAYSupplement the existing Federal Route 1Facilitate fast and uninterrupted movement of trafficUsing international standardsAble to reduce vehicle operating costReduce traveling time
823 highways operated by 17 Concession Company PRESENTUnder Planning:2 nos of highwayTOLL HIGHWAYSUnder Construction:7 nos of highwayUnder Operation:23 highways operated by 17 Concession Company
9Highway In Operation : Bil Highway Route No. Highway Length 1. E1 North – South Expressway823.0 Km2.E36Penang Bridge13.5 Km3.E8Kuala Lumpur – Karak Highway60.0 Km4.E15Butterworth – Kulim Expressway16.8 Km5.E5Shah Alam Expressway35.0 Km6.E6North – South Expressway Central Link48.0 Km7.E29Seremban – Port Dickson Expressway22.7 Km8.E3Malaysian – Singapore Second Crossing Expressway44.7 Km9.E11Damansara – Puchong Highway.40.0 Km10.E7Cheras – Kajang Highway11.7 Km11.E9Sungai Besi Expressway16.7 Km
10Cont..Highway In Operation : BilHighway Route No.HighwayLength12.E12Kuala Lumpur – Ampang Elevated Highway7.4 Km13.E23Western Kuala Lumpur Traffic Dispersal Scheme26.0 Km14.E18Kajang Traffic Dispersal Ring Road37.0 Km15.E10New Pantai Expressway19.6 Km16.E35Shah Alam – Kuang Expressway25.0 Km17.E8East Coast Highway (Phase1)169.0 Km18.E30North Klang Straits Bypass8.0 Km19.New North Klang Straits Bypass7.5 Km20.E17Butterworth Outer Ring Road12.1 Km21.E38Storm Water Management And Road Tunnel (SMART)3.06 Km22.-Jln Cheras, Sambungan Timur-Barat, Lebuhraya Sungai Besi (Lebuhraya Metramac)23.E20Kuala Lumpur – Putrajaya HighwayTOTAL LENGTH :Km
11Highway In Operation :NORTH - SOUTH EXPRESSWAY (PLUS) ( 848 KM )TOLL PLAZAS - OPEN 7 NOS., CLOSED - 60 NOS.
12Highway In Operation :(before upgrading)KUALA LUMPUR - KARAK HIGHWAY (KL-KARAK) ( 60 KM )TOLL PLAZAS (OPEN) - 2 NOS.
14Highway In Operation :AMPANG-KL ELEVATED HIGHWAY (AKLEH) ( 7.4 KM )TOLL PLAZAS OPEN -1 NO.
15PRESENT CONSTRUCTION Most of present toll highways – urban area Through heavily populated areaMitigation measure needed in solving problem
16ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM (SENAI – DESARU EXPRESSWAY) MITIGATION MEASURES:ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM (SENAI – DESARU EXPRESSWAY)Safeguarding water Catchment from contaminated spillageSDE highway alignment traverses through Sg. Layang Water CatchmentPollutant Removal System (PRS) sited at strategic locationThe objective to remove the chemical/pollutants from the surface runoff, preventing them from reaching the water catchmentPRS essentially comprises 4 component:-Grass SwaleGrass Pollutant TrapOil / grease / chemical FiltrationRetention
17Pollutant Removal System Process MITIGATION MEASURES:Pollutant Removal System Process
18LAND USE PROBLEM Land scarcity Space constraint – urban area Increase usage of highway by local commuter – cause congestionThe experience of dealing with the problem:-DUKE HighwaySPRINT Highway
19DUKE HIGHWAY PROJECT MITIGATION MEASURES: LIMITATION OF RIGHT OF WAY (R.O.W)Redesigning the drainage system to suite the R.O.W condition
20DUKE HIGHWAY PROJECT MITIGATION MEASURES: LIMITATION OF RIGHT OF WAY (R.O.W)Application of Reinforcement Concrete wall for a spacious carriageway
21LIMITATION OF RIGHT OF WAY (R.O.W) MITIGATION MEASURES:ii) Reconfiguration of InterchangesLIMITATION OF RIGHT OF WAY (R.O.W)Reconfiguration of interchanges (eg: Sentul Pasar Interchange)Advantages :-No acquisition for drainage reserveProviding free flow of waterNo interfacing with flood mitigation structure*Interchange Design to skirt around the Existing detention pond by JPS as a flood mitigation measure
22LIMITATION OF RIGHT OF WAY (R.O.W) MITIGATION MEASURES:iii) Sharing of TNB power line reserveLIMITATION OF RIGHT OF WAY (R.O.W)Original proposal – separate reserve for highway and TNB power linesBenefits:-29 houses & 5 shops not to be acquiredLive line maintenance from the deck
23SPRINT HIGHWAY PROJECT MITIGATION MEASURES:SPRINT HIGHWAY PROJECTDesigned using innovative methods to minimise land use and disruption to the environment during construction.700 m Bored tunneling construction method through a hill as a direct access through PenchalaTo preserve the ecology and environmental
24First in Malaysia to feature double deck structure MITIGATION MEASURES:SPRINT HIGHWAY PROJECTDesigned using innovative methods to minimise land use and disruption to the environment during construction.First in Malaysia to feature double deck structure
25Traffic congestion problem at toll plazas MITIGATION MEASURES:Traffic congestion problem at toll plazasIntroduction of Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) occurs after completion of the NSE in SeptEarlier stage of implementation, less number of highway users using this system.Number had increase yearly due to the increase in number of highway users which resulted to traffic congestion at toll plazas especially during peak hours and festive seasons.Starting from 1 July 2004, Government decided to use only one ETC system namely Touch & Go.It can be used for other purposes such as public transport and public parking.
26Traffic congestion problem at toll plazas MITIGATION MEASURES:Traffic congestion problem at toll plazasOnly 41% use ETC (TnGo & smart Tag)Comparison between the use of Electronic Toll System (ETC)and total number of traffic
27ISSUES ISSUES LAND TOLL A sensitive issues and become major problem in the countryLANDLand cost much higher than estimated in implementation stageMitigation measures:Government compensationRe-evaluating C.A and renegotiate the termMitigation measures:Preparing GuidelineISSUESIMPROVEMENT TOCONCESSION AGREEMENTSet-up committee to re-evaluate the existing C.A and improve it.CONGESTIONGrowth development - generated traffic & saturatedBottleneck and user’s behaviourCUSTOMER SATISFACTIONEngage consultant to get feedback from customerMitigation measures:Impose penaltyEstablished KPIMitigation measures:Coordination between Government agencies and private companyImprove C.A80% as a benchmark, improve some complain and comment from customer
28Land issueLand cost – critical components and big impact to overall project costPlanning stage – estimated land costImplementation stage – land cost are higher than estimatedDue to affected lots converted their status (plantation to residential / commercial)Solution :MHA currently preparing new guideline in handling the unacceptable increase in the land cost
29Toll issue Sensitive issues and major problem in the country Toll rate and frequency toll rate review – agreed in the Concession Agreement (C.A)Toll rate agreed – must be sufficient to cover capital expenditure (CAPEX), operating expenses (OPEX), financial obligations and returns to the promoters.No increment toll rate as stipulated - Government must compensate concessionairesMajor issues – acceptable & affordable toll rateSolution:Currently MHA re-evaluating all the existing C.A term for affordable toll rateAction taken – concession period extension, toll rate restructuring
30Congestion issue Congestion contribution:- Development in the vicinity of the highwayExisting bottleneckUsers behavior - weavingEffect – stress, waste of fuel, waste of time, emits smokeSolution:Coordination between government agencies and private companyImprovement to C.A prior to traffic congestion problem
31Improvement to Concession Agreement MHA planning department set-up a committee – to re-evaluate & improve C.ASolution:To impose LAD – project completed as scheduleTo impose penalty – non compliance and non conformityEstablished Key Performance Indicator (KPI) – standardize work performanceMay instruct Concession Company to review the traffic forecast
32Customer (Highway User’s) Satisfaction Overall satisfaction Index of the Highway for the year 2007 reflected that Malaysian road users were satisfied (rated as ‘four star’/’good) With scored for all highways between (66%-85%)Survey base on five major area as listed below:Highways ManagementToll Plaza ManagementRonda ServicesRest Service AreaLay By serviceFrom the finding, mitigation measures to improves the Costumer Satisfaction Index will carried out by Concession company
33FUTURE FLEXIBLE TOLL SYSTEMS MULTI LANE FREE FLOW (MLFF) FLAT TOLL RATETRAFFIC MODEL STUDYFUTUREMHA’S TRAFFIC MONITORING CENTRETENDERING OF NEW HIGHWAYSHADOW TOLL
34Future highway development programme Government still embark on privatisation programme through:-Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT)Private Finance InitiativeReviewing the Highway Network Development Plan (HNDP)Viable project for privatisationImpact on National economy
35Flexible Toll Systems Toll discount on non peak hour 10% discount starting 1 Jan 2009 for NSE and ELITE highwayDiscount period from am to 7.00amMassive traffic congestion due to accident / festivals season
36Flat Toll Rate One toll rate until the end of the concession period No toll rate increment
37Multi Lane free Flow (MLFF) Latest toll electronic collecting system in MalaysiaWill encourage smooth traffic movementCapacity of peak hour transition rate – 2200 vehicle per lane per hourGovernment in process of trial – December 2008Toll Plaza Penchala, Damansara – Puchong HighwayToll Plaza Batu 3, federal Highway 2Expert involved in the trial:-Mitsubishi Group and Kapsch ComObjective of the trial:-Study system effectiveness in term of safety and practicality aspect
38Shadow Toll Has been implemented in several countries in Europe Modified version need to be look before applying in MalaysiaMethod:-No toll paying by user at toll boothGovernment pay to the Company based on number of traffic
39Tendering of new Highway in Malaysia Implementing an open tender concept for new privatized highwayTo ensure transparency – reasonable and competitive price
40Traffic Model study for Klang Valley and its conurbation A study for the new traffic modelBasically to develop Traffic Demand Forecasting ModelFinding and analysis – Land use, Socio-economic Framework, traffic surveyWill assist Government in evaluating and choosing viable road project
41MHA Traffic Monitoring Centre Collecting and disseminating traffic information in real time basis on toll highway to the public
42CONCLUSIONImprovement have been done to make sure the toll highway are built of the best quality, maintain and operated in the best conditions.Continuous negotiation and discussion between Government and Concession Company in all stages are an important for the successful of project.Innovation and optimisation in the design, construction, operation and maintenance has resulted in having a highway of the best quality and at reasonable price.When dealing in urban construction – need to reduce impact on social and environmental.Win-win situation between Government and Private sector:Government – get infrastructure early, qualityPrivate sector – get the reasonable return from the investmentFuture- to fulfill the customer satisfactionWay forward-MHA TMC as a National Traffic Information CentreMHA as a Public Sector Comparator (PSC) to concession companies