Presentation on theme: "Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Exploration, Enlightenment, Scientific Revolution, Revolutions and Rebellions, and Napoleon Georgia High School Graduation."— Presentation transcript:
Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Exploration, Enlightenment, Scientific Revolution, Revolutions and Rebellions, and Napoleon Georgia High School Graduation Test Study Slides Taken straight from the state-issued study booklet (In other words, this is what the state wants you to know for the test!!!) Created and Compiled by Angel Cleary Grovetown High School
Age of Exploration 1.“God, gold, and glory” 2.Astrolabe 3.Prince Henry the Navigator 4.Vasco Da Gama 5.Ferdinand Magellan 6.Circumnavigate 7.Christopher Columbus 8.Samuel de Champlain 9.James Cook 10.Columbian Exchange 11.New World
Age of Exploration 1490-1650 A.D. Time period during the Renaissance when Europeans began exploring the world Began trying to find faster route to Asia and bypass the Muslim empires that were controlling the Silk Road land and water trade routes Goals: –Spread Christianity (God) –Get gold (Gold) –Make country and king powerful (glory) New inventions made exploration easier –Astrolabe, a device that shows date, time and direction by mapping the position of the sun and stars –Cartography – map-making becomes more accurate Silk Road
EXPLORERS TO KNOW Portugal – first to explore world 1400s 1.Prince Henry the Navigator – 1420s -founded a school for exploration teaching use of astrolabe, sailing techniques, and new ships exploring West coast of Africa 2.Vasco Da Gama – 1498 first to sail around the horn of Africa and reach India by this route Spain – becomes world power through exploration – 1500s 1.Christopher Columbus -1492– Italian, sailed for Spain; discovered “New World”; landed in Caribbean but thought he landed in India, so he called the people he met “Indians” *The place he discovered became known as the “West Indies” (West India) 2. Ferdinand Magellan 1521– Portuguese; sailed for Spain; tried to find western water route to China; first to circumnavigate the world; died in the Philippines but his crew makes it back France – early 1600s Samuel de Champlain – 1608 – first to explore Great Lakes area; founded the colony of Quebec in what is modern-day Canada \ England – overtakes Spain as world power – 1700s James Cook –1760s - explored the pacific Ocean; claimed Australia for Great Britain; later became a penal colony Age of Exploration cont… R.I.P. Here lies FerdinandMagellana.k.a “Almost There” I still look good even with scurvy. Go suck on a lemon.
Age of Exploration cont… Or, a global transfer of goods and ideas from Americas, Europe and Africa Columbian Exchange From Europe GUNS HORSES Citrus Fruits Wheat Oats Cattle Pig Smallpox Flu Christianity From Africa SLAVES Bananas Malaria From New World MAIZE POTATO Turkey Tomato Vanilla Tobacco Cocoa Syphilis From Middle East and Asian Countries Coffee Rice Black Pepper
Most of the native Americans in South America died from the diseases brought over by the Europeans. Most of those that didn’t were conquered, forced to become slaves or workers, and forced to convert to Christianity Most of those that didn’t were conquered, forced to become slaves or workers, and forced to convert to Christianity. Effects of Columbian Exchange
Review Questions 1.The route depicted on this map was first travelled by a.Ferdinand Magellan b.Vasco da Gama c.Erasmus d.Christopher Columbus Vasco da Gama explored for Portugal and was the first to round the horn of Africa
2. A Spanish explorer learning Aztec languages, an Incan becoming Christian, a European eating new foods like potatoes, slaves being taken to the New World, and an Englishman marrying a Native American woman are all examples of a.Slave trade b.New inventions c.Atlantic Trade d.Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange brought cultures all over the world in contact with each other’s customs, beliefs, and goods.
3. He believed that India could be reached by sailing west and discovered what would be known as the Americas. a.Vasco do Gama b.Samuel de Champlain c.Ferdinand Magellan d.Christopher Columbus Columbus discovered the “new world’ but thought he landed in India; thus that area of the Caribbean was called the “West Indies”
4. The invention that had the greatest impact on exploration was the a.Smaller ships b.astrolabe c.compass d.Printing press
5. If you were a native American living in the new world, you would probably feel ______ about/by the Columbian Exchange a.Apathetic b.Elated c.Dismayed d.Amused The Columbian Exchange killed off most of the native Americans and those who survived were often taken as slaves
6. Which country was the first to successfully embark on long range voyages during the age of exploration? a.Portugal b.France c.Spain d.England Portuguese Prince Henry the Navigator started a school for navigation and successfully explored the West Coast of Africa