Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 Leaning a Language Made by Ye Suhong. Activity One: Brainstorming (10 minutes) Work with your group to think of as many words /phrases /expressions."— Presentation transcript:
Activity One: Brainstorming (10 minutes) Work with your group to think of as many words /phrases /expressions as possible Expressions for: language; assessing language behaviour;using a language; types of language use; types of language users; learning a language. Part I Listening and Speaking
Expressions for refenence 1.Expressions for language: accent, (regional) dialect （地方方言）, standard English, RP(Received Pronunciation), British\American\ Australian English, rhythm, stress, grammar
2.Expressions for assessing languagebehavior: appropriate, suitable, out of place, rude, polite, over-polite, formal, informal, doesn’t sound \feel\look right, beautifully\ well written, poorly written, fluent, accurate(exact), precise, to the point, readable, (in) comprehensible, make (no) sense Expressions for refenence
3.Verbs expressing the use of language: speak, write in (English, Chinese…), listen, read, communicate, translate, interpret, paraphrase( 意译 ) Expressions for refenence
4.Expressions for forms of language use: articles, poems(postry), verse （诗句， 诗）, nursery rhymes, stories, novels, theses(thesis 学位论文 ), papers, lines (in poems), scripts(of dramas, plays, films,songs, recordings), lyrics 歌词 (of songs), letters, memos （备忘录）, compositions, notes, posters,forms, speeches, documents, announcements. Expressions for refenence
5.Expressions for types of language users: speaker, listener(audience), writer, author, poet, reader, translator, interpreter, pen-friend, scriptwriter （广播、电视节目撰稿人， 电影剧本作者）, playwriter （剧作家） copywiter （广告撰稿人）, repoter, radio\Tvannouncer, journalist Expressions for refenence
6.Expressions for language learning: memorize, learn sth. by heart=rote learning, understand, use, review, revise （修订，校对）, mate, notes, take down notes, repeat, practice, make oneself understood, memory fails one--be rusty--forget Expressions for refenence
Activity Two: Speaking 1). Let the students say out some experiences about learning English around this topic: “ How I learn English”; They can get some clues in Point 3: Speaking. 2). The Ss present their dialogue or speech
Activity Three: Listening (An interview on language learning) 1). Introduce the task and get the Ss to read the topic and the four questuins, guessing the possible meaning of the listening material. 2). Dicussing the meaning of the following terms: A: derive from （从 … 获得, 推论） : It means to get something from, especially something that is non-material.
B: kick: It is a slang expression here used as a noun. It means a strong feeling of excitement and pleasure. C: persuasive （有说服力的） : having the power to influence others into believing 3). Introduce the following question for discussion before listening: “What do you think is the most difficult aspect of learning English?” 4). Have the Ss get ready to write down some key words to the questions. 5). Play the tape twice for the Ss to listen 6). Have the Ss answer the questions.
1 ． At an early age. Li felt that he had a talent for language and he has always been fascinated by language. Although he now showa doubt about his talent and decision, he has bocome more interested in learning a new language. Answers for listening task
2. Li finds that English idioms are the most difficult aspect in his English learning, because although they consist of familiar words, idioms are not easy to understand and there are too many of them for the learner to remember. Answers for listening task
3. An idiom is a group of words combined toghter, but its mearning cannot be understood from the mearning of the individual words. Answers for listening task
4. Li is interested in “cultural studies”, which he thinks is a neglected but very important area, because he believes that it is mainly the cultural aspect of language rather than the other aspects that determines successful communication. Answers for listening task
1.Discussing time(Pre-reading activity) 1). What is the difference between learning a language and learning how to drive a car? 2). Why do people using the same language sometimes have trouble understanding each other? Part 2 Reading comprehension
2.Comprehension work(Have the Ss finish resding the passage in ten minutes, and then finish the first comprehension work)
A.Summarize the story: The article discuss three aspects of language learning, while trying to clear up three related misconceptions, which are, language can be learned systematically with clear ultimate success; Words have clear-out and fixed meanings; and people of the same language background speak the same variety everythere. The message of the article is that learner should be aware that language is not a fixed unchanging thing, therefore learning a language is, in fact, a lifelong task.
B.Summarise the paragraphs The first paragraph:the author srgues that, contrary to the view that language could be learned systematically with clear ultimate success, learning a language is actually a lifelong activity. The second paragraph: The author uses the English language as an example to show that every language is a complex affair, and learning a language is thus, metaphorically speaking, an endless voyage.
The third paragraph: This paragraph discusses the second misconception that words have fixed and clear meangings, and points out that words, beside their core meanings, are also used creatively and have extended meanings, which are what make language so delightful.
The fourth paragraph: This paragraph focuses on the misconception that the speakers of a language speak exactly the same varitety and have no problem of understanding each other. Speakers of the standard forms of English in different regions may be able to communicate with each other but the situation is entirely different with dialect speakers.
C.Study the story Discuss the following questions in groups
1.What do people usually expect when they talk anout learning a language? When people talk about learning a language, they usually expect to learn it as they learn geometry or how to ride a bicycle, which are learned systematically, with clear ultimate success. In other words, they tend to think that language is a fixedunchanging thing.
2.What do they eventually discover? They may eventually discover their view of language learning is wrong. Language learning is life-long activity, and requires very hard work if they want to succeed.
3.In what sense is the statement that studying any language is an endless voyage true ? Studying a language is an endless voyage because any natural human language is a complex affair with many varieties of regional dialect, social styles and a long historical heritage.
4.Why does the writer say that the English language is a hybrid? The English language has mingled with many other languages in its development. It originated from a form of ancient German, was later mixed with Old French and was influenced by many other languages such as Latin and Greek.
5.What is the purpose of the two example sentences cited in the article ? The purpose of the two examples is to indicate that that the meaning of a word is not always the same. Words may generate meanings that are legitimate extentions of their core meaning.
6.What can be the effect of a slight “misuse” of words? Unnatural though it may seem to some people, a slight “misuse” of words can give them extra meanings which are legitimate extentions of their core meanings. It is part of the reason why language is so wonderful and pleasurable.
7.What is the lesson that you, as a language learner, can draw from this text? This is an open-ende question (work hard and be patient in one’s language stuudy, be systematic and realistic in planning one’s study,etc…
Tips: 1). Let the Ss discuss the above 7 questions in group, the group leader should be in charge of the discussion and know whether each student can find out the answers to the questions. 2). The Ss present their answers and share their idea. 3). Comment the Ss’ expressions and give them some help if necessary. 4). Analysis of some background knowledge come up in the passage: a): The English language is just such a hybrid. b): several waves of Latin c): flower boy
Word Study Aims: 1. Comprehen the text in details 2. Learn some useful words and phrases from the text: 3. Learning to enjoy and understand some long and difficult sentences Step 1. Listen to the tape Step 2. Sum up the Ss’ difficulties of each paragraph Step 3. Word and sentence study
1.ultimate adj. 最后的, 终极的 ; 结局的 ; 极限 [ 端 ] 的 ; 临界的 ; 基本的, 首要的 ; 不能再分解 [ 析 ] 的 ultimate cause 终极原因 ultimate production 总产量 the ultimate ends of the world 天涯海角 ultimate principles 基本原则 ultimate element 元素 ultimate cause 终极原因 the ultimate truth 最终真理
2.embark vi. 搭载 ( 飞机 ), 上船 (on) 开始, 从事, 着手搞 ; 投资 (in, on, upon) vt. 使上船, 使上飞机, 载 ( 客 ), 装 ( 货 ); 使从事, 使着手 embark money in 将资金投放于 To embark 装在船上 embark money in 将资金投放于... embark for Tianjin 乘船去天津
embark passengers and cargo 载客和装货 stopped to embark passengers. 停止使乘客登船或飞机 embark upon a new business undertaking 着手一项新的商业 Stopped to embark passengers. 停止使乘客登船或飞机 embark on a world tour. 开始一次世界旅行 embark in [ upon ] an enterprise 举办企业
4.collide= bang bump clash conflict vi. ( 车等 ) 碰撞； ( 意志等 ) 冲突， 抵触（ with ） To strike or collide with. 碰撞，冲撞 To collide.Used of vessels. 抵触相撞， 用于船只 The interest of the two countries collide. 两国利益发生冲突。
To come into contact with something; collide. 与某物接触；冲突 We were struck with horror when we saw the car collide. 我们看到车子相撞，大吃一惊。 collider 对撞机 The two trains collided. 两列火车相撞了。
In running round the corner, he collided with another man. 在跑过拐角时， 他撞上另一个人。 If the aims of two countries collide there may be war. 如果两国的目标冲突， 就可能发生战争
5. contact= approach connect join reach touch 【习惯用语】 be in contact with 和... 接触，有联系 be out of contact with ［脱离接触， 失去联系］ bring into contact with 使接触，使与... 联系 come into (in) contact with 接触， 碰上 have contact with 接触到， 和... 有联系 make contact with 和... 接触［联系］
6.extent n. 广度, 宽度, 长度, 大小范围, 限度, 程度一片 ) 地区【数, 逻】外延 ; 广延 superficial extent 面积 spatial extent 空间延长 extent of one's knowledge 某人的知识多少 a vast extent of land 辽阔的土地
see full extent of the park 看到公园的整个范围 an extent of desert. 一片辽阔的沙漠 To such an extent. 到这种程度 to a certian extent 在一定程度上, 有几分, 部分地 to a great extent 很大程度上, 非常 to some extent 某种程度上, ( 多少 ) 有一点
to such an extent that 到这样的程度以致 [ 竟然 ]... to that extent 达到那样的程度 to the extent of 到... 的程度 to the extent that 达到这种程度以致...; 就... 来说 ; 在... 方面来说 ; 在这个意义上 ; 在这样的范围内