3 Basic vocabulary 1a1. You embark or disembark a ship by the _________. 2.The __________is for letting the smoke out of the engines. 3. The opposite end of the boat from the stern is the _________ . 4.You can see the sea through the __________.
4 Basic vocabulary 1b 5. I crossed the Channel on the ___________. 6. The 'Charles de Gaulle' is a __________ .7. A __________ is the watertight body of a ship or boat.8. A ____________is a boat designed for sea rescue.
5 Basic vocabulary 1a1. You embark or disembark a ship by the GANGWAY. 2. The FUNNEL is for letting the smoke out of the engines. 3. The opposite end of the boat from the stern is the BOW. 4.You can see the sea through the PORTHOLE.
6 Basic vocabulary 1b 5. I crossed the Channel on the FERRY-BOAT. 6. The 'Charles de Gaulle' is a WARSHIP.7. A HULL is the watertight body of a ship or boat.8. A LIFEBOAT is a boat designed for sea rescue.
8 Basic vocabulary 2a Write definitions for the words below: Radar Pilot house (wheelhouse)Upper deckCapstan
9 Basic vocabulary 2aRadar: apparatus that detects objects through the use of microwaves. Pilot house: a room in the superstructure containing navigation and steering equipment. Upper deck: higher deck on a ship. Capstan: vertical – axled winch that can be used to apply force to a cable, rope, etc.
10 Basic vocabulary 2b Write definitions for the words below: Hawsehole (hawsepipe)Anchor Bow Bulwark Flagpole Boom
11 Basic vocabulary 2bHawsehole (hawsepipe): opening in the front of a ship for anchor cables Anchor: a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving Bow: part at the front of a boat that cleaves the waterbulwark- linica; flagpole ; cargo boom – samarica - derrick ; cleave - cijepati
12 Basic vocabulary 2b Bulwark: protective rim of the upper deck Flagpole: post used to hoist flagsBoom: post used to load and unload goodsbulwark- linica; flagpole ; cargo boom – samarica - derrick ; cleave - cijepati
13 Classification Ships can be classified according to their purpose: I. Transportation of cargo or/and passengers;II. Assistance and service (special purpose vessels);III Catching of fish (fishermen);IV. Peace keeping (warships).
14 I. Transportation of passengers Cruise linerPassenger linerHydrofoilHovercraftHidrokrilni gliser, brod s podvodnim krilima; air – cushion vessel – brod lebdjelica, brod na zračnom jastuku
18 Basic Vocabulary 3 Write definitions for the words below: Hydrofoil boatSternStackWindlassDinghy – čamac za spašavanje
19 Basic Vocabulary 3Hydrofoil boat: high-speed ship which lifts above the water surface at speed Stern: the rear part of a ship Stack (funnel): conical shaped structure consisting of a shaft for ventilation and the passage of smoke Windlass: horizontal– axled winch that is used to hoist an anchor
22 Basic vocabulary 4 Write definitions for the words below: Hovercraft RudderGearbox
23 Basic vocabulary 4Hovercraft: transport vehicle that moves on a cushion of air Rudder: apparatus for turning the boat Gearbox: device which reduces or multiplies angular velocity; it uses gears and gear trains to provide speed and torque conversions from a rotating power source to another device
24 Basic vocabulary 5 Write definitions for the words below: Navigation bridgeContainerLoading craneBulbous bow
25 Basic vocabulary 5Navigation bridge: raised platform from which a vessel is controlled Container: standard sized boxlike object used for transporting goods Loading crane: apparatus used to lift and operate cargo (containers) Bulbous bow: a protruding bulb at the bow of a ship just below the waterline
29 I. Cargo ships (freighters) Cargo ships/freighters can be divided into five groups, according to the type of cargo they carry:General Cargo VesselsTankersDry-bulk CarriersMultipurpose VesselsReefer ShipsTanker za naftne derivate ; tanker za prijevoz nafte, brod cisterna ; ultra large crude carrier ; brod za prijevoz kemikalija; vrlo veliki brod za prijevoz sirove nafte
30 General Cargo Vessels carry packaged items like chemicals, foods, furniture, machinery, motor- and military vehicles, footwear, garments, etc.Tankers carry petroleum products or other liquid cargo.
31 Bulk carriercarries unpackaged bulk cargo (grain, coal, ore, cement) in cargo holdscargo in loose formbulk cargo can be dense, corrosive and abrasive -> cargo shifting ; spontaneous combustion
33 Multi-purpose Vessels carry different classes of cargo – e. g Multi-purpose Vessels carry different classes of cargo – e.g. liquid and general cargo – at the same time.A Reefer (or Refrigerated) ship is specifically designed and used for shipping perishable commodities which require temperature-controlled, mostly fruits, meat, fish, vegetables, dairy products etc.
34 FPSO (Floating production storage and offloading) Oil tanker (ULCC, VLCC)Chemical carrierLPG carrierLNG carrierFPSO (Floating production storage and offloading)Tanker za naftne derivate ; tanker za prijevoz nafte, brod cisterna ; ultra large crude carrier ; brod za prijevoz kemikalija; vrlo veliki brod za prijevoz sirove nafte
36 Oil tanker 1 oil tanker = petroleum tanker designed for the bulk transport of oilBasic types:Crude tanker (carries large quantities of unrefined oil from its point of extraction to refineries)Product tanker (smaller / carries petrochemicals from refineries to points near consuming markets)
37 Oil tanker 2 VLCC – very large crude carrier (200,000 – 300,000 dwt) ULCC – ultra large crude carrier (> 300,000 dwt)
38 Chemical carrier= type of tanker designed to transport chemicals in bulkhas separate cargo tanks - coated
42 FPSO = floating production, storage and offloading used by the offshore industry for processing hydrocarbons and storage of oilhydrocarbons produced from nearyby platforms are received, processed, stored, offloaded
64 Trawler engaged in all-the-year-round fishing must therefore be a strong, sturdy vessel able to work in the worst of weather
65 Freezer trawlercan remain at sea for many weeks longer than this as the catch is sorted, washed, gutted and then frozen into about 40 kg-blocks and retained at a temperature of about -28°C, until port is reached.
66 Fish factorythe catch is not only cleaned and gutted, but also filleted, skinned and processed ready for the market
67 IV. Warships (Man-of-war) peace-keeping vesselsequipped with a high-power propulsion plant