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Types of Merchant Ships. A ship – part 1 Basic vocabulary 1a 1. You embark or disembark a ship by the _________. 2.The __________is for letting the smoke.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Merchant Ships. A ship – part 1 Basic vocabulary 1a 1. You embark or disembark a ship by the _________. 2.The __________is for letting the smoke."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Merchant Ships

2 A ship – part 1

3 Basic vocabulary 1a 1. You embark or disembark a ship by the _________. 2.The __________is for letting the smoke out of the engines. 3. The opposite end of the boat from the stern is the _________. 4.You can see the sea through the __________.

4 Basic vocabulary 1b 5. I crossed the Channel on the ___________. 6. The 'Charles de Gaulle' is a __________. 7. A __________ is the watertight body of a ship or boat. 8. A ____________is a boat designed for sea rescue.

5 Basic vocabulary 1a 1. You embark or disembark a ship by the GANGWAY. 2. The FUNNEL is for letting the smoke out of the engines. 3. The opposite end of the boat from the stern is the BOW. 4.You can see the sea through the PORTHOLE.

6 Basic vocabulary 1b 5. I crossed the Channel on the FERRY-BOAT. 6. The 'Charles de Gaulle' is a WARSHIP. 7. A HULL is the watertight body of a ship or boat. 8. A LIFEBOAT is a boat designed for sea rescue.

7 A ship – part 2

8 Basic vocabulary 2a Write definitions for the words below: Radar Pilot house (wheelhouse) Upper deck Capstan

9 Basic vocabulary 2a Radar: apparatus that detects objects through the use of microwaves. Pilot house: a room in the superstructure containing navigation and steering equipment. Upper deck: higher deck on a ship. Capstan: vertical – axled winch that can be used to apply force to a cable, rope, etc.

10 Basic vocabulary 2b Write definitions for the words below: Hawsehole (hawsepipe) Anchor Bow Bulwark Flagpole Boom

11 Basic vocabulary 2b Hawsehole (hawsepipe): opening in the front of a ship for anchor cables Anchor: a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving Bow: part at the front of a boat that cleaves the water

12 Basic vocabulary 2b Bulwark: protective rim of the upper deck Flagpole: post used to hoist flags Boom: post used to load and unload goods

13 Classification Ships can be classified according to their purpose: I. Transportation of cargo or/and passengers; II. Assistance and service (special purpose vessels); III Catching of fish (fishermen); IV. Peace keeping (warships).

14 I. Transportation of passengers Cruise liner Passenger liner Hydrofoil Hovercraft

15 Cruise Liner

16 Passenger Liner

17 Hydrofoil

18 Basic Vocabulary 3 Write definitions for the words below: Hydrofoil boat Stern Stack Windlass

19 Basic Vocabulary 3 Hydrofoil boat: high-speed ship which lifts above the water surface at speed Stern: the rear part of a ship Stack (funnel): conical shaped structure consisting of a shaft for ventilation and the passage of smoke Windlass: horizontal– axled winch that is used to hoist an anchor

20 Hovercraft

21

22 Basic vocabulary 4 Write definitions for the words below: Hovercraft Rudder Gearbox

23 Basic vocabulary 4 Hovercraft: transport vehicle that moves on a cushion of air Rudder: apparatus for turning the boat Gearbox: device which reduces or multiplies angular velocity; it uses gears and gear trains to provide speed and torque conversions from a rotating power source to another device

24 Basic vocabulary 5 Write definitions for the words below: Navigation bridge Container Loading crane Bulbous bow

25 Basic vocabulary 5 Navigation bridge: raised platform from which a vessel is controlled Container: standard sized boxlike object used for transporting goods Loading crane: apparatus used to lift and operate cargo (containers) Bulbous bow: a protruding bulb at the bow of a ship just below the waterline

26 Bulbous bow

27 I. Combined / mixed types Passenger – Car ferry General cargo ship Ro-Ro passenger ship

28 Ferry

29 I. Cargo ships (freighters) Cargo ships/freighters can be divided into five groups, according to the type of cargo they carry: General Cargo Vessels Tankers Dry-bulk Carriers Multipurpose Vessels Reefer Ships

30 General Cargo Vessels carry packaged items like chemicals, foods, furniture, machinery, motor- and military vehicles, footwear, garments, etc. Tankers carry petroleum products or other liquid cargo.

31 Bulk carrier carries unpackaged bulk cargo (grain, coal, ore, cement) in cargo holds cargo in loose form bulk cargo can be dense, corrosive and abrasive -> cargo shifting ; spontaneous combustion

32 Bulk carrier

33 Multi-purpose Vessels carry different classes of cargo – e.g. liquid and general cargo – at the same time. A Reefer (or Refrigerated) ship is specifically designed and used for shipping perishable commodities which require temperature-controlled, mostly fruits, meat, fish, vegetables, dairy products etc.

34 Oil tanker (ULCC, VLCC) Chemical carrier LPG carrier LNG carrier FPSO (Floating production storage and offloading)

35 Oil tanker (side view)

36 Oil tanker 1 oil tanker = petroleum tanker designed for the bulk transport of oil Basic types: Crude tanker (carries large quantities of unrefined oil from its point of extraction to refineries) Product tanker (smaller / carries petrochemicals from refineries to points near consuming markets)

37 Oil tanker 2 VLCC – very large crude carrier (200,000 – 300,000 dwt) ULCC – ultra large crude carrier (> 300,000 dwt)

38 Chemical carrier = type of tanker designed to transport chemicals in bulk has separate cargo tanks - coated

39 LPG carrier

40 LNG carrier

41 FPSO

42 = floating production, storage and offloading used by the offshore industry for processing hydrocarbons and storage of oil hydrocarbons produced from nearyby platforms are received, processed, stored, offloaded

43

44 Container ship Ro-Ro ship Car carrier Bulk carrier

45 Container ship

46 rapid growth of container transport cargo can be transported from customer to customer TEU (twenty feet equivalent unit) FEU (forty feet equivalent unit)

47 Ro – Ro ship

48 Ro-Ro ship roll on / roll off wheeled cargo (automobiles, trucks, etc.) ramps

49 II. Assistance and service Harbour tug; Ocean -going tug Research ship Supplier Dredger Cablelayer LASH ship Heavy-lift vessel Icebreaker etc.

50 Tugboat

51 highly manoeuverable powerful for their size / strongly built CPP

52 Supplier

53 = supply ship designed to supply offshore oil platforms transports goods and personnel to and from offshore oil platforms

54 Grab dredger

55 used to maintain or deepen channels and fairways

56 LASH ship

57 Lighter aboard ship has a flat main deck, without obstacles loading and transport of barges (lighters) between inland waterways separated by open seas

58 Heavy-lift vessel

59 moves vary large loads that cannot be handled by normally equipped ships semi-submersible

60 Icebreaker

61 hulls which are strengthened for navigation in ice reinforced stem

62 III. Fishing vessels (fisherman) Trawler Freezer trawler Fishery factory ship Whale ship Whale factory ship

63 Trawler

64 engaged in all-the-year-round fishing must therefore be a strong, sturdy vessel able to work in the worst of weather

65 Freezer trawler can remain at sea for many weeks longer than this as the catch is sorted, washed, gutted and then frozen into about 40 kg-blocks and retained at a temperature of about -28°C, until port is reached.

66 Fish factory the catch is not only cleaned and gutted, but also filleted, skinned and processed ready for the market

67 IV. Warships (Man-of-war) peace-keeping vessels equipped with a high-power propulsion plant


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