Presentation on theme: "Splitting Irrigation Cost Between Neighbors Lyndon Kelley MSU Extension/Purdue University Irrigation Management Agent St. Joseph County MSU Extension,"— Presentation transcript:
Splitting Irrigation Cost Between Neighbors Lyndon Kelley MSU Extension/Purdue University Irrigation Management Agent St. Joseph County MSU Extension, 612 E. Main St., Centreville, MI 49032 firstname.lastname@example.org@msu.edu, 269-467-5511 www.msue.msu.edu www.msue.msu.edu - find St. Joseph Co. - then hit the Irrigation button
Irrigation will expand in MichIana Over 400,000 irrigated acres within 80 mile radius of South Bend, Indiana. Largest pool of irrigated ground East of Mississippi. Closest pool of irrigated land to the USA major population centers. Sustainable - annual recharge is greater than irrigation use. Centered on excellent transportation and utility resources.
Future of Irrigation in MichIana Higher transport costs increase interest in moving vegetable/food production back to Midwest Higher input cost increase the desire to reduce risk The irrigated west is running out of water Expect expansion in vegetable, seed production and other specialty crops. All about controlling risk - Irrigated land is most often sandy loams that prevent planting and harvest delays.
Summarized from 2007 Agricultural Census County 2007 acre 2007% of total 2002 acre2002% of total % change State total 39710031300026.9 LaPorte 47,800 12.0 32,400 10.447.5 Knox 30,200 7.6 24,600 7.922.8 Elkhart 22,000 5.5 23,500 7.5-6.4 LaGrange 24,700 6.2 21,700 6.913.8 Jasper 22,600 5.7 20,600 6.69.7 St. Joseph 25,000 6.3 19,500 6.228.2 Pulaski 20,000 5.0 19,200 6.14.2 Kosciusko 28,000 7.1 19,100 6.146.6 Fulton 19,600 4.9 16,200 5.221.0 Starke 17,300 4.4 11,100 3.555.9 Bartholomew 10,200 2.6 9,100 2.912.1 11 Counties = 71.5 % of total Indiana Irrigated acres
Many areas have very few large acreages left. Working with neighbors can often lower irrigation cost.
Do I have enough capacity to share Maximum water use for most crops is.27 -.32 in./day 3 gal/minute/acre pump capacity = 1”/week 5 gal/minute/acre pump capacity =.25 in./day 7 gal/minute/acre pump capacity =.33 in./day, 1” every 3 days 500 gal/minute pump can provide 1” every 4 days on 100 acres
Riparian Doctrine East of Mississippi - based on Common Law - handed down from British law - legal “doctrines” - interpreted by the courts sets precedents - may be modified by legislative action Prior Appropriation West of Mississippi - first in use, first in right - allows transfer of water rights
Surface Water Sources - Riparian Doctrine, Severance Rule Lakes Rivers Streams Drainage ditches Private ponds If challenged water rights may be restricted to Riparian parcels Once a parcel has been subdivided, the parcels no longer retaining waters edge loose their Riparian Rights. Once rights are lost they may not be regained (reattachment of subdivided parcels dose not re-establish their water rights). Commonly violated, but one of the easiest ways to get injunction against a neighbor. ABCD GFE
Groundwater Sources Deep wells Shallow wells Shallow suction wells Horizontal suction wells Ground water belongs to State for all land owners to use to the extent their use dose not interfere with neighboring uses. Movement of ground water between parcels is legal and common.
Permanently installed equipment belongs to landowner at time of installation. What is Permanent? ………Up to the courts Anything bolted down and not on skids or wheels Legal agreement is needed to protect non-owners investments.
Example …. Well, Well starter panel, Electrical discounts, buried pipe and pivot pad will be installed at leasee expense. ($30,000) Full use of the above stated equipment is that of the leasee for the ten years of this agreement. If the termination clause (described below) is utilized the leasee will be compensated according to the following chart. Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Year 6Year 7Year 8Year 9 $27,000$24,000$20,000$18,000$15,000$12,000$9,000$6,000$3,000
Annual ownership cost Determine the benefit to each party –(i.e.. 75%,25% Split) Party with greatest benefit purchase equipment. Estimate the annual cost per acre for the investment. The owner is compensated annually for the % of benefit * the annual ownership cost per acre by second party. Annual total of energy bills is divided by total acre inches of water applied. (cost per acre inch of application) Example – 160 acre system With a Total Annual Ownership Cost of $93.26 / irrigated acre / year Actual irrigated acres of 132, 25% * 132= 33 acres 33 acres * $93.26 = $3,078 Often difficult to owner equipment Jointly - Alternative to joint ownership
http://www.msue.msu.edu/stlosephhttp://www.msue.msu.edu/stloseph and navigate to the irrigation button on the left hand side. Estimate the annual cost per acre for the investment Dirti formula = Deprivation, Interest, Repairs, Taxes and Insurance
160 Acre Center Pivot Example Estimating Annual Irrigation Operation Costs -3-10 Standard 160 acre system and end gun with actual irrigated area of 132 acres installed at a cost of $62,000 with a power and water source and connecting equipment cost of $32,000. Ownership Cost Depreciation: (original cost ‑ salvage value)/years of use (pivot cost + installation cost ‑ salvage value)/10 years= ($62,000 ‑ 18,000)/10 = $4,400 (well cost ‑ salvage value) / 20 years = ($32,000 ‑ 12,000)/20 = $1,000 Interest: interest rate * average investment value 6.5% * (original cost + salvage value/2) = 6.5% * ($94,000 + $32,000/2) = $ 63,000 6.5% * $ 63,000 = $4,095
160 Acre Center Pivot Example - continued Repair: estimated to between 2 to 5% of original cost well cost * 2% = $32,000 * 2% = $640 pivot cost * 3% = $62,000 * 3% = $1,860 Taxes: no personal property tax in Michigan the addition irrigation equipment should not increase property taxes. Indiana personal property tax estimated at 1%. $94,000 * 1% = $940 not shown in calculation Insurance: estimated at 0.5% * Average Investment Value 0.5% * (original cost + salvage value/2) 0.5% * ($94,000 + $32,000/2) = $ 63,000 0.5% * ($ 63,000) = $315 Total Ownership Cost = $4,400 + $1,000+ $4,095 +$640+ $1,860+ $315 = $12,310 $12,310/132 acres = $93.26 / irrigated acre / year
160 Acre Center Pivot Example, Continued Operating Cost (per acre) or total actual annual cost These costs are best handled annually calculated using actual costs at the end of season. Power: use actual fuel or power bill is recommended estimated power cost: $3.50/ acre in. * 7 in.* 132 acres = $3,234 annually $2 to $7.50/acre in. range Labor cost: recommend use of actual labor bills Range of $1 to $3.50/acre in. $1 * 6 acre in. * 132 acres = $792 annually Total Operating cost annually = $ 4,026 Grand Total Estimated Annual Cost = $4,026+ $12,310 + = $16,336 $16,336 / 132 acres = $123.76 /acre at 6"
Irrigation Water Supply Example Estimating Annual Irrigation Operation Costs Calculated for a theoretical irrigation water supply with an estimated original total cost of $32,000. Cost may be a combination of well, pump, underground piping and electrical panel. Costs were spread over a 132 irrigated acre for the example. Ownership Cost Depreciation (well cost ‑ salvage value)/20 years = ($32,000 ‑ 12,000)/20 = $1,000 Interest: interest rate * average investment value 7.0% * (original cost + salvage value/2) = 7.0% * ($32,000 + $12,000/2) = $ 22,000 7.0% * $ 21,000 = $1,540 Repair: estimated to between 2 to 5% of original cost well cost * 2% = $32,000 * 2% = $640 Taxes: no personal property tax in Michigan the additional irrigation equipment should not increase property taxes. Indiana personal property tax estimated at 1%. $21,000 * 1% = $210 not shown in calculation
Insurance: estimated at 0.5% * Average Investment Value 0.5% * (original cost + salvage value/2) 0.5% * ($32,000 + $12,000/2) = $ 22,000 0.5% * ($ 21,000) = $110 Total Ownership Cost = $1,000+ $1,540 + $640+ $110 = $3,290 $3,290/132 acres = $24.92/irrigated acre/year Operating Cost (per acre) or total actual annual cost These costs are best handled annually calculated using actual costs at the end of season. Power cost: $3.50/acre inch * 7 inches* 132 acres = $3,234 annually $2 to $7.50/acre inch range Total Operating cost annually = $ 3,234 annually Grand Total Estimated Annual Cost = $3,290 + $3,234 = $6,524 $6,524/132 acres = $49.42/acre at 7" The example water supply has a $3,290 total ownership cost and a $3,234 operating cost annually. The per acre value are $24.92/irrigated acre/year and $49.42/acre at 7" assuming 132 acres of irrigation coverage. Irrigation Water Supply Example - Continued
Summery of typical irrigation cost, annualized standardized to 6” of irrigation From http://www.msue.msu.edu/stjosephhttp://www.msue.msu.edu/stjoseph navigate to the irrigation button on the left hand side Type of SystemCost / Acre 160 Acre Center Pivot$123.76 Traveler System$126.08 Single Tower Towable, 5 circles$144.71 Corner Arm System$ 146.09 160 Acre Drag Pod$149.84 Two Circle Tow-able System$174.09 40 Acre Center Pivot$263.47 Water supply only$49.42
Annual total of energy bills is divided by total acre inches of water applied. (cost per acre inch of application) Payment is made by % of water applied to each parcel. Example. John adds up the bills from the power company for the past year for a total of $8,000. John applied 5 “ of water to his 99 acres portion of the system for a total of 495 acre inches. His partner applied 10” of water to his 99 acres portion of the system for a total of 330 acre inches. 495 acre inches + 330 acre inches= 825 acre inches 330 / 825 = partners share, 40% * $8,000 = $3,200 Splitting energy cost
Who pays for repairs? Make sure it is agreed upon before hand. Major disasters Deductibles Minor repairs Maintained items Winter drainage
Who pays for Insurance? Make sure it is agreed upon before hand. You must own it, to insure it Deductibles Total replacement value Crop damage Liability